Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 052210
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
610 PM EDT TUE MAY 05 2015


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAY 06/0000 UTC THRU MAY 09/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


MADE ONLY VERY MINOR CHANGES TO THE PRELIM DAY 1 QPF BASED MOSTLY
ON RECENT RADAR IMAGERY/TRENDS.

DAY 1...

...LOWER GREAT LAKES STATES TO THE MID ATLANTIC...

RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION UPPER JET FORCING (SOUTH OF THE W-E UPPER
CONFLUENT ZONE AND JET AXIS) AND ASSOCIATED LOW-MID LAYER
FRONTOGENESIS WILL MAINTAIN A FAIRLY ELONGATED AREA OF
LIGHT-MODERATE RAINFALL ALONG THE LOW LEVEL FRONTAL ZONE AND PW
AXIS OF 1-1.25 INCHES. WPC OPTED FOR A MULTI-MODEL COMPROMISE WITH
THE QPF...WITH AREAL-AVERAGE AMOUNTS GENERALLY IN THE .25 TO .50+
INCH RANGE.


...PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS...

STILL EXPECT A HEAVY TO POTENTIALLY EXCESSIVE NOCTURNAL RAINFALL
EVENT LATER THIS EVENING THROUGH EARLY WED ACROSS A GOOD CHUNK OF
NORTH TX...EASTERN OK..AND SOUTHEAST KS. THE HIGHLY AMPLIFIED
TROUGH-RIDGE SETUP WILL ONCE AGAIN SET THE STAGE FOR STRONG UPPER
LEVEL DIFFLUENCE/DIVERGENCE DOWNSTREAM OF THE TROUGH
AXIS...COUPLED WITH THE ENHANCED (ANOMALOUS) LOW LEVEL MOISTURE
TRANSPORT AND S-N ADVECTION OF HIGHER PW VALUES (WHICH WILL TAP
THE SUBTROPICAL JET STREAM). 850 MB MOISTURE FLUX ANOMALIES ARE
EXPECTED TO CLIMB TO NEAR 3 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL ALONG
THE AXIS OF A 50KT 850 MB LLJ... WHILE PW VALUES CLIMB BETWEEN 1.5
AND 1.75 INCHES. THE JUXTAPOSITION OF FAVORABLE DYNAMICAL FORCING
AND THERMODYNAMIC PROFILES SUPPORT A CONTINUATION OF THE EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL THREAT FROM THE PREVIOUS FORECAST...HOWEVER...A SLIGHT
RISK WAS MAINTAINED GIVEN THE CONTINUED N-S SPREAD WITH THE
HEAVIER QPF AMONG THE MODELS (INCLUDING THE HIGH-RES). THIS IS
SOMEWHAT COMMON AMONG MADDOX SYNOPTIC TYPE EVENTS...ESPECIALLY
INTO LATE SPRING WHERE DEEP LAYER INSTABILITY WILL OFTEN CONFINE
THE HEAVIER RAINFALL ON THE SOUTHERN EDGE OF THE GUIDANCE SPREAD.
THE WILD CARD HERE WILL BE THE DEGREE OF DEEP-LAYER
INSTABILITY...AS THE SLOWLY-DECAYING MCS DEBRIS FROM OVERNIGHT
ALONG WITH THE EXTENSIVE SYNOPTICALLY-DRIVEN CLOUD COVER AHEAD OF
THE TROUGH HAS THUS FAR LIMITED THE AIRMASS RECOVERY AND THUS
SURFACE-BASED INSTABILITY. REGARDLESS...THE SIGNAL IS CERTAINLY
THERE FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL POTENTIAL OVERNIGHT... AS MUCAPES
CLIMB BETWEEN 1000-2000 J/KG WITH THE INCREASING LLJ. IN
ADDITION...AS THE S-SSW LLJ STRENGTHENS TO ~50 KTS...THE
ORIENTATION AND SPEED RELATIVE TO THE MEAN WIND WILL CAUSE
CONSIDERABLE UPWIND PROPAGATION AND AS A RESULT A LARGE N-S
COMPONENT TO THE CORFIDI VECTORS. AS A RESULT...TRAINING OF CELLS
WILL BECOME LIKELY AFTER 00Z.


...EASTERN CO / WESTERN KS / FAR SW NE...

