Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 192100
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
500 PM EDT SUN APR 19 2015


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID APR 20/0000 UTC THRU APR 23/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...EASTERN U.S...

THERE WAS LITTLE LARGE SCALE CHANGE FROM THE PREVIOUS FORECAST. IN
THE EARLY PERIODS WE FOLLOWED THE HRRR AND 12Z WRF-ARW IN
DEPICTING THE LINEAR CONVECTION HEADING FOR THE NC/SC/GA COASTS.
WE TRIED TO INDICATE MORE OF A BREAK BETWEEN THIS ACTIVITY AND THE
STRONGLY FORCED UPSLOPE REGIME OVER WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA. WE
THEN TURNED TO THE WRF-ARW AND THE 12Z NAM TO INTRODUCE MORE
PRECIPITATION ON MONDAY AFTERNOON INTO THE SOUTHEAST...AL/GA/SC. A
WELL DEFINED SHORTWAVE WILL APPROACH THAT REGION...AND SHOULD WORK
WITH SUFFICIENT INSTABILITY DURING PEAK HEATING TO PRODUCE
SCATTERED BUT ORGANIZED CONVECTION...DESPITE RELATIVELY DRIER MID
LEVELS. WE NOTE THE SPC CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK HIGHLIGHTING THAT AREA
AS WELL.

IN THE MID MISSISSIPPI VALLEY THE TREND WAS TO BRING PRECIPITATION
SOUTHWARD EARLY IN THE PERIOD...FOCUSING ON THE FORCING AHEAD OF A
VORT MAX IDENTIFIED IN SATELLITE IMAGERY AND MODEL FORECASTS OVER
THE KS/OK BORDER. WE PLACED PRECIPITATION FROM ARKANSAS EASTWARD
THIS AFTERNOON/EVENING BASED UPON THE 12Z NAM AND 00Z ECMWF
BLENDED WITH THE PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST...INDICATING ALSO MORE OF A
GAP IN THE 0.25 INCH AREAL AMOUNTS IN MO/IL...IN BETWEEN MID LEVEL
FORCING MECHANISMS.

OVERALL THE WPC FORECAST OVER THE EAST WAS A NEAR EQUAL BLEND OF
PREVIOUS WPC WITH 12Z NAM/00Z ECMWF AND OUR LATEST IN-HOUSE PSEUDO
BIAS-CORRECTED ENSEMBLE.

...PREVIOUS DISCUSSION...

THIS PART OF THE NATION WILL BE IMPACTED BY 2 STREAMS OF MID/UPPER
LEVEL FLOW THIS PERIOD..WITH THE UPPER MS VALLEY COMING UNDER THE
INFLUENCE OF THE NORTHERN STREAM H5 TROF MOVING
EASTWARD/EAST-SOUTHEASTWARD OUT OF THE NORTHERN ROCKIES/CANADIAN
ROCKIES..WHILE PARTS OF THE CENTRAL PLAINS OUT INTO THE MID MS
VALLEY ARE AFFECTED BY THE OPENING UP AND INCREASINGLY PROGRESSIVE
CENTRAL PLAINS CLOSED H5 LOW.  PRETTY IMPRESSIVE HEIGHT FALLS
THRUOUT THE ENTIRE REGION ASSOCIATED WITH THESE MID/UPPER LEVEL
TROFS ALONG WITH DECENT LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE ACCOMPANYING EITHER
THE COLD FRONT OR SURFACE TROF SHOULD LEAD TO WIDESPREAD
RAINS/CONVECTION MUCH OF THE MID AND UPPER MS VALLEY BACK INTO
PARTS OF KS AND SOUTHERN NE.


THE WELL DEFINED S/WV NOW LIFTING INTO THE SOUTHEAST STATES
FOLLOWED BY THE SOUTHERN PLAINS CLOSED LOW OPENING UP AND MOVING
EASTWARD THIS PERIOD WILL LEAD TO A BACKING MID/UPPER LEVEL FLOW
REGIME FROM THE SOUTHEASTERN STATES NORTHWARD INTO THE MID
ATLANTIC STATES/OH VALLEY AND LOWER GREAT LAKES...SUPPORTING A
MODERATE/HEAVY AND POSSIBLE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL EVENT. THE LOW
LEVEL GRADIENT WILL TIGHTEN UP THE EASTERN THIRD OF THE
NATION...BETWEEN A SURFACE LOW ACCOMPANYING THE LOWER MS VALLEY
S/WV AND THE STRONG SURFACE HIGH MOVING OFF THE NEW ENGLAND
COAST..WHICH WILL RESULT IN A COMBINATION OF INCREASING GULF AND
ATLANTIC MOISTURE BEING PULLED INLAND. THE STRENGTHENING WARM
ADVECTION VIA THE STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL JET AND THE RESULTING
RESURGENCE OF DEEPER MOISTURE/HIGHER PWATS WILL HELP FOSTER THE
WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO HEAVY RAIN FOR MUCH OF THE REGION..WITH THE
STRONGEST FOCUS FOR HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS ACROSS THE UPSLOPE
AREAS OF THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL APPALACHIANS WHERE VERY MOIST
SOUTHEAST LOW LEVEL FLOW COUPLED WITH THE RETREATING WARM FRONT
AND LARGER SCALE FORCING SHOULD TEND TO FAVOR HEAVIER RAINFALL
RATES.  WPC CONTINUED TO LEAN CLOSER TO THE CONVECTION-ALLOWING HI
RES GUIDANCE THRU THE GULF COAST STATES/SOUTHEAST..WITH MORE OF A
MODEL CONSENSUS OF THE GLOBAL MODELS USED FARTHER NORTH INTO THE
APPALACHIANS/MID ATLANTIC STATES/OH VALLEY AND LOWER GREAT LAKES
WHERE MORE STRATIFORM RAINFALL IS ANTICIPATED.

