This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 18 December 1944 → The ships of the US Navy Task Force 38, seven fleet and six light carriers, eight battleships, 15 cruisers, and about 50 destroyers were operating about 300 miles east of Luzon in the Philippine Sea. A small but violent typhoon overtook the task force with relatively little warning. Many of the ships were caught near the center of the storm and buffeted by extreme seas and hurricane force winds. Three destroyers capsized and went down with practically all hands, while a cruiser, five aircraft carriers, and three destroyers suffered serious damage. Approximately 790 men were lost or killed. Fires occurred in three carriers when planes broke loose in their hangars and 146 planes on various ships were lost or damaged beyond economical repair by fires, impact damage, or by being swept overboard.
 18 December 1957 → An unusually late tornado outbreak for the time of year for so far north struck Missouri and Illinois. 18 tornadoes were rated F2 or greater. An F4 ripped through Jackson, Williamson, and Franklin counties in Illinois. Murphysboro was hard hit with 10 people killed. Sunfield, IL vanished completely as an F5 tornado swept it clean.

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April 19, 1955:

A tornado (F2) moved NNW from 16 miles Southwest of Aberdeen, in the Townships of Good Hope and Highland. Only the houses were left intact on the four farms that were torn apart. Also, an F2 tornado destroyed barns 8 miles Southeast of Gettysburg causing $8,000 in damage. In Corson and Dewey Counties, two F0 tornadoes touched down, one after the other, causing over $3,000 worth of damage and injuring two people. An additional tornado (F2) moved NNW in Clear Lake and Richland Townships. Buildings were damaged on five farms.

April 19, 1971:

An unofficial rainfall amount of 6 inches in 24 hours was reported at White River. An official amount of 4 plus inches was reported at Murdo, causing the washout of a railroad and derailment of a freight train. The Ghost Hawk Dam broke on the Rosebud Indian Reservation and the flood waters damaged a trailer home and two cars. Flooding occurred along the Bad, White, and Little White Rivers and Pine Creek.

Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 91 (1915) Aberdeen: 12 (1988)
Kennebec: 92 (1923) Kennebec: 16 (1988)
Mobridge: 89 (1961) Mobridge: 14 (1928)
Pierre: 88 (1961) Pierre: 17 (1966)
Sisseton: 89 (1987) Sisseton: 16 (1988)
Timber Lake: 90 (1915) Timber Lake: 15 (1928)
Watertown: 86 (1987) Watertown: 11 (1928)
Wheaton: 90 (1987) Wheaton: 15 (1928)

Record Precipitation: Record Snowfall:
Aberdeen: 1.92" (1894) Aberdeen: 4.0" (1970)
Kennebec: 0.88" (1903) Kennebec: 8.0" (1966)
Mobridge: 0.97" (2000) Mobridge: 5.4" (1982)
Pierre: 1.61" (1971) Pierre: 2.5" (1959)
Sisseton: 2.04" (1957) Sisseton: 5.0" (1970)
Timber Lake: 1.35" (2000) Timber Lake: 5.0" (2000)
Watertown: 2.00" (1957) Watertown: 3.0" (1966)
Wheaton: 1.57" (1957) Wheaton: 5.0" (1966) is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.