Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Topeka, KS

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FXUS63 KTOP 162339

639 PM CDT Thu Apr 16 2015

...Update to aviation and mesoscale forecast discussions...

Issued at 632 PM CDT THU APR 16 2015

Updating the mesoscale outlook through 8 PM...little has changed
environmentally, but on a storm scale have seen a general downward
trend in intensity over the past hour. Still see some potential
for one or two strong storms to develop into primarily Dickinson
and Morris counties...but the probability of severe weather is
quite low and would likely be limited to marginally severe hail
and wind gusts up to 50 mph with the strongest storms through 8 PM.

Previous mesoscale discussion at 5 PM...
Storms ongoing from Mcpherson southwest toward Kingman are of
interest to parts of the local forecast area over the next several
hours. The atmosphere in areas generally west of Emporia to
Manhattan to Marysville is moderately unstable with MLCAPE in
excess of 1500 J/kg, but deep layer wind shear is rather weak in
these areas and unlikely to sustain storm organization for long.
Over the past hour, the cells developing on the eastern flank of
the ongoing activity have had a tendency to feed on the rather
unstable air and sustain updrafts strong enough to produce
marginally severe hail. While the individual storms have tended to
move NNE, the new updraft development has been toward the ENE, and
there have also been signs of weak cold pool development west of
Wichita where a multicell appearance and weak inhibition have
allowed the cold pool to propagate toward the east into the
instability. While inhibition is minimal, the key to additional
storm development may be in localized areas of boundary layer
convergence, of which there seems to be weak convergence from
Mcpherson toward Emporia at the present time.


.SHORT TERM...(This Evening through Friday)
Issued at 341 PM CDT THU APR 16 2015

Upper low continues to spin around the Four Corners this afternoon.
Latest 300 mb analysis shows upper level divergence over western
Kansas into parts of central Kansas. Speed max moving across AZ into
NM and another in southwest Kansas increasing upward vertical motion
and sustaining scattered thunderstorms in western and central
Kansas. Isentropic lift and 850 mb convergence are forecast by
models to focus across central and western Kansas tonight. Low and
mid level moisture transport into central and western Kansas will
continue this evening and increase overnight as the low level jet
strengthens. Expect scattered showers and thunderstorms to continue
through the evening and overnight with the highest confidence mainly
west of a Marysville to Manhattan to Council Grove line where shear
and instability will be favorable for strong to a few severe storms.
Lows tonight will be mild with lows in the mid 50s.

On Friday, the upper low will pivot east northeast from the four
corners into southern Colorado. This will increase lift across
western and central Kansas with diffluent flow shifting east as well
into north central and northeast Kansas. Models are in agreement
with the moisture axis across central and eastern Kansas and
focusing more across the western half of the forecast area in the
afternoon hours. MUCAPE around 1000-2000 J/kg will vary across the
cwa while the more favorable shear will be confined to western into
north central Kansas in the afternoon hours along with steepening
mid level lapse rates. Some storms may be strong to severe mainly
west of a Herington to Clay Center to Washington line. Large hail
and winds will be the main hazards.

.LONG TERM...(Friday Night through Thursday)
Issued at 341 PM CDT THU APR 16 2015

Expect periods of precip through much of the next several periods as
the upper low makes initially slow east progress from eastern
Colorado into western Kansas Friday night into Sunday morning then
accelerates east out of the state by late Sunday. Still appears the
stronger convection late Friday afternoon will form well to the west
and continue north with the mean flow and not impact the local area,
but increasing large-scale forcing and deepening moisture profiles
should support waves of convection Friday night into midday
Saturday. Models are fairly consistent with a mid/upper dry slot
advecting into central Kansas in the afternoon with varying degrees
of destabilization taking place as mid-level lapse rates fall to
around 7.5 C/km. Fairly weak wind fields remain to be anticipated
and keep storm organization limited, and the CAPE profiles are of
the "skinny" variety, but at least pulse severe storms seem possible
in the afternoon and evening hours where clearing can occur. The
skinny CAPE, well above-normal precipitable water levels, storm
motions on the slow side, and even some training potential at least
suggests some heavy rain possibilities Friday night into Saturday
night. Sunday afternoon presents another small opportunity for
stronger convection, with the cold front preceding the upper trough
and some destabilization likely in mainly east central Kansas, with
shear somewhat increased though instability will likely be weaker.
Upper trough`s passage brings and end to precip by early Sunday

Dry and cooler northwest flow behind the northern stream wave
prevails for at least the early week periods, with the main concern
being how cold and calm conditions can get in the night/early
morning hours. At this point frost/freeze potential looks low but
will need to be monitored. Details in the pattern bring differing
solutions for the mid week, though at least some measure of return
flow brings increasing moisture and small precip potential.


.AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFs through 00Z Friday Evening)
Issued at 632 PM CDT THU APR 16 2015

VFR appears likely through the TAF outside of any thunderstorm
activity. There is some chance for MHK to be impacted by SHRA or
TS mainly between 02Z and 05Z as slow moving TS complex drifts
northeast toward MHK. This is uncertain as the TS have shown a
recent weakening trend. There is a small chance for decreased vis
between 09Z and 13Z but not enough chance to warrant inclusion in
the TAF. TS may develop again after 20Z Friday.




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