This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 29 January 1780 → On the coldest morning of an already severe winter, the mercury dipped to -16 at New York City, and bottomed out at -20 in Hartford. New York Harbor was frozen for five weeks, allowing a heavy cannon to be taken across the ice to fortify the British on Staten Island.
 29 January 1921 → Hurricane force winds, with tree-top level gusts estimated to 150 mph, raked the Pacific Northwest during the "Olympic Blowdown." Surface wind gusts along the Washington coast were measured at speeds over 100 mph, and several billion board feet of timber were felled.
 29 January 1951 → The greatest winter storm in the history of Nashville, TN shut the city down until February 5th under a heavy coating of both ice and snow (accompanied by frigid temperatures).

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October 16, 1980:

A squall line packing damaging winds developed across portions of central south Dakota and raced into Minnesota on the afternoon and evening. The line of thunderstorms developed around 2 pm CDT and moved east and northeast at over 50 miles an hour. A large portion of southeast South Dakota was belted with winds of 50 to 70 miles an hour. Yankton reported winds of 60 to 70 miles an hour while Sioux Falls was hit with a 62 mile an hour gust. Considerable damage was done in southeast South Dakota to trees, farm structures, and small buildings. Damage estimates were 100 to 200 thousand dollars. By late afternoon the thunderstorms were roaring through southwest Minnesota. Numerous outbuildings and many trees were downed or damaged. In Redwood county two combines and a 24 foot travel trailer were tipped over and damaged.

Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 92 (1910) Aberdeen: 19 (1976)
Kennebec: 92 (1910) Kennebec: 12 (1922)
Mobridge: 89 (1991) Mobridge: 17 (2004)
Pierre: 90 (1991) Pierre: 20 (1976)
Sisseton: 84 (1961) Sisseton: 22 (1992)
Timber Lake: 88 (1945) Timber Lake: 13 (1992)
Watertown: 88 (1910) Watertown: 19 (1976)
Wheaton: 85 (1991) Wheaton: 19 (1952)

Record Precipitation:
Aberdeen: 1.82" (1998)
Kennebec: 2.18" (1980) Kennebec: 1.0" (1905)
Mobridge: 2.03" (1953)
Pierre: 1.64" (1980) Pierre: Trace" (1905)
Sisseton: 2.07" (1998) Sisseton: 1.0" (1992)
Timber Lake: 2.15" (1980)
Watertown: 3.72" (1971) Watertown: 3.0" (2002)
Wheaton: 1.40" (1971) Wheaton: 2.5" (1922)

Note: All precipitation records are from 1932 to the present is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.