Armistice Day Stormof 1940:  Acknowledgements

Jeff Boyne, NWS La Crosse, WI

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The National Weather Service office in La Crosse, WI would like to sincerely thank the following for their assistance in compiling the information contained in this web site:

  • All the individuals who so graciously shared their accounts.
  • Boulay, P. (2009, October 27). Working with the state climatologist. Presentation at Sub Regional DAPM/OPL Conference, National Weather Service Office, Chanhassen, MN.
  • Friese, M. (2008). A cook’s journey: Slow food in the heartland. North Liberty IA: Ice Cube Press
  • Galloping Gertie. Retrieved from
  • Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum (2009). Survivor stories. Retrieved from:
  • Gruntfest, E. & Lazrus, H. (2009). Weaving social science into climate and weather research & practice: A living roadmap. Retrieved from   
  • Irvine, T. (1999, December 29). The Tacoma Narrows Bridge failure. Retrieved from
  • Interorganizational Committee on Principals and Guidelines for Social Impact. (2003, September). Principals and guidelines for social impact assessment in the USA. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal. 21(3), 231-250
  • Knarr, A.J. (1941, June). The Midwest storm of November 11, 1940. Monthly Weather Review. 69 (6). 169-178.
  • Lorenz, E. (1996). The evolution of dynamic meteorology. In James Rodger Fleming (Ed). Historical essays on meteorology 1919-1995. Boston MA: American Meteorological Society.
  • Minnesota Climatology Working Group
  • Minnesota Public Radio
  • NWS Quad Cities Remembering the Armistice Day Blizzard of 1940 ( )
  • Oosting, J. (2008, April 6). Shipwrecks a time capsule of the Great Lakes. Retrieved from shipwrecks_a_time_capsule_of_t.html
  • Schwartz, R. & Schmidlin, T. (2002, July 1). Climatology of blizzards in the conterminous United States, 1959-2000. Journal of Climate 15, 1765-1772.
  • Swails, T. (2005). Superstorms: Extreme weather in the heart of the heartland. Helena MT: Farcountry Press.
  • Washburn, L. (2008). The icy winds of death: The Armistice Day blizzard November 11, 1940. Iowa Outdoors. 67(5), 34-41.
  • Whitnah, D. (1961). A History of the United States Weather Bureau. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press. is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.