Soaring Guidance
Issued by NWS Denver/Boulder, CO

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000
UXUS97 KBOU 061415
SRGBOU

Soaring Forecast
National Weather Service Denver/Boulder, Colorado
0815 MDT Wednesday, May 6, 2015

This forecast is for Wednesday, May 6, 2015:

If the trigger temperature of 60.9 F/16.0 C is reached...then
   Thermal Soaring Index....................... Poor
   Maximum rate of lift........................ 161 ft/min (0.8 m/s)
   Maximum height of thermals.................. 12324 ft MSL (7039 ft AGL)

Forecast maximum temperature................... 66.0 F/19.3 C
Time of trigger temperature.................... 1115 MDT
Time of overdevelopment........................ 1400 MDT
Middle/high clouds during soaring window....... Broken/overcast opaque middle
Surface winds during soaring window............ 20 mph or less
Height of the -3 thermal index................. 8939 ft MSL (3654 ft AGL)
Thermal soaring outlook for Thursday 05/07..... Poor

Wave Soaring Index............................. Poor
Wave Soaring Index trend (to 1800 MDT)......... No change
Height of stable layer (12-18K ft MSL)......... None
Weak PVA/NVA (through 1800 MDT)................ Neither
Potential height of wave....................... 14380 ft MSL (9095 ft AGL)
Wave soaring outlook for Thursday 05/07........ Poor

Remarks... Showers and thunderstorms

Sunrise/Sunset.................... 05:54:25 / 19:57:35 MDT
Total possible sunshine........... 14 hr 3 min 10 sec (843 min 10 sec)
Altitude of sun at 12:56:11 MDT... 66.83 degrees

Upper air data from rawinsonde observation taken on 05/06/2015 at 0600 MDT

Freezing level.................. 11025 ft MSL (5740 ft AGL)
Convective condensation level... 10306 ft MSL (5021 ft AGL)
Lifted condensation level....... 11239 ft MSL (5954 ft AGL)
Lifted index.................... -0.2
K index......................... +24.4

