Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Chicago, IL

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000
FXUS63 KLOT 180314
AFDLOT

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CHICAGO/ROMEOVILLE IL
1014 PM CDT FRI APR 17 2015

.SHORT TERM...
315 PM CDT

THROUGH SATURDAY...

MAIN WEATHER FEATURE OF NOTE THIS AFTERNOON ON W/V IMAGERY IS
PROMINENT CLOSED UPPER LOW OVER THE FOUR CORNERS REGION...RESULTING
IN BROAD RIDGING OVER THE TOP OF OUR AREA. PRESENCE OF MIDLEVEL
MOISTURE AND DEEP MIXING OF WARM AIRMASS TODAY ENABLED FAIRLY
EXTENSIVE HIGH BASED CU FIELD TO DEVELOP. MODEL RH FIELDS INDICATE
FAIRLY HIGH MOISTURE IN H9-H8 LAYER THROUGH THE NIGHT...SO STILL
EXPECTING GENERALLY PARTLY CLOUDY SKIES TONIGHT. IF CLEARING DOES
OCCUR...MAY NEED TO ADD PATCHY FOG/HZ IN OUTLYING AREAS AS SHOWN
ON MET MOS GUIDANCE. WEAK LAKE BREEZE BOUNDARY WILL WASH OUT THIS
EVENING...FOLLOWED BY LIGHT/VRB WINDS OVERNIGHT. AIRMASS WILL
REMAIN MILD AT AROUND +10C AT 850 MB AND 925 MB TEMPS IN MID TEENS
CELSIUS...SO EXPECTING OVERNIGHT LOWS TO ONLY DROP TO THE LOWER TO
MID 50S.

COLD FRONT BOUNDARY TRAILING FROM WEAK LOW PRESSURE MOVING INTO
QUEBEC SATURDAY MORNING WILL SERVE AS A BACKDOOR FRONT AND TURN
WINDS TO A GUSTY NORTHEAST TO EAST-NORTHEAST DIRECTION ON SATURDAY
NORTH OF I-80. THIS WILL RESULT IN TEMPERATURES ONLY TOPPING OUT
IN THE 50S ALONG THE LAKEFRONT...AS WELL AS COOLER CONDITIONS FOR
INLAND AREAS CLOSER TO THE LAKE. AIRMASS WILL STILL REMAIN
SIMILARLY MILD UNDER BROAD RIDGING ALOFT...SO AREAS WELL AWAY FROM
THE LAKE EXPECTED TO STILL REACH THE 70S...WITH UPPER 70S SOUTH OF
THE IL AND KANKAKEE RIVERS. MOISTURE MAY POOL AS FRONT SETTLES
INTO SOUTHERN/SOUTHWESTERN CWA...SO FAIRLY EXTENSIVE HIGHER BASED
CU FIELD COULD AGAIN DEVELOP. SOME GUIDANCE...NAMELY THE
GFS...BREAKS OUT SHOWER ACTIVITY DURING THE AFTERNOON CLOSER TO
THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY. HOWEVER...THIS APPEARS TO BE OVERDONE GIVEN
PRESENCE OF MID/UPPER RIDGING AND MEAGER INSTABILITY. CANNOT
COMPLETELY RULE OUT VERY ISOLATED SHRA/SPRINKLES IN SOUTH/SW
CWA...BUT HAVE MAINTAINED DRY FORECAST IN GRIDS.

RC

&&

.LONG TERM...
315 PM CDT

SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY...

MAIN UNCERTAINTY IS WITH PROGRESSION OF ENERGY EMANATING FROM
UPPER LOW AS IT OPENS UP AND TRACKS EAST. TYPICAL TREND IS SLOWER
WITH THESE SYSTEMS AND OTHER THAN GEM BEING FAST OUTLIER...THIS IS
HOW MOST GUIDANCE TRENDED TODAY. WEAKENING MIDLEVEL SHORT
WAVE/VORT MAX SHOULD PASS OVER WESTERN CWA SATURDAY NIGHT...BUT
DRIER EAST-SOUTHEAST FLOW SHOULD KEEP MUCH OF THE AREA DRY. ONLY
HAVE LOW CHANCE POPS DURING EVENING IN FAR WESTERN CWA. INCREASING
CLOUDS WILL KEEP MOST LOWS IN 50S....EXCEPT 40S ALONG IL SHORE.

CONFIDENCE IS HIGH IN THERE BEING RAIN SHOWERS ON SUNDAY AS
SURFACE LOW ASSOCIATED WITH UPPER LEVEL ENERGY DEVELOPS AND TRACKS
TOWARD AREA. HAVE KEPT CATEGORICAL POPS CONFINED TO SOUTH OF I-80
THROUGH MID-DAY THEN SPREAD THEM NORTH FOR THE AFTERNOON. MODELS
IN GOOD AGREEMENT ON SYNOPTIC SETUP...BUT EXPECT CHANGES IN TRACK
OF SURFACE LOW...WHICH WILL AFFECT PLACEMENT OF BANDS OF HEAVIER
RAINFALL IN SEASONABLY MOIST AIRMASS ADVECTED NORTHWARD. FAIRLY
COOL TEMPERATURES ALOFT COULD SUPPORT AN ISOLATED TSRA
THREAT...BUT PROGGED MUCAPE AND MIDLAPSE RATES DO NOT SUPPORT MORE
THAN SLIGHT CHANCE TSRA MENTION. CLOUDS WILL KEEP INLAND TEMPS IN
60S...WITH CURRENT FAVORED TRACK OF SFC LOW RESULTING IN STEADY
ONSHORE WINDS ESPECIALLY INTO IL AND HIGHS ONLY AROUND 50.

