Climatological Report (Annual)
Issued by NWS South Bend, IN

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000
CXUS53 KIWX 011656 CCA
CLASBN

CLIMATE REPORT...CORRECTED RANKINGS
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NORTHERN INDIANA
1104 AM EST THU JAN 1 2015

...................................

...THE SOUTH BEND CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE YEAR OF 2014...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1893 TO 2014

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE
                                          NORMAL
.............................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH             109   07/24/1934
 LOW              -22   01/20/1943
                        01/25/1897
HIGHEST            91   09/05        MM      MM       MM
                        08/25
                        05/08
LOWEST            -14   01/28        MM      MM       MM
                        01/06
AVG. MAXIMUM     56.9              58.8    -1.9       MM
AVG. MINIMUM     38.2              40.8    -2.6       MM
MEAN             47.6              49.8    -2.2
DAYS MAX >= 90      4               9.7    -5.7       MM
DAYS MAX <= 32     69              44.6    24.4       MM
DAYS MIN <= 32    134             122.7    11.3       MM
DAYS MIN <= 0      19               5.3    13.7       MM

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM        55.61   1990
 MINIMUM        25.15   1963
TOTALS          41.44             38.00    3.44       MM
DAILY AVG.       0.11              0.10    0.01       MM
DAYS >= .01       157             145.4    11.6       MM
DAYS >= .10        80              78.3     1.7       MM
DAYS >= .50        28              23.4     4.6       MM
DAYS >= 1.00        9               7.2     1.8       MM

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL          141.7   1978
TOTALS           98.7              66.6    32.1       MM
SINCE 7/1        19.5              22.5    -3.0       MM
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      0                MM      MM       MM
DAYS >= TRACE      78              44.9    33.1       MM
DAYS >= 1.0        32              20.4    11.6       MM
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH         8   11/14                         MM

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    6887              6298     589       MM
 SINCE 7/1         MM              2391      MM       MM
COOLING TOTAL     771               773      -2       MM
 SINCE 1/1        771               773      -2       MM
..............................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              9.2
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    48/320    DATE  06/30
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    68/310    DATE  06/30

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER           0.50
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          151
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            110
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        103

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     69

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM             43     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN               39     RAIN                      59
LIGHT RAIN              133     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          2     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                4     SNOW                      20
LIGHT SNOW               69     SLEET                      0
FOG                     200     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE     23
HAZE                    118

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

OVERALL 2014 WAS A RELATIVELY COLD...WET AND SNOWY YEAR IN THE SOUTH
BEND AREA. THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE FOR THE YEAR WAS 47.6 WHICH WAS
2.2 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 8TH COLDEST YEAR ON
RECORD. THE COLDEST YEAR EVER RECORDED WAS 1904 WITH AN AVERAGE
TEMPERATURE OF 45.7 DEGREES. THERE WAS 41.44 INCHES OF
PRECIPITATION...3.44 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 27TH
WETTEST YEAR. SNOWFALL FOR THE CALENDAR YEAR WAS 98.7 INCHES...32.1
INCHES ABOVE NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 10TH SNOWIEST CALENDAR YEAR.
THIS IS ESPECIALLY IMPRESSIVE CONSIDERING DECEMBER ONLY ACCOUNTED
FOR 0.2 INCHES OF SNOW.

BELOW IS A REVIEW OF THE 2014 WEATHER FROM A COMPILATION OF THE
MONTHLY SUMMARIES.


JANUARY

...EXTREMELY COLD WITH A LOT OF SNOW IN JANUARY AT SOUTH BEND...

THE HARSH WINTER FROM 2013 CONTINUED INTO JANUARY WITH RECORD
COLD...DANGEROUS WIND CHILLS AND A LOT OF SNOW. JANUARY BEGAN COLD
WITH THE 2ND AND 3RD HAVING AVERAGE TEMPERATURES NEARLY 20 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL AND LOW TEMPERATURES IN THE SINGLE DIGITS BELOW ZERO.
THIS WAS JUST A TEASE OF WHAT WAS ABOUT TO COME A FEW DAYS LATER.
ONE OF THE COLDEST OUTBREAKS IN RECENT MEMORY ARRIVED ON THE 6TH IN
THE WAKE OF ONE OF THE MOST MEMORABLE SNOWFALLS IN RECENT MEMORY. A
STRONG STORM SYSTEM MOVED THROUGH THE OHIO VALLEY AND DROPPED
BETWEEN 10 AND 18 INCHES OF SNOW ON MANY LOCATIONS ACROSS NORTHERN
INDIANA AND SOUTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN. THIS STORM WAS ACCOMPANIED BY
WINDS OF 25 TO 35 MPH WHICH CREATED BLOWING AND DRIFTING SNOW AND
WHITEOUT CONDITIONS IN SOME AREAS. AS THE TEMPERATURE FELL BELOW
ZERO ON THE 6TH...WIND CHILLS PLUMMETED TO AROUND 40 BELOW ZERO. LOW
TEMPERATURES DROPPED BELOW ZERO FOR 4 CONSECUTIVE NIGHTS BETWEEN THE
6TH AND 9TH. A BRIEF WARMUP OCCURRED BETWEEN THE 10TH AND 13TH AS
TEMPERATURES WARMED INTO THE 40S. MORE SEASONABLE TEMPERATURES
FOLLOWED THROUGH THE 20TH BEFORE YET ANOTHER PLUNGE OF VERY COLD
ARCTIC AIR MADE ITS WAY BACK TO THE REGION. THIS SYSTEM WAS
ACCOMPANIED BY SNOW AND VERY STRONG WINDS AS WELL. LOW TEMPERATURES
DROPPED TO 14 BELOW ZERO AT SOUTH BEND ON THE 28TH AND WIND CHILLS
ONCE AGAIN DROPPED TO NEAR 35 BELOW ZERO.