Height  Temperature  Wind  Wind Spd  Lapse Rate  ConvectionT  Thermal  Lift Rate
ft MSL  deg C deg F   Dir   kt  m/s  C/km F/kft  deg C deg F   Index    fpm  m/s
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000  -57.6 -71.7   200   22   11   2.8   1.5  101.4 214.4    47.5      M    M
 45000  -55.0 -67.0   230   23   12   2.0   1.1   81.3 178.3    38.4      M    M
 40000  -55.5 -67.9   205   21   11   0.4   0.2   56.6 133.9    24.9      M    M
 38000  -55.3 -67.5   175   16    8   0.8   0.4   48.2 118.7    19.9      M    M
 36000  -55.1 -67.2   100    1    1   2.3   1.3   39.9 103.8    14.6      M    M
 34000  -51.6 -60.9   005   22   11   9.6   5.3   36.6  97.8    12.7      M    M
 32000  -46.0 -50.8   355   14    7   9.3   5.1   36.3  97.3    12.8      M    M
 30000  -40.4 -40.7   335    9    5   9.2   5.1   36.0  96.9    12.9      M    M
 29000  -37.0 -34.6   320    6    3   9.2   5.1   35.7  96.3    12.8      M    M
 28000  -34.2 -29.6   300    5    3   9.2   5.1   35.6  96.0    12.9      M    M
 27000  -31.6 -24.9   305    9    5   7.8   4.3   35.2  95.3    12.7      M    M
 26000  -29.2 -20.6   310   12    6   7.9   4.3   34.5  94.1    12.3      M    M
 25000  -26.9 -16.4   310   12    6   7.9   4.3   33.8  92.8    11.9      M    M
 24000  -24.5 -12.1   315   11    6   7.7   4.2   33.1  91.5    11.4      M    M
 23000  -22.3  -8.1   300   12    6   7.5   4.1   32.3  90.1    10.8      M    M
 22000  -20.1  -4.2   305   14    7   7.0   3.9   31.4  88.6    10.2      M    M
 21000  -18.1  -0.6   310   15    8   6.8   3.8   30.4  86.7     9.4      M    M
 20000  -16.1   3.0   315   17    9   6.9   3.8   29.4  85.0     8.7      M    M
 19500  -15.1   4.8   310   18    9   6.9   3.8   28.9  84.0     8.2      M    M
 19000  -14.1   6.6   310   19   10   6.9   3.8   28.4  83.1     7.8      M    M
 18500  -13.1   8.4   305   20   10   6.8   3.7   27.9  82.2     7.4      M    M
 18000  -12.1  10.2   305   20   10   6.6   3.6   27.4  81.2     7.0      M    M
 17500  -11.1  12.0   300   20   10   6.7   3.7   26.8  80.3     6.5      M    M
 17000  -10.2  13.6   300   20   11   6.0   3.3   26.3  79.3     6.0      M    M
 16500   -9.4  15.1   295   21   11   5.6   3.1   25.6  78.1     5.4      M    M
 16000   -8.6  16.5   295   21   11   5.6   3.1   24.9  76.9     4.9      M    M
 15500   -7.7  18.1   300   21   11   5.6   3.1   24.2  75.6     4.2      M    M
 15000   -6.9  19.6   305   21   11   5.6   3.1   23.5  74.3     3.6      M    M
 14500   -5.7  21.7   310   22   11   5.7   3.1   22.5  72.5     2.7      M    M
 14000   -4.9  23.2   315   22   11   5.7   3.1   21.9  71.4     2.1      M    M
 13500   -4.1  24.6   325   24   12   5.7   3.1   21.2  70.1     1.4      M    M
 13000   -3.3  26.1   330   24   13   5.7   3.1   20.5  68.9     0.8      M    M
 12500   -2.4  27.7   330   21   11   5.7   3.1   19.8  67.7     0.1      M    M
 12000   -1.6  29.1   330   19   10   5.7   3.1   19.2  66.5    -0.5    529  2.7
 11500   -0.8  30.6   330   18    9   5.7   3.2   18.5  65.3    -1.2    489  2.5
 11000    0.2  32.4   325   17    9   7.8   4.3   18.0  64.4    -1.7    444  2.3
 10500    1.3  34.3   325   15    8   7.7   4.2   17.7  63.8    -2.0    396  2.0
 10250    1.9  35.4   320   15    8   7.7   4.2   17.5  63.5    -2.2    371  1.9
 10000    2.5  36.5   320   14    7   7.7   4.2   17.4  63.3    -2.3    347  1.8
  9750    3.0  37.4   320   13    7   8.0   4.4   17.2  63.0    -2.5    322  1.6
  9500    3.6  38.5   315   11    6   8.0   4.4   17.1  62.8    -2.6    297  1.5
  9250    4.2  39.6   315   10    5   8.5   4.7   17.0  62.5    -2.8    272  1.4
  9000    4.8  40.6   310    8    4   5.7   3.1   16.8  62.3    -2.9    247  1.3
  8750    5.0  41.0   310    8    4   3.1   1.7   16.3  61.4    -3.5    233  1.2
  8500    5.3  41.5   305    9    4   3.8   2.1   15.9  60.6    -4.0    219  1.1
  8250    5.5  41.9   305    9    5   3.7   2.0   15.4  59.7    -4.5    205  1.0
  8000    5.7  42.3   305    9    5   3.7   2.0   14.9  58.9    -5.0    190  1.0
  7750    6.0  42.8   305    9    4   3.6   2.0   14.5  58.0    -5.5    175  0.9
  7500    6.2  43.2   300    8    4   3.5   1.9   14.0  57.2    -5.9    160  0.8
  7250    6.5  43.7   300    8    4   3.7   2.0   13.5  56.3    -6.4    144  0.7
  7000    6.8  44.2   295    8    4   2.9   1.6   13.0  55.5    -6.9    128  0.7
  6750    6.9  44.4   290    7    4   2.1   1.2   12.5  54.5    -7.5    118  0.6
  6500    7.1  44.8   290    6    3   5.7   3.1   12.0  53.6    -8.0    104  0.5
  6250    7.7  45.9   285    5    3   8.1   4.5   11.8  53.3    -8.2     79  0.4
  6000    8.3  46.9   275    4    2   7.3   4.0   11.7  53.0    -8.4     55  0.3
  5750    8.8  47.8   260    3    2   7.1   3.9   11.5  52.7    -8.6     32  0.2
  5500    9.2  48.6   235    3    1   6.7   3.7   11.3  52.3    -9.0     12  0.1

