Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 190815
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
414 AM EDT SUN APR 19 2015


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID APR 19/1200 UTC THRU APR 22/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...MID/UPPER MS VALLEY BACK INTO PORTIONS OF THE CENTRAL PLAINS...

THIS PART OF THE NATION WILL BE IMPACTED BY 2 STREAMS OF MID/UPPER
LEVEL FLOW THIS PERIOD..WITH THE UPPER MS VALLEY COMING UNDER THE
INFLUENCE OF THE NORTHERN STREAM H5 TROF MOVING
EASTWARD/EAST-SOUTHEASTWARD OUT OF THE NORTHERN ROCKIES/CANADIAN
ROCKIES..WHILE PARTS OF THE CENTRAL PLAINS OUT INTO THE MID MS
VALLEY ARE AFFECTED BY THE OPENING UP AND INCREASINGLY PROGRESSIVE
CENTRAL PLAINS CLOSED H5 LOW.  PRETTY IMPRESSIVE HEIGHT FALLS
THRUOUT THE ENTIRE REGION ASSOCIATED WITH THESE MID/UPPER LEVEL
TROFS ALONG WITH DECENT LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE ACCOMPANYING EITHER
THE COLD FRONT OR SURFACE TROF SHOULD LEAD TO WIDESPREAD
RAINS/CONVECTION MUCH OF THE MID AND UPPER MS VALLEY BACK INTO
PARTS OF KS AND SOUTHERN NE.  THE REALLY DEEP MOISTURE WILL REMAIN
TIED UP IN THE SUBTROPICAL STREAM/CONVECTION ACROSS THE GULF COAST
STATES..AND THINGS SHOULD BE PROGRESSIVE THRU THIS ENTIRE AREA..SO
KEPT RAINFALL AMOUNTS AT BEST ON THE MODERATE SIDE..GENERALLY
BETWEEN 0.50-1.00 INCH AND IN LINE WITH MOST OF THE GLOBAL MODEL
QPF GUIDANCE.


...SOUTHEASTERN/MID ATLANTIC STATES AND CENTRAL/SOUTHERN
APPALACHIANS AND INTO THE OH VALLEY/LOWER GREAT LAKES...

THE WELL DEFINED S/WV NOW LIFTING INTO THE LOWER MS VALLEY
FOLLOWED BY THE SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS CLOSED LOW OPENING UP AND
MOVING EASTWARD THIS PERIOD WILL LEAD TO A BACKING MID/UPPER LEVEL
FLOW REGIME FROM THE SOUTHEASTERN STATES NORTHWARD INTO THE MID
ATLANTIC STATES/OH VALLEY AND LOWER GREAT LAKES..SUPPORTING A
MODERATE/HEAVY AND POSSIBLE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL EVENT.  THE LOW
LEVEL GRADIENT WILL TIGHTEN UP THE EASTERN THIRD OF THE
NATION..BETWEEN A SURFACE LOW ACCOMPANYING THE LOWER MS VALLEY
S/WV AND THE STRONG SURFACE HIGH MOVING OFF THE NEW ENGLAND
COAST..WHICH WILL RESULT IN A COMBINATION OF INCREASING GULF AND
ATLANTIC MOISTURE BEING PULLED INLAND.  THE STRENGTHENING WARM
ADVECTION VIA THE STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL JET AND THE RESULTING
RESURGENCE OF DEEPER MOISTURE/HIGHER PWATS WILL HELP FOSTER THE
WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO HEAVY RAIN FOR MUCH OF THE REGION..WITH THE
STRONGEST FOCUS FOR HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS ACROSS THE UPSLOPE
AREAS OF THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL APPALACHIANS WHERE VERY MOIST
SOUTHEAST LOW LEVEL FLOW COUPLED WITH THE RETREATING WARM FRONT
AND LARGER SCALE FORCING SHOULD TEND TO FAVOR HEAVIER RAINFALL
RATES.  WPC CONTINUED TO LEAN CLOSER TO THE CONVECTION-ALLOWING HI
RES GUIDANCE THRU THE GULF COAST STATES/SOUTHEAST..WITH MORE OF A
MODEL CONSENSUS OF THE GLOBAL MODELS USED FARTHER NORTH INTO THE
APPALACHIANS/MID ATLANTIC STATES/OH VALLEY AND LOWER GREAT LAKES
WHERE MORE STRATIFORM RAINFALL IS ANTICIPATED.