DAYS 2/3...

...UPPER MIDWEST/GREAT LAKES/CENTRAL APPALACHIANS/NORTHEAST...

A LARGE VORTEX MEANDERING OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES/ONTARIO WILL
BRING WIDESPREAD PRECIPITATION FROM THE UPPER MIDWEST AND GREAT
LAKES TO THE CENTRAL APPALACHIANS AND NORTHEAST DURING THE DAY 2/3
PERIOD.  ABUNDANT ATLANTIC MOISTURE PULLING INLAND WILL FUEL THE
HEAVIEST AND MOST ORGANIZED RAINS TO THE NORTH OF A WARM FRONT
LIFTING TROUGH NEW ENGLAND MONDAY NIGHT INTO TUESDAY...AND A
SURFACE LOW DEEPENING OFFSHORE SHOULD ESPECIALLY ENHANCE AMOUNTS
OVER DOWNEAST MAINE.  BACK WEST...ENOUGH MOISTURE WRAPPING AROUND
THE MAIN SURFACE CYCLONE DEEPENING IN CANADA SHOULD BRING
PRECIPITATION BACK INTO THE UPPER MIDWEST.  ALSO...ENERGY ROTATING
AROUND THE DEEP VORTEX SHOULD HELP TRIGGER SCATTERED SHOWERS
ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES AND CENTRAL APPALACHIANS.

DETERMINISTIC GUIDANCE WAS IN GOOD AGREEMENT WITH THE BIG
PICTURE...BUT WERE STILL VARYING WITH SOME OF THE SMALLER SCALE
DETAIL DIFFERENCES WITH THE HEAVIER AMOUNTS OVER NEW ENGLAND.  THE
WPC FORECAST WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE GFS/ECMWF...WHICH STRAYED
LITTLE FROM CONTINUITY.

ALUES RANGE BETWEEN 2.00 AND 3.00 INCHES. WHILE THE WPC QPF IS
BELOW THESE VALUES...THE COMBINATION OF HEAVY RAIN AND RUNOFF FROM
MELTING SNOW COULD RESULT IN FLOODING ISSUES...NOT DIRECTLY
RELATED TO FLASH FLOOD PROCESSES. HOWEVER...IF INSTABILITY
SURVIVES THIS FAR NORTH...FLASH FLOODING COULD BECOME AN ISSUE
LATE ON DAY 2 INTO EARLY DAY 3 HERE.

AS THE LOW LEVEL JET CROSSES NORTHERN AND WESTERN ME...EVEN THE
ELEVATED INSTABILITY SHOULD BECOME EXHAUSTED AS THE SOURCE OF THE
ELEVATED INSTABILITY BECOMES CUT OFF. HOWEVER...PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES REMAINS NEAR TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ON THE NOSE OF THE
JET... FEEDING LOW TOPPED SHOWERS WITH HEAVY RAINFALL. THIS SHOULD
TRANSLATE INTO WIDESPREAD 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE
EASTERN HALF OF ME...WITH LOCAL 1.00+ INCH AMOUNTS ALONG THE ST
JOHN RIVER. THE HEAVY RAIN COULD AGGRAVATE FLOODING CONCERNS
CAUSED BY SNOWMELT AND ICE JAMS.







...SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHERN PLAINS...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND SOUTHERN
PLAINS ON DAY 2 INTO EARLY DAY 3 TAKES ADVANTAGE OF INCREASING LOW
LEVEL MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FOR QPF. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE TRACK OF THE SHORT WAVE AND THE
AVAILABILITY OF MOISTURE...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI
MODEL BLEND.