THE AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE WAS 16.3 DEGREES...8.1 DEGREES BELOW
NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 9TH COLDEST JANUARY ON RECORD. THERE WERE
10 DAYS WITH TEMPERATURES DROPPING BELOW ZERO. THE WARMEST
TEMPERATURE WAS 45 ON THE 13TH AND THE COLDEST WAS 14 BELOW ZERO ON
THE 6TH AND 28TH. THE COLDEST DAY OF THE MONTH WAS JANUARY 7TH WITH
A HIGH OF 1 AND A LOW OF 13 BELOW ZERO. THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE FOR
THIS DAY WAS 6 BELOW ZERO...WHICH WAS 31 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.
JANUARY 28TH WAS A CLOSE SECOND WITH A HIGH OF 2 AND A LOW OF 14
BELOW FOR AN AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OF 6 BELOW ZERO...30 DEGREES BELOW
NORMAL.

PRECIPITATION FOR THE MONTH WAS 3.12 INCHES...0.95 INCHES ABOVE
NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 29TH WETTEST JANUARY ON RECORD. THE
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION WAS 0.92 INCHES ON THE 10TH AND 11TH.
HOWEVER...IT WAS A VERY SNOWY MONTH. WHILE OFFICIAL SNOWFALL RECORDS
WERE NOT AVAILABLE FROM THE SOUTH BEND AIRPORT...UNOFFICIAL REPORTS
FROM OTHER WEATHER OBSERVERS INDICATED ABOUT 46.6 INCHES OF SNOW HAD
FALLEN IN THE SOUTH BEND AREA IN JANUARY. THIS WOULD RANK AROUND THE
3RD SNOWIEST JANUARY ON RECORD. THE VERY COLD AIR IS THE REASON THAT
SNOWFALL AMOUNTS WERE SO HIGH DESPITE ONLY 3.12 INCHES OF
PRECIPITATION BEING MEASURED.


FEBRUARY

...ANOTHER VERY COLD MONTH WITH ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION...

FEBRUARY CONTINUED A STREAK OF MONTHS WITH BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES
IN THE SOUTH BEND AREA. THIS WAS THE FOURTH CONSECUTIVE MONTH WITH
BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES...AND IT WAS ALSO THE COLDEST MONTH OF THE
WINTER SEASON. IT WAS ALSO ANOTHER VERY SNOWY MONTH BASED ON
VOLUNTEER WEATHER OBSERVER REPORTS FROM AROUND THE REGION.

THE OVERALL WINTER WEATHER PATTERN THAT HAS KEPT THE CENTRAL UNITED
STATES VERY COLD CONTINUED INTO FEBRUARY. THERE WAS A BRIEF
BREAKDOWN DURING THE MIDDLE OF THE MONTH AND THIS ALLOWED
TEMPERATURES TO BRIEFLY WARM ABOVE NORMAL. HOWEVER...THIS REPRIEVE
FROM THE DEEP FREEZE WAS SHORT LIVED AS VERY COLD AIR RETURNED FOR
THE END OF THE MONTH.

THERE WERE ONLY 5 DAYS IN FEBRUARY WITH A DAILY AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
ABOVE NORMAL...AND 4 OF THESE DAYS OCCURRED IN A ROW BETWEEN THE
18TH AND 21ST. THE ONLY OTHER ABOVE NORMAL DAY WAS THE FIRST. THE
WARMEST DAY OCCURRED ON THE 20TH WITH A HIGH OF 49...A LOW OF
32...AND AN AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OF 41. THIS DAY WAS 12 DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL. HALF OF THE DAYS IN FEBRUARY...14...SAW AN AVERAGE DAILY
TEMPERATURE TEN DEGREES OR MORE BELOW NORMAL. FEBRUARY 7TH HAD THE
GREATEST TEMPERATURE DEPARTURE...24 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. THE
COLDEST TEMPERATURE OF THE MONTH WAS 8 BELOW ZERO ON THE 11TH.

THE AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE WAS JUST 18.4 DEGREES...9.4 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL. THIS ONLY RANKED AS THE 12TH COLDEST FEBRUARY ON
RECORD. FEBRUARY 1904 WAS THE COLDEST WITH AN AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OF
14.4 DEGREES. FEBRUARY 1978 RANKED SECOND AT 14.7. THERE WERE 8 DAYS
WITH A LOW TEMPERATURE BELOW ZERO IN FEBRUARY. FEBRUARY 1904 AND
1936 HOLD THE RECORD OF 14 DAYS WITH A LOW TEMPERATURE OF ZERO OR
COLDER.

