St. Louis City, MO

Data available through 1/1/2013

Date

Time (CST)

F/EF-Scale

Length (Miles)

Maximum Width (Yards)

Killed

Injured

Property Damage

Source*

3/8/1871

300 pm

F3

5

250

n/a

n/a

n/a

G

Developed on the west bank of the Mississippi River and moved ENE at 70 mph into East St. Louis in St. Clair County, IL where most of the damage and death occurred.  This tornado killed 9, injured 60, and caused over $200,000 in damage.

3/29/1872

830 pm

F1

n/a

n/a

n/a

8

n/a

G

A small tornado reported on 7th Street.  A brick building was unroofed and the debris damaged another building.  The brick building partially collapsed, causing the injuries.  One of the injured people may have died.

1/12/1890

430 pm

F2

1.5

100

4

15

n/a

G

Formed near Washington University and moved NE, crossing the Mississippi River just south of Venice.  Over 100 homes and other buildings were unroofed or damaged.  Many smokestacks, steeples, and chimneys were blown down.  The deaths occurred in collapsed brick buildings.

5/27/1896

630 pm

F4

12

800

137

n/a

>$10,000,000

G, BD

Formed about 6 miles west of the Eads Bridge.  From the NW edge of Tower Grove Park, this complex combination of tornado and downburst widened to over a mile and moved east.  It collapsed or swept away parts of houses, factories, saloons, hospitals, mills, railroad yards, and churches.   The 36-acre Lafayatte Park was turned into "a wasteland of stripped trees and stumps".  A barograph dropped to 26.74".  On the east end of the Eads Bridge (built as tornado proof after an 1871 tornado) a 2 by 10 inch white pine planks was driven through the 5/16" thick wrought iron plate.  No significant damage was done to the steel span of the bridge.  Tornado was apparently at maximum intensity  when it crossed the river into East St. Louis.  This tornado killed a total of 255 people and injured 1,000.  A recent study by Brooks and Doswell (2001) indicated when the damage is adjusted for inflation and wealth in 1997 dollars, this is the costliest tornado in U.S. history ($2.9 billion realistic, $2.2 billion conservative).

8/19/1904

n/a

F2

 5

70

3

100

$100,000

G

About 15 city blocks were damaged with >100 homes wholly or partly unroofed in the NE part of the city before crossing the river into Venice, IL.  Deaths were in three different collapsed brick buildings.

9/29/1927

1250 pm

F3

12

600

72

550

$50,000,000

G

Tornado formed in Webster Groves and moved ENE across a corner of Forest Park into downtown St. Louis.  In downtown St. Louis, the path widened from 100 to 600 yards, with microburst damage extending out over a mile wide.  A few multi-story dwellings were destroyed and partly swept away (possibly F4), and some non-residential buildings were completely blown away.   Over 200 city blocks were torn apart.  Tornado then moved into Illinois.  Injuries represent total for the event in both MO and IL.  Damage is for Missouri.  A recent study by Brooks and Doswell (2001) indicated when the damage is adjusted for inflation and wealth in 1997 dollars, this is the second costliest tornado in U.S. history ($1.7 billion realistic).

9/16/1958

450 pm

F1

0.3

20

0

0

n/a

NCDC

2/10/1959

140 am

F4

24

200

21

345

$10,000,000

NCDC, G

Formed near Ellisville and moved ENE into the city.  Considerable damage occurred south of Forest Park, toppling a large TV tower.  From that point the tornado strengthened to F3 and minimal F4 intensity.  The greatest damage from Forest Park to McKinley Bridge was to tenement houses and apartment buildings including near Boyle and Olive as well as near Page and Grand.  A few homes were leveled, and some large tenement houses collapsed, burying the occupants in the wreckage.  Nearly 2,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed in the city.  Only 16 homes were listed as destroyed, 102 homes had major damage, and 750 homes had minor damage.  Forward speed was estimated at 50 to 60 mph with some evidence of more than one funnel.  The tornado then crossed the river in the Venice-Granite City, IL area.  The track of this tornado was not far from the tracks of the major tornadoes in 1871, 1896, and 1927.

5/1/1983

720 pm

F2

1

400

0

0

n/a

NCDC

A tornado touched down at Broadway and I-70 in the city and then crossed the river into Granite City, IL.  Several parked tractor trailers were turned over and power lines and trees were damaged.   This tornado intensified to F3 in Illinois and caused extensive damage.

3/31/2007

450 pm

EF0

2

60

0

1

n/a

NCDC

The tornado initially touched down south of the intersection of Flora Place and South 39th Street. Several trees were damaged in this location. The tornado traveled to the northeast and caused additional large tree limb damage east of the intersection of Shaw Boulevard and South 39th Street. The tornado lifted and traveled over I-44 and then dropped back down on Blaine Avenue causing partial roof damage to three homes just west of South Grand Blvd. The tornado briefly lifted again...then came back down at the Saint Louis University Medical Center causing minor roof damage to one building and blew out a number of windows at two parking garages east of South Grand Blvd on the medical campus. A large lamp post and several large tree limbs were blown down in this location as well. The tornado lifted again and then touched down one last time damaging a large billboard west of the intersection of I-64 and Jefferson Avenue. Two people driving on I-64 were injured from the flying debris and were taken to the hospital for minor cuts. Traffic lights were damaged on Jefferson Avenue south of I-64.A large squall line formed ahead of a weak cold front. As the storms moved east across Missouri and Illinois, numerous reports of large hail and damaging winds were received, including an EF0 tornado in the city of St. Louis. 

12/31/2010

12:08 PM

EF1

3

100

0

0

n/a

NCDC

Severe thunderstorms developed ahead of a strong cold front, triggering numerous showers and thunderstorms. A number of tornadoes were reported as well as damaging winds and large hail. The tornado touched down near the intersection of North Taylor Avenue and Washington Avenue in the Lewis Place neighborhood. It traveled to the northeast around 50 mph through The Ville and North Riverfront neighborhoods, then lifted just north of Fairground Park. Numerous homes sustained roof damage, with several homes sustaining near total loss of their roofs. 

*Sources

BD - Brooks, H. E, and C. A. Doswell:  2001:  Normalized Damage from Major Tornadoes in the United States: 1890-1999.  Wea. Forecasting, 16, 168-176.

G - Grazulis, T. P., 1993: Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991.  A Chronology and Analysis of Events. Environmental Films, Tornado Project, St. Johsnbury, VT.

NCDC - National Climatic Data Center U.S. Local Storms Events Data (www.ncdc.noaa.gov)


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