South Dakota Winter Statement

...SOUTH DAKOTA WINTER WEATHER PREPAREDNESS WEEK...OCT 27-31...

TODAY IS THE START OF WINTER WEATHER PREPAREDNESS WEEK IN SOUTH
DAKOTA. THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE...ALONG WITH STATE AND LOCAL
EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCIES...SPONSOR THIS EVENT TO HELP
RESIDENTS PREPARE FOR DANGEROUS WINTER STORMS.

ONE STEP TO BEING PREPARED IS UNDERSTANDING THE DEFINITIONS USED
BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TO DESCRIBE SEVERE WINTER
WEATHER.

...WATCHES...
A WINTER STORM OR BLIZZARD WATCH MEANS HEAVY SNOW...STRONG
WINDS...FREEZING PRECIPITATION...AND COLD TEMPERATURES ARE
POSSIBLE...BUT THE EXACT TIMING...TRACK...OR OCCURRENCE OF THE
STORM IS STILL UNCERTAIN. A WATCH IS ISSUED TO GIVE PEOPLE TIME
TO MAKE PREPARATIONS SUCH AS ALTERING TRAVEL PLANS...STOCKING UP
ON SUPPLIES...AND PREPARING FOR POSSIBLE HEAT OR POWER OUTAGES.

...WARNINGS...
A BLIZZARD OR WINTER STORM WARNING MEANS A DANGEROUS STORM IS
LIKELY. A BLIZZARD WARNING MEANS STRONG WINDS OF 35 MPH OR
STRONGER WILL CREATE VISIBILITIES LESS THAN 1/4 MILE DUE TO SNOW
AND/OR BLOWING SNOW. A WINTER STORM WARNING MEANS THAT ONE OR A
COMBINATION OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS ARE POSSIBLE: HEAVY
SNOWFALL OF 6 INCHES OR MORE IN 12 HOURS...OR 8 INCHES OR MORE IN
24 HOURS...STRONG WINDS CREATING AREAS OF BLOWING SNOW...OR
FREEZING RAIN.

WHEN A WINTER STORM WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA...DO NOT
TRAVEL UNLESS IT IS AN EXTREME EMERGENCY. PLANS SHOULD BE IN
PLACE TO REMAIN INDOORS FOR AN EXTENDED PERIOD OF TIME...POSSIBLY
WITHOUT HEAT OR ELECTRICITY.

...ADVISORIES...
A WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY MEANS WEATHER CONDITIONS MAY CAUSE
INCONVENIENCES BUT ARE NOT LIFE THREATENING...SUCH AS 3 TO
6 INCHES OF SNOW...LIGHT FREEZING DRIZZLE...OR MINOR BLOWING
SNOW. USE CAUTION WHEN TRAVELING OR SPENDING TIME OUTDOORS DURING
THESE CONDITIONS.

...WIND CHILL...
WIND CHILL IS A MEASURE OF HOW COLD PEOPLE FEEL DUE TO THE
COMBINED EFFECT OF WIND AND COLD TEMPERATURES. THE WIND CHILL
INDEX IS BASED ON THE RATE OF HEAT LOSS FROM EXPOSED SKIN.
A WIND CHILL ADVISORY IS ISSUED WHEN FROSTBITE CAN OCCUR IN
15 MINUTES...WHILE A WIND CHILL WARNING MEANS FROSTBITE CAN OCCUR
IN ABOUT 10 MINUTES. PROTECT YOURSELF FROM FROSTBITE BY COVERING
ALL PARTS OF YOUR BODY...INCLUDING YOUR HEAD...FACE...AND HANDS.

