Soaring Guidance
Issued by NWS Denver/Boulder, CO

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000
UXUS97 KBOU 261231
SRGBOU

Soaring Forecast
National Weather Service Denver/Boulder, Colorado
0631 MDT Sunday, April 26, 2015

This forecast is for Sunday, April 26, 2015:

If the trigger temperature of 54.8 F/12.7 C is reached...then
   Thermal Soaring Index....................... Poor
   Maximum rate of lift........................ 0 ft/min (0.0 m/s)
   Maximum height of thermals.................. 7137 ft MSL (1852 ft AGL)

Forecast maximum temperature................... 49.0 F/9.9 C
Time of trigger temperature.................... None
Time of overdevelopment........................ None
Middle/high clouds during soaring window....... Broken/overcast opaque middle
Surface winds during soaring window............ 20 mph or less
Height of the -3 thermal index................. 5627 ft MSL (342 ft AGL)
Thermal soaring outlook for Monday 04/27....... Poor

Wave Soaring Index............................. Poor
Wave Soaring Index trend (to 1800 MDT)......... Little change
Height of stable layer (12-18K ft MSL)......... 16584 ft MSL (11299 ft AGL)
Weak PVA/NVA (through 1800 MDT)................ Neither
Potential height of wave....................... 21497 ft MSL (16212 ft AGL)
Wave soaring outlook for Monday 04/27.......... Poor

Remarks...

Sunrise/Sunset.................... 06:06:46 / 19:47:35 MDT
Total possible sunshine........... 13 hr 40 min 50 sec (820 min 50 sec)
Altitude of sun at 12:57:21 MDT... 63.82 degrees

Upper air data from rawinsonde observation taken on 04/26/2015 at 0600 MDT

Freezing level.................. 9816 ft MSL (4531 ft AGL)
Convective condensation level... 10228 ft MSL (4943 ft AGL)
Lifted condensation level....... 8408 ft MSL (3122 ft AGL)
Lifted index.................... +3.5
K index......................... +24.8

