Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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FXUS63 KMQT 202347
AFDMQT

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
747 PM EDT MON APR 20 2015

.SHORT TERM...(THIS EVENING THROUGH TUESDAY)
ISSUED AT 353 PM EDT MON APR 20 2015

12Z RAOBS/LATEST WV IMAGERY AND RUC ANALYSIS SHOW DEEPENING UPR TROF
OVER CENTRAL NAMERICA BTWN RDGS ALONG THE E AND W COASTS...WITH 12HR
H5 HGT FALLS UP TO 150M NOTED OVER NRN WI IN ADVANCE OF SHRTWV
LIFTING NWD INTO THE UPR LKS TO THE E OF THE UPR TROF AXIS. IR AND
WV IMAGERY SHOW A WELL DEFINED COMMA HEAD CLD OVER THE UPR GREAT LKS
IN ADVANCE OF SHRTWV AND ON CYC SIDE OF ACCOMPANYING H7 LO TRACK.
STEADY RA UNDER THIS COMMA HEAD HAS MIXED WITH SN OVER THE WRN CWA
WHERE DYNAMIC COOLING AND SOME LLVL CAA HAVE COOLED THE COLUMN
SUFFICIENTLY. FARTHER TO THE E...DRY SLOTTING ON THE ACYC SIDE OF H7
LO TRACK HAS TENDED TO DIMINISH THE PCPN COVERAGE/INTENSITY OVER THE
FAR E. ANOTHER SHRTWV IS DIGGING SWD THRU FAR NW ONTARIO/MANITOBA ON
THE WRN FLANK OF H5 CLOSED LO

MAIN FCST CONCERNS IN THE SHORT TERM FOCUS ON POPS/PTYPE ASSOCIATED
WITH SHRTWV MOVING THRU THE UPR LKS RIGHT NOW AND THEN TNGT/TMRW
ACCOMPANYING PASSAGE OF NEXT SHRTWV AND WITHIN LINGERING DEEP CYC
FLOW UNDER CUTOFF H5 LO PROGGED TO LINGER OVER THE UPR LKS.

LATE TDAY/TNGT...AS SHRTWV E OF THE UPR TROF AXIS LIFTS TO THE N
THRU THIS AFTN AND TENDS TO SHEAR OUT...MODELS SHOW AREA OF SHARP
DEEP LYR QVECTOR CNVGC SUPPORTING AXIS OF COLDER CLD TOPS
DIMINISHING AND GIVING WAY TO SOME DEEP LYR QVECTOR DVGC. SO AREA OF
STEADY RA/SN OVER THE W SHOULD DIMINISH BY LATE AFTN WITH ARRIVAL OF
THE NEGATIVE DYNAMICS/MID LVL DRYING. POPS OVER THE E WL TEND TO
INCREASE LATE THIS AFTN/EARLY EVNG AS COMMA TAIL AXIS OF HIER RH
SWINGS E THRU THAT AREA...BUT PCPN INTENSITY WL NOT BE AS GREAT AS
OVER THE W SINCE THE SUPPORTING AXIS OF DIMINISHING DEEP LYR QVECTOR
CNVGC IS FCST TO REMAIN OVER THE W. NOT OUT OF THE QUESTION THERE
COULD BE A FEW INCHES OF WET SN ACCUM OVER THE HIER TERRAIN OF THE
W...BUT THERE SHOULD BE LTL IF ANY SN OVER THE E HALF WITH WEAKER
DYNAMIC FORCING/COOLING. LATER TNGT...THE TRAILING SHRTWV DIGGING
SWD TOWARD NW MN ON THE WRN FLANK OF CLOSED H5 LO IS FCST TO DIG TO
NEAR NW WI BY 12Z TUE...BRINGING SOME DPVA/MORE DEEP LYR QVECTOR
CNVGC TO THE W LATER TNGT. SHARP CYC UPSLOPE WNW FLOW IN THE
PRESENCE OF THE DEEPER FORCING/MSTR WL SUPPORT LIKELY POPS IN THIS
AREA. THERE COULD BE A FEW INCHES OF WET SN ACCUM OVER MAINLY THE
HIER TERRAIN. OVER THE CENTRAL AND E...THERE WL BE ONLY ISOLD-SCT RA
AND SN SHOWERS.

