This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 25 January 1821 → People were able to walk across the frozen Hudson River between Hoboken and New York City. Entrepreneurs sold coffee on the river to warm pedestrians.
 25 January 1956 → About twelve inches of rain fell in an hour at Kilauea, HI. The observer noted, however, that his gauge overflowed several times during the heavy rain (which continued into the following day) and the true total amount may have been even higher.
 25 January 2003 → Three youths at a detention center in the Annapolis Valley, in Nova Scotia, took advantage of record breaking snowfall to escape. A snowbank high enough to climb over a fence in the yard was constructed and then used to escape. One of the three youths was arrested minutes after he escaped. The cold temperatures forced the remaining youths to turn themselves in.
 25 January 2004 → Tornadoes are unusual in Hawaii, but on this date a severe thunderstorm produced a small tornado on Oahu just 7 miles from downtown Honolulu.

This Day in Weather History Archive

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July 1, 1891:

By order of the United States Congress and President Benjamin Harrison, at noon Eastern Standard Time the United States Weather Bureau was officially established within the Department of Agriculture. This was the first civilian government weather agency in the United States, replacing weather observation and forecasting functions that had been performed by military personnel in the Army Signal Service since 1870. The Weather Bureau survives today as the National Weather Service after changing its name in 1970. The state of South Dakota is currently serviced by three National Weather Service weather forecast offices in Sioux Falls, Aberdeen, and Rapid City.

July 1, 1928:

A powerful, estimated F4 tornado moved southeast from 6 miles west of Miller, destroying farms near the start of the path. All buildings were leveled to the ground, including two homes. A check book from one home was found 10 miles away. Estimated property damaged was set at $50,000.

July 1, 1955:

An estimated F2 tornado moved northeast near Bowdle. Two barns were destroyed. A small girl and a pony were reportedly carried a quarter mile without injury. A tornado was also spotted in Emmons County in North Dakota, causing $10,000 worth of damage.

July 1, 2005:

Heavy rains of three to seven inches fell across far eastern Brown, western and northern Day, and most of Marshall Counties in late June causing widespread flooding. The flood waters slowly receded through July 10th. Many township roads and highways were flooded along with thousands of acres of cropland. Water surrounded several homes resulting in people being rescued. Some of the homes were flooded. Many bridges were damaged and roads and culverts were washed out. In Day County, 30 roads were washed out and 15 bridges needed repairs.

July 1, 2006:

With continued little or no rainfall along with much above normal temperatures, a drought expanded and intensified through July across central and north central South Dakota. Severe (D2) to extreme (D3) drought early in July worsened to extreme (D3) to exceptional (D4) across all of the area by the middle of July and remained there through the end of the month. Rainfall was 1.50 inches to 2.25 inches below normal for the month and from 7 to 8 inches below normal for the year. Soil moisture was 4 to 5 inches below normal and lake and river flows were well below normal. Crops and pastures were devastated due to the extreme dryness and burn bans were in effect across all of the area. Many ranchers had to sell off much of their cattle. Throughout July, periodic strong winds, low relative humidity values, along with many lightning storms resulted in tens, if not over one hundred fires across central and north central South Dakota. Tens of thousands of acres of pastureland and cropland were burned as a result of the fires. Hundreds of fire fighters worked throughout the month to contain the fires. The governor of South Dakota declared a statewide emergency and the United States Department of Agriculture declared all of the counties drought disasters. Swan Lake, in north central South Dakota between Lowry and Hoven, had completely dried up from the long period of dryness. The last time this happened to the lake was 30 years prior in 1976. Also, Lake Oahe at Pierre was four feet above its all-time low.


Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 99 (2002) Aberdeen: 41 (1995)
Kennebec: 105 (1934) Kennebec: 40 (1945)
Mobridge: 102 (1911) Mobridge: 39 (1959)
Pierre: 103 (1974) Pierre: 42 (1959)
Sisseton: 100 (1934) Sisseton: 46 (2001)
Timber Lake: 99 (1975) Timber Lake: 39 (1959)
Watertown: 97 (1911) Watertown: 40 (1898)
Wheaton: 99 (1974) Wheaton: 41 (1969)

Record Precipitation:
Aberdeen: 2.24" (1926)
Kennebec: 0.83" (1962)
Mobridge: 1.98" (1979)
Pierre: 1.50" (1997)
Sisseton: 1.60" (1978)
Timber Lake: 1.04" (1938)
Watertown: 1.62" (1969)
Wheaton: 1.10" (1919)


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