Height  Temperature  Wind  Wind Spd  Lapse Rate  ConvectionT  Thermal  Lift Rate
ft MSL  deg C deg F   Dir   kt  m/s  C/km F/kft  deg C deg F   Index    fpm  m/s
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000  -56.0 -68.8   245   16    8   5.6   3.1  107.0 224.6    55.7      M    M
 45000  -54.2 -65.6   245   35   18   2.6   1.4   85.3 185.6    46.3      M    M
 40000  -55.8 -68.4   225   28   15  -3.2  -1.7   58.7 137.6    32.3      M    M
 38000  -61.2 -78.2   215   33   17 -10.3  -5.6   41.8 107.2    21.8      M    M
 36000  -60.7 -77.3   150   29   15   1.0   0.6   33.9  93.1    16.9      M    M
 34000  -56.7 -70.1   140   39   20   9.0   4.9   31.4  88.4    15.6      M    M
 32000  -51.3 -60.3   140   35   18   9.0   4.9   30.6  87.0    15.4      M    M
 30000  -45.9 -50.6   140   33   17   9.1   5.0   30.1  86.2    15.5      M    M
 29000  -43.3 -45.9   150   31   16   8.1   4.5   29.6  85.3    15.3      M    M
 28000  -40.4 -40.7   165   30   15   5.6   3.1   28.6  83.5    14.8      M    M
 27000  -38.3 -36.9   175   30   15   8.9   4.9   27.6  81.7    14.2      M    M
 26000  -35.6 -32.1   180   29   15   9.2   5.0   27.4  81.3    14.2      M    M
 25000  -32.9 -27.2   180   29   15   8.7   4.8   27.1  80.9    14.2      M    M
 24000  -30.2 -22.4   180   30   15   8.8   4.8   26.8  80.2    14.0      M    M
 23000  -27.5 -17.5   180   28   14   9.3   5.1   26.6  79.8    14.0      M    M
 22000  -24.8 -12.6   190   29   15   6.9   3.8   26.3  79.3    14.0      M    M
 21000  -22.6  -8.7   195   30   15   9.4   5.2   25.4  77.7    13.4      M    M
 20000  -20.4  -4.7   195   28   14   5.3   2.9   24.6  76.3    12.8      M    M
 19500  -19.6  -3.3   195   25   13   6.1   3.3   23.8  74.8    12.2      M    M
 19000  -18.5  -1.3   190   23   12   8.3   4.5   23.4  74.1    11.9      M    M
 18500  -17.3   0.9   190   20   10   8.2   4.5   23.1  73.7    11.8      M    M
 18000  -16.1   3.0   180   17    9   7.3   4.0   22.8  73.0    11.5      M    M
 17500  -15.1   4.8   185   17    9   7.4   4.0   22.4  72.2    11.2      M    M
 17000  -14.0   6.8   195   17    9   7.8   4.3   21.9  71.5    10.9      M    M
 16500  -13.2   8.2   200   18    9   1.5   0.8   21.2  70.2    10.2      M    M
 16000  -12.7   9.1   210   19   10   6.0   3.3   20.3  68.5     9.4      M    M
 15500  -11.9  10.6   205   18    9   6.5   3.6   19.6  67.2     8.7      M    M
 15000  -11.0  12.2   190   17    9   6.4   3.5   19.0  66.2     8.2      M    M
 14500  -10.1  13.8   200   15    8   6.4   3.5   18.4  65.2     7.7      M    M
 14000   -8.7  16.3   210   12    6   6.4   3.5   17.6  63.7     7.0      M    M
 13500   -7.7  18.1   195   14    7   6.2   3.4   17.1  62.7     6.5      M    M
 13000   -6.6  20.1   185   17    9   9.2   5.0   16.7  62.1     6.2      M    M
 12500   -5.4  22.3   180   20   10   9.2   5.0   16.6  61.9     6.0      M    M
 12000   -4.2  24.4   180   22   11   6.9   3.8   16.3  61.4     5.7      M    M
 11500   -3.2  26.2   175   23   12   7.1   3.9   15.9  60.6     5.3      M    M
 11000   -2.2  28.0   175   24   12   7.1   3.9   15.5  59.9     4.9      M    M
 10500   -1.2  29.8   185   20   10   7.1   3.9   15.1  59.1     4.5      M    M
 10250   -0.7  30.7   195   19   10   7.1   3.9   14.9  58.7     4.3      M    M
 10000   -0.2  31.6   200   18    9   6.2   3.4   14.6  58.3     4.1      M    M
  9750    0.2  32.4   200   18    9   5.0   2.7   14.3  57.7     3.7      M    M
  9500    0.5  32.9   200   17    9   4.6   2.5   13.9  57.0     3.4      M    M
  9250    0.9  33.6   195   16    8   4.7   2.6   13.5  56.3     3.0      M    M
  9000    1.2  34.2   195   15    8   4.7   2.6   13.1  55.6     2.6      M    M
  8750    1.5  34.7   200   14    7   4.7   2.6   12.7  54.9     2.2      M    M
  8500    1.9  35.4   205   13    6   4.7   2.6   12.3  54.2     1.8      M    M
  8250    2.2  36.0   215   12    6   4.7   2.6   11.9  53.5     1.5      M    M
  8000    2.5  36.5   220   11    6   4.6   2.5   11.6  52.8     1.1      M    M
  7750    2.9  37.2   205    8    4   5.0   2.8   11.2  52.1     0.7      M    M
  7500    3.3  37.9   185    6    3   5.8   3.2   10.8  51.5     0.4      M    M
  7250    3.7  38.7   150    5    3   5.9   3.2   10.6  51.0     0.1      M    M
  7000    4.2  39.6   120    7    4   5.9   3.3   10.3  50.5    -0.1    107  0.5
  6750    4.7  40.5   100    8    4   5.7   3.1   10.0  50.0    -0.4     86  0.4
  6500    5.1  41.2   090   10    5   6.5   3.6    9.7  49.4    -0.7     65  0.3
  6250    5.6  42.1   080   12    6   3.5   1.9    9.4  48.9    -1.0     44  0.2
  6000    5.5  41.9   075   15    8  -5.4  -3.0    8.6  47.5    -1.7     38  0.2
  5750    5.1  41.2   075   13    7  -1.3  -0.7    7.4  45.4    -2.9     44  0.2
  5500    5.7  42.3   080   10    5  17.8   9.8    7.3  45.2    -3.1     19  0.1

