Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Binghamton, NY

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NOUS41 KBGM 301238
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NYZ009-015>018-022>025-036-037-044>046-055>057-062-010400-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BINGHAMTON NY
800 AM EDT THU APR 30 2015

THIS IS THE FOURTH IN A FIVE PART SERIES ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY
WHICH IS RUNNING IN CONJUNCTION WITH NEW YORK/S SEVERE WEATHER
AWARENESS WEEK.

TODAY WE DISCUSS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A TORNADO WATCH AND A
TORNADO WARNING...AND GIVE YOU TIPS ON WHAT TO DO WHEN A WATCH OR
WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA.

...WHAT IS A TORNADO?...
A TORNADO IS A VIOLENTLY ROTATING COLUMN OF AIR IN CONTACT WITH THE
GROUND. THE WIND SPEED INSIDE A TORNADO RANGES FROM UNDER 100 MILES
AN HOUR TO OVER 200 MILES AN HOUR. THEY CAN TRAVEL AS FAST AS 70 MPH...
AND CAN DESTROY VIRTUALLY EVERYTHING IN THEIR PATH.

WHILE MOST TORNADOES THAT OCCUR IN CENTRAL NEW YORK ARE NOT AS STRONG
AS THEIR COUNTERPARTS IN THE MIDWEST...STRONG AND DAMAGING TORNADOES
CAN AND DO OCCUR HERE. ON MAY 31ST AND JUNE 2ND 1998...CENTRAL
NEW YORK WAS HIT BY SEVERAL TORNADOES, SOME OF WHICH HAD WIND
SPEEDS UP TO 200 MPH! JULY 2012 HAD A TORNADO GO THROUGH THE HEART
OF ELMIRA AND TRACK FOR ALMOST 14 MILES.

...WHAT DOES A TORNADO WATCH MEAN?...
A TORNADO WATCH IS ISSUED WHEN CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE...OVER A
LARGE AREA...FOR TORNADOES AND SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS. THE TORNADO
WATCH IS ISSUED TO ALERT YOU TO THE POSSIBILITY THAT SEVERE
THUNDERSTORMS ARE EXPECTED TO DEVELOP...AND THAT THEY MAY PRODUCE
TORNADOES. THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE/S STORM PREDICTION CENTER
ISSUES A TORNADO WATCH FOR MANY COUNTIES AND FOR SEVERAL HOURS AT A TIME.

...WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A TORNADO WATCH IS ISSUED...
GO ABOUT YOUR NORMAL ACTIVITIES...BUT WATCH THE SKY AROUND YOU
FOR DEVELOPING STORMS. PERIODICALLY LISTEN TO NOAA WEATHER RADIO...
OR TV AND RADIO STATIONS FOR UPDATES AND POSSIBLE WARNINGS.

KNOW WHICH COUNTY YOU LIVE IN...AND WHICH ONES BORDER YOUR
COMMUNITY. IF YOU ARE ON VACATION...OR DRIVING THROUGH AN UNFAMILIAR
AREA...REMEMBER THE NAME OF THE COUNTY YOU ARE IN AND WHERE YOU
ARE IN RELATION TO OTHER TOWNS OR CITIES. KNOW HOW TO GET TO A SAFE
PLACE QUICKLY IF A WARNING IS ISSUED FOR YOUR AREA...OR IF
THUNDERSTORMS APPROACH.

...WHAT DOES A TORNADO WARNING MEAN?...
A TORNADO WARNING IS ISSUED WHEN DOPPLER RADAR SHOWS A DEVELOPING
TORNADO...OR A WHEN TORNADO HAS BEEN SIGHTED BY SKYWARN
SPOTTERS...COUNTY EMERGENCY OFFICIALS...POLICE...OR THE PUBLIC. THE
WARNING MEANS A TORNADO IS GOING TO MOVE THROUGH YOUR COUNTY
SOON...SO YOU NEED TO TAKE IMMEDIATE ACTION TO PROTECT YOUR LIFE AND
PROPERTY. TORNADO WARNINGS ARE ISSUED BY NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
OFFICES...TYPICALLY FOR ONE COUNTY...OR A PORTION OF A COUNTY...FOR UP
TO ONE HOUR.

...WHAT YOU SHOULD DO WHEN A TORNADO WARNING IS ISSUED...
THE KEY IS TO REMAIN CALM...BUT TAKE IMMEDIATE ACTION.  IF YOU ARE AT
HOME OR IN A SMALL BUILDING...GO TO THE BASEMENT OR TO AN INTERIOR
ROOM ON THE LOWEST FLOOR. CLOSETS...BATHROOMS...AND OTHER INTERIOR
ROOMS OFFER THE BEST PROTECTION. GET UNDER SOMETHING STURDY OR
COVER YOURSELF WITH A MATTRESS.

IF YOU ARE IN A SCHOOL...HOSPITAL...OR SHOPPING CENTER...GO TO A PRE-
DESIGNATED SHELTER AREA. STAY AWAY FROM LARGE OPEN AREAS AND
WINDOWS. DO NOT GO OUTSIDE TO YOUR CAR. IF YOU ARE IN A HIGH-RISE
BUILDING...GO TO AN INTERIOR SMALL ROOM OR HALLWAY ON THE LOWEST
FLOOR POSSIBLE. DO NOT USE THE ELEVATOR...USE THE STAIRS INSTEAD.

FOR THE BEST PROTECTION...GET UNDER SOMETHING STURDY OR DROP TO YOUR
KNEES FACING AN INTERIOR WALL. LEAN FORWARD...WITH YOUR HANDS SHIELDING
YOUR HEAD.

GET OUT OF MOBILE HOMES OR VEHICLES. THEY ARE EASILY TOSSED ABOUT BY
STRONG WINDS IN THE TORNADO. TAKE SHELTER IN A SUBSTANTIAL
STRUCTURE. IF THERE IS NO SHELTER NEARBY...LIE FLAT IN A DITCH OR LOW
SPOT...WITH YOUR HANDS SHIELDING YOUR HEAD. NEVER STAY INSIDE THE
MOBILE HOME OR VEHICLE.

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON SEVERE WEATHER SAFETY AND SEVERE
WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK...CHECK OUT THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BINGHAMTON
INTERNET WEB SITE AT:

HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/BGM (ALL LOWER CASE)

THE WEATHER SAFETY TOPIC FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE WEEK WILL BE AS FOLLOWS:

FRIDAY...FLOODING.

YOU CAN ALSO CONTACT DAVID NICOSIA WARNING COORDINATION METEOROLOGIST
FOR NOAA/S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN BINGHAMTON AT 607-770-9531 X 223
OR VIA EMAIL AT DAVID.NICOSIA@NOAA.GOV

$$

KAH



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