PRECIPITATION FOR FEBRUARY WAS ABOVE NORMAL WITH A TOTAL OF 2.82
INCHES FALLING. THIS WAS 0.87 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL AND RANKED AS JUST
THE 20TH WETTEST FEBRUARY ON RECORD. MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION FELL
ON 11 DAYS WITH THE GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION BEING 1.64 INCHES
ON THE 20TH. MOST OF THIS PRECIPITATION FELL IN THE FORM OF RAIN
DURING THE SHORT PERIOD WHICH HAD WARMER THAN NORMAL TEMPERATURES.

SNOWFALL AT SOUTH BEND UNOFFICIALLY WAS 19.7 INCHES...4.7 INCHES
ABOVE THE NORMAL OF 15 INCHES. THIS RANKED AS THE 22ND SNOWIEST
FEBRUARY ON RECORD.


MARCH

...A COLD START TO SPRING...

MARCH WAS ANOTHER VERY COLD MONTH ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES REGION
DESPITE THE BEGINNING OF SPRING ON THE CALENDAR. THE PERSISTENT
RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE OVER THE EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN CONTINUED
THROUGH THE MONTH AND IN TURN ALLOWED THE JET STREAM TO DIVE SOUTH
OUT OF THE ARCTIC REGION AND INTO THE GREAT LAKES AS IT HAS DONE
MOST OF THE WINTER. SEVERAL COLD FRONTS WITH ARCTIC ORIGIN BROUGHT
VERY COLD AIR SOUTH WHICH KEPT TEMPERATURES WELL BELOW NORMAL FOR
THE MONTH.

THE AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE AT SOUTH BEND WAS 30.0 DEGREES...7.5
DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 8TH COLDEST MARCH ON
RECORD. THE WARMEST TEMPERATURE OF THE MONTH OCCURRED ON THE LAST
DAY WITH A HIGH OF 68. THIS WAS THE WARMEST TEMPERATURE SINCE
OCTOBER 2013. THE LOWEST TEMPERATURE OF THE MONTH WAS 4 BELOW ZERO
ON THE THIRD. THERE WERE 23 DAYS WITH AVERAGE TEMPERATURES BELOW
NORMAL AND 14 OF THESE DAYS WERE MORE THAN 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.
MARCH THIRD HAD THE GREATEST DEPARTURE OF 26 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL.
THE HIGH ON THAT DAY WAS JUST 18 AND THE LOW WAS 4 BELOW ZERO.

DESPITE IT BEING COLD IT WAS ACTUALLY A RELATIVELY DRY MONTH. THERE
WAS 1.69 INCHES OF PRECIPITATION...0.64 INCHES BELOW NORMAL. THIS
RANKED AS THE 24TH DRIEST MARCH ON RECORD.


APRIL

...A RELATIVELY NORMAL APRIL...

DESPITE THE MONTH FEELING COOL...TEMPERATURES WERE ACTUALLY NEAR
NORMAL AND PRECIPITATION WAS BELOW NORMAL IN THE SOUTH BEND AREA.
THERE WERE NO PERIODS OF SUSTAINED WARMTH AND SEVERAL WINDY DAYS.
THIS LIKELY HELPED CREATE THE FEELING THAT IT WAS COLDER THAN
ACTUAL AIR TEMPERATURES INDICATED.

THE OVERALL WEATHER PATTERN BECAME MORE TYPICAL OF SPRING AS THE
DOMINANT WEST COAST RIDGE BROKE DOWN AND THE LARGE SCALE FLOW BECAME
MORE ZONAL ACROSS THE UNITED STATES. THIS ALLOWED FOR MORE
SEASONABLE TEMPERATURES BUT OCCASIONAL STORM SYSTEMS BROUGHT PERIODS
OF PRECIPITATION AND BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES. THERE WERE NO
SUSTAINED PERIODS OF WARMTH IN APRIL WITH THE LONGEST STRETCH OF
DAYS WITH ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES BEING JUST FOUR FROM THE 10TH
THROUGH THE 13TH. THERE WERE 16 DAYS WITH BELOW NORMAL AVERAGE
TEMPERATURES. IT WAS ALSO A VERY WINDY MONTH WITH 18 DAYS HAVING A
PEAK WIND GUST OF 30 MPH OR GREATER AND 6 DAYS WITH A PEAK WIND OF
40 MPH OR HIGHER. THE FASTEST PEAK WIND GUST MEASURED WAS 49 MPH ON
THE 29TH.

THE AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE WAS 49.2 WHICH WAS JUST 0.2 DEGREES
ABOVE NORMAL. THE WARMEST TEMPERATURE WAS 79 ON THE 21ST AND THE
COLDEST WAS 26 ON THE 6TH.

IT WAS ALSO A RELATIVELY DRY MONTH WITH JUST 2.35 INCHES OF
PRECIPITATION FALLING. THIS WAS 0.88 INCHES BELOW NORMAL AND RANKED
AS THE 34TH DRIEST APRIL ON RECORD. MARCH WAS ALSO A RELATIVELY DRY
MONTH WITH A DEFICIT OF NEARLY THREE QUARTERS OF AN INCH. APRIL
SNOWFALL WAS 1.1 INCHES...JUST THREE TENTHS OF AN INCH BELOW NORMAL.


MAY

...WET WITH SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR MAY AT SOUTH
BEND...