...SAFETY AND PREPAREDNESS...
THE SAFEST PLACE TO BE DURING ANY ADVERSE WINTER WEATHER IS YOUR
HOME. TO BE COMFORTABLE...YOU NEED TO MAKE PREPARATIONS BEFORE A
STORM STRIKES IN CASE THE ELECTRICITY GOES OFF OR YOU CANNOT
LEAVE FOR SEVERAL DAYS. MAKE SURE YOU HAVE A FIRST AID KIT...
BATTERY-POWERED RADIO...BATTERY-POWERED NOAA WEATHER RADIO...
FLASHLIGHT AND EXTRA BATTERIES IN YOUR HOME. DO NOT FORGET TO
KEEP AT LEAST A WEEK OF SUPPLIES OF SPECIAL ITEMS LIKE
PRESCRIPTION MEDICINES...BABY FORMULA AND DIAPERS...AND PET FOOD.

KEEP ENOUGH FOOD AND WATER TO LAST SEVERAL DAYS. CHOOSE HIGH
ENERGY FOODS THAT DO NOT NEED TO BE COOKED. PLAN FOR AT LEAST ONE
GALLON OF WATER PER DAY FOR EACH PERSON IN YOUR HOUSE. IF YOU DO
NOT HAVE AN ALTERNATE SOURCE OF HEAT LIKE A WOOD OR OTHER FUEL-
BURNING STOVE...USE A GENERATOR OR PORTABLE HEATER...BUT KNOW HOW
TO OPERATE IT SAFELY.

TRAVEL IN THE WINTER MONTHS CANNOT BE STOPPED ENTIRELY. EVERY
YEAR...PEOPLE ARE STRANDED IN THEIR VEHICLES DURING SNOWSTORMS.
BE READY THIS YEAR BY PLANNING AHEAD. WINTERIZE YOUR VEHICLE...
AND PUT YOUR WINTER SURVIVAL KIT TOGETHER TODAY. CHECK OUT
WEATHER.GOV/ABERDEEN FOR SURVIVAL KIT ASSEMBLY INFORMATION.

WHEN TRAVELING...PLAN YOUR ROUTE AND CHECK THE LATEST FORECASTS
AND ROAD CONDITIONS TO AVOID STORMS. LET SOMEONE KNOW YOUR ROUTE
AND SCHEDULE. CALL THEM IF YOUR PLANS CHANGE AND WHEN YOU REACH
YOUR DESTINATION SAFELY.

IF A ROAD IS CLOSED...DO NOT GO AROUND THE BARRIER. GET OFF THE
ROAD OR TURN AROUND. DO NOT DEPEND ON FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE AND A CELL
PHONE FOR SURVIVAL. A CELL PHONE CAN BE HELPFUL IN EMERGENCY
SITUATIONS...BUT IT MAY NOT WORK IN WIDESPREAD POWER OUTAGES OR
SPARSELY POPULATED AREAS.

...WEATHER INFORMATION...
RELIABLE AND UP-TO-DATE WEATHER AND ROAD INFORMATION IS ESSENTIAL
DURING THE WINTER SEASON. WEATHER INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE FROM
MANY MEDIA SOURCES LIKE RADIO...TELEVISION...NEWSPAPERS...AND THE
INTERNET. ROAD CONDITIONS ARE AVAILABLE IN SOUTH DAKOTA AND
SURROUNDING STATES BY DIALING 5 1 1.

YOU CAN ALSO RECEIVE WEATHER INFORMATION DIRECTLY FROM THE
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE THROUGH NOAA WEATHER RADIO. BROADCASTS
ORIGINATE FROM LOCAL NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICES AND PROVIDE
CURRENT WEATHER CONDITIONS...LOCAL FORECASTS...AND SEVERE WEATHER
WARNINGS. SPECIAL WEATHER RADIO RECEIVERS CAN BE PURCHASED AT
MANY ELECTRONICS STORES. SCANNERS OR MOBILE RADIOS CAN ALSO BE
PROGRAMMED TO RECEIVE THE BROADCAST.

ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER PREPAREDNESS WEEK INFORMATION AND
RESOURCES CAN BE FOUND ON OUR WEBSITE...WWW.WEATHER.GOV/SIOUXFALLS



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