This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 21 September 1588 → After an unsuccessful battle with the English fleet, the Spanish Armada encountered strong storms and high winds off the coast of Ireland on its way back to Spain. 26 ships are believed to have been lost. The remaining ships limped back to Spain defeated and demoralized, ending the reign of the once unbeatable Spanish Armada.
 21 September 1894 → A huge tornado outbreak swept from Iowa through Minnesota to Wisconsin, with an unusual number of extremely violent tornadoes. The tornado that rampaged through Kossuth County, MN, was likely an F5 as homes and farms were wiped clean from the earth.
 21 September 1909 → A category 3 hurricane crossed the Gulf of Mexico and came ashore in southern Louisiana. The storm inflicted 120 mph winds on southeast Louisiana and took its storm surge 2 miles inland. There were about 371 fatalities despite the Weather Bureau having issued its first warnings for the storm three days earlier.
 21 September 1938 → The New England Hurricane was one of the most destructive and powerful storms ever to strike southern New England. The storm roared ashore over Long Island, NY at nearly 60 mph at the time of high tide. This created a deadly tidal surge, which submerged downtown Providence, RI under 20 feet of water. Hurricane force winds were felt throughout New England, with a gust to 186 mph at the Blue Hill Observatory in Milton, MA. The Great New England Hurricane of 1938 was responsible for over 500 deaths.

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December 27, 1959:

Precipitation began as freezing rain on the morning of the 27th throughout the eastern half of South Dakota, changing to snow mixed with occasional sleet late on the 27th, then continued as mostly snow through the late afternoon of the 28th. Glaze caused extensive breakage of tree limbs and power and telephone lines in southeast sections of the state and in scattered communities in the northeast counties. More than 40 communities were without telephone service for more than 24 hours. Highway travel was very dangerous; one man was killed when a tractor skidded on an icy highway and overturned on him in Kingsbury County. Strong winds averaging 20 to 25 mph both dates increased breakage of ice-laded utility wires and caused drifting and blocking of highways by the 3 to 6 inch snowfall. Damage and repair costs to utility lines were estimated at $400,000.

December 27, 1987:

A winter storm gave some freezing rain and snow to southern and eastern South Dakota and southwest and west central Minnesota on the 27th and 28th. In Minnesota, freezing rain began Sunday morning the 27th before changing to heavy snow, which extended into the 28th. The heaviest snowfall was across the high terrain of southwest Minnesota. In southern and eastern South Dakota, six to twelve inches of snow fell. Strong northwest winds of 20-40 mph hampered travel and snow removal. Snow drifts up to 6 feet deep were common. Across many areas of southern Minnesota, visibilities were reduced to zero due to blowing snow. Snowfall amounts in South Dakota included 12 inches in DeSmet; 10 inches in Wessington Springs and Madison; 9 inches in Huron; 8 inches in Pierre, Brookings, Mission and McCook County; 7 inches in Sioux Falls, Kadoka, Pine Ridge, and Martin. 8 inches also fell in Watertown and Highmore, with 7 inches at Bryant and 6 inches in Clear Lake.


Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 54 (1928) Aberdeen: -29 (1914)
Kennebec: 67 (1928) Kennebec: -22 (1894)
Mobridge: 57 (1928) Mobridge: -19 (1933)
Pierre: 54 (1980) Pierre: -9 (1951)
Sisseton: 48 (1986) Sisseton: -24 (1993)
Timber Lake: 58 (1980) Timber Lake: -15 (1996)
Watertown: 50 (1928) Watertown: -27 (1924)
Wheaton: 51 (1928) Wheaton: -27 (1924)

Record Precipitation: Record Snowfall:
Aberdeen: 0.35" (1904) Aberdeen: 2.9" (1969)
Kennebec: 0.35" (1987) Kennebec: 6.0" (1987)
Mobridge: 0.21" (1969) Mobridge: 5.0" (1969)
Pierre: 0.71" (1987) Pierre: 7.1" (1987)
Sisseton: 0.20" (1959) Sisseton: 2.0" (1949)
Timber Lake: 0.27" (1969) Timber Lake: 4.0" (1969)
Watertown: 0.25" (1969) Watertown: 2.5" (1969)
Wheaton: 0.55" (1988) Wheaton: 6.0" (1988)


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