This Day in National/World Weather History ...
 18 December 1944 → The ships of the US Navy Task Force 38, seven fleet and six light carriers, eight battleships, 15 cruisers, and about 50 destroyers were operating about 300 miles east of Luzon in the Philippine Sea. A small but violent typhoon overtook the task force with relatively little warning. Many of the ships were caught near the center of the storm and buffeted by extreme seas and hurricane force winds. Three destroyers capsized and went down with practically all hands, while a cruiser, five aircraft carriers, and three destroyers suffered serious damage. Approximately 790 men were lost or killed. Fires occurred in three carriers when planes broke loose in their hangars and 146 planes on various ships were lost or damaged beyond economical repair by fires, impact damage, or by being swept overboard.
 18 December 1957 → An unusually late tornado outbreak for the time of year for so far north struck Missouri and Illinois. 18 tornadoes were rated F2 or greater. An F4 ripped through Jackson, Williamson, and Franklin counties in Illinois. Murphysboro was hard hit with 10 people killed. Sunfield, IL vanished completely as an F5 tornado swept it clean.

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October 19, 1982:

An early fall snowstorm dropped 3 to 12 inches of wet snow over the southeastern corner of South Dakota. The wet snow combined with the gusty winds of 20 to 40 mph dropped wind chills to around zero. Numerous trees snapped downing power lines. Power outages were extensive from Vermillion to Mitchell. Thunder rumbled and lightning flashed amidst the height of the snowstorm. Almost a foot of snow fell in northern Union and southern Lincoln counties. High wind gusts knocked out television and radio transmitters in Sioux Falls. The weight of the snow collapsed a panel on the covered stadium at the University of South Dakota at Vermillion.

Record Highs: Record Lows:
Aberdeen: 86 (1958) Aberdeen: 10 (1917)
Kennebec: 92 (1958) Kennebec: 7 (1917)
Mobridge: 89 (1914) Mobridge: 13 (1960)
Pierre: 87 (1955) Pierre: 17 (1960)
Sisseton: 88 (2003) Sisseton: 12 (1972)
Timber Lake: 87 (1927) Timber Lake: 12 (1960)
Watertown: 85 (2003) Watertown: 13 (1972)
Wheaton: 89 (2003) Wheaton: 10 (1972)

Record Precipitation:
Aberdeen: 1.50" (1908) Aberdeen: 3.0" (1905)
Kennebec: 0.72" (1982) Timber Lake: 3.0" (1916)
Mobridge: 3.23" (1908) Mobridge: 0.8" (1932)
Pierre: 1.23" (1908)
Sisseton: 1.34" (1984) Sisseton: 2.0" (1976)
Timber Lake: 2.02" (1983) Timber Lake: 1.0" (1932)
Watertown: 0.79" (1984) Watertown: 1.3" (1982)
Wheaton: 1.93" (1984) is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.