INCREASING MID/UPPER LIFT...WORKING WITH PW VALUES OF 0.75 INCHES
TO NEAR 1.0 INCH...WILL PROMOTE WIDESPREAD RAINFALL TO FURTHER
SATURATE THE GROUND ABOVE WHAT CONVECTION HAD ACCOMPLISHED MONDAY
NIGHT. LIGHT UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD PERSIST THIS AFTERNOON NEAR AND
NORTH OF THE PALMER DIVIDE...WHILE MIGRATION OF THE SYNOPTIC
TROUGH THROUGH THIS REGION WILL GRADUALLY ENCOURAGE VEERING OF
LOW-LEVEL FLOW...WITH A SURFACE TROUGH AXIS MIGRATING OUT TOWARD
KANSAS AND FAR NORTHEAST CO BY 00Z. WHILE THE STRENGTH AND
PERSISTENCE OF THE UPSLOPE IS NOT IDEAL FOR HEAVY RAIN...OTHER
FACTORS...SUCH AS ANTECEDENT RAINFALL...PW VALUES OF 0.75 INCHES
ALL THE WAY WEST OF I-25...AND PASSAGE OF THE COLDEST MID LEVEL
TEMPERATURES THROUGH CENTRAL COLORADO LATE THIS AFTERNOON INTO
EARLY EVENING...SUGGEST A RISK OF FLASH FLOODING. AS NOTED BY THE
NWS BOULDER FORECAST OFFICE...THE PREDICTED PW VALUES WOULD BE A
RECORD FOR THE DATE.

THOUGH ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS ARE NOT AS RIPE ON THE EASTERN PLAINS
AND OVER ADJACENT KS/NE...LOW LEVEL MOISTURE TRANSPORT WILL FOCUS
THERE...AND WITH LARGELY MERIDIONAL FLOW...SOME TRAINING OF CELLS
FROM SOUTH TO NORTH COULD PRODUCE A FLASH FLOOD RISK.


...FLORIDA...

A MID-LEVEL TROUGH AXIS EXTENDING ACROSS THE LOWER FL PENINSULA
EARLY IN THE PERIOD WILL SLOWLY LIFT NE AND OFF THE SOUTHEAST
COAST BY THE END OF THE PERIOD (00Z THU). THIS WILL KEEP THE
MAJORITY OF ORGANIZED PRECIPITATION SOUTH AND EAST OF THE FLORIDA
PENINSULA...BUT PRECIPITATION WILL INCREASE OVER SOUTH FLORIDA
OWING TO A DEEPENING FETCH OF EASTERLY LOW LEVEL WINDS.
AREAL-AVERAGE 24-HOUR AMOUNTS UP TO 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES ARE STILL
ANTICIPATED ACROSS SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF THE FL PENINSULA...HIGHEST
TOWARD THE ATLANTIC COAST.


DAYS 2/3...


...FL/SOUTHEAST COAST...

STILL GOOD AGREEMENT AMONG THE MODEL GUIDANCE OF AN AREA OF LOW
PRESSURE FORMING OFF THE SOUTHEAST COAST BY MID WEEK...HOWEVER
UNCERTAINTY CONTINUES WITH REGARDS TO THE TRACK OF THE SYSTEM.
GIVEN WEAK STEERING CURRENTS...MOTION WILL BE SLOW...LIKELY
DRIFTING SLOWLY NORTH OR EAST. 12Z GFS AND NAM HAVE STAYED
CONSISTENT ON BEING ON THE WESTERN EDGE OF THE GUIDANCE
ENVELOPE...WITH THE 12Z UKMET AND CMC FURTHER EAST. ECMWF HAD BEEN
WITH THE EASTERN CAMP...BUT THE 12Z RUN TRENDED SIGNIFICANTLY WEST
TOWARDS THE GFS SOLUTION. WOULD LIKE TO SEE MORE MODEL CONTINUITY
BEFORE MAKING ANY BIG CHANGES TO WPC QPF. THUS FEEL LIKE SOMETHING
TOWARDS A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF AND 12Z UKMET MAY BE A GOOD
COMPROMISE. THE 0Z ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEAN FITS THIS IDEA WELL...AND
THUS TRENDED TOWARDS ITS QPF. THIS PUSHES QPF FURTHER WEST TOWARDS
DAY 3...APPROACHING THE SOUTH AND NORTH CAROLINA COAST. HEAVIEST
QPF STILL STAYS OFFSHORE IN THIS SOLUTION. WILL NEED TO CONTINUE
TO MONITOR TRENDS AND MAKE ADJUSTMENTS AS NEEDED...AS A FURTHER
WEST SOLUTION WOULD BRING HIGHER QPF ONSHORE.
PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER`S SPECIAL TROPICAL
WEATHER OUTLOOKS FOR THE LATEST INFORMATION ON THIS SYSTEM.


...GREAT PLAINS...