 * * * * * * Numerical weather prediction model forecast data valid * * * * * *

           04/26/2015 at 0900 MDT          |       04/26/2015 at 1200 MDT
                                           |
K index... +23.1  LI... +271.1             | K index... +23.4  LI... +272.2
CAPE... +358.9  CIN... -0.5                | CAPE... +130.3  CIN... -23.6
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -54.9 -66.8  245  22 11   0.9   0.5 | -54.7 -66.5  245  19 10   0.6   0.3
 45000 -53.5 -64.3  240  24 12   1.0   0.5 | -53.7 -64.7  245  18  9   0.4   0.2
 40000 -55.4 -67.7  225  25 13  -1.4  -0.8 | -55.1 -67.2  225  18  9  -0.9  -0.5
 38000 -56.2 -69.2  210  24 12  -1.4  -0.8 | -55.8 -68.4  210  18  9  -1.8  -1.0
 36000 -57.1 -70.8  175  25 13  -1.4  -0.8 | -56.9 -70.4  175  20 10  -1.8  -1.0
 34000 -57.9 -72.2  150  32 17   4.0   2.2 | -57.9 -72.2  150  27 14   4.0   2.2
 32000 -52.6 -62.7  150  31 16   8.8   4.8 | -52.6 -62.7  155  27 14   8.8   4.8
 30000 -46.7 -52.1  155  30 16   9.2   5.0 | -46.7 -52.1  155  27 14   9.5   5.2
 29000 -43.9 -47.0  155  29 15   9.2   5.0 | -43.8 -46.8  155  27 14   9.5   5.2
 28000 -41.1 -42.0  155  29 15   9.2   5.1 | -41.0 -41.8  155  27 14   9.5   5.2
 27000 -38.4 -37.1  160  28 15   9.1   5.0 | -38.1 -36.6  155  27 14   9.3   5.1
 26000 -35.8 -32.4  160  27 14   8.6   4.7 | -35.5 -31.9  155  28 14   8.7   4.8
 25000 -33.2 -27.8  160  27 14   8.6   4.7 | -32.9 -27.2  155  28 14   8.8   4.8
 24000 -30.6 -23.1  160  26 13   8.7   4.8 | -30.3 -22.5  150  28 14   8.9   4.9
 23000 -28.3 -18.9  160  25 13   7.8   4.3 | -27.9 -18.2  150  27 14   7.8   4.3
 22000 -25.9 -14.6  160  24 12   7.8   4.3 | -25.6 -14.1  150  26 13   7.8   4.3
 21000 -23.6 -10.5  160  23 12   7.6   4.2 | -23.3  -9.9  150  24 13   7.5   4.1
 20000 -21.5  -6.7  160  21 11   7.2   3.9 | -21.2  -6.2  150  25 13   6.9   3.8
 19500 -20.4  -4.7  160  21 11   7.2   4.0 | -20.2  -4.4  150  26 13   6.9   3.8
 19000 -19.4  -2.9  160  20 10   7.2   4.0 | -19.2  -2.6  150  26 14   6.9   3.8
 18500 -18.3  -0.9  160  19 10   7.2   4.0 | -18.1  -0.6  150  27 14   7.0   3.8
 18000 -17.2   1.0  160  19 10   7.7   4.2 | -17.0   1.4  145  27 14   7.6   4.2
 17500 -16.0   3.2  160  19 10   7.7   4.2 | -15.9   3.4  145  27 14   7.6   4.2
 17000 -14.9   5.2  160  19 10   8.1   4.4 | -14.8   5.4  145  27 14   7.8   4.3
 16500 -13.7   7.3  160  19 10   8.2   4.5 | -13.6   7.5  145  26 13   7.9   4.3
 16000 -12.5   9.5  160  19 10   8.3   4.6 | -11.9  10.6  145  24 12   8.1   4.5
