This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 18 December 1944 → The ships of the US Navy Task Force 38, seven fleet and six light carriers, eight battleships, 15 cruisers, and about 50 destroyers were operating about 300 miles east of Luzon in the Philippine Sea. A small but violent typhoon overtook the task force with relatively little warning. Many of the ships were caught near the center of the storm and buffeted by extreme seas and hurricane force winds. Three destroyers capsized and went down with practically all hands, while a cruiser, five aircraft carriers, and three destroyers suffered serious damage. Approximately 790 men were lost or killed. Fires occurred in three carriers when planes broke loose in their hangars and 146 planes on various ships were lost or damaged beyond economical repair by fires, impact damage, or by being swept overboard.
 18 December 1957 → An unusually late tornado outbreak for the time of year for so far north struck Missouri and Illinois. 18 tornadoes were rated F2 or greater. An F4 ripped through Jackson, Williamson, and Franklin counties in Illinois. Murphysboro was hard hit with 10 people killed. Sunfield, IL vanished completely as an F5 tornado swept it clean.

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June 24, 1902:

Very strong winds occurred during the evening hours over portions of Hand and Stanly, to Turner and Lincoln Counties. Heavy losses occurred to barns and other farm outbuildings, trees, and windmills. One person was killed and several were injured. A peak wind gust of 67 mph was recorded in Pierre.

June 24, 2003:

An F4 tornado destroyed or heavily damaged all buildings, other structures, and vehicles in the small town of Manchester, in Kingsbury County. Propane and fuel oil tanks were destroyed. Many homes were stripped to the foundation. Of the six residents of the town, four were injured and were transported to hospitals. Three were deemed to be seriously injured, but none of the injuries were listed as life threatening. One of the injured was in a basement, one was blown out of the home on the way to the same basement, and two were in a mobile home which was destroyed. The tornado damaged crops, trees, and power lines south of Manchester prior to reaching the town. The tornado also heavily damaged several farms north of Manchester, including two farms on which several buildings, including the houses were destroyed. About 12 cattle were killed and others injured. The amount of crop damage was not known. Throughout the path, the tornado was observed to have multiple vortices. The tornado was observed and videotaped by numerous storm chasers and researchers. Researchers also deployed weather sensors around the town of Manchester. One of these sensors recorded a 100 millibar pressure drop as the tornado passed.


Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 108 (1988) Aberdeen: 41 (1958)
Kennebec: 111 (1988) Kennebec: 39 (1951)
Mobridge: 108 (1936) Mobridge: 38 (1929)
Pierre: 112 (1988) Pierre: 42 (1958)
Sisseton: 104 (1988) Sisseton: 42 (2004)
Timber Lake: 108 (1936) Timber Lake: 38 (1993)
Watertown: 105 (1988) Watertown: 40 (1958)
Wheaton: 100 (1988) Wheaton: 44 (2004)

Record Precipitation:
Aberdeen: 2.54" (1998)
Kennebec: 1.44" (2003)
Mobridge: 1.91" (1946)
Pierre: 2.14" (1969)
Sisseton: 1.53" (1993)
Timber Lake: 2.59" (1938)
Watertown: 1.83" (2003)
Wheaton: 2.40" (1914)


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