STRONG SOUTHERLY FLOW BETWEEN A TROUGH CARVING OUT IN THE WEST AND
A DOWNSTREAM RIDGE BUILDING INTO THE EAST WILL CONTINUE TO STREAM
GULF MOISTURE NORTHWARD INTO THE CENTRAL U.S. THE ANOMALOUS AND
PERSISTENT MOISTURE WILL FUEL WIDESPREAD PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE
GREAT PLAINS THROUGH FRIDAY. EXPECT TWO AREA OF ENHANCED QPF ON
DAY 2...WEDNESDAY NIGHT INTO THURSDAY. ONE SHOULD BE ACROSS
EASTERN NEBRASKA...WESTERN IOWA...AND FAR SOUTHEAST SOUTH DAKOTA
ASSOCIATED WITH A NEGATIVELY TILTED SHORTWAVE TRAVERSING THE AREA.
WEAK INSTABILITY NUDGING NORTH AHEAD OF THE WAVE...COMBINED WITH
PWAT VALUES 2 TO 3 SD ABOVE NORMAL...STRONG ANOMALOUS LOW LEVEL
MOISTURE FLUX...AND THE POTENTIAL FOR SOME BACKBUILDING OF
CONVECTION GIVEN THE STRONG LOW LEVEL JET...ALL POINT TOWARDS AN
AREA OF 0.75 TO 1.5 INCHES OF PRECIPITATION. NAM WAS AN
OUTLIER...SO USED A GFS AND ECMWF BLEND TO START FOR QPF...WITH
SOME ADJUSTMENT TOWARDS ECMWF ENSEMBLE CLUSTERS. HELD OFF ON ANY
EXCESSIVE OUTLOOK AT THIS TIME AS AMOUNTS SEEM TOO LOW AND
INSTABILITY A BIT WEAK...BUT SOMETHING TO MONITOR.

OTHER AREA IS ACROSS NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS AND SOUTH CENTRAL
OKLAHOMA. AGAIN A ECMWF...GFS AND ECMWF ENSEMBLE BLEND SEEMED LIKE
THE BEST APPROACH. THIS RESULTS IN AN AREA OF 0.5 TO 1.5 INCHES OF
QPF. WHICH OVERALL IS PROBABLY TOO LOW FOR AN EXCESSIVE RISK.
THESE AMOUNTS ARE A BIT LOWER THAN WHAT IS POSSIBLE THOUGH...AS
ENOUGH UNCERTAINTY EXISTS ON CONVECTION INITIATION
TIMING...LOCATION AND COVERAGE TO GO TOO HIGH WITH THIS FORECAST
PACKAGE. BUT GIVEN THE HIGH PWATS...MOISTURE TRANSPORT AND THE
FACT THAT THE SAME LOCATIONS MAY GET HIT BY MULTIPLE STORMS OR
COMPLEXES...FELT A SLIGHT RISK WAS WARRANTED. LARGE SCALE FORCING
IS NOT OVERLY STRONG...BUT ENOUGH INSTABILITY EXISTS...THAT
COMBINED WITH FORCING NEAR THE DRY LINE AND ASCENT WITH THE
INCREASING LOW LEVEL JET...THINK PERIODS OF STORMS WILL OCCUR IN
THIS AREA. AS CONFIDENCE INCREASES...QPF AMOUNTS CAN BE ADJUSTED
AS NEEDED.

BY DAY 3...THURSDAY NIGHT INTO FRIDAY...ONE SHORTWAVE BEGINS
PUSHING NORTHEAST INTO MISSOURI. PWATS ALSO INCREASE INTO THE 2 TO
3 SD ABOVE NORMAL RANGE. WOULD EXPECT ONGOING MORNING CONVECTION
ACROSS EASTERN KANSAS INTO WESTERN MISSOURI...WITH AFTERNOON
DEVELOPMENT AGAIN FURTHER WEST ACROSS CENTRAL AND WESTERN OKLAHOMA
AND KANSAS. A BLEND OF THE GFS AND ECMWF...WITH SOME ADJUSTMENT
BASED ON UNCERTAINTY AND ENSEMBLE PROBABILITIES WAS USED FOR WPC
QPF. ISSUED A SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FROM NORTH CENTRAL
OKLAHOMA...CENTRAL AND EASTERN KANSAS...AND WESTERN
MISSOURI...WHERE MODEL AND ENSEMBLE OUTPUT...COMBINED WITH THE
FORCING AND ANOMALOUS MOISTURE...ALL SUPPORT THE THREAT OF HIGH
RATES.

...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/GREAT BASIN/ROCKIES...

A DEEP UPPER LOW DIGGING INTO THE WESTERN U.S. WILL BRING ACTIVE
WEATHER TO MUCH OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST...GREAT BASIN...AND
ROCKIES.  DESPITE A LACK OF SIGNIFICANT MOISTURE SOURCE...STRONG
MID-LEVEL FORCING...COMBINED WITH OROGRAPHIC EFFECTS...SHOULD
STILL PRODUCE WIDESPREAD PRECIPITATION THURSDAY INTO FRIDAY.
MODELS REMAINED IN DECENT AGREEMENT OUT WEST AND MINIMAL
ADJUSTMENTS WERE MADE TO CONTINUITY.

