Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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000
FXUS61 KBOX 042037
AFDBOX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TAUNTON MA
437 PM EDT MON MAY 4 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
MILD WEATHER PREVAILS THIS EVENING AND OVERNIGHT AHEAD OF AN
APPROACHING COLD FRONT. THIS BOUNDARY MAY TRIGGER ISOLATED TO
WIDELY SCATTERED SHOWERS TUESDAY. HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN BEHIND
THIS FRONT WED...PROVIDING MILD TEMPERATURES BUT LOWER HUMIDITY
THAN TUESDAY. WARMER WEATHER FOLLOWS THU AND FRI AS THE HIGH SLIPS
SOUTH AND THEN EAST OF NEW ENGLAND. A COLD FRONT LATE THIS WEEKEND
INTO EARLY NEXT WEEK MAY YIELD SCATTERED SHOWERS. OTHERWISE DRY...
WARM AND MORE HUMID WEATHER PREVAILS THIS WEEKEND.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM TUESDAY MORNING/...
430 PM UPDATE...

TEMPERATURES HAVE WARMED INTO LOW TO MID 80S ACROSS MUCH OF
SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND EARLY THIS AFTERNOON...WHICH IS THE WARMEST
IT HAS BEEN SINCE LAST OCTOBER. MUCH OF SOUTH COAST...CAPE COD AND
ISLANDS HAVE BEEN HOLDING IN UPPER 50S AND LOWER 60S DUE TO
INFLUENCE OF COLDER OCEAN.

TONIGHT...
HIGH PRESSURE CONTINUES TO MOVE OFFSHORE...WHICH WILL PERMIT A
COLD FRONT TO APPROACH FROM THE WEST AFTER MIDNIGHT. THIS FRONT IS
NOT PARTICULARLY POTENT...AND HAS A LOT OF DRY AIR TO OVERCOME.
ANY SHOWERS WILL HOLD OFF UNTIL VERY LATE TONIGHT...AND BE
CONFINED PRIMARILY TO NORTHWEST MA. THE INCREASING CLOUDS AND
RELATIVELY WARM STARTING POINT WILL KEEP MINIMUM TEMPERATURES WELL
ABOVE NORMAL OVERNIGHT...MAINLY IN THE 50S.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM TUESDAY MORNING THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/...
A WEAKENING COLD FRONT WILL PROVIDE A FOCUS FOR ISOLATED TO
SCATTERED SHOWERS ACROSS SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. INSTABILITY IS NOT
GREAT...BUT CANNOT COMPLETELY RULE OUT THE POSSIBILITY OF AN
ISOLATED THUNDERSTORM OR TWO. THE MOST LIKELY SCENARIO IS FOR
SCATTERED SHOWERS...ESPECIALLY DURING THE MORNING HOURS.

THE FRONT CONTINUES TO WEAKEN DURING THE AFTERNOON...WITH WEAK
RIDGING ARRIVING DURING TUESDAY EVENING AND OVERNIGHT. THIS SHOULD
MEAN A SLOW DRYING TREND TUESDAY NIGHT.

TEMPERATURES WILL STILL BE SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL TUESDAY AND
TUESDAY NIGHT.

&&

.LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH MONDAY/...
348 PM UPDATE...

HIGHLIGHTS...

* SPRING TO SUMMER-LIKE TEMPS MUCH OF THE PERIOD
* MAINLY DRY WEATHER WED THRU SAT WITH INCREASING RISK OF SHOWERS
  SUN/MON

SYNOPTIC OVERVIEW AND MODEL/GUIDANCE EVALUATION...

