A Hot Summer and a
Cold Winter in 2010
The average temperature (the average of each day’s high and low temperature) from June 1 through August 31 at Topeka’s Billard Airport was 80.7 degrees. This is 4.3 degrees above the normal average temperature for this period, which is referred to as meteorological summer, and places it as the eighth warmest summer since weather records began in Topeka in 1887, and the warmest summer since 1980.
Concordia also experienced a hot summer. The average temperature from June 1 to August 31 of 2010 was 78.9 degrees, 2.4 degrees above normal, and also the warmest since 1980. The 78.9 degree average temperature ties for the 16th warmest summer since records began in Concordia in 1885.
These warm summer temperatures come on the heels of a cold winter. Meteorological winter is defined as the months of December, January and February. The average winter temperature in Topeka for 2009-2010 was 27.0 degrees which is 3.6 degrees below the normal of 30.6 degrees, and tied for the 15th coldest winter recorded. It was the coldest winter in Topeka since 1983-1984. Concordia’s average winter temperature for 2009-2010 was 23.8 degrees, 5.9 degrees below the normal of 29.7 degrees, and tied for the seventh coldest winter recorded. It was the coldest winter in Concordia since 1978-1979.
Weather records for Topeka and Concordia show that only two combinations of a cold winter immediately followed by a hot summer have surpassed the extreme nature of these seasons of this past year. For both locations, the winter of 1935-1936 followed by the summer of 1936 was the most extreme. The average temperature in Topeka that winter was 24.3 degrees, tied for the third coldest on record, with the summer of 1936 being the hottest ever at 84.8 degrees. Concordia’s average temperature for the winter of 1935-1936 was 23.7 degrees, the sixth coldest on record, with the second warmest summer occurring in 1936 at 83.2 degrees. The second-most extreme winter-summer combination occurred in 1917-1918, again for both Topeka and Concorida. The average temperature that winter in Topeka was the fifth coldest at 24.6 degrees, while Concordia’s average temperature tied for the fourth coldest winter on record with 23.6 degrees. Both locations experienced the 11th warmest summer in 1918. Average temperatures that summer were 80.7 degrees at Topeka and 79.9 degrees at Concordia.