This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 21 September 1588 → After an unsuccessful battle with the English fleet, the Spanish Armada encountered strong storms and high winds off the coast of Ireland on its way back to Spain. 26 ships are believed to have been lost. The remaining ships limped back to Spain defeated and demoralized, ending the reign of the once unbeatable Spanish Armada.
 21 September 1894 → A huge tornado outbreak swept from Iowa through Minnesota to Wisconsin, with an unusual number of extremely violent tornadoes. The tornado that rampaged through Kossuth County, MN, was likely an F5 as homes and farms were wiped clean from the earth.
 21 September 1909 → A category 3 hurricane crossed the Gulf of Mexico and came ashore in southern Louisiana. The storm inflicted 120 mph winds on southeast Louisiana and took its storm surge 2 miles inland. There were about 371 fatalities despite the Weather Bureau having issued its first warnings for the storm three days earlier.
 21 September 1938 → The New England Hurricane was one of the most destructive and powerful storms ever to strike southern New England. The storm roared ashore over Long Island, NY at nearly 60 mph at the time of high tide. This created a deadly tidal surge, which submerged downtown Providence, RI under 20 feet of water. Hurricane force winds were felt throughout New England, with a gust to 186 mph at the Blue Hill Observatory in Milton, MA. The Great New England Hurricane of 1938 was responsible for over 500 deaths.

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January 29, 1971:

Strong winds, combined with 2 to 4 inches of snow added to the heavy snow cover, caused blizzard conditions across the area. Wind gusts of 45 to 55 mph were reported. Several roads were blocked and schools closed for the day. Wind chills of 30 to 45 below also occurred. The storm occurred from noon of the 29th until the early morning of the 30th.

January 29, 2008:

Arctic air combined with strong northwest winds of 20 to 40 mph to bring extreme wind chills to much of north central and northeast South Dakota. The extreme wind chills began in the morning hours of January 29th across all of the area. The wind chills improved across north central South Dakota by the evening and improved across northeast South Dakota during the morning hours of January 30th. The extreme wind chills ranged from 35 to 50 degrees below zero across the area. The extreme cold caused school delays and activity cancellations along with much discomfort to people and livestock. On Monday January 28th, the day before the extreme cold, a southerly flow brought very mild temperatures with some record highs set at several locations. Highs were in the 40s to the mid 50s across central and northeast South Dakota. When the Arctic front came through on January 28th, temperatures fell dramatically through the evening and early morning with below zero temperatures by Tuesday morning, January 29th. In fact, most locations across the area had a 40 to 55 degree temperature change from the 28th to the 29th.


Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 58 (1931) Aberdeen: -32 (1951)
Kennebec: 65 (1931) Kennebec: -31 (1966)
Mobridge: 61 (1931) Mobridge: -36 (1929)
Pierre: 54 (1992) Pierre: -33 (1966)
Sisseton: 51 (1992) Sisseton: -34 (1951)
Timber Lake: 57 (1931) Timber Lake: -36 (1966)
Watertown: 56 (1931) Watertown: -31 (1951)
Wheaton: 54 (1931) Wheaton: -32 (1951)

Record Precipitation: Record Snowfall:
Aberdeen: 0.40" (1922) Aberdeen: 4.0" (1922)
Kennebec: 0.30" (2001) Kennebec: 5.0" (2001)
Mobridge: 0.30" (1916) Mobridge: 3.5" (2004)
Pierre: 0.98" (2001) Pierre: 5.0" (2001)
Sisseton: 0.85" (2001) Sisseton: 5.5" (2001)
Timber Lake: 0.14" (1969) Timber Lake: 2.4" (2004)
Watertown: 0.56" (1916) Watertown: 10.0" (1916)
Wheaton: 0.46" (1975) Wheaton: 5.5" (1916)


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