MAY STARTED OUT RELATIVELY COOL AND DRY AT SOUTH BEND...WITH
TEMPERATURES NEAR OR BELOW NORMAL FOR THE FIRST 6 DAYS OF THE
MONTH...AND ONLY 0.19 INCHES OF PRECIPITATION OVER THE FIRST 8 DAYS.
WARMER AND WETTER WEATHER PATTERN WAS THE STORY FOR THE SECOND WEEK
OF THE MONTH...WITH MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION ON 7 OF THE 9 DAYS FROM
THE 9TH THROUGH THE 18TH AND 4 DAYS OF HIGH TEMPERATURES IN THE 80S
OR GREATER. THIS INCLUDED A HIGH TEMPERATURE OF 91 DEGREES ON THE
8TH. THIS IS THE 4TH EARLIEST FIRST 90 DEGREE DAY OF THE YEAR AT
SOUTH BEND ON RECORD...THE EARLIEST SINCE 1949...WHEN A HIGH
TEMPERATURE OF 90 WAS RECORDED ON MAY 5TH. ANOTHER COLD SPELL
IMPACTED THE REGION OVER THE THIRD WEEK OF THE MONTH...WITH A HIGH
OF 45 AND A LOW OF 32 ON THE 16TH. HOWEVER THE MONTH ENDED ON A WARM
SPELL...WITH AVERAGE TEMPERATURES ABOVE NORMAL ON 8 OUT OF THE LAST
11 DAYS OF THE MONTH...INCLUDING 7 CONSECUTIVE 80 DEGREE DAYS TO END
THE MONTH.

THE QUIET START TO THE SEVERE WEATHER SEASON CONTINUED INTO MAY
ACROSS THE SOUTH BEND AREA. ISOLATED STRONG TO SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS
IMPACTED PORTIONS OF THE REGION ON THE 9TH...11TH AND 13TH. MORE
WIDESPREAD STRONG TO LOW END SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS IMPACTED THE
REGION ON THE 20TH AND 21ST...AND SCATTERED STRONG THUNDERSTORMS
IMPACTED PORTIONS OF THE AREA ON THE 26TH THROUGH 28TH.

THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE IN MAY AT SOUTH BEND WAS 60.7
DEGREES...WHICH IS 1.4 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE
T-42ND WARMEST MAY ON RECORD. THE WARMEST TEMPERATURE WAS 91 ON THE
8TH AND THE COLDEST WAS 32 ON THE 16TH.

PRECIPITATION WAS ABOVE NORMAL WITH 5.10 INCHES FALLING DURING THE
MONTH. THIS IS 1.27 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL AND RANKED AS THE 29TH
WETTEST MAY ON RECORD. MEASURABLE RAINFALL FELL DURING 17 DAYS IN
MAY...WITH FIVE DAYS SEEING A HALF INCH OR MORE OF RAINFALL. THE
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION WAS 1.10 INCHES ON THE 26TH AND 27TH.


JUNE

...ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND NEAR RECORD RAINFALL IN JUNE...

JUNE 2014 WAS A VERY WARM AND WET MONTH AT SOUTH BEND. THE OVERALL
WEATHER PATTERN ALLOWED FOR A WARM AND HUMID AIRMASS TO STAY
ENTRENCHED ACROSS THE LOWER GREAT LAKES REGION FOR MUCH OF THE
MONTH...WHICH BROUGHT PERIODIC SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS TO THE
MICHIANA REGION THROUGHOUT THE MONTH. THE MONTHLY RAINFALL TOTAL OF
OVER NINE INCHES WAS THE WETTEST MONTH SINCE SEPTEMBER OF
2008...WHEN MULTIPLE REMNANT TROPICAL SYSTEMS BROUGHT TORRENTIAL
RAINFALL TO THE REGION. IT WAS ALSO THE WETTEST JUNE AT SOUTH BEND
IN 21 YEARS. THE THUNDERSTORM AND RAINFALL ACTIVITY WAS FAIRLY
SCATTERED...AND WHILE PORTIONS OF THE REGION HAD RAINFALL TOTALS
WELL ABOVE NORMAL...SOME AREAS SOUTHEAST OF MICHIANA ACTUALLY SAW
NEAR OR ONLY SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION.

TEMPERATURES WERE ABOVE NORMAL...AND WHILE THE HUMIDITY THROUGHOUT
THE MONTH MADE IT FEEL VERY WARM...ACTUAL AIR TEMPERATURES WERE
NEVER TOO EXTREME. ONLY ONE DAY DURING JUNE REACHED 90 DEGREES AT
SOUTH BEND. THERE WERE ONLY 6 DAYS DURING THE ENTIRE MONTH WHEN THE
AVERAGE DAILY TEMPERATURE WAS BELOW NORMAL. HOWEVER...ONLY 5 JUNE
DAYS HAD AVERAGE DAILY TEMPERATURES OF AT LEAST 7 DEGREES OR GREATER
ABOVE NORMAL.

THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE IN JUNE AT SOUTH BEND WAS 71.4
DEGREES...WHICH IS 2.3 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE
T-26TH WARMEST JUNE ON RECORD. THE WARMEST TEMPERATURES WAS 90
DEGREES ON THE 17TH AND THE COLDEST WAS 48 ON THE 5TH AND THE 14TH.