 15500 -10.6  12.9  160  18  9   8.6   4.7 | -10.7  12.7  145  23 12   8.2   4.5
 15000  -9.4  15.1  160  18  9   8.4   4.6 |  -9.6  14.7  145  21 11   8.2   4.5
 14500  -8.2  17.2  160  17  9   8.2   4.5 |  -8.4  16.9  140  20 10   8.2   4.5
 14000  -7.0  19.4  160  17  8   7.7   4.2 |  -7.2  19.0  140  18 10   8.0   4.4
 13500  -6.0  21.2  165  15  8   6.5   3.5 |  -6.1  21.0  135  17  9   7.4   4.0
 13000  -5.0  23.0  165  14  7   6.4   3.5 |  -5.0  23.0  130  15  8   7.0   3.8
 12500  -4.2  24.4  170  12  6   5.5   3.0 |  -4.2  24.4  120  12  6   4.6   2.5
 12000  -3.4  25.9  180  10  5   5.5   3.0 |  -3.5  25.7  110  10  5   4.6   2.5
 11500  -2.7  27.1  190   9  5   4.4   2.4 |  -3.1  26.4  095   7  4   2.0   1.1
 11000  -2.1  28.2  205   9  4   4.6   2.5 |  -2.8  27.0  075   4  2   2.5   1.3
 10500  -1.5  29.3  210   9  5   5.0   2.7 |  -2.2  28.0  055   2  1   5.4   3.0
 10250  -1.1  30.0  210   9  5   5.6   3.1 |  -1.8  28.8  040   1  1   5.8   3.2
 10000  -0.6  30.9  210   9  5   8.7   4.8 |  -1.3  29.7  000   0  0   8.8   4.8
  9750   0.0  32.0  200  10  5   9.1   5.0 |  -0.7  30.7  190   2  1   7.2   3.9
  9500   0.6  33.1  190  11  6   7.7   4.2 |  -0.3  31.5  180   5  2   4.8   2.6
  9250   1.2  34.2  185  12  6   8.6   4.7 |   0.1  32.2  180   7  4   5.2   2.8
  9000   1.8  35.2  180  14  7   6.8   3.7 |   0.5  32.9  175  10  5   5.9   3.2
  8750   2.1  35.8  170  15  8   4.9   2.7 |   1.0  33.8  175  12  6   7.0   3.8
  8500   2.5  36.5  165  16  8   5.3   2.9 |   1.4  34.5  170  14  7   6.9   3.8
  8250   2.9  37.2  160  18  9   4.9   2.7 |   1.9  35.4  165  16  8   6.9   3.8
  8000   3.3  37.9  155  19 10   6.1   3.3 |   2.4  36.3  160  18  9   7.4   4.1
  7750   3.7  38.7  150  19 10   6.4   3.5 |   2.9  37.2  150  20 10   7.0   3.8
  7500   4.1  39.4  145  19 10   5.4   3.0 |   3.4  38.1  145  21 11   5.7   3.2
  7250   4.5  40.1  140  19 10   5.8   3.2 |   3.8  38.8  140  21 11   7.2   3.9
  7000   5.0  41.0  135  19 10   6.5   3.5 |   4.4  39.9  135  21 11  10.0   5.5
  6750   5.4  41.7  130  17  9   5.8   3.2 |   5.2  41.4  130  20 10  10.3   5.6
  6500   5.8  42.4  125  16  8   4.4   2.4 |   5.9  42.6  125  19 10   9.2   5.0
  6250   6.1  43.0  120  14  7   6.3   3.5 |   6.6  43.9  125  18  9  10.7   5.9
  6000   6.7  44.1  115  12  6   8.1   4.4 |   7.5  45.5  120  17  9  12.0   6.6
  5750   7.2  45.0  105   9  5   7.6   4.2 |   8.3  46.9  120  16  8  10.8   5.9
  5500   7.8  46.0  100   7  4   9.3   5.1 |   9.2  48.6  115  15  8  13.0   7.1

