This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 31 January 1937 → In January 1937 Earlington, KY (Hopkins County) recorded nearly 23 inches of rain.
 31 January 1966 → The Great Blizzard of 1966 hit upstate New York and paralyzed the Buffalo region. Winds gusting to 60 mph and temperatures in the teens along with heavy blowing snow created severe blizzard conditions. Rochester received two feet of snow, and Oswego got 100 inches.
 31 January 1999 → The United States experienced an all-time record for the number of tornadoes reported in January: 212. Bemis, TN had an F4 on the 17th, and F3s occurred in Clarksville and Camden, TN on the 22nd. An F3 occured in New Light, LA on the 21st.

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January 16, 1967:

In Minnesota, a fast moving blizzard brought winds in excess of 75 mph. The snowfall was light to moderate with extensive blowing and drifting snow. Visibility was near zero for an extended period of time. Temperatures fell rapidly during the storm and by the morning of the 18th, many records low were set. Many vehicles went into the ditch. Thousands of motorists and school children found shelter wherever they could as travel came to a standstill. A Wheaton man froze to death. In South Dakota, rain followed by a sudden drop in temperatures of nearly 30 degrees in 2 hours resulted in widespread freezing rain and significant icing on roads and trees. Strong winds of 35 to 45 mph with gusts to 75 mph along with the ice halted most travel. The wind and icing also caused the toppling of a 270 foot radio tower near Aberdeen.

January 16, 1997:

An intense Arctic High brought widespread blizzard conditions and dangerous wind chills of 40 to 70 below to central and northeast South Dakota as well as west central Minnesota. One to 3 inches of snow fell on top of the already deep snowpack of 2 to 5 feet. The blizzard winds brought another round of widespread heavy drifting, blocking area roads and highways. Also, many area schools were closed once again to add to their large number of days missed for the winter season. Fortunately, this blizzard as compared to previous blizzards was short-lived and the people were better prepared.

Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 49 (1942) Aberdeen: -30 (2005)
Kennebec: 70 (1974) Kennebec: -26 (1977)
Mobridge: 53 (1974) Mobridge: -29 (1943)
Pierre: 65 (1974) Pierre: -23 (1977)
Sisseton: 54 (1942) Sisseton: -27 (1977)
Timber Lake: 58 (1974) Timber Lake: -29 (1930)
Watertown: 50 (1913) Watertown: -26 (1977)
Wheaton: 44 (1961) Wheaton: -30 (1977)

Record Precipitation: Record Snowfall:
Aberdeen: 1.00" (1897) Aberdeen: 5.0" (1897)
Kennebec: 0.51" (1985) Kennebec: 10.0" (1985)
Mobridge: 0.40" (1927) Mobridge: 3.0" (1929)
Pierre: 0.21" (1943) Pierre: 2.3" (1941)
Sisseton: 0.38" (1967) Sisseton: 4.5" (1994)
Timber Lake: 0.32" (1949) Timber Lake: 2.5" (1949)
Watertown: 0.40" (1911) Watertown: 5.0" (1935)
Wheaton: 0.34" (1941) Wheaton: 5.0" (1994) is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.