DAYS 2/3...


...OH VALLEY/MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR ON THE NOSE OF A STRONG LOW LEVEL
SOUTHEAST JET RAISES THE SPECTER FOR HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE NORTHEAST ON DAY 1. THE THREAT FOR HEAVY
RAIN TRANSLATES NORTH INTO NEW ENGLAND FOR LATE DAY 2 INTO DAY 3.
FOR THE MOST PART.. THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/18Z GFS. THE 00Z GFS APPEARED TO BE TOO QUICK WITH THE LOW
LEVEL JET...AND PLACED THE HEAVIEST RAIN TOO FAR INLAND ACROSS NY
STATE DURING DAY 2.

PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 1.25 AND 1.50 INCHES (WHICH IS
ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL) ON THE NOSE OF A 45 TO
55 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET RIDES UP AND OVER A WARM FRONT TRACKING
NORTH ACROSS THE NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC INTO SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND
ON DAY 2. MODEL SOUNDINGS NEAR THE NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL JET
(ALONG AND JUST AHEAD OF THE WARM FRONT) SHOWED MARGINAL
INSTABILITY EXTENDING FROM NEAR KPHL THROUGH NORTHEAST NJ AND THE
NYC METRO AREA. THE COMBINATION OF HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR AND
ELEVATED INSTABILITY SHOULD FOCUS THE HEAVIEST QPF (BETWEEN 1.00
AND 1.75 INCHES) FROM SOUTHEAST PA ACROSS CENTRAL AND NORTHERN NJ
INTO SOUTHEAST NY AND SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND...WITH THE HIGHEST
AMOUNTS OVER SOUTHEAST NY STATE AND NORTHEAST NJ.

THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ALONG THIS AXIS DROP AS LOW
AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OVER NORTHEAST NJ (WITH HIGHER VALUES ALONG
THE INTERSTATE 95 CORRIDOR BETWEEN KPHL AND KBDR). HIGH RAINFALL
RATES ARE POSSIBLE WITH THE ELEVATED CONVECTION...AND MUCH OF THE
QPF COULD FALL IN A 3 TO 6 HOUR WINDOW. THE LATEST ECMWF ENSEMBLE
OUTPUT CLUSTERED 2+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS OVER NORTHEAST NJ AND
SOUTHEAST NY STATE. WITH THIS IN MIND...THE SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS
RETAINED FOR NORTHEAST NJ...THE NYC METRO..PORTIONS OF LONG ISLAND
NY AND SOUTHERN CT. FURTHER NORTH (GENERALLY FROM KPVD TO KBOS)
OVER SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL NEW ENGLAND...HIGH RAINFALL RATES
PROBABLY TRANSLATE INTO URBAN FLOODING ISSUES...AS THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES GENERALLY RANGE BETWEEN 2 AND 3
INCHES. FOR THIS REASON...THE SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS NOT EXTENDED
INTO CENTRAL NEW ENGLAND.

INSTABILITY BECOMES MORE ELEVATED AND LESS EFFECTIVE ACROSS
CENTRAL AND NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND LATE ON DAY 2 INTO DAY 3.
HOWEVER... THE LOW LEVEL JET BECOMES ORIENTED PERPENDICULAR TO THE
TERRAIN ACROSS SOUTHERN VT INTO NH AND MUCH OF WESTERN ME. THE
UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD RESULT IN A 1.25 TO 1.75 INCH QPF BULLSEYE
ACROSS THE WHITE MOUNTAINS IN NH INTO THE LONGFELLOW MOUNTAINS IN
WESTERN ME. ACROSS MOST OF THE TERRAIN...THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES RANGE BETWEEN 2.00 AND 3.00 INCHES. WHILE THE WPC
QPF IS BELOW THESE VALUES...THE COMBINATION OF HEAVY RAIN AND
RUNOFF FROM MELTING SNOW COULD RESULT IN FLOODING ISSUES...NOT
DIRECTLY RELATED TO FLASH FLOOD PROCESSES. HOWEVER...IF
INSTABILITY SURVIVES THIS FAR NORTH...FLASH FLOODING COULD BECOME
AN ISSUE LATE ON DAY 2 INTO EARLY DAY 3 HERE.