           04/26/2015 at 1500 MDT          |       04/26/2015 at 1800 MDT
                                           |
K index... +19.9  LI... +272.7             | K index... +21.2  LI... +273.9
CAPE... +55.4  CIN... -29.7                | CAPE... +15.4  CIN... -1.8
                                           |
Height Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate | Temperature  Wnd WndSpd  Lapse Rate
ft MSL deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft | deg C deg F  Dir kt m/s  C/km F/kft
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 50000 -55.4 -67.7  265  16  8   1.1   0.6 | -55.2 -67.4  285  11  6   0.4   0.2
 45000 -53.7 -64.7  250  17  9   0.7   0.4 | -54.6 -66.3  295  11  6   0.1   0.1
 40000 -55.4 -67.7  240  12  6  -1.2  -0.6 | -55.8 -68.4  300   4  2  -0.8  -0.5
 38000 -56.1 -69.0  220  11  5  -1.1  -0.6 | -56.3 -69.3  265   2  1  -0.8  -0.4
 36000 -56.7 -70.1  190  16  8  -1.1  -0.6 | -56.8 -70.2  215   4  2  -0.8  -0.4
 34000 -57.2 -71.0  175  23 12   4.7   2.6 | -57.0 -70.6  205   7  4   5.8   3.2
 32000 -51.4 -60.5  180  26 14   8.6   4.7 | -51.1 -60.0  185  11  5   8.8   4.8
 30000 -46.2 -51.2  180  28 14   9.4   5.1 | -45.7 -50.3  170  13  7   9.1   5.0
 29000 -43.4 -46.1  180  25 13   9.4   5.1 | -43.0 -45.4  155  14  7   9.1   5.0
 28000 -40.6 -41.1  175  23 12   9.4   5.1 | -40.3 -40.5  140  15  8   9.1   5.0
 27000 -37.8 -36.0  170  21 11   9.2   5.1 | -37.6 -35.7  125  17  9   9.1   5.0
 26000 -35.1 -31.2  165  21 11   8.8   4.8 | -34.8 -30.6  130  18  9   9.1   5.0
 25000 -32.5 -26.5  165  21 11   8.8   4.8 | -32.1 -25.8  130  19 10   9.1   5.0
 24000 -29.9 -21.8  160  21 11   8.9   4.9 | -29.4 -20.9  130  20 11   9.2   5.0
 23000 -27.4 -17.3  155  23 12   8.1   4.4 | -27.2 -17.0  135  21 11   7.1   3.9
 22000 -25.0 -13.0  155  25 13   8.1   4.5 | -25.0 -13.0  135  22 11   7.1   3.9
 21000 -22.6  -8.7  150  26 14   7.4   4.1 | -22.9  -9.2  140  22 11   7.0   3.8
 20000 -20.8  -5.4  150  27 14   5.9   3.2 | -20.9  -5.6  135  24 12   6.7   3.7
 19500 -19.9  -3.8  145  27 14   5.9   3.2 | -19.9  -3.8  135  25 13   6.7   3.7
 19000 -19.1  -2.4  145  28 14   5.9   3.2 | -19.0  -2.2  135  26 13   6.7   3.7
 18500 -18.2  -0.8  145  28 14   5.9   3.2 | -18.0  -0.4  135  27 14   6.8   3.7
 18000 -17.2   1.0  145  28 14   7.0   3.8 | -17.0   1.4  135  27 14   7.0   3.8
 17500 -16.2   2.8  145  28 14   6.9   3.8 | -15.9   3.4  140  27 14   7.0   3.8
 17000 -15.1   4.8  145  28 14   7.5   4.1 | -14.9   5.2  140  28 14   6.5   3.6
 16500 -13.4   7.9  145  27 14   7.6   4.2 | -13.5   7.7  140  28 14   6.3   3.5
