This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 31 July 1861 → The world record for one-year rainfall was set: 1,042 inches at Cherrapunji, India.
 31 July 1964 → Country singer "Gentleman Jim" Reeves flew his single-engine Beechcraft plane into a thunderstorm near Brentwood, TN. The plane crashed, killing Reeves and his manager. Reeves was 40 years old at the time of the crash.
 31 July 1976 → A stationary thunderstorm produced more than 10 inches of rain which funneled into the narrow Thompson River Canyon of northeastern Colorado. A mass of water 20 feet high and traveling at 50 mph wreaked a 25 mile path of destruction from Estes Park to Loveland. 144 people were killed, mostly in vehicles. Ten miles of U.S. Highway 34 were totally destroyed.
 31 July 1993 → Alabama finished its hottest July on record since 1879, while receiving less than half the normal rainfall. Meanwhile, the Great Flood of 1993 was reaching its peak in the Midwest and was eventually responsible for 48 deaths and $23.1 billion in damage.

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November 20, 1975:

A storm center located in Oklahoma on Tuesday, November 18th, moved northeastward across Kansas into Iowa and Wisconsin on Wednesday the 19th and Thursday the 20th. Light rain began in the eastern half South Dakota on the morning of the 19th. The rain changed to snow during the afternoon, and continued through the afternoon of the 20th. The winds increased and blizzard conditions were reached by 6pm CST on Wednesday the 19th. The snow was driven by sustained winds 40 to 50 miles per hour, gusting to 75 miles per hour on some occasions, which reduced visibility to less than one half mile. Heavy snow ranging from six to fifteen inches fell over an area southeast of a line from Todd to Aurora to Grant County. Traffic came to a standstill by Wednesday evening the 19th. The snow abruptly ended on the evening of the 20th, but winds diminished rather slowly that night. Storm total snowfalls included 9 inches at Clear Lake and 7 inches at Watertown.

November 20, 1977:

The second blizzard of the month began very early on Saturday, November 19th and continued through most of Sunday, November 20th. Wind speeds exceeding 50 mph caused much blowing and drifting snow. Visibilities were frequently reduced to near zero. Most of the roads in the northern and western parts of the state were blocked. Snowfall amounts north of Milbank and Pierre to Ardmore exceeded five inches. Most of the counties in the northwest and a large portion of those in the north central parts of the state reported snowfall amounts exceeding ten inches. Some drifts reached 4 to 5 feet. The greatest reported snowfall was 20 inches in Eagle Butte. An eastbound train from Milbank had six freight cars derailed near Albee, in Grant County as a result of the storm. Snowfall totals from this blizzard included; 20 inches at Eagle Butte; 14 inches at Leola; 12 inches at Timber Lake and Britton; 11 inches 4NNE Victor and at Mobridge; 10 inches at 6SE McIntosh, 4W Mellette, Sand Lake, and Ipswich; 9.3 inches in Aberdeen; 9 inches 4NW Onida, at Sisseton, and 2N Onaka; 8 inches at Selby; 7 inches at McLaughlin and Waubay; 6 inches at Conde and Faulkton; 5 inches at Summit and Webster; 4 inches at Pierre, Wilmot and Highmore; and 3 inches at Watertown, Clear Lake, Miller, 3NE Raymond, Redfield, and Wheaton. The 9 inches at Sisseton helped to contribute to the snowiest November on record for Sisseton, which recorded 27.5 inches for the month of November 1977.


Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 69 (1962) Aberdeen: -12 (1985)
Kennebec: 78 (1962) Kennebec: -15 (1921)
Mobridge: 68 (1917) Mobridge: -10 (1937)
Pierre: 73 (1962) Pierre: -7 (1937)
Sisseton: 69 (1962) Sisseton: -8 (1978)
Timber Lake: 67 (1962) Timber Lake: -9 (1937)
Watertown: 64 (1962) Watertown: -13 (1921)
Wheaton: 66 (1962) Wheaton: -4 (1978)

Record Precipitation: Record Snowfall:
Aberdeen: 0.83" (1953) Aberdeen: 9.0" (1953)
Kennebec: 0.72" (2008) Kennebec: 6.0" (1930)
Mobridge: 0.50" (1930) Mobridge: 5.0" (1930)
Pierre: 0.16" (1987) Pierre: 2.0" (1953)
Sisseton: 0.83" (1953) Sisseton: 6.0" (1977)
Timber Lake: 0.27" (1947) Timber Lake: 4.0" (1977)
Watertown: 0.86" (1947) Watertown: 5.0" (1975)
Wheaton: 1.11" (1930) Wheaton: 3.5" (1948)"


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