October 1 - Very warm start to October with highs in the middle 70s to lower 80s. Some of the warmer locations include: 82 at Waupaca and Weyauwega, 81 at Green Bay and Wautoma, 79 at Appleton and Chilton.
October 2 - Despite being in the middle to upper 70s the day before, temperatures fell to 32 at Land O' Lake, Tomahawk and Merrill, 33 at Manitowish Waters and Rhinelander, and 34 at Stevens Point.
October 3-5 - Impressive three day rainfall totals noted across portions of central Wisconsin. The coop site in Marshfield reported 5.87 inches, 4.22 inches at Stratford, 2.66 inches at Wausau, 2.10 inches at Shawano, 1.93 inches at Stevens Point and 1.60 inches at Clintonville.
October 8-10 - Mild afternoon and cool nights were noted across the area. Highs were mainly in the lower to middle 70s with night time lows in the 30s and 40s. The average temperature each day ran 6 to 13 degrees above normal for the date.
October 20 - The first measurable snow of the season was reported across northern Wisconsin. The Phelp / Lac Vieux Desert area reported 2 inches of snow ending at 7 am on the 21st.
October 21 - Rhinelander received an inch of snow.
October 22 - 26 - Light snow or flurries were reported each day across the north as cool air remained firmly entrenched across the region.
October 31 - Soaking rains across northeast Wisconsin with rainfall amounts of one to two inches noted, with a few higher amounts. Some of the higher rainfall amounts include: New Hostein 2.58 inches, Valders 2.00 inches, Brillion 1.85 inches, Denmark 1.47 inches and Kewaunee 1.30 inches,
October 2013 went down in the record books generally warmer than normal and wetter than normal at most places. The first half of the month was mild and dry, while the second half of the month was typicallly cooler and wetter than normal. At Rhinelander, the average temperature for the month was 43.8 degrees or 0.1 degrees above normal. Precipitation for the month was 4.15 inches or 1.11 inches above normal and was the 14th wettest October on record. The monthly snowfall total was 2.2 inches, making it the 11th snowiest October on record at Rhinelander. At Wausau, the average temperature was 47.0 degrees, or one degree above normal. The precipitation total was 4.30 inches or 1.36 inches above normal. October 2013 will go down in the record books as the 13th wettest on record. At Green Bay, the average temperature was 49.1 degrees which was two degrees above normal. The precipitation total for the month was 2.95 inches, or 0.51 inches above normal.
Looking ahead to November, daylight saving time ends November 3rd. This means sunsets around 5:35 to 5:45 pm on the 1st, will fall back to 4:10 pm to 4:20 pm across the area by the end of the month. Sunrise on the first is between 7:25 and 7:40 am. Due to the time shift, sunrise on the 30th is between 7:05 am and 7:20 am. November is the month of transition as normal highs on the 1st are in the upper 40s to lower 50s, falling to the lower to middle 30s by the end of the month. Normal lows at the beginning of the month start out in the upper 20s to middle 30s, plunging into the teens north and lower to middle 20s along the bay and lake by December 1st. The earliest subzero temperature of the season at Wausau occurred on November 3, when the temperature fell to one below in 1951. By the latter half of the month, permanent snow cover is usually found across the northern part of the state, but can vary greatly depending on the weather pattern from year to year and may not occur until December in some years.
November is the peak of the gale / storm season on the Great Lakes as strong storms move across the region. The most famous storm occcured on November 10, 1975 when the Edmund Fitzgerald sank on Lake Superior. The Edmund Fitzgerald left Superior, Wisconsin on the afternoon of the 9th. Near hurricane force winds and waves up to 35 feet caused the Edmund Fitzgerald to sink about seventeen miles from Whitefish Bay near the city of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. Twenty-nine crew members lost their life. Due to the relatively warmer waters of the Great Lakes (Superior), lake effect snow events become more frequent across northern Wisconsin and upper Michigan.