 16000 -12.2  10.0  145  26 13   8.5   4.7 | -12.5   9.5  140  28 14   7.4   4.1
 15500 -11.0  12.2  145  26 13   8.6   4.7 | -11.4  11.5  140  28 14   7.4   4.1
 15000  -9.7  14.5  145  25 13   8.6   4.7 | -10.3  13.5  140  28 14   8.1   4.4
 14500  -8.5  16.7  145  24 12   8.5   4.7 |  -9.1  15.6  140  28 14   8.4   4.6
 14000  -7.3  18.9  145  24 12   8.2   4.5 |  -7.8  18.0  140  27 14   8.7   4.8
 13500  -6.3  20.7  145  22 11   7.2   3.9 |  -6.5  20.3  145  26 13   8.9   4.9
 13000  -5.3  22.5  145  20 10   6.6   3.6 |  -5.2  22.6  145  24 12   8.2   4.5
 12500  -4.6  23.7  135  17  9   3.5   1.9 |  -4.3  24.3  145  22 11   5.7   3.1
 12000  -4.1  24.6  125  15  8   3.8   2.1 |  -3.5  25.7  145  19 10   4.8   2.7
 11500  -3.5  25.7  110  13  7   4.2   2.3 |  -3.3  26.1  140  16  8  -0.7  -0.4
 11000  -2.9  26.8  090  12  6   4.3   2.4 |  -3.4  25.9  130  12  6   0.7   0.4
 10500  -2.2  28.0  080  11  6   5.5   3.0 |  -2.8  27.0  115  10  5   6.2   3.4
 10250  -1.8  28.8  075  10  5   5.2   2.8 |  -2.4  27.7  100   9  5   6.1   3.3
 10000  -1.4  29.5  075   9  5   4.8   2.6 |  -1.9  28.6  085   8  4   8.5   4.7
  9750  -1.1  30.0  080   7  4   6.0   3.3 |  -1.2  29.8  085   8  4   7.5   4.1
  9500  -0.6  30.9  095   6  3   6.8   3.7 |  -0.8  30.6  085   7  4   5.1   2.8
  9250  -0.1  31.8  110   5  3   7.1   3.9 |  -0.4  31.3  095   6  3   6.0   3.3
  9000   0.4  32.7  130   5  3   4.9   2.7 |   0.0  32.0  100   6  3   4.9   2.7
  8750   0.7  33.3  145   7  4   3.9   2.1 |   0.3  32.5  120   6  3   3.8   2.1
  8500   1.0  33.8  150   9  5   5.4   3.0 |   0.6  33.1  135   8  4   3.9   2.2
  8250   1.4  34.5  155  11  6   4.9   2.7 |   0.9  33.6  140  10  5   4.0   2.2
  8000   1.7  35.1  155  14  7   6.1   3.4 |   1.2  34.2  145  12  6   4.8   2.6
  7750   2.2  36.0  145  15  8   6.8   3.7 |   1.6  34.9  135  13  7   6.2   3.4
  7500   2.7  36.9  140  15  8   6.0   3.3 |   2.0  35.6  130  14  7   6.3   3.4
  7250   3.1  37.6  130  16  8   7.5   4.1 |   2.5  36.5  120  15  8   7.1   3.9
  7000   3.8  38.8  125  16  8  10.3   5.7 |   3.1  37.6  115  15  8   8.6   4.7
  6750   4.5  40.1  120  15  8  10.0   5.5 |   3.7  38.7  110  14  7   8.5   4.7
  6500   5.2  41.4  115  14  7   8.9   4.9 |   4.3  39.7  100  14  7   8.6   4.7
  6250   5.9  42.6  110  14  7  11.1   6.1 |   4.9  40.8  095  13  7  10.0   5.5
  6000   6.8  44.2  110  13  7  13.2   7.3 |   5.7  42.3  095  13  7  11.0   6.0
  5750   7.7  45.9  110  12  6  10.5   5.8 |   6.5  43.7  090  12  6  10.2   5.6
  5500   8.5  47.3  105  12  6  10.4   5.7 |   7.3  45.1  090  12  6  11.3   6.2
________________________________________________________________________________