 * * * * * * Numerical weather prediction model forecast data valid * * * * * *

           05/06/2015 at 0900 MDT          |       05/06/2015 at 1200 MDT
                                           |
K index... +23.4  LI... +274.2             | K index... +24.4  LI... +272.5
CAPE... 0.0  CIN... -0.5                   | CAPE... +20.2  CIN... -19.7
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -56.2 -69.2  230  26 13   2.1   1.2 | -55.7 -68.3  215  28 14   2.0   1.1
 45000 -53.2 -63.8  230  26 13  -0.9  -0.5 | -52.9 -63.2  215  28 14  -1.5  -0.8
 40000 -54.4 -65.9  240  16  8  -0.8  -0.5 | -54.9 -66.8  235  18  9  -1.4  -0.7
 38000 -54.2 -65.6  255  15  8   1.2   0.6 | -54.7 -66.5  245  17  9   1.4   0.8
 36000 -53.5 -64.3  270  16  8   1.2   0.6 | -53.8 -64.8  250  18  9   1.4   0.8
 34000 -51.7 -61.1  280  17  9   9.1   5.0 | -51.8 -61.2  255  17  9   9.2   5.1
 32000 -46.1 -51.0  290  16  8   9.2   5.1 | -46.1 -51.0  265  15  8   9.5   5.2
 30000 -39.9 -39.8  300  14  7   9.1   5.0 | -39.7 -39.5  280  13  7   9.2   5.1
 29000 -37.2 -35.0  300  13  7   9.0   5.0 | -37.0 -34.6  280  13  6   9.2   5.1
 28000 -34.5 -30.1  300  11  6   9.1   5.0 | -34.2 -29.6  280  12  6   9.2   5.1
 27000 -31.9 -25.4  300  10  5   8.3   4.6 | -31.5 -24.7  280  11  6   8.1   4.4
 26000 -29.4 -20.9  305  11  6   8.2   4.5 | -29.1 -20.4  285  11  6   8.0   4.4
 25000 -27.0 -16.6  310  12  6   8.2   4.5 | -26.8 -16.2  285  11  6   8.0   4.4
 24000 -24.5 -12.1  310  13  6   7.9   4.3 | -24.4 -11.9  285  11  6   7.7   4.2
 23000 -22.4  -8.3  310  14  7   7.3   4.0 | -22.2  -8.0  290  13  6   7.3   4.0
 22000 -20.2  -4.4  305  15  8   7.3   4.0 | -20.0  -4.0  295  14  7   7.3   4.0
 21000 -18.1  -0.6  305  16  8   7.0   3.8 | -17.9  -0.2  295  16  8   6.7   3.7
 20000 -16.1   3.0  305  17  9   6.8   3.7 | -16.0   3.2  300  17  9   6.5   3.6
 19500 -15.1   4.8  310  18  9   6.8   3.7 | -15.1   4.8  300  18  9   6.5   3.6
 19000 -14.1   6.6  310  18  9   6.8   3.7 | -14.1   6.6  305  18  9   6.5   3.6
 18500 -13.1   8.4  310  19 10   6.8   3.7 | -13.2   8.2  305  19 10   6.5   3.6
 18000 -12.1  10.2  310  19 10   6.6   3.6 | -12.2  10.0  305  19 10   6.6   3.6
 17500 -11.1  12.0  315  20 10   6.6   3.6 | -11.2  11.8  310  19 10   6.6   3.6
 17000 -10.2  13.6  315  20 11   6.6   3.6 | -10.2  13.6  310  19 10   7.0   3.8
 16500  -9.2  15.4  320  21 11   6.6   3.6 |  -9.2  15.4  310  20 10   7.0   3.8
 16000  -8.2  17.2  320  21 11   6.7   3.7 |  -7.7  18.1  315  20 10   7.1   3.9