HURLEY/TERRY/CHENARD

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 07/00Z
 0.01 563024 563016 561013 556007 537002 537989 532980 526973
      520968 517965 514957 509948 503926 502923 499919 494913
      491909 487906 482904 479902 476893 475887 473882 460866
      446856 444841 442838 442832 438818 435805 433794 431778
      429769 425759 419750 418740 419735 418729 418722 418717
      417710 415707 411702 407698 399695 393695 388697 383702
      380704 379709 380717 382724 386735 377752 375757 371760
      368764 367768 368781 369788 366797 363807 362812 358816
      352824 350829 349836 352844 356848 360848 363847 365845
      368842 370838 372830 377822 381820 384819 386820 390822
      392825 392829 391843 386853 382861 380866 382870 384873
      388872 393870 398871 406880 408884 409890 408898 407902
      403910 398915 394920 391922 388925 383926 373926 370928
      364929 357934 354937 348937 326934 323932 318932 309934
      301939 294947 292958 295960 297962 295964 285964 286970
      285983 285987 283988 276987 266988 266995 269999 277003
      281006 282012 285019 288016 289016 290018 292022 299026
      304028 307027 313026 318022 320018 325017 333013 341011
      348015 356020 364020 372018 377018 381020 385024 387030
      384036 382040 368050 361055 357056 357059 348063 346066
      344070 345077 344083 344087 346091 351098 355100 361101
      370099 380100 388102 387107 385111 380113 377118 372129
      371133 370139 371145 370151 375157 377161 379166 376173
      375175 373175 368173 367177 371180 375184 379185 381181
      385176 393174 397171 399165 407160 411158 416160 418159
      420155 425131 430121 436115 439115 441118 442122 442130
      440134 437140 437143 438146 442150 444155 446158 449161
      451165 450168 451171 451176 454180 458182 461180 461175
      457177 454173 454169 455167 458162 457156 455152 454149
      454145 457139 461136 464132 467129 470126 474125 482123
      496115
 0.01 496115 503111 511106 514102 517096 520092 522086 524082
      525077 530077 534076 544074 548072 551069 557060 559055
      561046 562029 563024
 0.01 535217 536209 536197 537187 538175 538166 539159 542149
      542141 542132 539124 535120 530120 527121 525123 522128
      517145 513149 506148 504153 508159 509161 506163 505161
      501159 499161 498165 491164 485163 483167 484173 487177
      489180 488182 485187 488187 488193 484198 480201 471209
      466210 462213 451215 447216 444215 438216 433218 428223
      428226 431228 436230 457224 458226 461227 468226 471226
      472230 471236 471240 473243 477244 483247 488252 491257
      497270 500275 502276 504273 504265 501260 497254 494248
      491242 489239 486237 483236 482233 483228 486228 489227
      492229 495235 498242 501247 505252 508259 510265 516268
      518260 520250 524241 526236 531226 535217
 0.01 480673 477672 474676 472680 470685 468689 467694 468702
      471701 474697 476693 478689 479683 480678 480673
 0.01 465239 465234 464233 462233 459233 455233 453234 450233
      448235 448237 449240 452241 454239 457239 460239 463240
      465239
 0.01 420128 420126 420125 418124 416124 415125 414127 414129
      414132 414134 415135 416134 417132 419130 420128
 0.01 405215 405212 403209 401206 399205 398203 394202 392204
      391206 393208 395210 397213 400215 403216 405215
 0.01 340177 340176 339174 338174 337173 335173 334173 335174
      336175 338176 338177 340177 340177
 0.01 330731 329725 327720 323713 317707 308705 297708 289713
      273721 259731 253736 248743 247748 244752 243754 243760
      245764 244768 243773 240777 235783 230788 225796 224805
      228813 234818 235822 239826 245829 250828 253826 255818
      258815 261816 268822 276825 281824 285823 287819 286815
      284812 289811 301810 306809 309807 315802 319799 321795
      325786 326777 326771 325766 324761 326756 329743 330731
 0.01 314918 313905 313901 311894 307886 301882 298880 292880
      287887 284889 283894 289899 295906 298914 303920 306922
      310922 314918
 0.01 259002 255997 252995 248994 240992 236993 233995 232998
      233001 237007 237017 237021 241024 243024 245022 247014
      254011 257004 259002
 0.25 554034 553029 551026 547027 545030 541036 536040 529044
      527046 527052 529055 532056 538055 544052 548047 552039
      554034
 0.25 531202 530191 533182 531173 526166 521160 518161 517168
      519172 519175 515175 513177 514180 516184 518192 522200
      524203 526204 531202
 0.25 518238 519234 519228 517226 516224 513222 510221 508223
      507227 507229 508233 509236 512239 514241 516241 518238
 0.25 521020 520013 516010 509010 503008 501002 498997 493995
      486995 483996 480994 477989 474987 472989 470995 467001
