Annual Climate Summaries for Topeka and Concordia

...THE TOPEKA KS CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE YEAR OF 2010...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1971 TO 2000
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1887 TO 2011

WEATHER OBSERVED NORMAL DEPART LAST YEAR`S
VALUE DATE(S) VALUE FROM VALUE DATE(S)
NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
HIGH 114 07/24/1936
LOW -26 12/23/1989
HIGHEST 106 08/13 MM MM 100 06/23
08/02
LOWEST -8 01/10 MM MM -4 12/10
AVG. MAXIMUM 66.7 65.3 1.4 65.2
AVG. MINIMUM 45.4 43.4 2.0 43.5
MEAN 56.1 54.4 1.7 54.4
DAYS MAX >= 90 58 45.1 12.9 26
DAYS MAX <= 32 31 26.6 4.4 20
DAYS MIN <= 32 112 117.3 -5.3 118
DAYS MIN <= 0 6 7.0 -1.0 2

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
MAXIMUM 60.89 1973
MINIMUM 19.07 1963
TOTALS 36.50 35.64 0.86 41.75
DAILY AVG. 0.10 0.10 0.00 0.11
DAYS >= .01 96 100.2 -4.2 113
DAYS >= .10 62 59.7 2.3 67
DAYS >= .50 20 22.9 -2.9 30
DAYS >= 1.00 13 9.7 3.3 9
GREATEST
24 HR. TOTAL 3.09 06/16 TO 06/16 3.30 04/26 TO 04/27

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
TOTAL 48.6 1960
24 HR TOTAL 17.3 02/26/1900 TO 02/27/1900
SNOW DEPTH 18 03/16/1960
TOTALS 21.6 19.7 1.9 24.2
SINCE 7/1 0.1 6.4 -6.3 19.2
SNOWDEPTH AVG. 0 0 0 0
DAYS >= TRACE 40 15.0 25.0 34
DAYS >= 1.0 8 6.5 1.5 7
GREATEST
SNOW DEPTH 7 01/07 6 12/30
12/27
24 HR TOTAL 5.2 03/19 TO 03/20 7.5 12/24 TO 12/25

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL 4978 5225 -247 4957
SINCE 7/1 1817 2057 -240 2119
COOLING TOTAL 1852 1357 495 1189
SINCE 1/1 1852 1357 495 1189

.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED 7.2
RESULTANT WIND SPEED/DIRECTION 1/177
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION 40/280 DATE 06/16
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION 62/280 DATE 06/16

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT) MM

NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR 232
NUMBER OF DAYS PC 78
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY 55

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT) 67

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM 54 MIXED PRECIP 0
HEAVY RAIN 39 RAIN 52
LIGHT RAIN 87 FREEZING RAIN 2
LT FREEZING RAIN 3 HAIL 4
HEAVY SNOW 3 SNOW 9
LIGHT SNOW 30 FOG 205
FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE 39 HAZE 131

- INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

REMARKS...

THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE FOR THE YEAR TIED FOR THE 20TH WARMEST OF
THE 123 COMPLETE YEARS OF DATA ON RECORD FOR TOPEKA. THE TOTAL
AMOUNT OF LIQUID PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL WERE QUITE CLOSE TO THE
LONG-TERM AVERAGE.

THE YEAR STARTED ON THE COLD SIDE... WITH THE COMBINED MONTHS OF
JANUARY AND FEBRUARY BEING THE COLDEST SINCE 1985 IN TERMS OF
AVERAGE DAILY TEMPERATURE. THE SNOWY TREND THAT BEGAN LATE IN 2009
CONTINUED THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE WINTER AND INTO THE EARLY
SPRING. SNOWFALL MEASURED IN FEBRUARY WAS NEARLY TWO TIMES NORMAL...
AND MARCH WAS THE SNOWIEST SUCH MONTH SINCE 1990. TEMPERATURES FOR
MUCH OF THE MIDDLE AND END OF THE YEAR WERE ABOVE NORMAL. THE SUMMER
AND FALL MONTHS... COMPRISING JUNE THROUGH NOVEMBER... WERE THE
NINTH WARMEST ON RECORD... WITH THE MONTHS OF APRIL THROUGH AUGUST
BEING THE THIRD WARMEST. EVERY DAY IN OCTOBER SAW THE MERCURY REACH
AT LEAST 60 DEGREES... WHICH ONLY HAPPENED TWO TIMES PREVIOUSLY.