 15500  -6.8  19.8  325  22 11   6.9   3.8 |  -6.7  19.9  315  20 11   7.1   3.9
 15000  -5.8  21.6  325  22 12   6.3   3.5 |  -5.7  21.7  315  21 11   6.6   3.6
 14500  -4.9  23.2  330  22 12   6.0   3.3 |  -4.8  23.4  315  20 10   6.4   3.5
 14000  -4.1  24.6  330  22 11   5.8   3.2 |  -3.8  25.2  315  20 10   6.0   3.3
 13500  -3.3  26.1  330  22 11   5.3   2.9 |  -3.1  26.4  310  20 10   5.4   3.0
 13000  -2.6  27.3  330  21 11   5.5   3.0 |  -2.3  27.9  310  19 10   5.6   3.1
 12500  -1.7  28.9  330  19 10   6.4   3.5 |  -1.4  29.5  310  18  9   6.6   3.6
 12000  -0.8  30.6  330  17  9   6.3   3.5 |  -0.4  31.3  305  16  8   6.6   3.6
 11500   0.0  32.0  330  16  8   5.6   3.1 |   0.6  33.1  305  15  8   7.2   4.0
 11000   0.9  33.6  330  14  7   5.6   3.1 |   1.6  34.9  305  14  7   7.2   3.9
 10500   1.6  34.9  330  13  7   4.7   2.6 |   2.7  36.9  300  13  7   7.1   3.9
 10250   2.0  35.6  330  12  6   5.1   2.8 |   3.2  37.8  300  13  6   7.7   4.2
 10000   2.4  36.3  325  12  6   5.9   3.2 |   3.8  38.8  300  12  6   8.5   4.7
  9750   2.8  37.0  325  12  6   7.5   4.1 |   4.5  40.1  300  12  6   8.5   4.7
  9500   3.5  38.3  320  12  6   8.2   4.5 |   5.1  41.2  295  13  6   8.5   4.7
  9250   4.1  39.4  320  12  6   8.4   4.6 |   5.7  42.3  295  13  7   8.6   4.7
  9000   4.7  40.5  320  12  6   6.7   3.7 |   6.3  43.3  295  13  7   7.1   3.9
  8750   5.2  41.4  315  12  6   7.2   4.0 |   6.8  44.2  295  12  6   5.3   2.9
  8500   5.8  42.4  315  13  7   9.4   5.1 |   7.1  44.8  285  11  5   5.7   3.1
  8250   6.5  43.7  310  13  7   9.1   5.0 |   7.5  45.5  280   9  5   4.2   2.3
  8000   7.2  45.0  310  14  7   8.1   4.4 |   7.8  46.0  270   7  4   9.8   5.4
  7750   7.7  45.9  310  14  7   4.6   2.5 |   8.8  47.8  270   7  4  11.8   6.5
  7500   7.9  46.2  305  13  7   3.2   1.8 |   9.4  48.9  265   7  4   7.7   4.2
  7250   8.2  46.8  305  13  7   3.6   2.0 |  10.0  50.0  260   7  3   8.7   4.8
  7000   8.4  47.1  305  12  6   2.6   1.4 |  10.7  51.3  255   6  3  10.0   5.5
  6750   8.5  47.3  295   9  5   3.7   2.0 |  11.5  52.7  255   6  3  10.8   5.9
  6500   8.8  47.8  280   7  3   4.6   2.5 |  12.2  54.0  255   6  3  10.0   5.5
  6250   9.0  48.2  250   5  3   6.3   3.4 |  13.0  55.4  255   6  3  10.2   5.6
  6000   9.6  49.3  235   5  2   9.7   5.3 |  13.8  56.8  250   6  3  10.7   5.8
  5750  10.4  50.7  235   5  2  10.6   5.8 |  14.5  58.1  250   6  3   9.2   5.1
  5500  11.2  52.2  235   4  2  14.2   7.8 |  15.3  59.5  250   5  3  14.1   7.7