AS THE SHORT WAVE TRACKS ACROSS THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE
FIRST PART OF DAY 2...THE AIRMASS IS FAIRLY DRY (WITH PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES GENERALLY NEAR 0.25 INCHES). HOWEVER...A LOW LEVEL
SOUTH SOUTHEAST FLOW BEGINS TO INTRODUCE LOW LEVEL MOISTURE INTO
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN CO. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW BECOMES AN UPSLOPE
FLOW HERE...FAVORING THE TERRAIN. THIS SHOULD RESULT IN A LARGE
AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF IN CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN CO...AS
WELL AS SAN DE CRISTO RANGE IN NORTHERN NM. AS THE SHORT WAVE
CROSSES THE WESTERN PANHANDLE OF OK AND NORTH TX...ELEVATED
INSTABILITY AND INCREASED LOW LEVEL MOISTURE SHOULD RESULT IN
SCATTERED CONVECTION MOVING EASTWARD. THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW IS IN
THE PROCESS OF BECOMING ESTABLISHED...SO QPF OF 0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES IS EXPECTED IN THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREA.

THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY PROVIDES LIFT...IN THE PRESENCE OF INCREASED
MOISTURE AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY DURING DAY 3...TO PRODUCE
SWATHES OF QPF ACROSS CENTRAL OK AND NORTHERN AND CENTRAL TX. THE
SCATTERED CONVECTION SHOULD RESULT IN 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH QPF AXES
IN THESE AREAS.


...WEST COAST/GREAT BASIN...

A SHORT WAVE APPROACHING THE SOUTHERN CA COAST CROSSES THE REGION
DURING DAY 2...REACHING THE SOUTHWEST STATES DURING DAY 2. A
STRONG SHORT WAVE CROSSES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAY 3...AS
A DEVELOPING LONG WAVE TROUGH LURKS OFF THE WEST COAST. FOR THE
MOST PART...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE TRACK OF
THE SHORT WAVES...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MAINLY ON A BLEND OF
THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS. SOME 00Z NAM WAS USED OT BETTER DELINEATE
HIGHER TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

AS THE SHORT WAVE COMES ASHORE ACROSS SOUTHERN CA DURING DAY
2...THE COLUMN IS INITIALLY DRY (WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
GENERALLY BELOW 0.50 INCHES). HOWEVER...A LOW LEVEL NORTH
NORTHWEST FLOW PUSHES PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TO NEAR 0.75
INCHES BY THE END OF DAY 2. THE MOISTURE...COMBINED WITH LIFT FROM
THE SHORT WAVE...AS WELL AS STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES
(WHICH PEAK BETWEEN 8.0 AND 9.0
C/KM)...SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT TO SUPPORT DEVELOPING CONVECTION. THE
CONVECTION SHOULD BE TIED TO THE TERRAIN...WITH LOCAL 0.10 TO 02.5
INCH QPF AMOUNTS POSSIBLE OVER THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE IN CA.

AS A STRONG SHORT WAVE COMES ASHORE ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
DURING DAY 3...IT IS ACCOMPANIED BY A SWATH OF 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES. LOW LEVEL WESTERLY WINDS FOCUS THE
MOISTURE ON THE TERRAIN...AND STEEPEN MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES
PROVIDE MARGINAL INSTABILITY DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING
HOURS. THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AXES OF 0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE OLYMPIC AND CASCADES RANGES IN WA...AS
WELL AS THE COASTAL RANGE AND CASCADES IN OR. FURTHER
SOUTH...MARGINAL INSTABILITY AND WEAK SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT
ASSOCIATED WITH THE OFFSHORE MID LEVEL TROUGH SHOULD FEED
CONVECTION ACROSS NORTHERN AND EASTERN CA. AGAIN...THE CONVECTION
SHOULD BE TIED TO THE TERRAIN...PRODUCING 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF
QPF ACROSS THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE.


