NOAA’s National Weather Service Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Randy Graham for all his work, help and research in developing our Significant Tornado Climatology for Lower Michigan (which includes the May 13, 1980 Kalamazoo case).
Kalamazoo Gazette and Kalamazoo Public Library: Many of the post-tornado photos, damage reports and testimonials were obtained from the Kalamazoo Public Library’s archives of the Kalamazoo Gazette. Information obtained from the Kalamazoo Gazette including photos, testimonials, graphics and damage information was utilized extensively in our research.
George Wetzel and Blake Naftel for providing video footage of the Kalamazoo tornado (which we will keep in our video library for anyone who would like to see it) as well as a barograph chart from a bank in Kalamazoo which was struck by the tornado (can be seen in “Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991” book by Thomas Grazulis, also in our library).
Bob Dukesherer for converting tornado video footage into MPEG format, which we incorporated into this case study.
Dr. Paul Markowski, Penn State University.
Dr. T. Theodore Fujita, University of Chicago.
Kottke, John, National Weather Service Grand Rapids, Michigan (retired)
Warning Decision Training Branch: 2002 Tornado Warning Guidance
Storm Prediction Center
National Severe Storms Laboratory
Markowski, P. M., J. M. Straka, E. N. Rasmussen, D. O. Blanchard, 1998: “Variability of Storm-Relative Helicity during VORTEX.” Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 2959-2971.
McDonald, James R., P.E. “Storm Damage Investigation of Kalamazoo, Michigan Tornado of May 13,1980.” Prepared for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Site Safety Research Branch, Division of Reactor Safety Research. July, 1980. Institute for Disaster Research, Texas Tech University.
Grazulis, Thomas P. “Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991.”
Hodler, Thomas W. “Residents Preparedness and Response to the Kalamazoo Tornado.” Department of Geography, University of Georgia.