AS THE LOW LEVEL JET CROSSES NORTHERN AND WESTERN ME...EVEN THE
ELEVATED INSTABILITY SHOULD BECOME EXHAUSTED AS THE SOURCE OF THE
ELEVATED INSTABILITY BECOMES CUT OFF. HOWEVER...PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES REMAINS NEAR TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ON THE NOSE OF THE
JET... FEEDING LOW TOPPED SHOWERS WITH HEAVY RAINFALL. THIS SHOULD
TRANSLATE INTO WIDESPREAD 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE
EASTERN HALF OF ME...WITH LOCAL 1.00+ INCH AMOUNTS ALONG THE ST
JOHN RIVER. THE HEAVY RAIN COULD AGGRAVATE FLOODING CONCERNS
CAUSED BY SNOWMELT AND ICE JAMS.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES...

LOW PRESSURE TRACKING ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES ON DAY 2 DRAGS A
FRONT ACROSS THE REGION. A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW CROSSING SOUTHWEST
ONTARIO LATE ON DAY 2 AND DAY 3 INTRODUCES WRAPAROUND MOISTURE FOR
PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE REGION. THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND
OF THE 00Z ECMWF/18Z GFS...AS THE 00Z GFS UPPER AIR PATTERN DID
NOT ENJOY SUPPORT FOR ANY OF THE ENSEMBLE MEANS.

AS THE SURFACE LOW TRACKS ACROSS MI DURING DAY 2...THE LAST OF THE
DEEPER MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IS SHUNTED INTO ONTARIO...WITH
ONLY EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE LP OF MI RECEIVING GREATER THAN 0.25
INCHES OF QPF. AS THE SURFACE LOW TRACKS NORTH INTO ONTARIO...A
CLOSING MID LEVEL SYSTEM OVER SOUTH CENTRAL CANADA BRUSHES THE
UPPER MS VALLEY AND UPPER GREAT LAKES LATE ON DAY 2. THE BEST LIFT
AND MOISTURE ASSOCIATED WITH THE WRAPAROUND OCCURS AFTER
21/00Z...AND PRODUCES A FAIRLY LARGE AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES
OF QPF ACROSS NORTHERN MN INTO EASTERN WI AND MUCH OF MI.

THE CLOSED LOW MAKES ITS CLOSEST APPROACH THE UPPER GREAT LAKES
DURING THE FIRST PART OF DAY 3. DURING THIS TIME...THE BEST MID
LEVEL LIFT AND MOISTURE REMAIN NORTH OF THE BORDER...BUT ENOUGH
MOISTURE SPILLS OVER INTO THE ARROWHEAD OF MN AND THE UP OF MI FOR
0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF.


...FL/SOUTH TX...

A COLD FRONT CROSSING FL AND THE GULF OF MEXICO DURING DAY 2 SLOWS
AS IT CROSSES SOUTH TX. THE FRONT CLEARS MUCH OF FL DURING DAY
3... BUT BECOMES QUASI STATIONARY ACROSS FAR SOUTH TX DURING DAY
3. THE FRONT BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FOR
CONVECTION DURING BOTH DAYS. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS DECENT
MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE DISTRIBUTION OF MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY...SO THE WPC QPF WAS DERIVED PRIMARILY A BLEND OF THE
00Z ECMWF/GFS.

STRONG INSTABILITY AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.75 INCHES
PRECEDE THE COLD FRONT ACROSS CENTRAL AND SOUTH FL DURING DAY 2.
FOR THE MOST PART...SYNOPTIC SCALE FORCING IS WEAK...SO MUCH OF
THE CONVECTION SHOULD BE CLUSTERED CLOSE TO THE FRONT. THE
DEVELOPING CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO DEPOSIT A SWATH OF 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS CENTRAL FL...SURROUNDED BY A MUCH LARGER
AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF COVERING ALL BUT THE PANHANDLE
AND FAR SOUTH FL. FURTHER WEST...THE FRONT SLOWS CONSIDERABLY
ACROSS SOUTH TX. THE FRONT BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR INCREASING LOW
LEVEL MOISTURE AND MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE INSTABILITY. MOST
OF THE CONVECTION SHOULD OCCUR ALONG THE RIO GRANDE RIVER OF SOUTH
TX...WITH LOCAL 0.50 TO 0.75 INCH QPF AMOUNTS EXPECTED HERE.