This product is issued twice per day, once by approximately 0630 MST/0730 MDT
(1330 UTC) and again by approximately 1830 MST/1930 MDT (0130 UTC).  It is not
continuously monitored nor updated after its initial issuance.

The information contained herein is based on rawinsonde observation and/or
numerical weather prediction model data taken near the old Stapleton
Airport site in Denver, Colorado at

                   North Latitude:  39 deg 46 min 5.016 sec
                   West Longitude: 104 deg 52 min 9.984 sec
                   Elevation: 5285 feet (1611 meters)

and may not be representative of other areas along the Front Range of the
Colorado Rocky Mountains.  Note that some elevations in numerical weather
prediction models differ from actual station elevations, which can lead to
data which appear to be below ground.  Erroneous data such as these should
not be used.

The content and format of this report as well as the issuance times are subject
to change without prior notice.  Comments and suggestions are welcome and should
be directed to one of the addresses or phone numbers shown at the bottom of this
page.  To expedite a response to comments, be sure to mention your interest in
the soaring forecast.

DEFINITIONS:

CAPE (Convective Available Potential Energy) - An integrated measure of the
     energy available for convective development, also known as the positive
     area on a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  Larger
     values are indicative of greater instability and the possibility of
     stronger convective activity, including thunderstorms.  Values around or
     greater than 1000 suggest the possibility of severe weather should
     convective activity develop.

CIN (Convective Inhibition) - An integrated measure of the amount of energy
     needed to initiate convective activity, also known as the negative area on
     a thermodynamic diagram.  Units are Joules per kilogram.  The more negative
     this number, the more energy is required to initiate convection.  This
     inhibitive energy can be overcome through surface heating, cooling aloft,
     lifting mechanisms (orographic, frontal, gravity waves, etc.)

Convective Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the
     average saturation mixing ratio in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass,
     if heated sufficiently from below, will rise dry adiabatically until it
     just becomes saturated.  It estimates the base of cumulus clouds that are
     produced by surface heating only.

Convection Temperature (ConvectionT) - The surface temperature required to make
     the airmass dry adiabatic up to the given level.  It can be considered a
     "trigger temperature" for that level.

Freezing Level - The height where the temperature is zero degrees Celsius.

Height of Stable Layer - The height (between 12,000 and 18,000 feet above
     mean sea level) where the smallest lapse rate exists.  The location and
     existence of this feature is important in the generation of mountain
     waves.

K Index - A measure of stability which combines the temperature difference
     between approximately 5,000 and 18,000 feet above the surface, the amount
     of moisture at approximately 5,000 feet above the surface, and a measure
     of the dryness at approximately 10,000 feet above the surface.  Larger
     positive numbers indicate more instability and a greater likelihood of
     thunderstorm development.  One interpretation of K index values regarding
     soaring in the western United States is given in WMO Technical Note 158
     and is reproduced in the following table:

          below -10    no or weak thermals
           -10 to 5    dry thermals or 1/8 cumulus with moderate thermals
            5 to 15    good soaring conditions
           15 to 20    good soaring conditions with occasional showers
           20 to 30    excellent soaring conditions, but increasing
                       probability of showers and thunderstorms
           above 30    more than 60 percent probability of thunderstorms

Lapse Rate - The change with height of the temperature. Negative values indicate
     inversions.