      461002 451999 442995 438990 436983 442976 445972 445963
      445960 443958 438955 425952 415948 407944 398939 391938
      384937 374939 362942 352946 342948 330952 325956 321960
      314966 307977 306980 310983 316985 317991 322992 328992
      335990 340991 350997 356003 360004 362003 366000 371996
      378995 390998 394000 398003 405014 407020 407026 405033
      404040 404044 402046 399044 397040 394039 391041 388046
      387050 388055 387060 383062 382067 380068 376070 375073
      374077 375082 377084 382086 384090 387092 392090 397089
      403090 405095 405101 403108 399111 397113 393114 387115
      383119 384122 386124 391125 395129 399132 403130 406128
      407125 408120 413119 417116 414114 410113 409111 411105
      411098 413090 415083 418079 420072 424070 430070 432076
      442074 450078 450073 445068 436067 431068 429061 431056
      435053 446053 451054 457054 463051 463045 463043 466041
      470040 472046 475050 479053 476057 471060 464062 463064
      463067 468068 473066 478066 485066 490063 495049 508034
      515027 521020
 0.25 479215 479212 475212 474213 472214 468214 466215 464216
      464221 466222 467220 469219 471218 474217 477216 479215
 0.25 475106 475104 475103 473101 472100 470099 469100 468101
      467102 466105 466107 467110 468110 469111 470110 471110
      473109 473108 475107 475106
 0.25 454103 454097 452093 448093 443092 441090 437090 434091
      431089 427083 423084 422088 426094 432099 436097 439098
      445098 450102 453104 454103
 0.25 427822 428814 427806 426791 424776 420766 415767 413771
      409773 407770 403766 400763 394756 390758 387762 382769
      379774 380776 384778 388780 391784 394787 400795 407800
      415804 418814 419830 419841 421844 424839 427822
 0.25 410152 410150 408148 403146 401144 399139 393139 390141
      388146 390151 392153 395157 398157 404157 407155 410152
 0.25 398737 398735 398733 398730 398728 396726 395728 395729
      394731 395733 395736 396736 397738 398738 398737
 0.25 322728 321721 318716 313712 308711 305711 301712 296714
      284720 276727 268736 262744 257754 257758 258762 261766
      263771 262778 260783 257787 258791 260792 260797 263802
      267805 273806 280806 287804 294804 302803 307801 312797
      315792 318786 319780 318771 317764 319750 322739 322728
 0.25 247800 246798 244797 242798 241799 241800 240801 240803
      241805 243803 245804 246803 246802 247800
 0.50 530178 530176 530175 528174 527175 528177 528178 529178
      530178
 0.50 481017 481011 478009 475010 471013 470016 466021 463023
      464029 469030 473029 476026 479022 481017 481017
 0.50 451029 451024 449023 444024 440020 437019 434021 430025
      429032 430040 434042 440043 445039 447033 450032 451029
 0.50 422796 421792 421787 420785 418781 416780 413781 411782
      411786 411791 413795 414798 416800 417802 419805 421804
      421799 422796
 0.50 420055 420053 420050 418049 416049 416050 415052 416054
      417055 418055 420055 420055
 0.50 414073 414065 413062 410061 408057 406054 401054 397055
      395057 394062 392066 389067 385074 385080 387084 390084
      393083 400081 405077 411074 414073
 0.50 417994 417986 415980 412975 408973 402971 397968 389963
      386958 382954 373948 368947 364947 352951 340953 332958
      327962 324965 323970 324974 324980 325983 328985 332987
      339987 345989 349991 354995 359996 363994 372990 378989
      385989 392990 396993 405999 409001 412000 416996 417994
 0.50 397775 397772 396772 394770 394771 394772 395773 395775
      397777 397775
 0.50 320737 320729 318722 315718 311716 306714 302715 293719
      284724 276731 270739 265747 263752 263757 268765 270772
      270779 275789 275794 276799 281800 287800 299799 305798
      310794 313791 315787 315779 314772 313765 313759 316748
      319742 320737
 1.00 377981 377972 374967 370963 361958 356957 350957 340960
      332967 331972 335975 343980 353982 358982 362980 369979
      375979 377981
 1.00 315738 315732 314726 309720 306718 302719 296723 289728
      282733 278739 274745 273749 273755 275764 277769 279772
      283780 286789 293790 297792 301791 305790 307788 309784
      308781 304779 304775 306766 308758 313743 315738
 1.50 362972 361968 359966 357965 354963 352962 348962 346963
      343964 341965 340969 343971 344973 346974 350975 353974
      357974 359974 362972
 1.50 310741 310735 307731 302730 297731 288735 281741 279744
      278749 278760 279765 281767 285766 288767 292769 296769
      300768 302764 305755 308746 310741
 2.00 307739 306736 303735 294737 287741 282744 281752 280761
      282764 286762 292761 294763 299763 301760 302755 302747
      306742 307739

