Reflections of the Fargo 57 Commemoration Events in Fargo June 20, 2007

By Dave Kellenbenz- Meteorologist: NWS Grand Forks

     The F5 tornado that struck Fargo, ND on the evening of June 20, 1957 was a historic event in meteorological history.  The tornado also changed the lives of many people living in Fargo 50 years ago.  This tornado would be studied by Dr. Ted Fujita, who would later go on to create the Fujita damage scale.  Dr. Fujita would also coin the terms wall cloud, tail cloud and collar cloud from photogrammetric work done by analyzing around 200 photos from the Fargo tornado.  June 20, 1957 was a very muggy day in Fargo, and Ray Jensen, the warning meteorologist on duty at the Weather Bureau office in Fargo , felt that there would be thunderstorms that day, and he was right.  50 years later, the day of June 20, 2007 dawned with plenty of sunshine and low humidity.  The day would turn out to be beautiful, with little wind, abundant sunshine, and a high of 82 with very few mosquitoes at Island Park for the Survivor’s picnic. Many would get acquainted once again on this day, and many would meet for the first time to talk about the Fargo ‘57 tornado. 

     The memorial service at Madison Elementary School at 10 am was very special, and the mayor of Fargo, Dennis Walaker, eloquently captured the moment in his speech, which was very heartfelt.  His words honored those who lost their lives 50 years ago, and to the survivors who made it through the most devastating tornado in North Dakota ’s history.  The pastor of Golden Ridge Lutheran Church , Mathew Short, gave the invocation and spoke of how his church rebuilt with a spirit that was typical throughout Fargo after the tornado struck.  Recovery support also came from all over, including the Mennonites from Manitoba who helped Fargo in the rebuilding process, and words were said by John Wiens from the Mennonite Disaster Services in Manitoba .  Roses were presented to all those who lost family members. Mercedes Munson-Erickson was seated in the first row, and received 6 roses for the children that she lost on that fateful day on June 20, 1957.  She was very appreciative of all the support and work that went into the Fargo ’57 Commemoration, and sent the National Weather Service a thank you note to show her appreciation.  She would be unable to attend other events that day because of her arthritis, but she graciously spoke to the media and public about the events that shaped her life 50 years ago. 

     I witnessed a reunion at the service that was remarkable.  I was speaking with a nurse who was working the night of the tornado.  She was wondering if Jon Davenport, the “miracle baby”, was at the memorial service.  She was the one who treated Jon after he was lifted from his father’s (Jerry Davenport) arms.  I had spoken with Jon earlier that morning, and I brought her over to Jon.  They embraced and she explained to him that the last time she saw him, he was 7 months old.  Dr. Ev Duthoy operated on Jon that night as well, and he was there and also was reunited with Jon. 

     The weather luncheon at the NDSU Alumni Center from noon-3 pm was a gathering to reflect on the Fargo ‘57 tornado, and to look at the science involved in wind damage estimates and forecasting severe thunderstorms.  The audience consisted of the general public, NWS meteorologists, TV meteorologists, and faculty from NDSU.  There were about 75 people there, and all talks were warmly received.  Four meteorologists spoke, including Dr. Ray E. Jensen, who was the warning meteorologist on duty the night of the Fargo ‘57 tornado.  He issued a tornado warning 1 hour and 3 minutes before the tornado struck Fargo .  This is truly remarkable for 1957.  Even present day tornado warnings rarely, if ever, have 1 hour or more of lead time.  He is to be commended for saving countless lives 50 years ago.  Dave Kellenbenz, Senior Meteorologist at the NWS in Grand Forks, spoke about re-constructing the Fargo tornado using weather parameters that meteorologists use today to forecast tornadoes and supercell thunderstorms.  Greg Gust, Warning and Coordination Meteorologist at the NWS in Grand Forks spoke about Dr. Ted Fujita and how the tornado damage scale has evolved through the years.  Lastly, Dr. Joe Schaefer, Director of the Storm Prediction Center in Norman, Oklahoma , spoke about the significance of the Fargo tornadoes and the many severe weather phrases that were coined from the cloud features seen in the photographs of the Fargo tornado.     

     The public picnic at Island Park from 5-8 pm was designed to assemble all survivors who wished to interact and reflect.  There was a tent and picnic tables set up to accomplish this, along with a booth for the NWS where we distributed literature and brochures.  There were 51 survivors that signed in.  However, there were likely additional survivors who did not sign in.  Some incredible stories were exchanged and it gave the survivors an opportunity to interact and relive a day they will never forget.  One lady was born at 630 pm in Fargo , and she was there to explain how she was the “tornado” baby.  Another lady relayed a story how she huddled in a basement in the Golden Ridge area with about 15 people, since there were only a handful of basements in that area.  Her story was incredible.  She explained how the entire house was swept away, but everyone in the basement survived, even though they were covered with some debris.  She said the sound of the tornado was piercing, and something that she will never forget. 

     In talking with most survivors, I found that they all appreciated all the commemoration activities.  Many even said that it made them feel at peace to be able to talk with others who had gone through such a trying time in their lives.  Many were children back in 1957, but they all had vivid memories of that day and I believe that talking through these memories placed a positive light on a tough time for them and the city of Fargo.

     The National Weather Service would like to thank the Fargo ’57 Steering Committee, The Fargo Forum and staff, the city of Fargo, the Fargo Police Department, Lee’s Floral, Dakota Monument, Dr. Ray E. Jensen, Dr. Joe Schaefer, Peg Jones-Sylvester and all the Fargo ’57 survivors who took part in the 50th Commemoration of the Fargo ’57 tornado on June 20, 2007.  This event would not have been possible without the support of many people, so we thank you all!

 

    

Commemoration pictures(click on thumbs for bigger image)

Commemoration Pictures
Meteorology luncheon @ NDSU
Commemoration Pictures
Picnic at Island Park
Commemoration Pictures
Survivor tent at Island Park
Commemoration Pictures
John Wheeler and Greg Gust
 
Damage Pictures
Dr. Ray Jensen and the Kellenbenz's
Commemoration Pictures
NWS booth at Island Park
Commemoration Pictures
Survivors under the tent
Commemoration Pictures
John Wheeler and Dave Kellenbenz
 
Commemoration Pictures
Survivor tent at Island Park
Commemoration Pictures
Survivors under the tent
Commemoration Pictures
John and Greg before an interview
Damage Pictures
John and Dave before an interview


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