TOTAL PRECIPITATION FOR THE MONTH OF JUNE AT SOUTH BEND WAS 9.14
INCHES...WHICH IS 5.35 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE SECOND
WETTEST JUNE ON RECORD BEHIND 1993...WHEN 10.86 INCHES FELL DURING
THE MONTH. THIS ALSO RANKED AS THE 6TH OVERALL WETTEST MONTH ON
RECORD. THE RECORD WETTEST MONTH AT SOUTH BEND WAS SEPTEMBER 2008
WHEN 13.92 INCHES OF RAIN FELL. AT LEAST A TRACE OF RAIN FELL AT
SOUTH BEND DURING 18 DAYS OF THE MONTH...AND 13 OF THESE DAYS HAD
MEASURABLE RAINFALL...EACH ONE WITH AT LEAST A TENTH OF AN INCH OF
RAINFALL. 9 DAYS HAD AT LEAST A HALF INCH OF RAINFALL...AND THREE
DAYS WITH AT LEAST AN INCH OF RAINFALL. THE GREATEST 24 HOUR
RAINFALL TOTAL WAS 2.20 INCHES ON THE 17TH AND 18TH...AND THE
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY RAINFALL TOTAL WAS 1.54 INCHES ON THE 17TH.


JULY

...WELL BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION AND NEAR RECORD COLD TEMPERATURES
AT SOUTH BEND...

THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE IN JULY AT SOUTH BEND WAS 68.7
DEGREES...WHICH WAS 4.3 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE
THIRD COLDEST JULY ON RECORD....BEHIND 1996 WITH AN AVERAGE
TEMPERATURE OF 68.5 AND 2009 WITH AN AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OF 68.3.
THE WARMEST TEMPERATURE WAS ONLY 89 DEGREES ON THE 22ND AND THE
COLDEST WAS 50 ON THE 17TH AND THE 29TH. JULY 2014 WAS THE FIRST
JULY WITHOUT A 90 DEGREE DAY SINCE 2009...AND THE 10TH JULY ON
RECORD WITHOUT A 90 DEGREE DAY.

AFTER 9.14 INCHES OF PRECIPITATION IN JUNE...THE TOTAL
PRECIPITATION FOR THE MONTH OF JULY AT SOUTH BEND WAS ONLY 1.79
INCHES...2.21 INCHES BELOW NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 24TH DRIEST
JULY ON RECORD...AND THE DRIEST JULY SINCE 1993 WHEN ONLY 1.51
INCHES OF PRECIPITATION FELL. THERE WERE ONLY 9 DAYS WITH MEASURABLE
PRECIPITATION...AND ONLY 6 DAYS WITH 0.10 INCHES OR MORE OF
PRECIPITATION. THE GREATEST 24 HOUR RAINFALL TOTAL WAS 0.90 INCHES
ENDING ON THE 1ST...AND THE GREATEST CALENDAR DAY RAINFALL TOTAL WAS
0.47 INCHES ON THE 13TH.


AUGUST

...ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION AT SOUTH
BEND...

AFTER THE THIRD COLDEST JULY ON RECORD...AUGUST 2014 STARTED OUT
WITH NEAR NORMAL TEMPERATURES THROUGH THE FIRST 11 DAYS OF THE
MONTH. AN UPPER LEVEL TROUGH ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES REGION BROUGHT
BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF THE MONTH...WITH A
HIGH TEMPERATURE OF ONLY 69 DEGREES ON THE 12TH. A RIDGE OF HIGH
PRESSURE OVER THE CENTRAL UNITED STATES BUILT NORTHEASTWARD THROUGH
THE OHIO VALLEY INTO THE GREAT LAKES REGION AFTER THE MIDDLE OF THE
MONTH. THIS BROUGHT NEAR TO ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES DURING THE
SECOND HALF OF THE MONTH. WITH THE GREAT LAKES ON THE FRINGE OF THIS
HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE...THE LOCAL AREA WAS PRIMED FOR AN ACTIVE
PRECIPITATION PATTERN DURING THE LAST HALF OF AUGUST. ALTHOUGH THE
SOUTH BEND AREA ITSELF RECEIVED BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR THE
MONTH...AREAS JUST TO THE SOUTH OF SOUTH BEND SAW WELL ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION.

THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE IN AUGUST AT SOUTH BEND WAS 72.6
DEGREES...WHICH WAS 1.3 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE
37TH WARMEST AUGUST ON RECORD. THE WARMEST TEMPERATURE WAS 91
DEGREES ON THE 25TH AND THE COLDEST WAS 46 ON THE 15TH. WITH ONLY
ONE 90 DEGREE DAY...AUGUST 2014 HAD THE FEWEST NUMBER OF 90 DEGREE
DAYS AT SOUTH BEND IN THE MONTH OF AUGUST SINCE 2008...WHEN THERE
WERE NO 90 DEGREE DAYS THAT MONTH.

