Annual Climate Summaries for Topeka and Concordia



...THE TOPEKA KS CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE YEAR OF 2009...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1971 TO 2000
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1887 TO 2010

WEATHER OBSERVED NORMAL DEPART LAST YEAR`S
VALUE DATE(S) VALUE FROM VALUE DATE(S)
NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
HIGH 114 07/24/1936
LOW -26 12/23/1989
HIGHEST 100 06/23 MM MM 101 08/04
LOWEST -4 12/10 MM MM -6 01/19
AVG. MAXIMUM 65.2 65.3 -0.1 64.7
AVG. MINIMUM 43.5 43.4 0.1 42.9
MEAN 54.4 54.4 0.0 53.8
DAYS MAX >= 90 26 45.1 -19.1 32
DAYS MAX <= 32 20 26.6 -6.6 23
DAYS MIN <= 32 118 117.3 0.7 118
DAYS MIN <= 0 2 7.0 -5.0 3

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
MAXIMUM 41.75 2009
MINIMUM 32.72 2006
TOTALS 41.75 35.64 6.11 38.22
DAILY AVG. 0.11 0.10 0.01 0.10
DAYS >= .01 113 100.2 12.8 110
DAYS >= .10 67 59.7 7.3 64
DAYS >= .50 30 22.9 7.1 27
DAYS >= 1.00 9 9.7 -0.7 12
GREATEST
24 HR. TOTAL 3.30 04/26 TO 04/27

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
TOTAL 48.6 1960
TOTALS 24.2 19.7 4.5 20.9
SINCE 7/1 19.2 6.4 12.8 5.6
DAYS >= TRACE 34 15.0 19.0 43
DAYS >= 1.0 7 6.5 0.5 7
GREATEST
SNOW DEPTH 6 12/30 5 02/07
12/27 02/06
24 HR TOTAL 7.5 12/24 TO 12/25

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL 4957 5225 -268 5357
SINCE 7/1 2119 2057 62 2034
COOLING TOTAL 1189 1357 -168 1354
SINCE 1/1 1189 1357 -168 1354

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED 7.5
RESULTANT WIND SPEED/DIRECTION 0/050
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION 45/360 DATE 06/09
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION 58/160 DATE 03/23

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT) MM

NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR 225
NUMBER OF DAYS PC 93
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY 47

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT) 66

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM 67 MIXED PRECIP 0
HEAVY RAIN 44 RAIN 58
LIGHT RAIN 111 FREEZING RAIN 2
LT FREEZING RAIN 4 HAIL 2
HEAVY SNOW 2 SNOW 5
LIGHT SNOW 26 FOG 183
FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE 38 HAZE 67

- INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

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REMARKS...

TEMPERATURES FOR 2009 AVERAGED TO BE VERY NEAR NORMAL... THOUGH IT
WAS THE 19TH WETTEST YEAR IN THE NEARLY 125 YEARS OF DATA ON RECORD
FOR TOPEKA. SNOWFALL WAS JUST A FEW INCHES ABOVE NORMAL. THIS
INFORMATION MASKS MANY INTERESTING EVENTS OF THE YEAR HOWEVER.