TUE...SHRTWV/ACCOMPANYING SFC LO PRES TROF ROTATING ARND CLOSED H5
LO SHIFTING SLOWLY TO THE E OVER LK SUP IS FCST TO WEAKEN SLOWLY...
LEADING TO SLOWLY DIMINISHING DEEP LYR QVECTOR CNVGC. ALTHOUGH THESE
TRENDS WL RESULT IN DIMINISHING POPS...DAYTIME HEATING/LLVL
DESTABILIZATION WL ENHANCE POPS ESPECIALLY OVER THE ERN CWA IN THE
AFTN...WHERE LLVL CNVGC WITHIN LO PRES TROF WL BE ENHANCED BY LK
BREEZE DEVELOPMENT. OTRW...LINGERING SHARP LLVL CNVGC AND THE
DAYTIME HEATING WL MAINTAIN AT LEAST CHC POPS. THE PCPN SHOULD BE
MAINLY SN IN THE MRNG...BUT THIS PCPN WL MIX WITH/CHG TO RA OVER THE
SE HALF IN THE AFTN WITH DAYTIME HEATING/TEMPS RISING AOA 40.

.LONG TERM...(TUESDAY NIGHT THROUGH MONDAY)
ISSUED AT 338 PM EDT MON APR 20 2015

A LARGE UPPER LOW CENTERED OVER NORTHERN ONTARIO WILL BE
INFLUENCING THE GREAT LAKES REGION THROUGH THE FIRST HALF OF THE
LONG TERM PERIOD. THIS WILL LEAD TO BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND
PERIODS OF SNOW BEFORE GRADUALLY SHIFTING EAST INTO THE ATLANTIC BY
THE WEEKEND.

AS THAT UPPER LOW SPINS BETWEEN LAKE SUPERIOR AND JAMES BAY...IT
WILL ROTATE SEVERAL SHORTWAVES ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES REGION
TUESDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY. THESE WAVES WILL BRING PERIODS OF
SHOWERS TO THE AREA...WITH HELP FROM BOTH LAKE SUPERIOR (850MB
TEMPS FALLING TO -10C TO -12C ON WEDNESDAY MORNING) AND TERRAIN
ENHANCEMENT (PERSISTENT LOW LEVEL NORTHWESTERLY FLOW). WILL CONTINUE
TO FOCUS THE HIGHEST POPS (LIKELY VALUES) IN THOSE AREAS FAVORED BY
ALL THREE FEATURES (HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE WEST/NORTHWEST) AND ALSO
EAST DOWNWIND OF LAKE SUPERIOR...AND INCLUDE CHANCE/SLIGHTS FOR THE
REST OF THE CWA. WITH THE AMOUNT OF COLD AIR IN PLACE...EXPECT THE
PRECIPITATION TO FALL MAINLY AS SNOW. WITH LOW LEVEL TEMPERATURES
WARMING AWAY OVER THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF THE CWA...COULD SEE SOME
RAIN MIXING IN THERE...BUT OTHERWISE SNOW WILL BE THE NORM. COULD
SEE A COUPLE INCHES OF ACCUMULATION IN THE FAVORED LOCATIONS
TUESDAY NIGHT AND UP TO AN INCH WEDNESDAY AND AGAIN WEDNESDAY
NIGHT. WITH DRIER AIR STARTING TO MOVE INTO THE AREA ON
THURSDAY (ASSOCIATED WITH A SURFACE RIDGE MOVING INTO THE
NORTHERN PLAINS...SHOULD SEE THE COVERAGE OF THE SHOWERS
DIMINISHING THROUGH THE DAY THURSDAY AND CONTINUING TO WEAKENING
INTO FRIDAY. ALSO...DON/T EXPECT HIGHS TO RISE MUCH OUT OF THE
LOW-MID 30S ON WED/THURS OVER THE NORTH HALF OF THE CWA...WITH SOME
HIGHS AROUND 40 OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL. WILL LIKELY BREAK THE
RECORD LOW HIGH TEMPERATURE HERE AT OUR OFFICE ON WEDNESDAY (36 SET
IN 1972).