LIKE JULY 2014...AUGUST WAS ANOTHER DRY MONTH AT SOUTH BEND. ONLY
2.20 INCHES OF PRECIPITATION FELL...WHICH IS 1.56 INCHES BELOW
NORMAL.  THIS RANKED AS THE T-30TH DRIEST AUGUST ON RECORD...AND THE
DRIEST AUGUST SINCE 2010 WHEN ONLY 0.92 INCHES OF PRECIPITATION
FELL. THERE WERE ONLY 11 DAYS WITH MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION...AND
ONLY 8 DAYS WITH 0.10 INCHES OR MORE OF PRECIPITATION. THE GREATEST
24 HOUR RAINFALL TOTAL WAS 0.51 INCHES ON THE 5TH.


SEPTEMBER

...SEPTEMBER WAS RELATIVELY MILD WITH BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION...

THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBER COULD BE BROKEN DOWN INTO THIRDS...WITH THE
BEGINNING AND ENDING THIRDS WARM AND THE MIDDLE THIRD QUITE COOL.
THE RESULT WAS A NEAR NORMAL MONTH IN TERMS OF TEMPERATURES WITH
MONTHLY PRECIPITATION SLIGHTLY BELOW NORMAL.

THE MONTH BEGAN QUITE WARM WITH HIGH TEMPERATURES IN THE 80S ON THE
FIRST FOUR DAYS AND A HIGH OF 91 ON THE 5TH BEFORE A STRONG COLD
FRONT SWEPT THROUGH THE AREA. THIS FRONT BROUGHT SEVERAL INCHES OF
BENEFICIAL RAINFALL TO THE REGION WITH OVER AN INCH FALLING AT SOUTH
BEND. SEVERE WEATHER ALSO OCCURRED WITH THUNDERSTORMS PRODUCING
LARGE HAIL AND DAMAGING WINDS IN A FEW LOCATIONS.

THIS FIRST COLD FRONT DROPPED TEMPERATURES BACK INTO THE 70S AND
NEAR NORMAL FOR EARLY SEPTEMBER BUT A SECOND COLD FRONT ALONG WITH
REMNANT MOISTURE FROM PACIFIC HURRICANE NORBERT BROUGHT MORE HEAVY
RAINFALL TO THE AREA ON SEPTEMBER 10TH. TEMPERATURES BEHIND THIS
FRONT DROPPED WELL BELOW NORMAL FOR THE MIDDLE PORTION OF THE MONTH.
AVERAGE DAILY TEMPERATURES BETWEEN THE 11TH AND 23RD OF SEPTEMBER
WERE BELOW NORMAL EACH DAY EXCEPT FOR THE 20TH. TEMPERATURES WERE AS
MUCH AS 13 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON THE 13TH. LOW TEMPERATURES WERE
IN THE 40S EACH MORNING DURING THIS STRETCH.

TEMPERATURES MODERATED BRIEFLY ON THE 20TH WITH HIGHS BACK AROUND 80
AHEAD OF ANOTHER STRONG COLD FRONT. THIS FRONT BROUGHT RAIN AND
SEVERE WEATHER BACK TO THE REGION DURING THE LATE AFTERNOON HOURS ON
THE 20TH. MANY AREAS EXPERIENCED WIND DAMAGE AND HEAVY RAINFALL FROM
A LINE OF THUNDERSTORMS THAT MOVED THROUGH AHEAD OF THE MAIN COLD
FRONT. THE COOLER WEATHER BEHIND THIS FRONT WAS BRIEF AS MILD AND
DRY WEATHER RETURNED TO END THE MONTH. HIGH TEMPERATURES CLIMBED
BACK INTO THE 80S ON FOUR OF THE LAST 5 DAYS TO END SEPTEMBER.

THE AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE WAS 63.2 DEGREES...0.7 DEGREES BELOW
NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE T-39TH COOLEST SEPTEMBER ON RECORD. THE
HIGHEST TEMPERATURE WAS 91 ON THE 5TH AND THE COOLEST WAS 40 ON THE
22ND. TOTAL PRECIPITATION WAS 2.71 INCHES...0.82 INCHES BELOW
NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE T-47TH DRIEST SEPTEMBER ON RECORD. THE
GREATEST 24 HOUR RAINFALL WAS 1.14 INCHES ON THE 5TH AND 6TH. A
TOTAL OF 11 DAYS IN SEPTEMBER HAD MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION AND TWO
OF THESE DAYS HAD GREATER THAN ONE HALF INCH OF RAINFALL.


OCTOBER

...A SLIGHTLY WARM BUT WET OCTOBER IN SOUTH BEND AREA...

THE AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE WAS JUST SLIGHTLY WARMER THAN NORMAL
IN THE SOUTH BEND AREA BUT PRECIPITATION WAS WELL ABOVE NORMAL. AS
WITH MANY OCTOBER MONTHS...TEMPERATURES FLUCTUATED SIGNIFICANTLY
WITH HIGHS RANGING FROM THE UPPER 70S TO MIDDLE 40S AND LOW
TEMPERATURES RANGING FROM THE LOWER 60S TO LOWER 30S. THE MONTH
ENDED WITH THE FIRST MEASURABLE SNOWFALL OF THE SEASON ON HALLOWEEN.