24HR QP VT 08/00Z
 0.01 561908 561887 561870 560854 557842 553830 550818 543814
      537810 534811 530814 526819 521828 518839 515836 514832
      510833 507836 503836 501839 494840 485861 478881 476885
      474887 472886 468883 464883 458883 456881 446882 431888
      424891 419893 416895 411896 408897 402902 389910 381916
      374922 371925 369928 363935 355940 347944 330944 325944
      321945 314949 310951 308955 303964 302967 302972 303976
      302981 294982 290983 288985 285992 289000 296005 299008
      301012 305014 308017 314024 315028 319030 322032 328032
      333032 336030 338027 341029 348033 360035 363037 366039
      369043 367049 363052 361055 363056 368056 371056 373057
      378060 379064 368063 368066 372068 374072 372075 375082
      382083 385087 389089 394089 397094 396101 396107 394110
      388113 384114 382113 380114 379119 379124 383126 386127
      390124 397124 401128 403131 401134 393137 387145 386149
      383153 375157 371163 368174 364176 360178 358182 360187
      367191 381203 383206 388207 393209 396211 401216 404217
      406215 409211 410208 409206 403204 400199 399194 402191
      404189 407189 409187 414181 421176 427172 435165 439160
      445160 448163 450171 454176 456175 459174 460170 461164
      464160 469155 470150 472146 474140 475130 471120 471108
      470103 467100 464097 461092 458081 455073 452069 448067
      444067 440064 433060 427054 420047 415043 411037 401025
      394017 391013 392009 393002 395003 397007 400010 408015
      416017 421019 424021 426032 431040 434042 438044 456051
      469059 476060 483062 500054 513046 526035 537024 541016
      543010 544006 552993 556987 558981 558971 559964 559958
      560944 560922 560911 561908
 0.01 519183 518179 515175 512172 507171 502170 497169 494168
      495174 498175 503177 508178 511181 514185 518185 519183
 0.01 519170 520159 517153 514150 510146 505142 500142 499147
      501149 504153 507155 509157 511163 516169 519170
 0.01 501214 500209 498205 495202 491198 487197 485199 477202
      473202 470204 464210 463215 466217 470218 473215 482214
      485212 489211 497216 501214
 0.01 451220 450216 447215 444214 439214 434218 429220 426219
      424221 421222 421225 425227 430225 436223 440222 446222
      451220
 0.01 409791 408781 405775 402770 398765 390755 388753 385754
      382754 380757 379763 376771 375776 377783 371787 368791
      365805 360819 354828 351835 348840 348844 354840 360842
      361847 363847 374851 377853 379851 383847 384841 384838
      381836 379825 378822 379819 382814 391805 394804 397805
      401803 407797 409791
 0.01 377217 375214 373212 371210 369208 367206 363204 361203
      360206 362208 364210 365213 368214 370217 372219 374218
      377217
 0.01 351755 349737 348729 346723 343709 343702 340696 336690
      334690 331691 321696 315698 310700 302706 297707 294712
      286718 277724 272733 270739 271746 273752 274756 273760
      270764 266766 260768 255766 248768 245772 242777 239781
      236790 235802 235811 236818 237826 240831 246837 252837
      257834 257827 261825 271829 279832 286831 285825 281822
      277817 280811 278806 274803 271802 270799 272795 275795
      281796 288796 301798 310799 316800 319799 325796 330793
      337784 343777 346772 348767 350760 351755
 0.01 345182 346178 346175 345171 345169 341166 340165 337165
      337170 339171 340175 341177 340181 343183 345182
 0.01 289018 289013 287010 282007 274004 269999 260990 258986
      255985 248983 240981 237983 236985 236996 237003 237014
      239017 241019 247023 254025 262025 266024 270025 276028
      281028 283026 289018
 0.25 554895 555884 555874 553859 551852 549847 544837 541834
      536836 531843 529849 529856 525864 522868 518872 511877
      504885 499893 493901 488907 483914 480918 477920 466924
      458927 449932 441937 437935 434932 431925 429921 426918
      423917 420919 420921 417922 402934 394941 391944 389949
