Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Albuquerque, NM

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000
FXUS65 KABQ 302351 AAA
AFDABQ

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION...UPDATED
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ALBUQUERQUE NM
551 PM MDT THU APR 30 2015

.AVIATION...
00Z TAF CYCLE
VFR CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED AT ALL TAF SITES AND MOST LOCATIONS
THROUGH THE FORECAST PERIOD. CONVECTIVE BUILDUPS WILL CONTINUE
ACROSS THE NORTHERN AND WESTERN HIGH TERRAIN THIS EVENING...MOST
PRONOUNCED OVER THE SANGRE DE CRISTO MOUNTAINS AND THEIR EAST
SLOPES. THIS IS WHERE SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS COULD PRODUCE
LOCAL AND BRIEF MVFR CIGS AND VISIBILITIES...WITH THE STRONGEST
STORMS ALSO PRODUCING PEA SIZE HAIL AND WIND GUSTS TO 30 KT. THIS
ACTIVITY SHOULD END BETWEEN 03Z AND 06Z AND SOME STORMS WILL DRIFT
OVER THE NORTHEAST HIGHLANDS AND PLAINS. IN THE WEST...ISOLATED
SHOWERS ACROSS CATRON COUNTY WILL PRODUCE LITTLE OR NO RAIN...BUT
GUSTY WINDS TO 30 KT ARE POSSIBLE. MID DECK OF CLOUDS WILL THIN
SOME DURING THE NIGHT THEN DEVELOP AGAIN FRIDAY. A MORE ACTIVE
AFTERNOON EXPECTED FRIDAY WITH CONVECTION OVER THE HIGHER NORTHERN
TERRAIN BY LATE MORNING...THEN FORMING OVER THE WESTERN AND SOUTH
CENTRAL HIGH TERRAIN IN THE EARLY AFTERNOON. ALL THIS ACTIVITY
WILL SPREAD SLOWLY SOUTHEAST ONTO THE NORTHEAST AND CENTRAL
HIGHLANDS LATER IN THE PM AND EVENING. HAVE VCTS IN THE SAF AND
LVS TAF FORECASTS FOR FRIDAY PM.

&&

.PREV DISCUSSION...336 PM MDT THU APR 30 2015...
.SYNOPSIS...
AN UPPER LEVEL RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE WILL REMAIN THE DOMINANT
WEATHER FEATURE OVER THE LAND OF ENCHANTMENT THROUGH FRIDAY. MID
LEVEL SUBTROPICAL MOISTURE WILL CONTINUE TO TRICKLE INTO THE STATE
FROM THE SOUTHWEST...INCREASING CHANCES FOR AFTERNOON AND EVENING
SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS FRIDAY. A WEAK WAVE IN THE SOUTHERN JET STREAM
WILL GIVE A LITTLE BOOST TO SHOWER AND THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY
SATURDAY. WEATHER PREDICTION MODELS REMAIN IN GOOD AGREEMENT THAT A
STRONGER SOUTHERN STREAM SYSTEM WILL IMPACT THE AREA WITH
WIDESPREAD SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS...PERHAPS HEAVY...LATE-DAY
MONDAY THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT.

