This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 29 January 1780 → On the coldest morning of an already severe winter, the mercury dipped to -16 at New York City, and bottomed out at -20 in Hartford. New York Harbor was frozen for five weeks, allowing a heavy cannon to be taken across the ice to fortify the British on Staten Island.
 29 January 1921 → Hurricane force winds, with tree-top level gusts estimated to 150 mph, raked the Pacific Northwest during the "Olympic Blowdown." Surface wind gusts along the Washington coast were measured at speeds over 100 mph, and several billion board feet of timber were felled.
 29 January 1951 → The greatest winter storm in the history of Nashville, TN shut the city down until February 5th under a heavy coating of both ice and snow (accompanied by frigid temperatures).

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December 31, 1972:

A winter system visited the area on the 29th through the 31st, with precipitation beginning as rain in South Dakota and snow in Minnesota during the early morning hours of the 29th. A period of freezing rain occurred across South Dakota before the precipitation there changed to all snow, while in west central Minnesota, snow in the morning changed to a period of freezing rain and sleet in the afternoon. Damages from the 40-mile wide ice storm from the Wheaton-Morris-Appleton area ENE through St. Cloud and Pine City, MN were some of the largest known to date across the area. Thousands of farms and homes across the ice storm strip were without power and telephone service as the result of thousands of broken lines and/or broken poles. Many were without utilities from one to three days, and a few without utilities for nearly a week. Utility damages were estimated to be 1.5 million dollars. In South Dakota, snowfall of 2 to 6 inches was common. Strong winds of over 40 mph accompanied the snow, causing drifting and blowing snow and occasionally reducing visibility to zero. Some of the roads were blocked. The most severe conditions occurred on the 30th when the highway department advised no traveling.

December 31, 2010:

A second stronger surface low pressure area moved across the region on New Year's Eve bringing widespread heavy snowfall along with blizzard conditions. Bitter cold northwest winds of 25 to 40 mph combined with additional snowfall of 6 to 10 inches brought visibilities to near zero across much of the region. This was the second blizzard in two days across the region. The blizzard conditions continued into early New Year's Day. Both Interstates 29 and 90 were closed from the 31st until Sunday, January 2nd. There were several stranded motorists along Highway 83 with five people being rescued. The total snowfall amounts from the two storms ranged from 6 to 15 inches across the region. The two day snowfall amounts included 6 inches at Eagle Butte; 7 inches at Doland; 8 inches at Mobridge and Gann Valley; 9 inches at Castlewood; 10 inches at Murdo, Clark, Ipswich, Kennebec, and Watertown and 11 inches at Clear Lake and Bryant. Locations with a foot or more of snow included 12 inches at Aberdeen, Gettysburg, Highmore, Milbank, Mission Ridge, and Bowdle; 13 inches at Eureka, Pierre, Onida, and Blunt; 14 inches at Mellette, Sisseton, Victor, and Roscoe with 15 inches at Britton, Webster, and Redfield. The snowfall began between 6 am and noon CST on the 31st and ended between 4 am and 11 am CST on January 1st.

Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 49 (1904) Aberdeen: -39 (1967)
Kennebec: 60 (2004) Kennebec: -27 (1967)
Mobridge: 53 (1953) Mobridge: -27 (1967)
Pierre: 56 (1999) Pierre: -24 (1967)
Sisseton: 53 (1904) Sisseton: -27 (1967)
Timber Lake: 58 (1963) Timber Lake: -30 (1967)
Watertown: 51 (1904) Watertown: -33 (1967)
Wheaton: 47 (1999) Wheaton: -27 (1967)

Record Precipitation: Record Snowfall:
Aberdeen: 0.75" (1931) Aberdeen: 7.5" (1931)
Kennebec: 0.40" (1924) Kennebec: 6.0" (1977)
Mobridge: 0.35" (1918) Mobridge: 4.7" (2010)
Pierre: 0.97" (2010) Pierre: 9.5" (2010)
Sisseton: 0.46" (2010) Sisseton: 9.2" (2010)
Timber Lake: 0.38" (1951) Timber Lake: 5.5" (1951)
Watertown: 0.35" (2010) Watertown: 5.0" (2010)
Wheaton: 0.85" (2006) Wheaton: 8.0" (2010) is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.