TERRY/HAYES

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 21/00Z
 0.01 516887 515871 514865 514856 513843 511838 511831 510820
      508816 508810 506799 504787 496766 492757 490753 490747
      491741 488735 484725 479713 474705 468698 461691 456687
      448685 422680 406677 397675 392675 385677 363683 355687
      351695 347703 345708 345714 340720 333725 324734 318739
      313745 306751 301758 295765 288771 280777 275782 262792
      254798 250801 249803 250806 261815 263821 265831 262839
      261842 257844 250848 246857 243866 242874 242887 242895
      243901 244906 247909 250913 253917 257918 263918 270912
      281902 288889 294876 300861 306843 308838 311838 311842
      308854 307866 308873 310877 321866 328862 333861 333865
      327878 315887 311892 308895 305897 302899 299903 297907
      296913 294925 295930 294937 289944 287948 286950 283949
      274949 270951 266955 264958 262958 259955 254955 250955
      247957 243961 238967 235973 231984 231989 233993 243006
      248011 256015 265021 268023 270027 273028 276024 276018
      278013 278004 277999 278993 278988 281987 287983 293980
      297974 303966 309958 314952 318945 323939 332935 336933
      341936 346941 352948 358948 363950 372950 380948 388947
      395945 408938 416933 419931 425931 435929 444927 463921
      471918 479922 482932 479947 476954 471961 471964 472967
      477974 480979 482983 487982 493988 499982 502978 503972
      506963 510951 512941 514934 514927 514908 516887
 0.01 461106 451094 445092 442088 440085 441082 444078 448080
      450078 447070 442069 438067 435066 433063 430059 427056
      423054 419053 416050 412042 408037 405034 401032 396032
      394034 393040 385045 380046 376044 371036 368034 365036
      365043 364050 360052 356056 357059 360059 362060 361062
      357064 358066 360069 363068 366065 370068 372078 373083
      376086 376093 380094 385093 384090 385086 389086 393087
      395089 394093 396094 400090 401089 403090 406092 405096
      405103 405108 407110 410107 417107 426111 430109 431107
      433109 435112 438111 443111 448114 455121 457118 456113
      456109 458107 461106
 0.01 433073 431071 429068 426068 424070 421072 419074 417074
      415078 418081 420083 423084 426082 429080 430080 432075
      433073
 0.01 427101 425099 425098 424097 422096 421098 420100 422102
      423103 425102 427101
 0.01 402233 403231 403230 401228 401227 401228 399229 397228
      396228 395228 395231 397232 399232 400232 402233 402233
 0.01 387201 387197 384195 378190 373184 368183 366181 361181
      355182 351183 349185 349188 353186 362188 369192 372195
      375197 380202 384203 387201 387201
 0.01 388118 387116 385115 383115 381117 379119 377121 375123
      373125 375127 379126 381124 383122 385120 386120 388118
 0.01 349201 350199 350197 349194 348193 348192 348189 347189
      345188 345189 344191 344193 345194 345196 345198 346198
      347200 347201 349202 349201
 0.01 354120 354117 353115 349114 347112 344109 342109 342111
      343114 345114 347117 350119 352121 354120
 0.01 345076 344072 340071 338073 334077 332079 334082 337085
      338091 340094 342091 343085 344078 345076
 0.01 347057 345054 343054 341054 339055 338055 336055 334055
      332054 330054 330055 329057 330058 332059 334059 336059
      337059 339059 341059 343059 345059 347057 347057
 0.25 479902 496886 496866 492851 490840 490829 490818 490810
      490805 488801 481799 469792 467790 465785 463777 464762
      468754 471751 473747 473742 473735 471725 470721 466720
      462721 459726 452739 450742 447741 442733 440729 440725
      443717 446710 445705 441704 432701 425698 399689 394687
      391686 387687 373694 368698 362704 355720 351726 346733
      334743 328748 321752 315757 311762 303772 301777 297782
      293788 288793 281794 279790 275790 262800 259803 258805
      261806 264807 266810 268821 273828 278830 280834 280840