EXTENDED RANGE MODELS DIFFER ON HOW QUICKLY THE UPPER LOW DEPARTS
THIS WEEKEND...BUT SHOULD STILL SEE ENOUGH INFLUENCE FROM THE
SURFACE RIDGE MOVING INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS TO KEEP MOST OF THE
AREA DRY. WITH THE NORTHERLY FLOW OFF LAKE SUPERIOR...EXPECT
TEMPERATURES TO REMAIN BELOW NORMAL BUT IN THE 40S TO AROUND 50. AS
THE UPPER LOW RETROGRADES BACK OVER QUEBEC EARLY NEXT WEEK...COULD
SEE THE UPPER GREAT LAKES REGION BEING AFFECTED BY THE WESTERN EDGE
OF THE ENERGY ROTATING AROUND THE UPPER LOW AND LIKELY KEEPING
BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES IN PLACE THROUGH THE END OF APRIL.
&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 00Z TAFS THROUGH 00Z TUESDAY EVENING)
ISSUED AT 747 PM EDT MON APR 20 2015

AREA OF DEEPER MOISTURE AND STEADIER SNOW CONTINUES TO LIFT NE
ACROSS UPPER MI/LAKE SUPERIOR. BEHIND THIS DEEPER MOISTURE/STEADIER
SNOW...EXPECT MVFR CONDITIONS WITH -SHSN AT TIMES TO PREVAIL AT KIWD
THIS EVENING. AT KCMX...IFR CONDITIONS SHOULD IMPROVE TO MVFR IN THE
NEXT HR OR TWO. AT KSAW...IT`S POSSIBLE MVFR CONDITIONS COULD
IMPROVE TO VFR AT TIMES THIS EVENING. APPROACH OF ANOTHER
DISTURBANCE/LOW PRES TROF LATER TONIGHT SHOULD RESULT IN
DETERIORATING CONDITIONS TO IFR AT KIWD/KCMX. DOWNSLOPE WIND W TO SW
WINDS AT KSAW WILL RESTRICT THE IMPACT THERE...SO MVFR CIGS SHOULD
PREVAIL. AFTER THIS DISTURBANCE EXITS TO THE E...EXPECT MVFR
CONDITIONS TO RETURN TO KIWD/KCMX MID TO LATE MORNING ON TUE. -SHSN
WILL CONTINUE AT ALL TERMINALS TUE...AND IT`S NOT OUT OF THE
QUESTION THAT IFR VIS COULD OCCUR AT TIMES...ESPECIALLY AT KIWD/KSAW
AS DAYTIME HEATING/INSTABILITY AIDS -SHSN INTENSITY. WINDS WILL
GENERALLY REMAIN GUSTY...PARTICULARLY AT KCMX WHERE GUSTS OF 25-30KT
SHOULD BE COMMON FOR MUCH OF THE FCST PERIOD.
&&

.MARINE...(FOR THE 4 PM LAKE SUPERIOR FORECAST ISSUANCE)
ISSUED AT 353 PM EDT MON APR 20 2015

SHARP PRES GRADIENT ON THE SW FLANK OF SLOW MOVING LO PRES IN
ONTARIO WILL CAUSE W TO NW WINDS UP TO 25-30 KTS INTO THU. ALTHOUGH
THERE COULD BE SOME GALE FORCE GUSTS AT TIMES...WIDESPREAD GALES ARE
NOT EXPECTED. THE CLOSER APPROACH OF HI PRES LATER IN THE WEEK WILL
RESULT IN NW WINDS DIMINISHING TO NO MORE THAN 20 KTS ON FRI AND
SAT.
&&

.MQT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
UPPER MICHIGAN...
NONE.
LAKE SUPERIOR...
NONE.
LAKE MICHIGAN...
NONE.
&&

$$

SHORT TERM...KC
LONG TERM...SRF
AVIATION...ROLFSON
MARINE...KC



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