This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 19 August 1845 → What was likely an EF5 tornado devastated Montville, France around midday, resulting in many fatalities. Most deaths occurred when factories were destroyed and the workers were flung some distance by the wind. The buildings were swept clean off their foundations with debris as large as boards and planks found 23 miles away.
 19 August 1991Hurricane Bob slammed into New England as a category 2 storm with 95 mph sustained winds and gusts of 125 mph at Block Island, RI and 105 mph at Newport, RI. A storm surge of 15 feet occurred in Upper Buzzards Bay. Portland, ME had a 24 hour record rainfall of 7.83 inches. Total damage exceeded $1.5 billion and 17 people were killed. It was the worst Hurricane in the Northeast since Donna in 1960.
 19 August 1991 → The Civil Defense Director for Codington County, SD, reported that lightning was so frequent and vivid from nearby nighttime thunderstorms that he drove for 10 minutes without needing his headlights! At one point a lightning strike occurred within 10 feet of his car. The strike splattered mud onto his vehicle, drained his battery, and caused problems with the car's electrical system.
 19 August 2010 → Today ended a 2-month long heat wave in Russia when daily maximum temperatures in Moscow were as much as 27 degrees above average. The heat wave caused 15,000 deaths, 600 wildfires, and $15 billion loss of economic growth.

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January 17, 1996:

Two to as much as fifteen inches of snow, high winds from 40 to 60 mph, and cold arctic air resulted in blizzard conditions and extreme wind chills from 40 below to 70 below for central, north central, and northeast South Dakota as well as west central Minnesota from the middle morning of the 17th to the early evening of the 18th. Most schools, federal, state, and county offices were closed. Also, various activities were canceled. Travel was extremely difficult due to the near zero visibility with some vehicles stranded. Highway 12 from Webster to the Minnesota border and Interstate-29 was closed on the 18th. Hundreds of people were stranded with some people stranded in their vehicles. Some pheasants and wildlife were lost due to the snow packed so hard they could not dig out. Some snowfall amounts included, 2 inches at Highmore, 3 inches at Pierre and 9NE Reliance, 5 inches at Mobridge, Presho, Roscoe, 10SE Stephan, and Ree Heights, 6 inches at Tulare, 7 inches 12W Tulare and 5E 3S Faulkton, 8 inches 11E 2S Hosmer and at Doland, 9 inches at Mellette, Aberdeen, and Redfield. and 10 inches at Eureka and Britton, and 12 inches at Wilmot, Rosholt, and Ortonville, Minnesota. Fifteen inches occurred at Wheaton, Clinton, and Graceville. The extreme wind chills along with some blowing snow continued across central and north central South Dakota into the early evening of the 18th.

Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 48 (1947) Aberdeen: -32 (1997)
Kennebec: 62 (1923) Kennebec: -26 (1930)
Mobridge: 51 (1951) Mobridge: -37 (1943)
Pierre: 56 (1934) Pierre: -22 (1943)
Sisseton: 47 (1973) Sisseton: -27 (1943)
Timber Lake: 56 (1974) Timber Lake: -39 (1943)
Watertown: 46 (1913) Watertown: -33 (1943)
Wheaton: 44 (1988) Wheaton: -27 (1954)

Record Precipitation: Record Snowfall:
Aberdeen: 0.60" (1897) Aberdeen: 6.4" (1996)
Kennebec: 0.27" (1936) Kennebec: 9.0" (1996)
Mobridge: 0.35" (1913) Mobridge: 4.1" (1969)
Pierre: 0.31" (1996) Pierre: 3.5" (1936)
Sisseton: 0.50" (1932) Sisseton: 5.0" (1932)
Timber Lake: 0.62" (1996) Timber Lake: 7.0" (1996)
Watertown: 0.28" (1995) Watertown: 4.0" (1939)
Wheaton: 0.41" (1995) Wheaton: 5.0" (1995) is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.