      278845 272849 263856 257862 253867 248875 246883 246889
      248893 253897 259900 267898 275894 279887 285875 288869
      290862 291855 293849 294840 297834 300815 307811 315812
      321811 324809 327806 331804 332807 330811 327820 324827
      324832 328834 331829 332824 339823 342825 344829 347837
      350838 353836 359834 361836 361841 361845 365843 370842
      373845 375851 378862 377866 374870 368875 366882 362884
      359883 356878 354877 350876 346875 342877 338882 333890
      330898 332901 337901 343904 342911 346917 351918 355921
      358923 361923 365922 370922 375921 378918 381911 383902
      386889 386881 389873 392864 401861 406853 411859 415865
      416874 410887 406894 403904 402913 402918 405921 409923
      417922 431920 479902
 0.25 431094 429093 429094 431094 431094
 0.25 409061 408058 406056 404055 400055 397054 393055 394059
      393064 394067 398067 399064 401062 403061 407062 409061
 0.25 372053 370052 368052 370053 372053 372053
 0.25 268997 267988 266980 263973 260971 256970 250970 244974
      240979 238987 242994 247997 255000 262002 266001 268998
      268997
 0.50 461867 453856 454848 458842 464835 470829 473825 472819
      464811 462811 459808 457803 453795 452789 452784 453777
      452768 452765 449763 445762 439760 435761 433766 431773
      429778 427779 422771 421764 424761 425755 428751 433749
      436744 432733 433726 433720 431716 428712 424708 421706
      417704 406705 403705 399703 395694 390691 385694 377701
      367710 362719 357727 353734 348741 341748 334755 323758
      318762 314766 307775 303783 299790 299795 302797 310801
      314800 321797 325795 331792 337792 344790 349789 352792
      356801 355810 356814 359816 367814 376808 399800 409802
      412804 415809 418817 418824 418829 417834 417841 419847
      423850 425857 427863 425871 424874 425877 426879 429879
      434876 436872 440869 449869 452872 454878 453883 450890
      445896 436902 429903 425902 424898 419898 413903 413909
      413915 418916 423916 429916 435914 444911 453906 462898
      464892 469889 472885 473878 471870 469867 461867
 0.50 367900 367898 364896 362895 360897 358899 358903 359905
      360907 361912 364912 365909 366907 367903 367900
 0.50 287827 287825 287824 285823 283824 283825 283827 285828
      287827 287827
 0.50 276805 275803 272801 272799 270801 269804 268806 269810
      271812 273814 273816 273814 273810 274806 276805
 0.50 277875 278870 275868 273859 271859 268861 264867 261873
      257878 255882 255887 259893 265892 269890 272888 276882
      277875
 0.50 261996 262990 261984 260980 257976 253975 249976 246978
      243982 242986 244990 247992 251994 255996 258997 261996
 1.00 434816 434814 434811 434809 433807 433806 431805 429806
      428807 428808 427810 427812 426814 426815 426817 427819
      429821 430820 432820 433819 434817 434816
 1.00 419731 418722 416717 412719 405721 394725 386718 378712
      375714 373716 370721 366725 364729 365735 367737 371738
      376739 379743 376750 373756 375767 373774 370779 366789
      365791 365796 369801 375800 381798 391792 401789 411782
      413779 412775 411768 412761 414755 417749 418743 419731
 1.00 255990 255988 255986 255984 255982 253980 252981 250982
      249984 249986 250986 251987 252988 253990 254990 255990
      255990
 1.50 409744 410742 409741 408740 407739 405738 403738 401738
      400739 399740 400740 402741 404743 405745 406746 408746
      409744 409744
 1.50 406778 406777 404776 403776 402775 400775 398775 397777
      397779 399781 399782 401782 403782 404781 405780 406779
      406778
 1.50 399763 399761 399760 397759 395759 393759 391759 390760
      388761 387763 387765 388767 389769 391771 393771 394770
      396769 397768 398767 399765 399763
 1.50 386786 386783 385782 383782 381782 380784 379784 378785
      376786 375787 375788 373789 372790 373792 373793 375793
      377793 379793 380792 381791 382790 384789 384788 385787
      386786