JANUARY BROUGHT PERIODS OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES. THE
PERIOD FROM JANUARY 1 THROUGH JANUARY 10 WAS THE FOURTH COLDEST SUCH
PERIOD ON RECORD... BUT THIS WAS FOLLOWED BY A SIX-DAY STRETCH FROM
JANUARY 15 THROUGH JANUARY 20 WHERE THE MERCURY DID NOT FALL BELOW
FREEZING. THIS WAS THE LONGEST PERIOD IN JANUARY TO HAVE
ABOVE-FREEZING TEMPERATURES SINCE 1939. THE FIRST HALF OF APRIL WAS
THE SECOND WARMEST ON RECORD. MAY WAS SIMILAR TO JANUARY WITH WARM
AND COLD PERIODS. MAY 10 THROUGH MAY 20 WAS THE SECOND COLDEST SUCH
PERIOD RECORDED... WHILE THE 21ST THROUGH THE 31ST WAS THE SEVENTH
WARMEST AND SECOND DRIEST. HIGH LEVELS OF HEAT OCCURED FROM MID-JULY
INTO MID-AUGUST. HEAT INDICES REACHED 104 TO 112 DEGREES FROM JULY
16 THROUGH JULY 25... AND TOPPED OUT AT 113 ON AUGUST 2 AND 3. THE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE FROM AUGUST 7 THROUGH AUGUST 13 WAS THE HOTTEST
FOR ANY SEVEN-DAY STRETCH SINCE 1980. RELATIVELY WARM TEMPERATURES
WERE CLOSELY FOLLOWED BY VERY COLD CONDITIONS TWICE IN DECEMBER. THE
FEELS-LIKE TEMPERATURE FROM THE AFTERNOON OF THE 10TH TO THE 11TH
AND AGAIN FROM THE 30TH TO THE 31ST DROPPED BY 59 DEGREES.

NOTABLE WEATHER OCCURRED ON AND NEAR TWO HOLIDAYS. A RECORD-SETTING
1.40 INCHES OF RAIN FELL ON JULY 4... BUT THE RAIN LARGELY ENDED BY
MID-EVENING AND ALLOWED FIREWORKS DISPLAYS TO TAKE PLACE. A QUICK
BUT SHALLOW BLANKET OF SNOW FELL ON THE MORNING OF DECEMBER 24...
BUT CLEARING SKIES AND ABOVE-FREEZING TEMPERATURES MELTED THE SNOW
BY LATE AFTERNOON.

HAIL AROUND AN INCH IN DIAMETER FELL IN PORTIONS OF THE CITY ON
APRIL 5... WITH SMALLER HAIL FALLING ON MARCH 27 AND DECEMBER 31.
SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS CAUSED WIND DAMAGE IN SOUTHWEST AND CENTRAL
PORTIONS OF TOPEKA ON JUNE 13 AND IN THE OAKLAND AREA ON JUNE 16. A
62 MPH WIND GUST WAS RECORDED AT BILLARD AIRPORT WITH THE LATTER
EVENT. PERSISTENT WIND GUSTS OF AROUND 40 MPH WERE MEASURED ON APRIL
30... NOVEMBER 28 AND 29... AND DECEMBER 11. STRONGER GUSTS AROUND
45 MPH WERE COMMON FROM OCTOBER 26 THROUGH 28. WIND CHILL VALUES OF
-15 TO -25 WERE THE NORM ON JANUARY 7 AND 8.