UPPER LEVEL TROUGHINESS WILL LINGER OVER THE REGION THROUGH MUCH
OF NEXT WEEK THANKS TO REDEVELOPMENT OF HIGHLY AMPLIFIED WESTERN
RIDGING. THEREFORE...THE NICE PATTERN WE HAVE BEEN IN WILL BE
REPLACED BY UNSEASONABLY COOL TEMPS...WITH HIGHS IN 50S AND LOWS
ONLY IN 30S AND 40S. BEST CHANCE FOR RAIN SHOWERS WILL BE ON
MONDAY WITH STRONGER UPPER DISTURBANCE WRAPPING AROUND LARGE UPPER
TROUGH/LOW...WITH CHANCES THE REST OF THE WEEK TIED TO FAST MOVING
TOUGH TO PIN DOWN DISTURBANCES IN WEST-NORTHWEST FLOW. ANY NIGHTS
THAT CLEAR OUT COULD PRESENT A CHANCE FOR AT LEAST PATCHY FROST.

RC

&&

.AVIATION...

//ORD AND MDW CONCERNS...UPDATED 03Z...

* BREEZY EAST-NORTHEAST WINDS SATURDAY. GUSTS NEAR 20 KT.

RATZER

//DISCUSSION...UPDATED 00Z...

LAKE BREEZE...MAKING ITS SECOND ATTEMPT...IS JUST PASSING ACROSS
MDW AND WILL CROSS ORD WITHIN THE HOUR. WINDS SHIFT EAST BEHIND
BOUNDARY...BUT SHOULD TREND EAST-SOUTHEAST WITH SPEEDS GENERALLY
LESS THAN 10 KT EARLY THIS EVENING. WINDS THEN BECOME LIGHT AND
SOMEWHAT VARIABLE OVERNIGHT...THEN SHIFT NORTHEAST BY SATURDAY
MORNING AS A COLD FRONT SETTLES ACROSS THE REGION AND LOW PRESSURE
DEVELOPS ACROSS THE PLAINS. NORTHEAST WINDS WILL LIKELY GUST 15-20
KTS FROM MID-MORNING ONWARD...EVENTUALLY BECOMING MORE EASTERLY BY
SATURDAY EVENING WITH GUSTS DIMINISHING.

RELATIVELY DRY FLOW OFF THE LAKE SHOULD LIMIT CEILINGS TO VFR
THROUGH THE PERIOD.

RATZER

//ORD AND MDW CONFIDENCE...UPDATED 03Z...

* HIGH ALL ELEMENTS.

RATZER

//OUTLOOK FOR ORD/MDW FOR 12Z SUNDAY-12Z FRIDAY...UPDATED 00Z...

SUNDAY...SHRA/ISOLATED TSRA. MVFR LIKELY/IFR POSSIBLE. EAST WINDS
BECOMING NORTHEAST.

MONDAY...CHANCE OF SHRA/MVFR EARLY...IMPROVING TO VFR. GUSTY WEST
WINDS.

TUESDAY...SLGT CHANCE SHRA...BUT MAINLY VFR. GUSTY WEST WINDS.

WEDNESDAY...SLGT CHANCE SHRA. MAINLY VFR. WEST-NORTHWEST WINDS.

THURSDAY...VFR. NORTH-NORTHEAST WINDS.

RATZER

&&

.MARINE...
220 PM CDT

HIGH PRESSURE STRETCHED ACROSS THE REGION IS HELPING FOR
CONTINUED LIGHTER WINDS OVER THE LAKE TODAY...LIGHT AND VARIABLE
FOR MOST OF THE LAKE. LOW PRESSURE MOVING THROUGH THE REGION JUST
NORTH OF THE LAKE WILL ALLOW A FRONTAL BOUNDARY TO MOVE SOUTH DOWN
THE LAKE LATE TONIGHT INTO EARLY SATURDAY MORNING. AS THIS
OCCURS...STRONGER HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD EAST SOUTHEAST ACROSS
THE REGION. SOUTHERLY FLOW WILL THEN TURN TO THE NORTHWEST AND
NORTH LATE TONIGHT INTO SATURDAY WITH SPEEDS INCREASING TO THE 15
TO 25 KT RANGE...WITH RELATIVELY STABLE CONDITIONS OVER THE LAKE
HELPING TO LIMIT SPEEDS. WINDS WILL CONTINUE TO TURN MORE
NORTHEAST AND EAST SATURDAY INTO SATURDAY NIGHT LIKELY REMAINING
IN THE 15 TO 25 KT RANGE...ESPECIALLY FOR THE SOUTHERN HALF OF THE
LAKE WHERE A TIGHTER PRESSURE GRADIENT OWING TO AN APPROACHING LOW
PRESSURE SYSTEM WILL REMAIN. SOME UNCERTAINTY REMAINS WITH THE
EXACT TRACK OF THIS LOW SUNDAY AND SUNDAY NIGHT AS IT MOVES
NORTHEAST NEAR THE LAKE...WITH THIS UNCERTAINTY SPILLING INTO
EXACT WIND DIRECTION/SPEEDS.

RODRIGUEZ

&&

.LOT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
IL...NONE.
IN...NONE.
LM...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY...LMZ740-LMZ741-LMZ742...9 AM SATURDAY TO 4
     PM SATURDAY.

&&

$$

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