24HR QP VT 22/00Z
 0.01 565894 561903 558906 555911 550917 545925 541936 537942
      532948 526956 520962 514966 507972 498973 489973 485972
      482970 471962 467951 464938 459930 456928 452925 445921
      441915 440909 439904 439899 441895 441892 446887 451879
      455872 457869 458864 458860 456857 453856 448858 445860
      442861 438861 434857 433852 432850 434844 434841 431841
      430839 428841 422848 420849 416847 416840 417836 421829
      421826 420823 417820 413819 407820 405820 403822 401825
      396832 394835 391835 389833 391831 393827 404815 402811
      400808 398809 389813 382819 378828 373836 370838 366838
      366833 367827 365824 363828 359836 357840 354842 351844
      347844 346840 348835 352829 355821 359814 366807 372801
      376794 379784 380779 377776 374774 372776 369777 365780
      362785 359792 357795 354793 352790 348788 345791 343796
      337800 334799 332795 331789 332783 333777 333773 331770
      327769 325771 318775 313780 309786 304794 301798 298801
      293802 292806 288816 288819 291822 293826 293831 290839
      285846 284849 286853 288862 288872 287883 284892 282901
      281907 281913 281923 278933 277945 276951 276958 279966
      281970 281976 277982 277986 278990 280994 284997 289002
      289006 287010 285010 282008 274011 268012 264012 261016
      257017 253016 250012 246006 238002 235999 233995 232990
      233984 233977 234973 238956 239945 237932 236923 236911
      236900 237892 237880 237872 236866 237862 238858 241853
      245847 247835 248824 248814 248809 248802 249796 252787
      256779 261772 264765 271758 275756 278753 282747 287742
      293737 299731 311719 318713 323706 332693 339687 345681
      360668 375658 381654 389651 402648 410647 415646 420641
      425635
 0.01 525682 519678 514672 508666 502660 495655 489651 482648
      475644 468640 461637 454633 447629 444629
 0.01 525254 522252 519248 519241 522237 533222 537214 538207
      537202 535198 530196 524198 520202 518206 516211 515217
      513220 510224 504223 502220 498216 494215 490215 487213
      484212 481215 481219 485220 492227 492233 489236 484235
      479232 474231 473236 475241 478244 483246 484249 482252
      478252 474249 470248 467249 459251 453255 446258 437259
      433261 430263 428267 428273 430277 433279 434282 434286
      435290 439294 444295 448296 452295 459294 467291 474288
      482287 485287 489286 492283 496281 498280 501282 504282
      506285 510286 516284
 0.01 544046 544038 541034 535029 525028 520030 515030 510029
      506026 499020 496016 492015 487014 484014 481012 475007
      472004 467004 466008 469011 476017 483025 483027 486031
      492039 498044 501045 503047 508048 511048 516046 526045
      536047 538049 541049 544046
 0.01 526166 523160 520156 517155 516153 512152 511149 506145
      505143 502142 498141 498144 498146 501149 506153 510157
      515161 518164 522168 526166
 0.01 483130 481127 480127 478127 476126 475126 473126 473128
      474129 476129 478130 479132 481133 482133 483133 483130
 0.01 451220 450217 446216 443215 440212 435210 431209 429206
      427199 424193 421188 416187 411191 408198 403200 400200
      398198 390188 386184 381181 373178 369178 369181 365180
      358180 358186 363189 369192 373196 378201 384205 396210
      400215 405219 406221 405225 403226 400226 396225 393227
      395229 398231 409234 417236 420235 422232 425227 429223
      433223 437223 441221 448222 451220
 0.01 451097 447092 441093 438091 435090 432091 430089 424089
      429095 429100 427103 425105 425108 432109 438110 440109
      441103 442100 444099 448099 451097
 0.01 450078 450075 449073 448072 446071 445070 445069 443069
      441069 441072 443073 444075 446077 448080 449078 450078
 0.01 414059 413057 409055 406053 402052 396048 392043 388043
      386045 383045 381042 379034 379024 381016 379007 377999
      375992 372985 371982 373979 386979 387974 388969 386961
      383943 383933 384925 384913 383904 381893 377888 373889
      371891 369898 367903 367907 367913 366917 367925 367934
      368945 368948 366946 359932 355929 353927 348927 346930
      346934 346937 344937 341934 332924 329923 326926 326934
      326943 326948 325952 323962 321964 321969 306975 308981
      313986 322996 326001 331004 347004 353007 353012 353018
      350022 348026 348030 348033 351036 354038 358039 363039
      367041 369045 366048 361052 357053 355055 356058 359061
      358066 359070 362069 363066 371068 373072 373078 374082
      378084 383079 383073 390075 396071 399072 402071 403066
      405063 409062 410063 414059
 0.01 409112 410104 410098 406095 406102 402104 399102 397101
      393105 391109 387111 384111 381113 374120 373125 376130
      378132 381131 384129 391123 393121 394118 395114 398113
      404114 406114 408112 409112
 0.01 400141 400139 397138 395140 393142 391142 387143 387145
      389148 390148 392149 394147 396149 397150 398148 400143
      400141
 0.01 393174 393172 393170 394168 393167 394167 394165 392163