           05/06/2015 at 1500 MDT          |       05/06/2015 at 1800 MDT
                                           |
K index... +24.5  LI... +271.7             | K index... +26.4  LI... +271.8
CAPE... +294.7  CIN... -20.6               | CAPE... +123.5  CIN... -17.3
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -56.0 -68.8  205  30 16   2.4   1.3 | -56.0 -68.8  210  28 14   2.2   1.2
 45000 -52.8 -63.0  205  31 16  -2.8  -1.6 | -53.2 -63.8  205  29 15  -3.9  -2.2
 40000 -56.7 -70.1  220  22 12  -2.6  -1.5 | -58.7 -73.7  205  23 12  -3.7  -2.0
 38000 -56.2 -69.2  230  19 10   2.9   1.6 | -57.7 -71.9  205  21 11   5.0   2.8
 36000 -54.4 -65.9  230  15  8   2.9   1.6 | -54.6 -66.3  210  19 10   5.0   2.8
 34000 -51.6 -60.9  240  13  6   9.6   5.3 | -50.9 -59.6  220  16  8   9.4   5.2
 32000 -44.9 -48.8  245  14  7   9.9   5.4 | -45.2 -49.4  225  13  6   9.5   5.2
 30000 -39.2 -38.6  245  15  8   8.9   4.9 | -39.0 -38.2  240   9  5   8.6   4.7
 29000 -36.6 -33.9  250  16  8   9.0   4.9 | -36.4 -33.5  245   7  4   8.6   4.7
 28000 -33.9 -29.0  255  16  8   9.0   4.9 | -33.8 -28.8  255   6  3   8.6   4.7
 27000 -31.3 -24.3  255  17  9   7.9   4.3 | -31.3 -24.3  270   5  2   7.9   4.3
 26000 -28.9 -20.0  255  16  8   7.9   4.3 | -28.9 -20.0  280   5  3   7.9   4.3
 25000 -26.6 -15.9  260  15  8   7.9   4.4 | -26.6 -15.9  285   6  3   7.9   4.4
 24000 -24.2 -11.6  260  14  7   7.6   4.2 | -24.2 -11.6  295   6  3   7.8   4.3
 23000 -22.1  -7.8  265  13  7   7.3   4.0 | -22.0  -7.6  290   6  3   7.8   4.3
 22000 -19.9  -3.8  270  11  6   7.3   4.0 | -19.7  -3.5  290   5  3   7.8   4.3
 21000 -17.8  -0.0  275  10  5   7.1   3.9 | -17.4   0.7  285   5  3   6.5   3.6
 20000 -15.7   3.7  280  10  5   7.0   3.8 | -15.6   3.9  285   7  3   6.2   3.4
 19500 -14.7   5.5  285  10  5   7.0   3.8 | -14.7   5.5  290   8  4   6.2   3.4
 19000 -13.7   7.3  285  11  5   7.0   3.8 | -13.8   7.2  290   8  4   6.2   3.4
 18500 -12.6   9.3  290  11  6   6.8   3.7 | -12.9   8.8  290   9  5   6.3   3.5
 18000 -11.7  10.9  285  11  6   6.4   3.5 | -12.0  10.4  285  10  5   6.5   3.6
 17500 -10.7  12.7  285  12  6   6.5   3.5 | -11.0  12.2  285  10  5   6.5   3.6
 17000  -9.8  14.4  285  12  6   5.9   3.2 | -10.1  13.8  280  11  5   6.3   3.5
 16500  -8.6  16.5  285  13  7   5.8   3.2 |  -9.2  15.4  280  12  6   6.3   3.5
 16000  -7.7  18.1  285  14  7   6.3   3.4 |  -7.8  18.0  280  14  7   6.2   3.4
 15500  -6.8  19.8  280  15  8   6.2   3.4 |  -6.9  19.6  285  15  8   6.3   3.4