      387954 384956 378958 359958 348963 344963 337963 332964
      328966 323974 320985 319994 316998 316006 318009 321012
      327013 330017 333019 338018 348015 353013 355011 359003
      363996 369989 378988 385986 389986 396993 399994 402990
      407988 411989 418993 422993 427992 436989 439987 445988
      453985 456983 460984 469988 468994 466999 462001 459004
      458008 458013 460025 464033 469036 475037 484037 494035
      502032 509026 514019 524005 535987 536981 537971 538957
      540951 542946 545939 548928 551914 554903 554895
 0.25 459133 459124 457115 454103 450097 445093 441089 437083
      430073 424062 420057 415053 406046 401041 398034 396032
      393032 391036 391042 391047 393054 396059 400062 411071
      415075 417081 415089 417097 419102 419110 420114 422117
      427120 432123 435129 438136 442142 447143 453142 457138
      459133
 0.25 444947 443947 442945 440945 438944 437945 436945 436947
      437947 438948 440949 442949 443948 444947
 0.25 420147 421143 419140 416140 411143 407143 396144 393148
      392154 389159 385162 383167 382172 384175 387176 391176
      399171 405163 413157 417153 419148 420147
 0.25 391202 389199 386195 383193 380189 377185 374183 369183
      367184 367187 371189 374192 377196 380199 383202 387204
      391202 391202
 0.25 343746 343737 341730 338718 336710 334706 330703 326702
      319704 314706 305712 288722 284726 283732 284738 287743
      294749 296754 297760 298771 300781 303785 307789 310791
      315793 320793 325791 331785 337776 341766 342755 343746
 0.25 264813 265808 263807 261805 258804 254804 252806 253808
      254812 255814 257815 259817 262817 263815 264813
 0.25 245801 245799 244798 242798 242799 241800 240801 240803
      241805 243804 244803 245802 245801
 0.50 548901 548892 547888 543880 538876 532875 526879 520884
      515888 510895 507904 502910 493922 487940 482946 479952
      477960 479965 484972 486974 486979 487990 484998 480005
      475009 473012 473019 478024 486026 492025 499021 506018
      511013 516008 520002 524993 528985 530977 532965 532957
      533952 536942 539935 542925 548901
 0.50 438098 436094 434092 433090 431087 428085 425085 423088
      424093 426096 427098 429100 432102 435100 438098
 0.50 443973 443969 442965 438962 431956 423952 412947 407950
      405955 403968 402972 403975 407977 414984 417986 420985
      424983 431978 438976 442975 443973
 0.50 410152 408151 406151 405151 404152 402153 400154 400155
      399157 400158 402158 404157 406156 408155 408154 410153
      410152
 0.50 387201 386198 384197 382196 381195 379194 379195 381196
      381197 382198 384199 385200 385201 387201 387201
 0.50 363981 362978 359976 355975 346971 340970 335971 331975
      329980 326990 323996 322001 332003 333011 334013 336013
      341011 346011 350007 352002 356991 358987 362983 363981
 0.50 341742 339730 336720 333715 331711 324708 319708 313710
      307714 300720 294725 291729 291734 296741 302747 305751
      305757 304768 304775 305780 311787 316789 318789 323788
      327785 332780 336771 339762 340752 341742
 1.00 518983 519975 518970 517967 515965 511967 509971 507977
      506983 504988 504992 505996 508996 512995 515992 517988
      518983
 1.00 426966 426962 423961 421961 419961 417960 414959 411961
      412966 412968 414973 416973 418973 421971 423970 424968
      426966
 1.00 337743 336734 333728 330723 327718 322716 315718 310722
      308726 310733 313738 314747 314753 313760 313768 313775
      316781 318782 322782 327779 330773 332767 335756 337743
 1.00 348989 349985 349980 346978 343978 339980 338982 337984
      335988 334991 333995 337997 339998 340997 344996 346994
      347991 348989
 1.50 334747 334740 332735 327727 321723 317725 319728 321733
      322738 320748 317757 316762 317768 319774 321776 325775
      327770 330762 333754 334747
 2.00 331750 331744 329740 326742 325747 324751 322756 321760
      321765 323768 326764 328759 329755 331750 331750


