Radio

NOAA All-Hazards Weather Radio


SPECIFIC AREA MESSAGE ENCODING (SAME)

The National Weather Service has made significant improvements to NOAA Weather Radio that allows listeners to obtain only the warnings, watches, and other information that they desire to receive.

This new technology (called SAME) broadcasts the same information via automated voice, but adds a digital code that enables specially built receivers to decode the information and receive only the information desired by the listener. This way the listener can receive severe warnings, watches and statements for only the the county they live in, or a group of surrounding counties, and not information for the entire NWR broadcast area.

All current and older model NOAA Weather Radio receivers will continue to receive all of the information from the National Weather Service, but it is only the weather radios with the SAME capability that can be programmed to receive only information for specific counties.

Since the SAME codes are fully compatible with the FCC's Emergency Alert System, it is possible in the near future that new television sets, pagers, cellular telephones and other electronic devices will be able to receive these SAME coded messages.

If you have purchased a new weather radio with the SAME capability, and desire to program it for specific counties in your NOAA Weather Radio listening area, you will need the proper county codes (FIPS). A listing of county, SAME code, and transmitter associations is available for:

 Kentucky  Indiana

Only the most imminent life- and property-threatening hazards are broadcasted with the SAME signal and 1050 Hertz warning alarm tone, where the public has to take immediate action to protect themselves and their property. An operational guideline is that messages are alerted only for hazards urgent enough to warrant waking people up in the "middle of the night" or otherwise interrupting someone's activities at any time.

The following messages are always alerted on a NWR Transmitter if they apply to any part of its coverage area:

MESSAGE EVENT CODE

  • Tornado Warning: TOR
  • Severe Thunderstorm Warning: SVR
  • Flash Flood Warning: FFW
  • Tornado Watch: TOA
  • Severe Thunderstorm: Watch SVA
  • Hurricane Watch: HUA
  • Hurricane Warning: HUW
  • National Emergency: EAN

The following messages are sometimes alerted if they apply to the coverage area of the transmitter, depending on the circumstances.

MESSAGE EVENT CODE

  • Severe Weather Statement: SVS
  • Flash Flood Watch: FFA
  • Winter Storm Warning: WSW
  • High Wind Warning: HWW
  • Tsunami Watch: TSA
  • Tsunami Warning: TSW
  • River Flood Watch: FLA
  • River Flood Warning: FLW
  • Local non-weather Emergencies: CEM



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