&&

.DISCUSSION...
UPPER LEVEL RIDGE AXIS NEARING THE NM/AZ LINE THIS AFTERNOON.
SWLY FLOW ALOFT AHEAD OF A WEAK UPPER LEVEL TROUGH/WAVE OFF THE
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA COAST STARTING TO BRING MID LEVEL MOISTURE
INTO THE SOUTHERN GREAT BASIN. A RATHER FEEBLE CROP OF CUMULUS
CLOUDS FORMING OVER MOST MOUNTAIN RANGES. THE ONE EXCEPTION IS OVER THE
SANGRE DE CRISTOS WHERE A FEW UPDRAFTS ARE STRONG ENOUGH TO PRODUCE VIRGA
OR LIGHT RAIN JUST EAST OF THE CREST-LINE/PEAKS. A LONE LIGHTNING
STRIKE JUST SHOWED UP 2 MILES WEST OF VERMEJO PARK. EXPECT ANY
SHOWERS/THUNDERSTORMS THAT DO DEVELOP OVER THE NRN MOUNTAINS WILL
DIMINISH RAPIDLY AFTER SUNSET. NAM AND GFS CONTINUE IDEA OF
INCREASING SHOWER/THUNDERSTORM COVERAGE FRIDAY AFTERNOON AND
EVENING...ESPECIALLY FROM THE EAST SLOPES OF THE NRN SANGRE DE
CRISTOS EAST NEAR/ALONG THE COLORADO BORDER WHERE MODERATE TO STRONG SFC
CONVERGENCE SETS UP. WRN MOUNTAINS ALSO GET MORE INTO THE ACT AS
MID LEVEL FLOW IMPORTS SLIGHTLY MORE MOISTURE AND UPPER LEVEL
DEFORMATION/STRETCHING OVER THIS AREA INCREASES.

MODELS STILL ON TRACK BRINGING WEAK UPPER LEVEL SOUTHERN STREAM
WAVE THROUGH NM ON SATURDAY. INCREASING PWATS (PRECIPITABLE
WATER)...DAYTIME HEATING AND LARGE-SCALE FORCING EXPECTED TO LEAD
TO A HEALTHY CROP OF AFTERNOON AND EVENING SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS SATURDAY. WEST TO NWLY STEERING FLOW WILL SEND THE
STORMS INTO THE VALLEYS/PLAINS DURING THE LATE AFTERNOON AND EARLY
EVENING. INCREASED PRECIP CHANCES MOST AREAS SATURDAY AS A RESULT
OF THE GOOD AGREEMENT WITH REGARD TO THE TIMING OF THIS WAVE AS
WELL AS THE GOOD AGREEMENT IN INCREASING PWAT.

UPPER LEVEL RIDGE REBUILDS OVER WRN NM SUNDAY. SOME DRIER MID
LEVEL AIR WORKS IN FROM THE THE WEST AND NW SUNDAY...LIMITING
SHOWER/THUNDERSTORM COVERAGE SOMEWHAT BUT MODELS TRENDING A BIT
WETTER...ESPECIALLY OVER SRN AND NERN AREAS WHERE THE MID LEVEL
DRYING SHOULD HAVE LESS INFLUENCE. SUBSIDENCE BEHIND THE SATURDAY
WAVE WILL LIKELY RESULT IN A LATER START TO AFTERNOON CONVECTION
SUNDAY.

AHH...AT LAST. MODELS REMAIN IN GOOD AGREEMENT FOR WHAT LOOKS LIKE
THE BEST SOUTHERN STREAM UPPER LEVEL MAY STORM SYSTEM SINCE 2010.
THIS FEATURE IS PROGGED BY THE GFS TO TREK EAST-NORTHEASTWARD INTO
SOUTHERN ARIZONA LATE-DAY MONDAY AND THROUGH NM LATE MONDAY NIGHT
AND TUESDAY. INCREASING SOUTHERLY FLOW AT ALL LEVELS STARTS
DRAWING UP DEEP PACIFIC AND GULF MOISTURE INTO SRN NM MONDAY
FORENOON. GFS INDICATING THAT A PRETTY GOOD ROUND OF AFTERNOON
CONVECTION WILL ERUPT ALL MOUNTAIN AREAS AND ERN PLAINS MONDAY
AFTERNOON BUT THE ACTION REALLY GETS GOING MONDAY EVENING...MONDAY
NIGHT AND THROUGH TUESDAY AND TUESDAY NIGHT...ESPECIALLY EAST AND
NORTHEAST. HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS FROM THIS SYSTEM PROGGED
TO BE IN THE NE QUARTER OR SO OF THE STATE. GFS CONTINUES TO BE
CONSISTENTLY DEEPER THAN THE ECMWF WITH THE UPPER LOW
CENTER...BRINGING IN WRAP AROUND MOISTURE INTO NORTHERN AND
CENTRAL AREAS TUESDAY NIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY AS THE UPPER PORTION OF
THE LOW LIFTS NORTHEASTWARD THROUGH EASTERN COLORADO. 33

&&

.FIRE WEATHER...