Lifted Condensation Level - The height to which an air parcel possessing the
     average dew point in the lowest 4000 feet of the airmass and the forecast
     maximum temperature must be lifted dry adiabatically to attain saturation.

Lifted Index (LI) - The difference between the environmental temperature at a
     level approximately 18,000 feet above the surface and the temperature of
     an air parcel lifted dry adiabatically from the surface to its lifted
     condensation level and then pseudoadiabatically thereafter to this same
     level.  The parcel`s initial temperature is the forecast maximum
     temperature and its dew point is the average dew point in the lowest 4000
     feet of the airmass.  Negative values are indicative of instability with
     positive values showing stable conditions.

Lift Rate - An experimental estimate of the strength of thermals.  It is
     computed the same way as the maximum rate of lift but uses the actual
     level rather than the maximum height of thermals in the calculation.
     Also, none of the empirical adjustments based on cloudiness and K-index
     are applied to these calculations.

Maximum Height of Thermals - The height where the dry adiabat through the
     forecast maximum temperature intersects the environmental temperature.

Maximum Rate of Lift - An estimate of the maximum strength of thermals.  It
     is computed from an empirical formula which combines the expected maximum
     height of thermals with the difference in the environmental temperatures
     between the maximum height of thermals and the temperature 4,000 feet
     above the ground.  After this computation, further empirical adjustments
     are made based on the value of the K-index and the amount and opacity of
     middle and high level cloudiness expected between the time of trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment.

Middle/High Clouds - The amount and opacity of middle (altostratus, altocumulus)
     or high (cirrus, cirrostratus, cirrocumulus) clouds.  Broken means that
     between 60% and 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud, with overcast
     conditions occurring when more than 90% of the sky is covered by the cloud.
     Thin implies that the clouds are predominantly transparent, meaning that
     some sunlight is reaching the ground, in contrast to opaque which suggests
     that little sunlight is reaching the ground.

Potential Height of Wave - The minimum of the following two heights:
     1. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind direction changes by 30 degrees or more
     2. Level above the height of stable layer (or 14,000 feet if none exists)
        where the wind speed no longer increases with height

PVA/NVA - Positive vorticity advection (PVA)/negative vorticity advection (NVA)
     on the 500 millibar isobaric surface (approximately 18,000 feet above mean
     sea level).  Weak PVA has been shown to assist in mountain wave soaring.

Soaring Window - The time between the time the trigger temperature is reached
                 and the time of overdevelopment.

Thermal Index - The difference between the environmental temperature and the
     temperature at a particular level determined by following the dry adiabat
     through the forecast maximum temperature up to that level.  Negative values
     are indicative of thermal lift.

Thermal Soaring Index - An adjective rating (for sailplanes) based on the
     computed maximum rate of lift, and the wind speed and middle and high
     cloud cover expected during the soaring window (the time of the trigger
     temperature and the time of overdevelopment) according to the following:

                 Maximum rate of lift        Adjective Rating
                      >= 800 fpm                 Excellent
                 >= 400 and < 800 fpm              Good
                 >= 200 and < 400 fpm              Fair
                       < 200 fpm                   Poor

Time of Overdevelopment - The time one or more of the following phenomena,
     which essentially shut off thermal lift, is expected to occur:
     1. formation of broken to overcast convective cloud cover
     2. formation of scattered to numerous downbursts
     3. initiation of widespread precipitation

Time of Trigger Temperature - The time the surface temperature is expected to
     reach the trigger temperature.

Trigger Temperature - The surface temperature required to make the first 4000
     feet of the atmosphere dry adiabatic.

Wave Soaring Index - An empirical, adjective rating (for sailplanes) which
     attempts to combine a variety of phenomena important in mountain wave
     soaring into a single index number.  Objective points are assigned to
     these phenomena: wind speed and direction at 14,000 ft MSL, the static
     stability in the 12,000-18,000 ft MSL layer, the wind speed gradient above
     the stable layer, jet stream location and frontal and upper trough
     movements.

042613


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