 15000  -5.9  21.4  280  15  8   6.5   3.6 |  -6.0  21.2  285  17  9   6.4   3.5
 14500  -4.9  23.2  280  16  8   6.6   3.6 |  -5.0  23.0  285  18  9   6.4   3.5
 14000  -3.9  25.0  280  16  8   6.9   3.8 |  -4.1  24.6  290  19 10   6.7   3.7
 13500  -2.9  26.8  275  16  8   7.2   4.0 |  -3.1  26.4  290  20 10   7.0   3.8
 13000  -1.8  28.8  275  17  9   7.6   4.2 |  -2.1  28.2  290  20 10   7.0   3.8
 12500  -0.6  30.9  275  17  9   9.0   5.0 |  -1.0  30.2  290  20 10   7.1   3.9
 12000   0.8  33.4  275  17  9   9.0   4.9 |  -0.0  32.0  290  19 10   7.2   3.9
 11500   2.1  35.8  275  17  9   8.8   4.8 |   1.1  34.0  285  17  9   7.5   4.1
 11000   3.4  38.1  280  16  8   8.8   4.8 |   2.2  36.0  280  15  8   7.5   4.1
 10500   4.6  40.3  280  16  8   7.9   4.4 |   3.3  37.9  275  13  7   7.9   4.3
 10250   5.2  41.4  285  16  8   8.3   4.5 |   3.9  39.0  265  12  6   8.4   4.6
 10000   5.8  42.4  285  15  8   8.4   4.6 |   4.5  40.1  260  11  6   9.3   5.1
  9750   6.4  43.5  285  14  7   7.7   4.2 |   5.2  41.4  255  11  6   9.8   5.4
  9500   6.9  44.4  285  13  7   7.4   4.1 |   5.9  42.6  250  11  6  10.2   5.6
  9250   7.4  45.3  280  12  6   7.2   3.9 |   6.7  44.1  250  11  5   9.8   5.4
  9000   7.9  46.2  280  10  5   6.0   3.3 |   7.3  45.1  245  11  6   8.7   4.8
  8750   8.3  46.9  275   9  5   6.7   3.7 |   8.0  46.4  240  11  6   9.0   4.9
  8500   8.8  47.8  275   8  4   8.2   4.5 |   8.7  47.7  240  11  6   9.9   5.4
  8250   9.4  48.9  270   8  4   6.7   3.7 |   9.4  48.9  240  11  5   9.1   5.0
  8000   9.9  49.8  270   7  4  11.3   6.2 |  10.1  50.2  235  11  5  11.4   6.2
  7750  10.9  51.6  265   7  4  11.8   6.5 |  11.0  51.8  235  11  5  10.9   6.0
  7500  11.5  52.7  265   7  4   7.7   4.2 |  11.6  52.9  235  11  6   8.4   4.6
  7250  12.1  53.8  265   7  4   8.7   4.8 |  12.3  54.1  235  11  6   9.1   5.0
  7000  12.8  55.0  260   7  4   9.4   5.2 |  13.0  55.4  230  11  6   9.2   5.0
  6750  13.5  56.3  260   7  4  10.2   5.6 |  13.7  56.7  230  11  6   9.9   5.4
  6500  14.3  57.7  260   7  4   9.8   5.4 |  14.4  57.9  230  11  6  10.1   5.6
  6250  15.0  59.0  260   7  4   9.9   5.4 |  15.2  59.4  230  11  6  10.0   5.5
  6000  15.7  60.3  260   7  4  10.2   5.6 |  15.9  60.6  230  11  5   9.9   5.4
  5750  16.5  61.7  260   7  3   9.2   5.1 |  16.6  61.9  230  10  5   9.5   5.2
  5500  17.2  63.0  260   6  3  12.3   6.7 |  17.3  63.1  230   9  5   9.7   5.3
________________________________________________________________________________