THE AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE AT SOUTH BEND WAS 52.4
DEGREES...JUST 0.3 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 50TH
COOLEST OCTOBER ON RECORD DATING BACK TO 1894. THE HIGHEST
TEMPERATURE WAS 77 ON THE 2ND AND THE COLDEST TEMPERATURE WAS 30 ON
THE 22ND AND 23RD. THE DAILY AVERAGE TEMPERATURE WAS BELOW NORMAL ON
16 DAYS AND ONLY ONE DAY...THE 4TH...HAD AN AVERAGE TEMPERATURE MORE
THAN 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL (13 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL). THERE WERE FOUR
DAYS WITH AN AVERAGE DAILY TEMPERATURE OF TEN OR MORE DEGREES ABOVE
NORMAL. THE 27TH WAS THE WARMEST DAY WITH REGARDS TO DEPARTURE FROM
NORMAL AS THE AVERAGE DAILY TEMPERATURE ON THIS DAY WAS 13 DEGREES
ABOVE NORMAL.

PRECIPITATION FOR THE MONTH WAS 5.68 INCHES...2.36 INCHES ABOVE
NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 10TH WETTEST OCTOBER ON RECORD.
MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION FELL ON 14 DAYS AND 2 DAYS HAD MORE THAN AN
INCH OF PRECIPITATION...THE SECOND AND THE THIRD OF THE MONTH. AS A
MATTER OF FACT...3.83 INCHES OF RAIN FELL ON THESE TWO DAYS. THAT
WAS NEARLY 70 PERCENT OF THE MONTHLY TOTAL.

THE MONTH ENDED WITH A STRONG COLD FRONT BLASTING THROUGH THE
REGION. TEMPERATURES FELL FROM THE 40S INTO THE 30S ON HALLOWEEN
DAY. RAIN SHOWERS TURNED TO SNOW SHOWERS WITH SEVERAL LOCATIONS
RECEIVING THEIR FIRST MEASURABLE SNOWFALL OF THE SEASON. AMOUNTS
WERE GENERALLY A HALF INCH OR LESS AND CONFINED TO GRASSY SURFACES.
SOUTH BEND OFFICIALLY REPORTED TWO TENTHS OF AN INCH. THIS WAS THE
4TH SNOWIEST HALLOWEEN ON RECORD AND THE 29TH SNOWIEST OCTOBER.


...NOVEMBER...

...A COLD AND SNOWY MONTH IN THE SOUTH BEND AREA...

IT WAS A COLD NOVEMBER WITH ABOVE NORMAL SNOWFALL IN THE SOUTH BEND
AREA. SEVERAL ROUNDS OF LAKE EFFECT SNOW WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR MOST
OF THE ACCUMULATIONS IN SOUTH BEND...WITH ONE SINGLE EVENT DROPPING
A FOOT OF SNOW ON THE CITY. THIS LAKE EFFECT WAS CAUSED BY THE
INTRUSION OF VERY COLD ARCTIC AIR OVER THE RELATIVELY WARM WATERS OF
LAKE MICHIGAN. THIS COMBINATION IN NOVEMBER CAN PRODUCE VERY INTENSE
LAKE EFFECT SNOW BANDS. DESPITE THE COLD AND SNOW...THERE WERE BRIEF
PERIODS OF WARMTH DURING THE MONTH...INCLUDING THE FIRST WEEK WITH
TEMPERATURES IN THE 60S AND THE LAST TWO DAYS WHEN HIGHS REACHED THE
MIDDLE AND UPPER 50S.

THE AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE FOR NOVEMBER WAS 34.4 DEGREES...6.3
DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 6TH COLDEST NOVEMBER ON
RECORD IN THE SOUTH BEND AREA. THE HIGHEST TEMPERATURE DURING THE
MONTH WAS 63 ON THE 3RD AND THE COLDEST WAS 10 ON THE 15TH AND 18TH.
THE MIDDLE OF THE MONTH SAW A STRETCH OF VERY COLD TEMPERATURES WITH
THE FIRST ARCTIC BLAST OF THE SEASON. THE REMNANTS OF SUPER TYPHOON
NURI MOVED OUT OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN AND INTO THE BERING SEA BY THE
THE SECOND WEEK OF NOVEMBER. THIS STORM SYSTEM THEN HELPED PUSH AN
ARCTIC COLD FRONT INTO THE UNITED STATES WHICH BROUGHT SUBFREEZING
TEMPERATURES TO EVERY STATE BY THE MIDDLE OF THE MONTH.
LOCALLY...TEMPERATURES PLUNGED TO RECORD LEVELS WITH AVERAGE
TEMPERATURES BETWEEN 10 AND 25 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL FOR 10 STRAIGHT
DAYS BETWEEN THE 12TH AND 21ST. THE COLDEST DAY WAS THE 18TH WITH A
HIGH OF ONLY 18 AND A LOW OF 10. THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE ON THIS DAY
WAS JUST 14...A WHOPPING 26 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. THE HIGH OF 18
ALSO SET A RECORD FOR THE COLDEST HIGH TEMPERATURE ON THIS
DATE...BREAKING THE OLD RECORD OF 26 SET IN 1951.

PRECIPITATION FOR NOVEMBER WAS 3.37 INCHES...JUST 0.10 INCHES ABOVE
NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS ONLY THE 38TH WETTEST NOVEMBER ON RECORD.
ABOUT ONE THIRD OF THIS PRECIPITATION OCCURRED ON JUST ONE
DAY...NOVEMBER 23RD WHEN 1.24 INCHES OF RAIN FELL. THIS WAS A DAILY
RECORD FOR THAT DATE. THE ENTIRE RAIN EVENT PRODUCED 1.84 INCHES
OVER THREE DAYS...OVER HALF OF THE ENTIRE MONTHLY TOTAL.

