- AVOID THE BITE!!!!
- Avoid or limit outdoor activities during times of extreme cold.
- Many victims are unaware that frostbite has set in since the skin has become numb. However, here are some warning signs:
- Skin will initially become red
- If the situation progresses, skin will become white or a grayish yellow
- Skin the feels unusually firm or waxy
- If you or someone in your party has frost bite follow these steps:
- Get into a warm room as soon as possible
- Unless absolutely necessary, do not walk on frostbitten feet or toes—this increases the damage.
- Immerse the affected area in warm—not hot—water (the temperature should be comfortable to the touch for unaffected parts of the body).
- Warm the affected area using body heat. For example, the heat of an armpit can be used to warm frostbitten fingers.
- Do not rub the frostbitten area with snow or massage it at all. This can cause more damage.
- Don't use a heating pad, heat lamp, or the heat of a stove, fireplace, or radiator for warming. Affected areas are numb and can be easily burned.
- The shading in the NWS Wind Chill chart below indicates the time to frostbite for exposed skin at various temperatures and wind speeds.