This product is issued twice per day, once by approximately 0630 MST/0730 MDT
(1330 UTC) and again by approximately 1830 MST/1930 MDT (0130 UTC).  It is not
continuously monitored nor updated after its initial issuance.

The information contained herein is based on rawinsonde observation and/or
numerical weather prediction model data taken near the old Stapleton
Airport site in Denver, Colorado at

                   North Latitude:  39 deg 46 min 5.016 sec
                   West Longitude: 104 deg 52 min 9.984 sec
                   Elevation: 5285 feet (1611 meters)

and may not be representative of other areas along the Front Range of the
Colorado Rocky Mountains.  Note that some elevations in numerical weather
prediction models differ from actual station elevations, which can lead to
data which appear to be below ground.  Erroneous data such as these should
not be used.

The content and format of this report as well as the issuance times are subject
to change without prior notice.  Comments and suggestions are welcome and should
be directed to one of the addresses or phone numbers shown at the bottom of this
page.  To expedite a response to comments, be sure to mention your interest in
the soaring forecast.

DEFINITIONS:

CAPE (Convective Available Potential Energy) - An integrated measure of the
     energy available for convective development, also known as the positive
     area on a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  Larger
     values are indicative of greater instability and the possibility of
     stronger convective activity, including thunderstorms.  Values around or
     greater than 1000 suggest the possibility of severe weather should
     convective activity develop.

CIN (Convective Inhibition) - An integrated measure of the amount of energy
     needed to initiate convective activity, also known as the negative area on
     a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  The more negative
     this number, the more energy is required to initiate convection.  This
     inhibitive energy can be overcome through surface heating, cooling aloft,
     lifting mechanisms (orographic, frontal, gravity waves, etc.)

Convective Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the
     average saturation mixing ratio in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass,
     if heated sufficiently from below, will rise dry adiabatically until it
     just becomes saturated.  It estimates the base of cumulus clouds that are
     produced by surface heating only.

Convection Temperature (ConvectionT) - The surface temperature required to make
     the airmass dry adiabatic up to the given level.  It can be considered a
     "trigger temperature" for that level.

Freezing Level - The height where the temperature is zero degrees Celsius.

Height of Stable Layer - The height (between 12,000 and 18,000 feet above
     mean sea level) where the smallest lapse rate exists.  The location and
     existence of this feature is important in the generation of mountain
     waves.

K Index - A measure of stability which combines the temperature difference
     between approximately 5,000 and 18,000 feet above the surface, the amount
     of moisture at approximately 5,000 feet above the surface, and a measure
     of the dryness at approximately 10,000 feet above the surface.  Larger
     positive numbers indicate more instability and a greater likelihood of
     thunderstorm development.  One interpretation of K index values regarding
     soaring in the western United States is given in WMO Technical Note 158
     and is reproduced in the following table:

          below -10    no or weak thermals
           -10 to 5    dry thermals or 1/8 cumulus with moderate thermals
            5 to 15    good soaring conditions
           15 to 20    good soaring conditions with occasional showers
           20 to 30    excellent soaring conditions, but increasing
                       probability of showers and thunderstorms
           above 30    more than 60 percent probability of thunderstorms

Lapse Rate - The change with height of the temperature. Negative values indicate
     inversions.

