Severe reports from May 29, 2008 - Updated to include NWS damage survey

Update with damage photos and the tornado paths from the Centerville and Wakonda area.

 

Map of storm reports from the evening of May 29, 2008.  Listing of reports available below the map.

Tornado Reports

Time (UTC) Location County State Lat Lon Comments
2313 4 NE SPRINGFIELD BON HOMME SD 42.9 -97.85 (FSD)
0005 5 NNW VOLIN YANKTON SD 43.02 -97.23 (FSD)
0010 4 SW IRENE YANKTON SD 43.04 -97.21 MULTIPLE VORTICES ON THE GROUND. (FSD)
0010 1 W CENTERVILLE TURNER SD 43.12 -96.98 (FSD)

Hail Reports

Time (UTC) Size (inches) Location County State Lat Lon Comments
2250 1.00 5 SSE TYNDALL BON HOMME SD 42.92 -97.83 (FSD)
2317 2.00 1 NE SPRINGFIELD BON HOMME SD 42.86 -97.88 (FSD)
0010 1.75 ESE IRENE CLAY SD 43.08 -97.15 (FSD)

Wind Reports

Time (UTC) Speed (mph) Location County State Lat Lon Comments
2350 60 5 E CLAYTON HUTCHINSON SD 43.44 -97.56 (FSD)
0010 UNK CENTERVILLE TURNER SD 43.12 -96.96 POWER LINES DOWNED AND POWER POLES BROKEN IN CENTERVILLE. DAMAGE APPEARS TO BE WIDESPREAD. (FSD)
0035 60 2 NNE CENTERVILLE TURNER SD 43.14 -96.95 60 MPH WIND KNOCKED DOWN TREE BRANCHES (FSD)

Radar imagery of the tornadic supercell near Irene, South Dakota.

The most concentrated area of damage was around Irene and Centerville, South Dakota.  Much of this damage occurred around 7:10 pm CDT.  One tornado and several reports of wind damage were received in this area including trees and power lines down as well as damage to outbuildings on a farmstead. 

The radar picture below shows some common signatures seen with tornadic supercells.  In the upper left corner of the picture is how the storm looked approximately 4000 ft above the ground.  To the south of Irene, one can see a "bulge" in the radar echo as it moves toward Wakonda, SD.  This is indicative of strong outflow winds from a rear flank downdraft.  A rear flank downdraft is rapidly sinking area of air on the south side of a supercell.  It is indicative a strong mesocyclone, or rotation, and can contain wind speeds in excess of 60 mph.  It is likely that the damage in Wakonda was the result of these winds.

In the cross-section in the lower left corner of the figure, one sees two common features in supercells.  The first is a bounded weak echo region.  This is an area of rapidly rising air and is also the center of rotation within a supercell thunderstorm.  The second is the elevated hail core located above the bounded weak echo region (and updraft).  Tornadoes typically occur in the vicinity of the bounded weak echo region.  This is also where the large and destructive hail within supercells is produced.  In this case, up to 1.75 inch hail (golf ball size) was reported in Irene.

Cross-section and plan view of tornadic supercell near Irene, South Dakota

Damage path and photos from a NWS Damage Survey of a tornadic supercell that moved across northeast Clay County, South Dakota

 The tornadic supercell that moved across northern Clay County between 7:00 pm and 7:30 pm CDT produced two EF1 tornadoes south of Highway 46 near Wakonda, South Dakota.  Based upon the survey, it as determined there was an area of 60 to 70 mph winds that produced tree damage along Highway 46 into Centerville, South Dakota.  In addition to the winds, two EF1 tornadoes (wind speeds of 86 - 110 mph) developed in northwestern Clay County.  The first tornado was located approximately 3 miles west Wakonda and the second tornado developed 2.5 miles north of Wakonda.  Both tornadoes moved to the northeast and had a path length of approximately 2 miles. 

 

Path of 2 EF1 tornadoes in Clay County, SD (Click to Enlarge)

Map of the tornado paths from two EF1 tornadoes in Clay County, SD.

Description of wind damage along Highway 46 in South Dakota (Click to Enlarge)

Description and location of wind damage along Highway 46 in South Dakota.

Damage to a farmstead near Wakonda, South Dakota

Damage to an outbuilding from damaging winds approximately 3 miles west of Wakonda, SD.

Damage to a farmstead north-northeast of Wakonda, SD

EF1 tornado damage to an outbuilding of a farmstead approximately 4 miles north-northeast of Wakonda, SD.



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