THE YEAR STARTED OFF ON THE WARM AND DRY SIDE. JANUARY AND FEBRUARY
TOGETHER WERE THE SEVENTH DRIEST SUCH PERIOD ON RECORD. FOUR RECORDS
FOR WARM READINGS WERE EITHER SET OR TIED OVER A 10-DAY PERIOD FROM
LATE JANUARY TO EARLY FEBRUARY. A WETTER REGIME BEGAN TO TAKE SHAPE
IN MARCH AND APRIL... INCLUDING WINTRY PRECIPITATION IN THE FORM OF
SNOW... SLEET... AND FREEZING RAIN FROM MARCH 26 THROUGH MARCH 28
AND LIGHT SNOW AGAIN ON APRIL 2 AND APRIL 5. PRECIPITATION FOR THE
MARCH AND APRIL TWO-MONTH PERIOD WAS THE FOURTH WETTEST ON RECORD.
MAY REVERTED BACK TO DRY CONDITIONS AS THE 7TH DRIEST MAY
OBSERVED... WHILE JUNE SWUNG BACK TO THE WET SIDE AS THE 14TH
WETTEST ON RECORD. JUNE ENDED RATHER HOT... WITH HEAT INDICES
REACHING AROUND 105 DEGREES AND TEMPERATURES ONLY FALLING INTO THE
MIDDLE 70S FROM THE 22ND THROUGH THE 27TH... BUT JULY SAW THE
OPPOSITE SIDE WITH COOL CONDITIONS. HIGH TEMPERATURES ONLY SURPASSED
90 DEGREES ON TWO OCCASIONS THAT MONTH... AND RECORDS FOR THE
LOWEST TEMPERATURE WERE TIED FOR THREE CONSECUTIVE DAYS IN THE
MIDDLE OF THE MONTH. THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE FOR JULY 2009 WAS THE
SEVENTH COLDEST OBSERVED. RAINFALL JUST SHY OF THREE INCHES FELL ON
JULY 28TH... PUSHING THE JUNE AND JULY PERIOD TO BE THE 11TH WETTEST
SUCH PERIOD. SEPTEMBER WAS RATHER FOGGY... WITH PERSISTENT LIGHT
WINDS HELPING DENSE FOG TO DEVELOP ON 13 DAYS OF THAT MONTH. THE
EARLY AND MIDDLE PORTIONS OF OCTOBER WERE QUITE COLD. IN FACT...
AVERAGE TEMPERATURES FROM OCTOBER 1 THROUGH OCTOBER 15 WERE THE
COLDEST ON RECORD FOR THIS PERIOD... BREAKING THE PREVIOUS COLDEST
SUCH STRETCH BY FOUR DEGREES. HIGH TEMPERATURES FOR THE MIDDLE OF
THAT MONTH WERE MORE TYPICAL OF THOSE EXPERIENCED IN MID-DECEMBER.
THE COOL JULY AND COLD OCTOBER PUSHED THE FOUR-MONTH PERIOD FROM
JULY TO OCTOBER 2009 TO BE THE SECOND COLDEST PERIOD EVER RECORDED.
NOVEMBER REVERSED THIS COLD SPELL HOWEVER... AND WAS THE NINTH
WARMEST SUCH MONTH OBSERVED. THIS WARMTH CONTRIBUTED TO THE FIRST
HARD FREEZE OF THE FALL BEING DELAYED UNTIL NOVEMBER 26...WHICH TIES
FOR THE LATEST ON RECORD. DECEMBER WAS COLD AGAIN THOUGH... THE 18TH
COLDEST OBSERVED...BUT WILL BE REMEMBERED FOR ITS SNOWFALL. IT WAS
THE SNOWIEST DECEMBER ON RECORD... INCLUDING OVER 11 INCHES OF SNOW
AND NEAR BLIZZARD CONDITIONS DURING A LONG-LIVED WINTER STORM FROM
THE 23RD THROUGH THE 27TH.


-- DAILY RECORDS --

HIGHEST MAXIMUM - JAN 31...73F
FEB 6....71F TIED
FEB 7....71F
MAR 5....86F

LOWEST MINIMUM -- JUL 17...57F TIED
JUL 18...56F TIED
JUL 19...57F TIED

HIGHEST MINIMUM - FEB 9....48F
MAR 5....56F TIED
APR 24...69F

LOWEST MAXIMUM -- MAR 28...35F
OCT 10...40F
OCT 11...42F
OCT 13...45F TIED
OCT 15...51F

PRECIPITATION --- MAR 8....0.64"
JUL 28...2.99"
AUG 17...2.63"

SNOWFALL -------- DEC 8....5.0"
DEC 25...4.1"


-- MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES IN THE TOP 20 ON RECORD --