      391162 389164 387166 386166 386168 386171 387173 387175
      389178 391176 393174 393174
 0.01 396096 396094 396092 396089 397087 397085 396085 395087
      394087 394089 394091 394094 394096 392098 394098 396096
      396096
 0.01 351204 351201 350199 349198 349196 350194 350192 350190
      349189 348187 347187 345188 345189 345191 345193 345196
      345198 346199 347200 347201 348203 349204 350204 351204
 0.01 345171 345169 345168 343166 341166 341168 341169 342171
      344171 345171
 0.25 556854 556843 555834 552817 549801 545787 540774 535762
      529754 524744 517733 510725 504718 502712 499705 497695
      498688 499681 497673 494668 490665 485657 466649 450639
      446638 441638 435640 429644 419651 415654 409656 398655
      392656 385658 376664 367671 351687 345695 340703 332711
      325720 321729 319734 320740 326742 332740 342733 346725
      352722 358723 369724 376723 381720 386718 393717 397719
      400726 401731 404734 408739 406745 405750 402754 398758
      393762 393766 394769 400771 406770 409775 413780 415781
      418776 417771 417764 421761 424765 424771 434790 431805
      431811 433817 436820 442822 448821 453818 461812 466811
      471812 480816 490819 495820 500823 504826 507831 509848
      508855 505861 500870 496882 495889 494899 494907 495915
      498921 502926 511930 517931 523930 531925 536922 540917
      546907 551896 554884 556868 556854
 0.25 516264 516263 515261 514259 514258 513256 513255 512253
      511252 511251 509250 508251 508254 509254 510257 511260
      512263 512264 513266 514266 515266 516264
 0.25 389201 387200 386199 385198 384197 383195 381194 379193
      378193 377194 377195 379196 379197 380197 382199 383200
      384200 385201 387201 389201
 0.25 373188 371187 370185 368185 366184 364184 365187 366187
      367187 369188 371188 373189 373188
 0.25 311752 311748 310746 305748 298753 289757 283762 279769
      277778 277782 281786 290785 294782 297779 301772 305764
      309756 311752
 0.25 279805 277801 275799 274798 272797 269796 266795 262796
      261797 259800 259801 261803 264804 267805 270806 272806
      276807 279805
 0.25 275832 274826 271826 267833 267838 264841 259846 252852
      247858 245866 244875 244888 243897 242908 242917 246926
      247935 249944 247954 245964 244971 244974 242978 237985
      236990 238993 245997 252002 255003 260002 263000 265996
      264985 263976 259970 258957 259947 261939 263929 269911
      271903 273892 275872 276862 276856 275851 273839 275832
 0.50 552868 552858 552850 550835 548820 544807 540797 535789
      532787 530792 532806 532821 532837 531851 530859 529865
      522886 520893 519899 520904 523910 527912 529912 537907
      543899 546890 550877 552868
 0.50 511744 508738 504733 501728 495725 488720 483715 483708
      484698 483695 481693 475692 468695 466694 465690 467683
      471670 473668 472664 469659 460652 456650 452646 447645
      441645 434647 428650 424654 421659 416662 411662 405661
      399660 393661 386663 376670 366678 360686 357693 356700
      359705 363709 368710 375709 383707 389707 396707 401709
      408720 418720 421723 426727 431730 433731 435728 445721
      449718 453713 455712 457716 458724 458729 456732 453737
      453743 454746 454752 454755 455757 459758 464754 467749
      469743 470739 472736 477734 480739 482748 487752 496755
      501755 507754 510749 511744
 0.50 491787 491785 488783 482786 479787 476785 471781 467780
      463784 462790 461793 458794 453795 449799 447805 446810
      450811 455809 459805 462802 467799 473800 478798 484796
      488794 491790 491787
 0.50 448746 446742 444740 440738 436736 433738 431742 429745
      429752 431754 435753 440751 445749 448746 448746
 0.50 405762 405759 404758 402759 400760 399762 398763 398765
      399766 401766 403765 403764 404763 405762
 0.50 295767 295765 294763 293763 292762 290763 289764 288764
      287766 285768 285769 284771 285773 286773 287774 288775
      289774 291773 292772 293771 294769 294768 295767
 0.50 270867 270860 267857 258861 255864 253869 252875 252881
      252888 251894 248905 248912 251916 255916 257915 259911
      260899 265888 267878 270867
 0.50 259994 259986 257982 254976 254968 253966 250965 249972
      248980 245984 240986 242990 248993 253996 258996 259994
 1.00 453673 453669 452665 449662 446661 444663 442669 438678
      430687 429691 429700 430714 433717 438717 442715 446712
      450708 453703 454698 455694 454690 453682 453675 453673
 1.00 443654 443653 442652 441652 439653 437653 437654 436655
      436656 436657 438657 440657 441656 443655 443654
 1.00 401678 400673 397670 390670 382674 377678 372685 369691
      370695 373697 381697 389697 396697 399695 400692 401686
      399681 401678
 1.50 450699 449696 447695 445690 445683 444681 442683 440687
      438692 436695 434701 436706 440707 442703 446702 448702
      450699
 1.50 386691 387689 386687 385687 384687 382687 380688 378688
      378689 379690 380690 381690 382690 384690 386691 386691

