May 19, 2012: Damaging Winds and Large Hail Affects Portions of the Area

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May 19, 2012

Large Hail, Damaging Winds,
 Several
Gustnadoes


To the right is a National Weather Service Radar loop, valid from 3:00 p.m. on Saturday, May 19th to 9:30 p.m. CDT on Saturday, May 19th.

The NWS Hastings coverage area is located within the orange outlined area labeled "GID", with the Interstate highways in red.

(Click Radar Loop To Enlarge)

Detailed Event Summary:

A stout upper level disturbance moved out of the Rocky Mountains and onto the Central Plains during the afternoon and early evening hours on Saturday, May 19th, 2012, bringing strong to severe thunderstorms to the NWS Hastings coverage area. As large scale lift increased ahead of the main system, the event started off across far western portions of Dawson County, with hail up to the size of ping pong balls reported northwest of Gothenburg. The main portion of this event would occur further east, primarily along and east of Highway 281, with the hardest hit areas in Clay, Nuckolls and Fillmore Counties. A surface cold front draped across the middle of the Hastings coverage area would provide the primary focus for thunderstorm development, and with sufficient instability and shear present, many had little trouble becoming severe.

There were numerous reports of funnel clouds and gustnadoes through the event.  In addition, strong straight line winds and hail up to the size of hen eggs occurred across the area.

Gustnadoes are formed by very different processes than tornadoes. The differences between gustnadoes and "true" tornadoes are not often clear cut, as both involve rotating columns of air, but one of the primary differences is that gustnadoes are NOT connected to a parent rotating cloud base above. Here is a brief definition of both:

TORNADO: A violently rotating column of air, usually a pendant (attached) to a cumulonimbus cloud, with the circulation reaching the ground. In supercell thunderstorms, tornadoes are often associated with deep rotation in the updraft area of the storm, often on the south or southwest side of an east or northeast-moving storm.

GUSTNADO: A typically small whirlwind which forms as an eddy in thunderstorm outflows. They do not connect with any cloud-base rotation. Like dust devils, some stronger gustnadoes can cause damage. Often, gustnadoes are observed miles out ahead of the parent storm and associated precipitation. 

Despite these "technical" and sometimes unclear differences, strong gustnadoes sometimes do cause damage similar to tornadoes, and this was likely the case across parts of the area during the afternoon and evening of May 19th. However, the vast majority of wind damage was likely from very strong straight line winds.


Some of the notable reports from Saturday afternoon and evening follow below (more information will be added as it is received):

  • In southeastern portions of Nuckolls County, especially south of Ruskin as well as in and near Hardy, numerous irrigation pivots were tipped, power poles were knocked over, tree limbs of 6-8" in diameter downed and grain bins damaged.
  • In southern Clay County, east of Deweese, the combination of wind and hail resulted in crop damage near Highway 14.
  • A wind gust of 68 mph was measured by a spotter 4 miles southeast of Deweese in northern Nuckolls County.
  • A wind gust of 66 mph was measured by the AWOS located at the York Airport.
  • Hen egg size hail (2.0") was reported near Deweese (3 miles northwest).
  • Golf ball size hail (1.75") was reported in Deweese.
  • Ping pong ball size hail (1.5") was reported near Gothenburg (4 NW) and Blue Hill (3 W), as well as in Superior, Phillips and Jewell, KS.
  • Quarter size hail (1.0") was reported near Clay Center (9 ESE), Grand Island (2 SW), and in Fairfield.

Hail in Superior.
Photo courtesy of Rick Disney.

Hail near Blue Hill.
Photo courtesy of Liz Moheng Stickels.

Small hail in Gothenburg.
Photo courtesy of
Rebecca Thompson-Miller.

 May 19, 2012 storm reports.
Click image for detailed reports
.


Below are screen captures of Water Vapor Satellite Imagery through the afternoon and evening hours, showing the upper level disturbance making its way across the Central Plains.  The brighter white and dark blue colors depict higher amounts of cloud cover and the developing convection, the area of orange is drier air punching in from the southwest.

Water Vapor Imagery at 3:30 p.m.

Water Vapor Imagery at 6:00 p.m.

Water Vapor Imagery at 9:00 p.m.

 

This page was composed by the staff at the National Weather Service in Hastings, Nebraska.



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