FEBRUARY...19TH WARMEST
JULY.......8TH COLDEST
AUGUST.....17TH COLDEST
OCTOBER....4TH COLDEST
NOVEMBER...9TH WARMEST
DECEMBER...18TH COLDEST


-- MONTHLY PRECIPITATION IN THE TOP 20 ON RECORD --

JANUARY...14TH DRIEST
MARCH.....8TH WETTEST
APRIL.....6TH WETTEST
MAY.......7TH DRIEST
JUNE......14TH WETTEST
JULY......14TH WETTEST


-- SEVERE WEATHER REPORTS IN AND NEAR TOPEKA --

HAIL ----- MAR 24...PENNY SIZE HAIL
APR 26...PENNY SIZE HAIL
JUL 28...1" HAIL

WIND ----- FEB 9....51MPH GUST AT BILLARD AIRPORT... MINOR TREE AND
PROPERTY DAMAGE
MAR 23...58MPH GUST AT BILLARD AIRPORT... 64MPH GUST AT
FORBES FIELD... SEMI TRUCK BLOWN OVER ON
INTERSTATE 70... NUMEROUS POWER OUTAGES
JUL 27...ESTIMATED 65-70MPH... LARGE TREES DOWNED

FLOODING - APR 26...FLASH FLOODING WITH RAINFALL OF 2.53"


..................................................................


...THE CONCORDIA KS CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE YEAR OF 2009...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1971 TO 2000
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1885 TO 2010

WEATHER OBSERVED NORMAL DEPART LAST YEAR`S
VALUE DATE(S) VALUE FROM VALUE DATE(S)
NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
HIGH 116 08/12/1936
LOW -33 1/08/1886
HIGHEST 103 08/08 MM MM 100 08/04
LOWEST -5 12/10 MM MM -6 12/22
AVG. MAXIMUM 63.8 64.6 -0.8 62.9
AVG. MINIMUM 41.0 42.5 -1.5 40.8
MEAN 52.4 53.6 -1.2 51.8
DAYS MAX >= 90 33 48.6 -15.6 24
DAYS MAX <= 32 35 32.2 2.8 30
DAYS MIN <= 32 126 122.7 3.3 136
DAYS MIN <= 0 4 7.8 -3.8 8

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
MAXIMUM 44.79 1993
MINIMUM 12.83 1956
TOTALS 26.82 28.43 -1.61 33.43
DAILY AVG. 0.07 0.08 -0.01 0.09
DAYS >= .01 96 89.8 6.2 94
DAYS >= .10 46 51.7 -5.7 56
DAYS >= .50 18 18.3 -0.3 18
DAYS >= 1.00 7 7.0 0.0 9
GREATEST
24 HR. TOTAL 2.30 09/21 TO 09/21

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
TOTAL 57.4 1960
TOTALS 29.9 22.7 7.2 16.1
SINCE 7/1 24.6 7.3 17.3 6.3
SNOWDEPTH AVG. 1 0 1 0
DAYS >= TRACE 27 15.9 11.1 32
DAYS >= 1.0 8 7.1 0.9 4
GREATEST
SNOW DEPTH 14 12/09 5 01/17
01/01
24 HR TOTAL 12.0 12/08 TO 12/08

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL 5564 5524 40 5811
SINCE 7/1 2477 2176 301 2250
COOLING TOTAL 1087 1333 -246 1105
SINCE 1/1 1087 1333 -246 1105

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED 10.1
RESULTANT WIND SPEED/DIRECTION 1/179
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION 52/170 DATE 03/23
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION 67/180 DATE 03/23

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT) MM

NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR 230
NUMBER OF DAYS PC 91
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY 44

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT) 67

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM 39 MIXED PRECIP 0
HEAVY RAIN 26 RAIN 34
LIGHT RAIN 94 FREEZING RAIN 1
LT FREEZING RAIN 6 HAIL 0
HEAVY SNOW 1 SNOW 4
LIGHT SNOW 26 FOG 139
FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE 16 HAZE 26

- INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

$$


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