24HR QP VT 23/00Z
 0.01 480616 485619 488623 495631 503642 509657 514672 516685
      519696 521705 523713 528724 533736 535743 536754 538764
      539770 540772 545788 549805 553826 555849 555859 555868
      551881 548898 546905 542910 535920 518942 510937 506937
      504934 499934 494932 493929 491927 487927 485925 479924
      474922 469918 465915 462913 461909 458906 458903 458891
      461886 463885 464878 464868 466863 470850 478844 480842
      483841 486838 486836 489829 490823 492820 491815 488814
      484814 479815 476816 473819 465831 462834 460841 454840
      451840 449843 444851 442853 439854 435859 429862 423863
      419858 417852 416844 419838 423834 427826 430819 431812
      431808 432804 436799 438795 440789 438781 434780 429785
      426791 419802 415807 413814 410821 410824 407829 401832
      396833 389834 382836 379839 377842 377846 378850 376853
      371853 368847 368838 365832 361826 357830 354828 352825
      352819 352815 353813 356807 360803 363798 370793 374790
      378787 384779 389773 392768 399757 405746 409735 412728
      415721 419715 423710 427707 432705 439704 444700 448694
      449690 448686 445679 443677 439678 434689 429690 428688
      426681 426677 426672 427668 425663 419652 420644 422636
 0.01 537213 540198 540181 536171 532166 530162 525152 521147
      516144 512146 506145 503146 498144 493140 490139 489141
      488147 491150 494156 490161 485161 479159 475156 472153
      468152 466154 465158 465164 462168 457169 453169 450170
      448176 445181 441183 442188 439189 436189 435192 438197
      441200 442203 445204 446199 442196 443192 445190 450191
      454189 458190 461187 467179 473170 476170 478172 480176
      483181 486185 487187 490188 497191 502192 502196 501199
      497200 492201 487200 484201 476205 472206 469210 466212
      461213 452215 446214 440212 433209 426202 423200 420200
      415200 409198 404199 398198 396193 392190 388187 384187
      381183 378182 375184 372184 368182 362181 359185 383204
      387206 393208 400214 402221 403223 401225 395226 394229
      399231 401233 404230 410232 418226 420223 421219 426217
      431219 428227 425233 416235 415239 420242 427245 431242
      433236 436231 440228 443226 448226 453224 458225 465227
      469225 473222 477222 488223 491223 493227 496236 498242
      502247 505250 508256 527226 533221 537213
 0.01 497255 497252 496250 495249 494248 493247 492245 491244
      490242 490241 488241 488244 487246 488247 489248 490250
      490251 491253 492254 493255 495255 497256 497255
 0.01 517038 517032 514027 512024 509021 506016 503015 498015
      497021 499024 502027 505032 508035 510037 515038 517038
 0.01 481239 481236 481234 481232 481231 480229 478230 476229
      476230 475232 475235 475237 477238 479239 480239 481239
 0.01 476056 477049 475046 472041 470038 467033 466030 462032
      459032 458040 460045 461048 465051 468053 473056 476056
      476056
 0.01 449151 449146 448142 448138 450134 449129 445127 442127
      441134 439139 438146 440149 443152 447153 449151
 0.01 448077 448075 446075 445072 445070 443069 441069 440069
      439072 440072 441073 443074 444075 446077 448078 448077
 0.01 445099 445096 441095 440092 436092 433091 430089 428088
      425089 426094 427096 429097 431099 434102 436102 437102
      441101 443101 445099
 0.01 420157 420152 419151 415151 412148 403150 400148 400144
      400141 397140 395142 391141 389141 389146 390148 388152
      390155 394160 392164 390167 387171 387173 391174 395172
      396168 397166 398162 400160 402158 405157 409157 411159
      413165 416161 420157
 0.01 411105 411101 410098 406098 404100 400106 397109 393110
      387113 381115 379118 381122 382124 384124 389123 390121
      396115 401112 405112 409110 411105
 0.01 400065 400057 399055 395054 385049 374048 365052 361056
      366057 377053 380054 383056 384060 382063 379064 375064
      371063 369066 374071 375078 379081 383079 391070 400065
 0.01 375225 375223 375222 374221 373219 372218 372217 370216
      369217 369219 370220 370222 371223 372225 372226 374226
      375225
 0.01 392988 393974 393957 389942 389924 389914 387907 387904
      385902 379900 376897 378895 378887 376882 370880 370873
      369868 366863 362859 358856 351857 344858 340862 334870
      324878 315884 310886 304888 299890 295891 291891 288885
      281877 280870 282862 283856 283848 283831 287806 290797
      293787 294780 294771 295758 293744 289737 285731 280730
      274730 270732 266735 259741 253750 250755 249760 246772
      246778 246786 244802 243807 244815 244829 241838 240844
      240851 246879 243885 243893 247906 251917 255926 259929
      263930 270929 273925 275915 279919 282925 285929 286937
      286946 283952 279956 276962 273965 272970 271973 268973
      264971 259968 255968 250970 246972 241975 237981 233985
      232991 233995 234998 238002 249006 255007 260009 263013
      267015 276020 284020 289019 295020 301023 310028 314026
      316023 317018 316013 315011 316007 320008 324011 327015
      333022 336026 341029 343031 347031 354032 359031 363027
      365021 365013 361000 371006 377007 381006 386003 389998
      391992 392988
 0.01 348198 348196 349194 349192 349190 347188 345188 345189
      343190 343191 342193 343194 344195 344197 344198 345200
      345201 346200 347199 348198
 0.01 341186 341184 341183 340181 339180 338179 338178 336176
      334175 333175 332175 332177 332178 334180 335182 335183
      336185 337186 338186 340186 341186
 0.25 471620 477628 485634 491641 497649 503660 505665 507672
      509689 513707 516721 516730 512731 509726 504726 496722
      493718 490714 484704 478696 474693 471688 470681 468674
      463663 458651 455647 452644 445641 442637 441630
 0.25 546866 547856 545847 541847 538850 535855 529856 526859
      523863 520868 518874 516879 515882 515887 514893 515895
      518895 518892 522890 526892 532891 539885 541880 544874
      546866
 0.25 532203 532195 531192 531186 531178 528171 524166 520165
      518172 519179 520187 520192 521199 525204 530205 532203
 0.25 511231 511225 509224 506222 505220 503218 501214 499212
      497216 498219 499223 501226 502229 504231 506233 508232
      511231
 0.25 469699 470696 469694 467692 466694 465695 464696 463698
      462701 463703 464704 466705 467703 468701 469701 469699
 0.25 275797 271789 266786 263788 260791 257799 255809 256815
      257822 255832 252840 253852 254865 257874 261882 265888
      267890 271888 273884 274878 274871 276861 276849 275826
      275814 275803 275797
 0.50 503678 504673 503667 499659 496654 491649 482641 478637
      472635 463626 461628 462631 466638 468641 469647 469656
      470660 472662 477664 482667 484670 486676 489681 494686
      499685 503679 503678
 0.50 265804 265802 263801 261802 261803 259805 258807 259809
      260810 262810 264809 265806 265805 265804
 0.50 267874 267868 267862 265856 264852 263845 261844 260848
      259852 258856 258862 259866 261871 263874 267874

$$




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