THE COLD FRONT SLOWLY CROSSES CENTRAL AND SOUTH FL DURING DAY
3...AS THE MID LEVEL FLOW BECOMES PARALLEL TO THE FRONT.
INSTABILITY BECOMES LESS OF A FACTOR FOR CONVECTION WITH
TIME...FOCUSED MAINLY ACROSS SOUTHERN FL. PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES TOP OUT NEAR 1.75 INCHES...SUPPORTING CONVECTION WITH HEAVY
RAINFALL. AS WAS THE CASE ON DAY 2...THE 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF
SWATH OCCURS NEAR AND JUST AHEAD OF THE FRONT...JUST DISPLACED A
BIT FURTHER SOUTH FOR DAY 3. ACROSS SOUTH TX...THE FRONT BECOMES
MORE DIFFUSE WITH TIME. CONVECTION SHOULD BE MORE SCATTERED WHEN
COMPARED TO DAY 2...SUPPORTING AN AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF
QPF ACROSS FAR SOUTH TX.


...SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHERN PLAINS...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND SOUTHERN
PLAINS ON DAY 2 INTO EARLY DAY 3 TAKES ADVANTAGE OF INCREASING LOW
LEVEL MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FOR QPF. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE TRACK OF THE SHORT WAVE AND THE
AVAILABILITY OF MOISTURE...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI
MODEL BLEND.

AS THE SHORT WAVE TRACKS ACROSS THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE
FIRST PART OF DAY 2...THE AIRMASS IS FAIRLY DRY (WITH PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES GENERALLY NEAR 0.25 INCHES). HOWEVER...A LOW LEVEL
SOUTH SOUTHEAST FLOW BEGINS TO INTRODUCE LOW LEVEL MOISTURE INTO
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN CO. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW BECOMES AN UPSLOPE
FLOW HERE...FAVORING THE TERRAIN. THIS SHOULD RESULT IN A LARGE
AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF IN CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN CO...AS
WELL AS SAN DE CRISTO RANGE IN NORTHERN NM. AS THE SHORT WAVE
CROSSES THE WESTERN PANHANDLE OF OK AND NORTH TX...ELEVATED
INSTABILITY AND INCREASED LOW LEVEL MOISTURE SHOULD RESULT IN
SCATTERED CONVECTION MOVING EASTWARD. THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW IS IN
THE PROCESS OF BECOMING ESTABLISHED...SO QPF OF 0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES IS EXPECTED IN THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREA.

THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY PROVIDES LIFT...IN THE PRESENCE OF INCREASED
MOISTURE AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY DURING DAY 3...TO PRODUCE
SWATHES OF QPF ACROSS CENTRAL OK AND NORTHERN AND CENTRAL TX. THE
SCATTERED CONVECTION SHOULD RESULT IN 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH QPF AXES
IN THESE AREAS.


...WEST COAST/GREAT BASIN...

A SHORT WAVE APPROACHING THE SOUTHERN CA COAST CROSSES THE REGION
DURING DAY 2...REACHING THE SOUTHWEST STATES DURING DAY 2. A
STRONG SHORT WAVE CROSSES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAY 3...AS
A DEVELOPING LONG WAVE TROUGH LURKS OFF THE WEST COAST. FOR THE
MOST PART...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE TRACK OF
THE SHORT WAVES...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MAINLY ON A BLEND OF
THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS. SOME 00Z NAM WAS USED OT BETTER DELINEATE
HIGHER TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

AS THE SHORT WAVE COMES ASHORE ACROSS SOUTHERN CA DURING DAY
2...THE COLUMN IS INITIALLY DRY (WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
GENERALLY BELOW 0.50 INCHES). HOWEVER...A LOW LEVEL NORTH
NORTHWEST FLOW PUSHES PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TO NEAR 0.75
INCHES BY THE END OF DAY 2. THE MOISTURE...COMBINED WITH LIFT FROM
THE SHORT WAVE...AS WELL AS STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES
(WHICH PEAK BETWEEN 8.0 AND 9.0
C/KM)...SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT TO SUPPORT DEVELOPING CONVECTION. THE
CONVECTION SHOULD BE TIED TO THE TERRAIN...WITH LOCAL 0.10 TO 02.5
INCH QPF AMOUNTS POSSIBLE OVER THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE IN CA.