CRITICAL FIRE WEATHER IS NOT EXPECTED THROUGH THE FORECAST PERIOD.

AN UPPER LEVEL RIDGE REMAINS POSITIONED OVER THE SOUTHWEST
STATES...ALTHOUGH ITS AMPLITUDE HAS BEEN STUNTED BY A FAST MOVING
SHORT WAVE MOVING OVER THE CENTRAL ROCKIES AT THIS TIME.
TEMPERATURES ARE RUNNING 7 TO 12 DEGREES WARMER THAN YESTERDAY AND
ASSOCIATED AFTERNOON RH VALUES ARE LOWER AS WELL...MIN RH VALUES OF
LESS THAN 15 PERCENT ACROSS MUCH OF THE NORTHWEST PLATEAU AND RIO
GRANDE VALLEY SOUTH OF ALBUQUERQUE. A FEW HIGH CLOUDS WILL WORK INTO
NEW MEXICO AS THE RIDGE CONTINUES TO SHIFT A BIT MORE TO THE EAST.
WITH SUFFICIENT INSTABILITY AND MID LEVEL MOISTURE...SOME
THUNDERSTORMS AND SPOTTY SHOWERS ARE POSSIBLE OVER THE NORTHERN
HIGHER TERRAIN THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING...WITH SOME DRIER STORMS
POSSIBLE OVER THE WESTERN HIGH TERRAIN.

SIMILAR CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED ON FRIDAY AS THE RIDGE AXIS SHIFTS
INTO WESTERN NEW MEXICO. TEMPERATURES WARM ALL ZONES EXCEPT THE
NORTHEAST WHERE A WEAK WIND SHIFT WILL USHER IN SOME COOLER
TEMPERATURES AND INCREASED LOW LEVEL MOISTURE. MODEST LOW LEVEL
MOISTURE INCREASES ARE ALSO EXPECTED ACROSS THE WEST. THUS...CHANCES
OF WETTING RAIN INCLUDING SOME THUNDERSTORMS INCREASE A BIT OVER THE
HIGHER TERRAIN...AS WELL AS OVER THE NORTHEAST HIGHLANDS AND PLAINS
WHERE UPSLOPE FLOW WILL BE IN PLACE.

OVER THE WEEKEND...THE RIDGE WEAKENS AS AN UPPER LOW DEEPENS OFF THE
BAJA COAST. A FAIRLY STRONG JET WILL ROUND THE BASE OF THE TROUGH
WITH GOOD DIFFLUENCE ALOFT AHEAD OF THE LOW. THUS...CHANCES OF
WETTING RAIN INCREASE ACROSS THE WEST ESPECIALLY ON SATURDAY.
TEMPERATURES COOL A FEW DEGREES AS WELL AND MAINLY ACROSS THE WEST.
WEST TO SOUTHWEST SURFACE WINDS ARE EXPECTED BOTH DAYS...BUT SPEEDS
WILL BE RELATIVELY LIGHT.

EXTENDED MODELS ARE IN RELATIVE AGREEMENT...WITH THE UPPER LOW
MOVING ONSHORE ON MONDAY AND THE TROUGH AXIS REACHING WESTERN NEW
MEXICO BY MID DAY TUESDAY. CHANCES OF WETTING RAIN INCREASE EACH DAY
FAVORING EASTERN AND HIGH TERRAIN ZONES LATE MONDAY INTO TUESDAY.

VENTILATION LOOKS TO BE GENERALLY GOOD TO EXCELLENT THROUGH THE
PERIOD...EXCEPT ON TUESDAY WHEN LOWER MIXING HEIGHTS ASSOCIATED WITH
THE UPPER TROUGH COULD REDUCE VENTILATION TO POOR TO FAIR ACROSS THE
NORTH CENTRAL ZONES. 05

&&

.ABQ WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NONE.

&&

$$







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