DESPITE PRECIPITATION BEING NEAR NORMAL...SNOWFALL WAS WELL ABOVE
NORMAL. THERE WAS 19.1 INCHES OF SNOW RECORDED...14.3 INCHES
ABOVE NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 4TH SNOWIEST NOVEMBER ON RECORD.
DECEMBER 1977 WAS THE SNOWIEST WITH 30.3 INCHES. WEATHER OBSERVERS
REPORTED 12.3 INCHES ON THE 13TH...A SINGLE DAY SNOWFALL RECORD FOR
THAT DATE AND THE 4TH HIGHEST DAILY SNOWFALL TOTAL FOR THE SOUTH
BEND AREA ON RECORD FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER. THE HIGHEST DAILY
NOVEMBER SNOWFALL RECORD IS 18.0 INCHES SET BACK ON NOVEMBER 2ND
1911.


...DECEMBER...

AFTER A VERY COLD AND SNOWY NOVEMBER...DECEMBER WAS A DRASTICALLY
DIFFERENT MONTH WITH ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND SETTING A RECORD
FOR THE LEAST SNOWIEST DECEMBER ON RECORD.

DECEMBER BEGAN WITH SLIGHTLY BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND ENDED
WITH TEMPERATURES MUCH BELOW NORMAL...BUT IN BETWEEN MOST DAYS WERE
WARMER THAN NORMAL. ONLY 9 DAYS HAD AN AVERAGE TEMPERATURE BELOW
NORMAL AND THE COLDEST WAS ON THE LAST DAY OF THE MONTH WHICH WAS 11
DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. BETWEEN THE 4TH AND 30TH...ONLY THREE DAYS WERE
BELOW NORMAL...THE 10TH...11TH AND 12TH. THERE WERE 9 DAYS IN
DECEMBER IN WHICH THE AVERAGE DAILY TEMPERATURE WAS GREATER THAN 10
DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. THE WARMEST DAY WAS THE 14TH WITH A HIGH OF 55
AND A LOW OF 45 FOR AN AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OF 50 DEGREES. IN
COMPARISON...ONLY 3 DAYS IN NOVEMBER HAD AN AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OF
50 DEGREES OR WARMER.

THE WEATHER WAS VERY TRANQUIL AND RELATIVELY MILD...ESPECIALLY
COMPARED TO THE VERY COLD AND SNOWY NOVEMBER. ONLY A HANDFUL OF
WEATHER SYSTEMS BROUGHT PRECIPITATION TO THE SOUTH BEND AREA. ABOUT
HALF OF THE MONTHS PRECIPITATION FELL ON THE 23RD AND 24TH WITH A
VERY COMPLEX WINTER STORM SYSTEM THAT MOVED JUST EAST OF THE LOCAL
AREA. WITH COLD AIR LACKING AND WARM MOISTURE FROM THE PACIFIC AND
GULF OF MEXICO STREAMING INTO THE AREA...PRECIPITATION FELL AS
MAINLY RAIN WITH ONLY A FEW WET SNOWFLAKES FALLING ON THE BACK SIDE
AS THIS SYSTEM DEPARTED.

WITH THE LACK OF COLD AIR AND PRECIPITATION PRODUCING WEATHER
SYSTEMS...IT IS NO SURPRISE THAT THE MONTH ENDED AS THE LEAST
SNOWIEST DECEMBER ON RECORD IN SOUTH BEND. WHAT IS A SURPRISE IS
THAT IT FOLLOWED A NOVEMBER THAT WAS THE 4TH SNOWIEST ON RECORD
WITH 19.3 INCHES OF SNOW.

THE AVERAGE MONTHLY TEMPERATURE WAS 33.2 DEGREES WHICH WAS 4.4
DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 20TH WARMEST DECEMBER.
THERE WERE JUST 3 DAYS WITH A HIGH TEMPERATURE OF 32 DEGREES OR
COLDER. THE WARMEST TEMPERATURE WAS 55 ON THE 14TH AND THE COLDEST
WAS 8 ON THE 31ST.

PRECIPITATION FOR THE MONTH WAS 1.47 INCHES...1.14 INCHES BELOW
NORMAL. THIS RANKED AS THE 22ND DRIEST DECEMBER ON RECORD.

WHILE A TRACE OF SNOW FELL ON 10 DAYS...MEASURABLE SNOW FELL ON JUST
ONE SINGLE DAY...DECEMBER 30TH. ONLY 0.2 INCHES OF SNOW WAS MEASURED
AND THIS MARKS THE LEAST SNOWIEST DECEMBER ON RECORD. THE OLD RECORD
WAS 0.5 INCHES SET IN 1912. THIS ALSO TIES THE RECORD FOR THE FEWEST
NUMBER OF DAYS WITH MEASURABLE SNOWFALL IN DECEMBER AT SOUTH BEND.
DECEMBER 1912 AND DECEMBER 1931 BOTH HAD ONLY 1 DAY OF MEASURABLE
SNOWFALL.

$$
LASHLY/GREENAWALT/OBERGFELL









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