AS A STRONG SHORT WAVE COMES ASHORE ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
DURING DAY 3...IT IS ACCOMPANIED BY A SWATH OF 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES. LOW LEVEL WESTERLY WINDS FOCUS THE
MOISTURE ON THE TERRAIN...AND STEEPEN MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES
PROVIDE MARGINAL INSTABILITY DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING
HOURS. THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AXES OF 0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE OLYMPIC AND CASCADES RANGES IN WA...AS
WELL AS THE COASTAL RANGE AND CASCADES IN OR. FURTHER
SOUTH...MARGINAL INSTABILITY AND WEAK SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT
ASSOCIATED WITH THE OFFSHORE MID LEVEL TROUGH SHOULD FEED
CONVECTION ACROSS NORTHERN AND EASTERN CA. AGAIN...THE CONVECTION
SHOULD BE TIED TO THE TERRAIN...PRODUCING 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF
QPF ACROSS THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE.


TERRY/HAYES

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 555930 555919 555908 555903 553898 550891 546881 545876
      544869 537858 532851 527849 512845 500835 495829 492820
      480790 473775 465761 455751 449744 443741 429733 416728
      406724 399722 394720 363719 357720 355719 347723 335729
      327733 322739 310752 305756 300759 293761 287765 275774
      267786 265789 266794 267797 266802 267807 269809 276812
      278816 279821 276824 272825 256832 251834 250840 248846
      250854 253861 254867 253870 253889 252892 252898 252908
      251917 252925 257968 255971 251971 244971 239973 235979
      236983 239985 247987 247992 245995 242002 245006 249007
      254007 258008 261012 263015 268017 272018 276016 280010
      280000 279993 287985 297977 305964 321961 329960 335959
      339960 350966 360978 367984 369989 370994 368001 368010
      368020 369023 369029 372038 375040 377037 382033 386027
      396018 402014 405012 407006 411987 418968 421962 425958
      436951 440950 442952 446952 450954 453957 456960 460967
      478993 480004 478009 475014 474025 474029 477034 481037
      482035 486035 491038 498043 511040 521033 522028 525023
      529015 532007 534003 535996 541977 546957 550944 553936
      555930
 0.01 464136 464123 463120 460120 458114 460111 462112 464107
      463102 457098 441087 441082 442079 444078 447079 450078
      447073 445070 439068 435066 432061 428056 425053 418051
      415047 410039 407035 402032 396032 394037 393045 388045
      385046 379045 373044 368043 364046 360047 356053 356058
      359060 364061 366064 370068 372073 374076 373081 375085
      385088 387091 388086 394085 400086 404081 408080 413077
      417076 420079 421081 421089 422093 420095 416099 414101
      411099 408095 406095 405099 403108 400110 400114 409119
      415120 417116 419112 422112 423110 426108 433114 438115
      443112 447114 451119 454125 452132 453135 457133 462137
      464136
 0.01 433073 433072 431071 431070 429068 428069 426070 424072
      422074 422077 423079 424081 425082 426082 427081 429080
      430080 432078 432075 433073
 0.01 385205 387201 386197 381193 377189 373185 367182 362181
      361183 362186 365190 370194 373198 378202 379204 383205
      385205
 0.01 389082 388080 386079 385081 386083 388084 389082
 0.01 356120 356118 354115 351112 349112 348110 344109 344111
      345114 347116 348119 350121 352122 354122 356120
 0.01 347057 345054 343054 341054 339055 338055 336055 334055
      332054 330054 330055 329057 330058 332059 334059 336059
      337059 339059 341059 343059 345059 347057 347057
 0.01 342098 342096 342094 342093 341091 340091 339089 338089
      337091 338093 338095 338097 340098 342098 342098
 0.01 317883 314882 309884 304888 291898 284902 275903 274907
      274913 274925 274947 276956 278959 281959 284952 288945
      297931 298928 299922 302914 302909 304905 308898 311892
      316885 317883
 0.25 463931 474933 480938 483945 485954 488964 492970 497973
      505974 522968 530963 536956 541944 542928 542911 539894
      535879 529869 518865 504864 492863 486860 477861 471861
      470856 471841 472832 472823 468816 466809 464800 463794
      461790 457787 453782 447766 442762 437763 433766 430770
      425769 421764 414750 405744 393740 380737 373736 366737