24HR QP VT 09/00Z
 0.01 566955 563925 560892 556861 552832 547804 545790 541775
      539761 537751 528735 523725 518718 514714 509715 498719
      493725 490728 484730 479731 475734 464738 462748 461758
      457781 457786 455791 449801 446804 445808 442817 435824
      431827 429831 424841 418849 403859 398867 393871 389874
      382879 376885 370891 363896 356901 349907 347910 347916
      347922 346927 345940 344944 341948 337951 331953 321955
      313958 305963 302966 301972 295979 283989 277993 273995
      268996 258998 254000 252004 250008 252011 254014 259017
      263019 265022 269031 273042 280039 285033 289025 292018
      294017 297018 300021 305022 315026 323028 332024 337021
      342021 355027 362032 364041 366053 369063 371068 373072
      373081 374086 377096 377099 375102 372105 369109 365114
      364126 367130 370134 374137 379140 372147 370150 368153
      366152 359149 354148 352150 357156 362161 364164 363166
      361169 360172 357173 354170 347163 343163 337162 327163
      322164 319164 318167 321177 326185 332191 342194 346202
      349202 352200 351196 353193 359189 365191 373197 380204
      387209 395215 406220 411212 416204 427185 432176 437169
      441163 444161 447160 453159 458160 463162 467167 472173
      475172 480173 487180 492181 496180 504176 511170 514171
      517175 519180 522183 525187 529188 533185 536181 541183
      543180 542177 541171 543165 545161 546155 544151 543145
      542140 540134 535127 531121 529118 525118 517120 512120
      509117 505119 502124 499128 495130 491126 489119 487106
      484093 483082 481070 480067 477064 470056 462049 458042
      452038 445034 441033 439028 437023 439018 439014 441012
      441007
 0.01 441007 439999 435993 426985 416976 413972 416966 421960
      425956 428953 431952 437950 441945 444943 448943 451943
      453946 455949 457950 457970 457975 458978 464979 472979
      476975 487970 494967 498963 506955 510949 515943 523934
      531922 535918 539920 540923 548934 551940 555944 566955
 0.01 445783 443781 438780 437771 436765 435761 433749 427729
      425727 421728 418730 416734 412752 407770 402778 397784
      388795 381802 375807 361814 354818 347822 340827 338830
      338834 343841 350844 355845 358848 360850 363849 380844
      384843 387840 393835 405825 408824 410820 414814 425801
      431795 439793 444788 445783
 0.01 403195 404193 403191 402193 401195 402196 403195
 0.01 316694 283716 252739 243746 235751 228759 225765 226772
      228777 231782 232789 234793 235800 238807 238820 244828
      250828 254824 259819 263820 267819 268817 273809 277806
      280805 283804 287806 293805 332799 337797 341793 345790
      348786 350781 354777 354773 357770 357755 360745 363735
      364731 364726 360715 355703 353699 352693 354683 354676
      351675 345676
 0.25 552862 552850 551841 544827 541819 541808 539797 537787
      532771 528759 526753 521749 515750 510753 504758 498760
      490761 485766 473792 461815 457826 450838 447843 443847
      435849 430852 411870 404878 393885 387893 383898 378901
      372903 366905 362910 360919 357926 356933 355941 352947
      349953 345957 334963 330966 323965 316967 314971 311978
      310987 310992 313999 317004 320011 324012 331010 336008
      341010 348011 356012 363013 369015 373018 376021 379028
      380034 379052 387061 392066 399069 409070 414067 418064
      422059 423051 426044 427034 425026 422020 417017 412012
      404002 400998 399994 399990 404978 409964 413951 418940
      426931 433918 436912 438902 440900 441903 444911 448916
      450917 452915 455911 457906 459898 460888 459881 461876
      469866 472863 477863 482865 488867 493863 503856 508852
      510846 513841 514839 515842 515853 513862 510868 506872
      501876 498880 494887 493891 492896 493905 498909 502910
      506910 513909 525906 533901 548881 550876 551871 552862
 0.25 449109 449104 448101 445099 441098 434100 429104 423107
      418111 415113 414118 418119 421119 424117 427117 436118
      443115 448111 449109
 0.25 424134 425131 424131 422132 422133 422135 424134 424134
 0.25 408154 406153 405154 406155 408154 408154
 0.25 393204 393199 390196 387193 383190 380187 375186 370185
      371190 374193 378196 380199 385202 388204 393204
 0.25 351753 351745 351737 347723 346707 345700 343695 337692
      332695 326703 321706 317708 307713 304717 304724 302734
      300746 300752 299758 299764 299771 301777 303782 310789
      317795 322796 328794 335788 341780 347772 349767 350761
      351753
 0.25 265800 262797 259797 253797 250799 246801 245807 245811
      246815 249816 251814 255811 259809 262807 264802 265800
 0.50 544860 544852 542848 540853 538858 536863 534867 533872
      532880 535883 537880 540875 541870 542866 544860
 0.50 441110 442108 440107 439106 437107 436107 435108 434109
      435110 436112 436113 438113 439112 440111 441110
 0.50 424898 424892 421889 414886 408887 403889 401892 398899
      392904 380912 370914 368916 366921 364927 362936 361942
      360946 357954 354962 350968 347971 343973 335974 328975
      323980 321983 321987 328992 340998 358002 365004 373002
      378997 383990 393981 398975 402967 405958 406949 408939
      411931 414922 419918 422913 423907 424898
 0.50 419041 419029 416024 414024 406023 402025 397024 391025
      389027 387033 387038 385045 383047 381050 385052 394055
      404058 409058 413056 416052 418048 419041
 0.50 345763 346757 345751 342744 338736 334731 326718 320718
      320726 318736 316742 313749 309755 308763 309773 312782
      315787 318790 321791 325790 327788 337778 342772 344765
      345763
 1.00 393954 394948 393944 389938 385931 380927 376925 373927
      370931 369934 370943 371949 370954 370960 371964 377967
      384967 391965 393956 393954
 1.00 371979 370975 364974 359976 357980 357985 359988 361992
      364995 368994 369990 369985 371981 371979
 1.00 337769 337762 334758 330758 324760 321762 319765 317770
      317774 317779 320783 323784 325783 328780 332777 335774
      337771 337769
 1.50 380940 379939 378940 379941 380940 380940
 1.50 333769 333767 332766 332765 330765 329765 327766 325766
      323768 323769 322771 322773 322776 323776 324777 326777
      328776 330775 330774 331773 332772 333770 333769

$$




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