Station History - St. Louis, Missouri (STL)
All heights AGL unless otherwise noted.  
Location Dates Occupied Lat/Lon Instruments Used Elevation of Instrument (ft.) Type and/or Stock number Date Installed Notes
Smithsonian at 2nd & Chestnut 1852 to 1873 38° 45' N / 90° 22' W Thermometer 470 MSL     Dr. George Engelman, Observer (Private Citizen)
210 Olive St. 16 Aug 1870 to 14 Aug. 1871 38° 38' N / 90° 12' W Extreme Thermometer 70     Official weather records began at the newly commissioned Weather Bureau office.
8" Rain Gage 93    
15 Aug. 1871 to 28 Feb. 1873 38° 38' N / 90° 12' W Wind 152      
Extreme Thermometer 72      
8" Rain Gage 93      
6th & Locust St. 1 March 1873 to 14 Sep 1883 38° 38'  N / 90° 12' W Wind 212      
Extreme Thermometer 105     Was 84' AGL until 1Apr 1879 when it was moved to the roof.
8"Rain Gage 100      
Dome of Custon House 8th & Olive St. 15 Sep 1883 to 13 Feb 1896 38° 38' N / 90° 12' W Wind 210      
Extreme Thermometer 104     Was moved to height of 110' AGL on 31 Aug 1887
Psychrometer 104    
8" Rain Gage 100      
14 Feb 1896 to 15 Aug 1903 Extreme Thermometer 111     Only this equipment was moved on 21 Jan 1897.
Psychrometer 111    
Chemical Building
8th & Olive St.
16 Aug 1903 to 30 Sep 1913 38° 38' N / 90° 12'W Thermometer 467 MSL      
Wind 217      
Extreme Thermometer 208      
Psychrometer 208      
Tipping Bucket Rain Gage 199      
8" Rain Gage 199      
Railway Exchange Bldg. 30 Sep 1913 to 26 Nov 1935 38° 38' N / 90° 12' W Thermometer 473 MSL      
Wind 303      
Extreme Thermometer 265      
Psychrometer 265      
Tipping Bucket Rain Gage 258      
8" Rain Gage 258      
National Guard Bldg. Lambert Field 16 July 1929 to 10 Oct 1929 38° 45' N / 90° 23' W Extreme Thermometer 5     The Weather Bureau moved to the Airport during this time.
Psychrometer 5    
8" Rain Gage 4    
Control Bldg. Lambert Field 11 Nov 1929 to 19 Apr 1939 38° 45' N / 90° 23' W Thermometer 552 MSL      
Wind 30 3-cup 1/60   Was moved to a height of 59' on 20 Apr 1937
Extreme Thermometer 5     Was moved to a height of 20' on 28 Mar 1937
Psychrometer 5    
8" Rain Gage 4     Was moved to a height of 19' on 28 Mar 1937
Administration Bldg. 2nd Floor Lambert Field 20 Apr 1939 to 9 Mar 1959 38° 45' N / 90° 23' W Thermometer 560 MSL 21219   Moved to this height on 15 Sep 1957. Had both alcohol and mercury.
Wind 82 F420A    
Extreme Thermometer 5     Was moved to a height of 39' on 19 Nov 1943. Then was moved to height of 15 Sep 1957.
Psychrometer 5 11500  
Tipping Bucket Rain Gage 3      
Weighing Rain Gage 37 Dual Traverse 1252   Was located on roof until moved to height of 5' on 7 Aug 1957.
8" Rain Gage 37     Also on roof until moved to height of 3' on 25 Sep 1957.
Administration Building First Floor Lambert Field* 9 Mar 1959
to
11 Jan 1978
38° 45' N / 90° 22' W Thermometer 535 MSL H061   Was at 560' MSL until 03 Dec 1960
Wind 20 F420C 3-Dec-60 Was at 82' AGL (on roof) until 22 Jan 1960
Extreme Thermometer 6 C102
C122
   
Psychrometer 4 H051   Telepsychrometer installed on 18 April 1958
Sunshine Switch 38 Esterline Angus 1-Mar-59 Effective 13 Aug 1962
Tipping Bucket Rain Gage 3      
Weighing Rain Gage 5 2.40" single traverse    
8" Rain Gage 3      
Hygrothermometer 4 H061 3-Dec-60  
International Airport 6185 Aviation Dr. 11 Jan 1978 to 01 Jun 1996 38° 45' N / 90° 22' W Thermometer 535 MSL H083 23-Mar-85  
Wind  20 F420C 19-Nov-79 Not moved on 11 Jan 1978. Moved to new site on 19 Nov 1979.
Extreme Thermometer 6 C102
C122
11-Jan-78  
Psychrometer 4 H000/H021 11-Jan-78  
Sunshine Switch 7 A081 11-Jan-78  
Tipping Bucket Rain Gage 3 D120 23-Mar-85  
Weighing Rain Gage 20 D110 15-May-78 Not moved on 11 Jan 1978. Moved to field site on 10 May 1978 with elevation of 3' AGL.
8" Rain Gage 3 D040 11-Jan-78  
Hygrothermometer 4 H083 23-Mar-85 Not moved on 11 Jan 1978. Moved to new site on 19 Nov 1979 with type change on 23 Mar 1985.
International Airport 6185 Aviation Dr. 01 Jun 1996 to Present  38° 45' N / 90° 22' W ASOS 605 MSL S100 1-Jun-96  
Thermometer   C101-2 1-Jun-96 Backup
 
 
      RADAR Info        
Place From To Antenna Size (ft.) Antenna height (ft. AGL) Type Wavelength  
Lambert Field Old Admin Bldg. 18 Jun 1955 18 Jul 1960 6 63 ASP-2f
(WSR-1)
10 cm  
Lambert Field 18 Jul 1960 16 Oct 1974 12 80 WSR-57 10 cm  
Out of service 16 Oct 1974 25 Nov 1974 Was being moved to Weather Bureau office in St. Peters.      
WSFO St. Peters, MO 25 Nov 1974 ~1992 12 79 WSR-57 10 cm  
WFO St. Charles, MO 15 July 1994 Present 28 721 MSL (137 AGL) WSR-88D 10 cm  
       
 
               

USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.