00Z ECENS/EPS AND 12Z GEFS ENSEMBLES IN GOOD AGREEMENT ON THE LARGE
SCALE FLOW THIS PERIOD WHICH FEATURES AN ANOMALOUS CLOSED LOW
EVOLVING OVER THE NORTHWEST ATLANTIC OF ABOUT -3 STD DEVIATIONS FROM
CLIMO...ALONG WITH A RIDGE CENTERED OVER THE GREAT LAKES AND OHIO
VALLEY. THIS PLACES NEW ENGLAND IN A DRY NORTHWEST FLOW REGIME WED
THRU FRI. BY THE WEEKEND THE UPPER AIR PATTERN BECOMES SOMEWHAT
PROGRESSIVE WITH THE CLOSED LOW MOVING INTO THE CENTRAL ATLANTIC
ALLOWING GREAT LAKES RIDGE/HEIGHT ANOMALY TO ADVECT EASTWARD INTO
NEW ENGLAND...CONTINUING THE DRY WEATHER INTO AT LEAST THE FIRST
HALF OF THE WEEKEND. THEN BY LATE IN THE WEEKEND AND ESPECIALLY
EARLY NEXT WEEK THE QUESTION BECOMES HOW QUICKLY DOES THE RIDGE
ERODE AS UPSTREAM TROUGH APPROACHES. IN ADDITION...RIDGE BECOMES
SOMEWHAT OF A DIRTY RIDGE WITH MOISTURE FROM REMNANT CLOSED LOW OVER
THE SOUTHEAST STATES ADVECTING NORTHWARD UP THE EASTERN SEABOARD. AS
EXPECTED AT THIS TIME RANGE THE DETERMINISTIC RUNS OF THE 12Z ECMWF
AND 12Z GFS HANDLE THIS DIFFERENTLY ALONG WITH ENSEMBLES. THUS
FORECAST CONFIDENCE BECOMES LOW ON SHOWER POTENTIAL LATER THIS
WEEKEND INTO EARLY NEXT WEEK.

TEMPERATURES...

BRIEF COOL DOWN OR BETTER LABELED AS NOT AS WARM WED /LOW TO MID
70S/ IN THE POST FRONTAL AIRMASS ALONG WITH LOWER DEW PTS /30S/.
HOWEVER AS SURFACE HIGH SLIPS SOUTH OF NEW ENGLAND THU...SURFACE
WINDS BECOME WSW AND THIS WILL SUPPORT TEMPS WARMING TO 75 TO 80 AND
POTENTIALLY CLIMBING INTO U70S AND L80S BY FRI. WARM WEATHER
CONTINUES SAT WITH HIGHS IN THE L80S AWAY FROM THE SOUTH COAST. IN
ADDITION WITH SSW SURFACE WINDS DEW PTS WILL CLIMB INTO THE 50S.
STILL COMFORTABLE BUT THIS WILL RESULT IN NIGHTLY TEMPS NOT AS COOL
ALONG WITH PATCHY FOG. SUNDAY...TRICKY AS POTENTIAL BACKDOOR FRONT
IMPACTS EASTERN MA AND POSSIBLY RI. NOT AS WARM EARLY NEXT WEEK
GIVEN LIKELY CLOUD COVER...SOUTHERLY FLOW AND RISK OF SHOWERS.
HOWEVER TEMPS WILL STILL AVERAGE WARMER THAN NORMAL.

PRECIPITATION...

AS MENTIONED ABOVE DRY PATTERN PREVAILS WED THRU FRI AND PROBABLY
INTO SAT. RISK OF SHOWERS INCREASES SUNDAY AS UPSTREAM TROUGH
APPROACHES ALONG WITH REMNANT MOISTURE OFFSHORE FROM CLOSED LOW OVER
THE SOUTHEAST STATES LATER THIS WEEK. HOWEVER GREATEST RISK OF
SHOWERS APPEARS TO BE EARLY NEXT WEEK AS UPSTREAM TROUGH GETS CLOSER
TO THE REGION AND BEGINS TO INTERACT WITH DEEPER MOISTURE ALONG AND
OFF THE EASTERN SEABOARD.

&&

.AVIATION /20Z MONDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
FORECASTER CONFIDENCE LEVELS...

LOW...LESS THAN 30 PERCENT.
MODERATE...30 TO 60 PERCENT.
HIGH...GREATER THAN 60 PERCENT.

HIGH CONFIDENCE THROUGH TUE NIGHT.

SW WINDS MAY BRING SOME 20-25KT GUSTS THROUGH EARLY EVENING ACROSS
INTERIOR...OTHERWISE VFR THROUGH TONIGHT. VFR CIGS TUE AS COLD
FRONT DROPS THROUGH SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND...WITH SCATTERED SHOWERS
POSSIBLE. MAY SEE SOME MVFR CIGS NEAR S COAST TUE AFTERNOON. VFR
TUE NIGHT.

KBOS TAF...HIGH CONFIDENCE IN TAF.

KBDL TAF...HIGH CONFIDENCE IN TAF.

OUTLOOK...WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY...

348 PM UPDATE...

HIGH CONFIDENCE FOR VFR AND DRY WEATHER. LOW RISK FOR PATCHY FOG
EACH NIGHT BETWEEN MIDNIGHT AND SUNRISE WITH LOCAL IFR CIGS/VSBYS.