-- DAILY RECORDS --

HIGHEST MAXIMUM - DEC 30...71F

LOWEST MINIMUM -- NONE

HIGHEST MINIMUM - MAR 31...61F
APR 1....65F
MAY 23...75F
MAY 24...73F
JUN 11...76F TIED
JUN 22...78F TIED
JUL 23...81F

LOWEST MAXIMUM -- JAN 8....7F

PRECIPITATION --- JUN 13...2.59"
JUN 16...3.09"
JUL 4....1.40"


SNOWFALL -------- JAN 6....4.4"
MAR 19...3.5"

-- MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES IN THE TOP 20 ON RECORD --

APRIL......11TH WARMEST
JUNE.......7TH WARMEST
AUGUST.....12TH WARMEST

-- MONTHLY PRECIPITATION IN THE TOP 20 ON RECORD --

JUNE.......11TH WETTEST
DECEMBER...10TH DRIEST


-- SEVERE WEATHER REPORTS --

HAIL ------- APR 5...1" HAIL

WIND ------- JUN 13...LARGE TREES DOWNED IN SOUTHWEST TOPEKA...
63 MPH WIND MEASURED BY STORM CHASER IN
DOWNTOWN AREA
JUN 16...TREES DOWNED IN CENTRAL TOPEKA...
62 MPH WIND MEASURED AT BILLARD AIRPORT
 
 
...THE CONCORDIA KS CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE YEAR OF 2010...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1971 TO 2000
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1885 TO 2011

WEATHER OBSERVED NORMAL DEPART LAST YEAR`S
VALUE DATE(S) VALUE FROM VALUE DATE(S)
NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
HIGH 116 08/12/1936
LOW -33 01/08/1886
HIGHEST 107 08/02 MM MM 103 08/08
LOWEST -10 01/09 MM MM -5 12/10
AVG. MAXIMUM 64.6 64.6 0.0 63.8
AVG. MINIMUM 43.3 42.5 0.8 41.0
MEAN 53.9 53.6 0.3 52.4
DAYS MAX >= 90 57 48.6 8.4 33
DAYS MAX <= 32 38 32.2 5.8 35
DAYS MIN <= 32 120 122.7 -2.7 126
DAYS MIN <= 0 4 7.8 -3.8 4

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
MAXIMUM 44.79 1993
MINIMUM 12.83 1956
TOTALS 32.07 28.43 3.64 26.82
DAILY AVG. 0.09 0.08 0.01 0.07
DAYS >= .01 90 89.8 0.2 96
DAYS >= .10 47 51.7 -4.7 46
DAYS >= .50 23 18.3 4.7 18
DAYS >= 1.00 10 7.0 3.0 7
GREATEST
24 HR. TOTAL 2.48 06/19 TO 06/19 2.30 09/21 TO 09/21

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
TOTAL 57.4 1960
24 HR TOTAL 13.2 02/10/1965 TO 02/11/1965
SNOW DEPTH 25 03/16/1960
TOTALS 10.2 22.7 -12.5 29.9
SINCE 7/1 0.1 7.3 -7.2 24.6
SNOWDEPTH AVG. 0 0 0 1
DAYS >= TRACE 27 15.9 11.1 27
DAYS >= 1.0 4 7.1 -3.1 8
GREATEST
SNOW DEPTH 7 01/12 14 12/09
01/11
01/10
24 HR TOTAL 3.2 02/04 TO 02/05 12.0 12/08 TO 12/08

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL 5447 MM MM 5564
SINCE 7/1 2012 2176 -164 2477
COOLING TOTAL 1546 MM MM 1087
SINCE 1/1 1546 1333 213 1087

.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED 10.0
RESULTANT WIND SPEED/DIRECTION 2/172
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION 53/340 DATE 06/19
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION 75/350 DATE 06/19

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT) MM

NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR 238
NUMBER OF DAYS PC 76
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY 51

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT) 68

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM 52 MIXED PRECIP 0
HEAVY RAIN 31 RAIN 34
LIGHT RAIN 86 FREEZING RAIN 0
LT FREEZING RAIN 3 HAIL 0
HEAVY SNOW 2 SNOW 4
LIGHT SNOW 23 FOG 138
FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE 26 HAZE 54

- INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.


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