This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 31 January 1937 → In January 1937 Earlington, KY (Hopkins County) recorded nearly 23 inches of rain.
 31 January 1966 → The Great Blizzard of 1966 hit upstate New York and paralyzed the Buffalo region. Winds gusting to 60 mph and temperatures in the teens along with heavy blowing snow created severe blizzard conditions. Rochester received two feet of snow, and Oswego got 100 inches.
 31 January 1999 → The United States experienced an all-time record for the number of tornadoes reported in January: 212. Bemis, TN had an F4 on the 17th, and F3s occurred in Clarksville and Camden, TN on the 22nd. An F3 occured in New Light, LA on the 21st.

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January 13, 1913:

The temperature at Rapid City, South Dakota, rose sixty-four degrees in just fourteen hours.

January 13, 1916:

Extreme cold affected central and northeast South Dakota as well as west central Minnesota on January 13th, 1916. Record low temperatures were set at Kennebec, Timber Lake, Wheaton, and Watertown. Timber lake recorded a low temperature of 37 degrees below zero, Wheaton fell to 38 degrees below zero, Kennebec recorded a low of 39 degrees below zero, with 40 degrees below zero recorded at Watertown on this day in 1916. Aberdeen and Mobridge recorded 38 degrees below zero and 36 degrees below zero, respectively.

January 13, 1983:

High winds with gusts over 60 mph form the early evening of the 13th into the early morning of the 14th caused scattered property damage in eastern South Dakota. In and around Ipswich several rural building were damaged with the high school rood heavily damaged.

January 13, 2009:

After a clipper system dropped from 1 to 4 inches of snow on the 13th, Arctic air and blustery north winds pushed into the area. The coldest air and the lowest wind chills of the season spread across much of central and northeast South Dakota. Wind chills fell to 35 to 50 degrees below zero late in the evening of the 13th and remained through the 14th and into the mid morning hours of the 15th. Across northeast South Dakota and west central Minnesota, wind chills were as low as 60 degrees below zero by the morning of the 15th. Many vehicles did not start because of the extreme cold and several schools had delayed starts. The Arctic high pressure area settled in on the morning of the 15th bringing the coldest temperatures to the region in many years. The combination of a fresh and deep snow pack, clear skies, and light winds allowed temperatures to fall to record levels at many locations on the 15th. Daytime highs remained well below zero across the area. This was one of the coldest days that most areas experienced since the early 1970s. The records were broken by 1 to as much as 7 degrees. Some of the record lows included, -30 degrees at Kennebec; -31 degrees at Sisseton; -32 degrees at Milbank; -33 degrees at Mobridge; -35 degrees at Andover and near Summit; -38 degrees at Eureka; -39 degrees 8 miles north of Columbia and Castlewood; -42 degrees at Aberdeen; and -47 degrees at Pollock. Some near record low temperatures included, -24 degrees at Pierre; -29 degrees at Redfield and Victor; -32 degrees at Roscoe; and -34 degrees at Watertown. In Aberdeen, the low temperature of -42 degrees tied the third coldest temperature ever recorded. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Aberdeen was -46 degrees.


Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 56 (1987) Aberdeen: -40 (1912)
Kennebec: 58 (1996) Kennebec: -39 (1916)
Mobridge: 55 (1983) Mobridge: -42 (1912)
Pierre: 60 (1983) Pierre: -21 (1998)
Sisseton: 54 (1987) Sisseton: -24 (2009)
Timber Lake: 55 (1983) Timber Lake: -37 (1916)
Watertown: 49 (1987) Watertown: -40 (1916)
Wheaton: 55 (1987) Wheaton: -38 (1916)

Record Precipitation: Record Snowfall:
Aberdeen: 0.55" (1923) Aberdeen: 5.5" (1923)
Kennebec: 0.41" (1907) Kennebec: 4.1" (1907)
Mobridge: 0.22" (1962) Mobridge: 3.8" (1962)
Pierre: 0.44" (1910) Pierre: 6.5" (1910)
Sisseton: 0.30" (1995) Sisseton: 6.5" (1993)
Timber Lake: 0.13" (1962) Timber Lake: 1.5" (1962)
Watertown: 0.38" (1938) Watertown: 5.5" (2002)
Wheaton: 0.45" (1995) Wheaton: 6.0" (1995)


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