Lifted Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the
     average dew point in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass and the forecast
     maximum temperature must be lifted dry adiabatically to attain saturation.

Lifted Index (LI) - The difference between the environmental temperature at a
     level approximately 18,000 feet above the surface and the temperature of
     an air parcel lifted dry adiabatically from the surface to its lifted
     condensation level and then pseudoadiabatically thereafter to this same
     level.  The parcel`s initial temperature is the forecast maximum
     temperature and its dew point is the average dew point in the lowest 4000
     feet of the airmass.  Negative values are indicative of instability with
     positive values showing stable conditions.

Lift Rate - An experimental estimate of the strength of thermals.  It is
     computed the same way as the maximum rate of lift but uses the actual
     level rather than the maximum height of thermals in the calculation.
     Also, none of the empirical adjustments based on cloudiness and K-index
     are applied to these calculations.

Maximum Height of Thermals - The height where the dry adiabat through the
     forecast maximum temperature intersects the environmental temperature.

Maximum Rate of Lift - An estimate of the maximum strength of thermals.  It
     is computed from an empirical formula which combines the expected maximum
     height of thermals with the difference in the environmental temperatures
     between the maximum height of thermals and the temperature 4,000 feet
     above the ground.  After this computation, further empirical adjustments
     are made based on the value of the K-index and the amount and opacity of
     middle and high level cloudiness expected between the time of trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment.

Middle/High Clouds - The amount and opacity of middle (altostratus, altocumulus)
     or high (cirrus, cirrostratus, cirrocumulus) clouds.  Broken means that
     between 60% and 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud, with overcast
     conditions occurring when more than 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud.
     Thin implies that the clouds are predominantly transparent, meaning that
     some sunlight is reaching the ground, in contrast to opaque which suggests
     that little sunlight is reaching the ground.

Potential Height of Wave - The minimum of the following two heights:
     1. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind direction changes by 30 degrees or more
     2. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind speed no longer increases with height

PVA/NVA - Positive vorticity advection (PVA)/negative vorticity advection (NVA)
     on the 500 millibar isobaric surface (approximately 18,000 feet above mean
     sea level).  Weak PVA has been shown to assist in mountain wave soaring.

Soaring Window - The time between the time the trigger temperature is reached
                 and the time of overdevelopment.

Thermal Index - The difference between the environmental temperature and the
     temperature at a particular level determined by following the dry adiabat
     through the forecast maximum temperature up to that level.  Negative values
     are indicative of thermal lift.

Thermal Soaring Index - An adjective rating (for sailplanes) based on the
     computed maximum rate of lift, and the wind speed and middle and high
     cloud cover expected during the soaring window (the time of the trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment) according to the following:

                 Maximum rate of lift        Adjective Rating
                      >= 800 fpm                 Excellent
                 >= 400 and < 800 fpm              Good
                 >= 200 and < 400 fpm              Fair
                       < 200 fpm                   Poor

Time of Overdevelopment - The time one or more of the following phenomena,
     which essentially shut off thermal lift, is expected to occur:
     1. formation of broken to overcast convective cloud cover
     2. formation of scattered to numerous downbursts
     3. initiation of widespread precipitation

Time of Trigger Temperature - The time the surface temperature is expected to
     reach the trigger temperature.

Trigger Temperature - The surface temperature required to make the first 4000
     feet of the atmosphere dry adiabatic.

Wave Soaring Index - An empirical, adjective rating (for sailplanes) which
     attempts to combine a variety of phenomena important in mountain wave
     soaring into a single index number.  Objective points are assigned to
     these phenomena: wind speed and direction at 14,000 ft MSL, the static
     stability in the 12,000-18,000 ft MSL layer, the wind speed gradient above
     the stable layer, jet stream location and frontal and upper trough
     movements.

042613



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