&&

.MARINE...
FORECASTER CONFIDENCE LEVELS...

LOW...LESS THAN 30 PERCENT.
MODERATE...30 TO 60 PERCENT.
HIGH...GREATER THAN 60 PERCENT.

SHORT TERM /THROUGH TUESDAY/...

4430 PM UPDATE...

TONIGHT INTO TOMORROW...MODERATE CONFIDENCE. THE SW FLOW WILL
SLOWLY GIVE WAY TO W FLOW AS A COLD FRONT CROSS THE WATERS DURING
THE TUE EVENING HOURS. WITH THE PERSISTENT SW FLOW TODAY...SOME
CONCERN WIND-DRIVEN SEAS COULD APPROACH 5 FT ON THE OCEAN
WATERS. IT IS MARGINAL...BUT DID HAVE ENOUGH CONFIDENCE TO ISSUE
A SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY ACROSS THE OUTER COASTAL WATERS. THE MAIN
RISK WILL BE ROUGH SEAS...BUT COULD SEE A FEW GUSTS TO 25 KT AS
WELL AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT. CONDITIONS IMPROVE TUESDAY AFTERNOON.
SOME SHOWERS...WITH POSSIBLY EVEN A THUNDERSHOWER.

TUESDAY NIGHT...WINDS AND SEAS CONTINUE TO DIMINISH.

OUTLOOK...WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY...

348 PM UPDATE...

WEDNESDAY...HIGH PRES OVER THE WATERS WITH TRANQUIL/DRY WEATHER AND
GOOD VSBY. HIGH FORECAST CONFIDENCE.

THURSDAY...HIGH SLIPS SOUTH OF NEW ENGLAND WITH WINDS BECOMING SSW.
TRANQUIL/DRY WEATHER WITH GOOD VSBY CONTINUES.

FRIDAY...HIGH PRES MOVES EAST OF NEW ENGLAND. DRY/TRANQUIL WEATHER
CONTINUES.

&&

.FIRE WEATHER...
RED FLAG WARNING REMAINS POSTED PRIMARILY FOR THE TERRAIN
INFLUENCE IN WESTERN MASSACHUSETTS. TEMPERATURES IN THE UPPER 70S
AND LOWER 80S WILL COMBINE WITH DEWPOINTS IN THE UPPER 30S AND
LOW 40S TO YIELD MIN RH VALUES AROUND 20 PERCENT THIS AFTERNOON.
SW WINDS 10 TO 15 MPH WILL OCCASIONALLY GUST TO 20-25 MPH THROUGH
7 PM.

SCATTERED SHOWERS EXPECTED TUE...BUT RAINFALL AMOUNTS SHOULD BE
UNDER 0.25 INCH. LIGHT W/NW WINDS EXPECTED WITH MORE CLOUD COVER.

348 PM UPDATE...

THURSDAY...LOW RISK OF ELEVATED FIRE WEATHER CONCERNS WITH MIN RH
VALUES DIPPING TO 25 TO 30 PERCENT ALONG WITH WSW WIND GUSTS UP TO
20 MPH. SUSTAINED WINDS WILL BE LESS 10-15 MPH BUT AGAIN GUSTS UP
TO 20 MPH AND PERHAPS 25 MPH ARE POSSIBLE. WHILE ISOLATED OR
WIDELY SCATTERED SHOWERS ARE POSSIBLE TUE MOST OF THE REGION WILL
BE DRY WITH ANY RAINFALL LIKELY LESS THAN 0.25 INCHES.

&&

.BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...NONE.
MA...RED FLAG WARNING UNTIL 8 PM EDT THIS EVENING FOR MAZ002>004-
     008>012-026.
RI...NONE.
MARINE...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM 1 AM TO 9 AM EDT TUESDAY FOR ANZ235.
     SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM 10 PM THIS EVENING TO 9 AM EDT
     TUESDAY FOR ANZ250.
     SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM 10 PM THIS EVENING TO 3 PM EDT
     TUESDAY FOR ANZ254.
     SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM 1 AM TO 3 PM EDT TUESDAY FOR ANZ255-
     256.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...NOCERA
NEAR TERM...BELK/JWD
SHORT TERM...BELK
LONG TERM...NOCERA
AVIATION...NOCERA/JWD
MARINE...BELK/NOCERA
FIRE WEATHER...STAFF



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