      352744 343749 331754 321760 317764 312769 308776 305782
      304788 303795 300800 293803 287807 286812 288816 288820
      286822 284827 279836 270847 265856 263864 262872 260879
      260884 262888 267890 272888 283882 289881 294878 303872
      312867 319864 326862 330863 333865 336871 332886 329891
      327893 327898 328900 328905 326912 325915 326918 330920
      334919 341919 347923 347928 345930 337939 334942 333946
      336947 354947 360948 368949 377948 381949 382952 382965
      384972 387975 398981 396986 392991 382001 378008 379013
      381014 387012 392009 396004 399997 403986 406971 409964
      412958 419949 430940 440933 446930 453929 463931
 0.25 459869 459866 457864 452862 445862 442861 439863 437869
      432873 431881 432885 434886 439887 444885 447882 452877
      456874 459869
 0.25 434097 433095 433094 431093 430092 429091 428091 427091
      428092 428094 429095 430097 431097 432098 434097
 0.25 372053 372052 370051 368051 367052 366052 365052 363053
      361053 360054 360056 361056 362056 363055 365055 367054
      368054 370053 372053 372053
 0.50 418943 425935 431928 439923 446921 454920 462919 470921
      480926 488930 497936 509949 521951 529945 535921 533901
      533891 532886 530883 525878 519874 505873 498874 491877
      484877 476879 471883 466888 462892 455893 450894 443896
      436899 428900 424897 418894 415894 412892 407887 404881
      406877 409875 412873 416873 420872 422868 424863 425858
      426854 428850 432846 438845 444844 449838 450831 448822
      444817 440810 442801 441790 440779 440777 439775 434777
      431783 428792 424811 422817 419822 415826 411823 405820
      398817 390817 385816 383813 384809 389804 394801 400795
      410786 413778 414774 415767 413759 410755 401748 395746
      388744 375742 367744 361748 356754 353756 348756 342756
      334759 327762 321766 318770 315775 313781 314790 308804
      307807 304810 301813 298819 294825 286835 276848 273855
      271861 270867 271873 276875 281875 289872 296869 308863
      313860 322857 330855 338856 356877 367880 372884 374889
      372894 370902 370909 369913 364917 360922 357929 355932
      355935 357937 361936 366932 372927 378923 387927 397930
      401930 405929 411931 408938 404945 400951 398958 402960
      405958 410953 418943
 0.50 515918 515913 512908 509905 505904 502906 501914 503919
      504925 507929 509929 512923 513920 515918
 1.00 490906 490904 489899 488896 487892 485891 482891 479892
      477895 476897 476902 477907 478910 480911 482912 484912
      487911 490909 490906
 1.00 409847 407840 403836 399831 396827 392827 390829 389832
      386834 385836 386840 391841 393844 393849 395854 401853
      407850 409847
 1.00 402767 400762 397758 392755 387755 382756 380757 379761
      379766 374769 367776 356781 348786 348789 350791 351795
      349800 345803 342807 342812 345816 344822 342834 343840
      347841 353838 355835 361826 368819 380802 383798 386795
      394788 397784 399780 400772 402767
 1.00 315852 314846 310844 305845 301848 298850 295853 293856
      292862 297862 300861 304859 309856 312854 315852
 1.00 312828 309826 306828 302831 300834 297836 294840 291843
      291846 292849 294848 297845 300842 303840 306837 309833
      311829 312828
 1.50 388781 385777 381778 373786 362792 359796 355801 353806
      350813 348827 348830 351833 355828 363820 367816 371810
      373806 376799 378795 383791 387787 388781
 2.00 371804 371799 370795 366796 361800 358805 356810 354816
      352822 351827 356825 361821 364816 368811 370806 371804

24HR QP VT 21/12Z
 0.01 558864 557854 558841 553816 551807 550801 548786 545775
      541763 539756 537753 537748 533747 525735 520726 516719
      510717 506715 504712 496695 492684 485680 477676 471670
      460656 448648 445646 440646 432647 423649 416648 410647
      402646 384651 379653 375655 368661 352675 340686 334691
      329697 325704 320711 310721 299732 279756 273764 270770
      268775 266778 262788 260796 257802 254810 255822 256825
      256830 253835 246849 243855 241864 238872 235881 235888
      236895 239905 237915 235922 235933 235944 238960 236969
      233976 233991 237997 243002 250006 257011 265017 269019
      275021 281026 288031 297031 300030 301026 298019 298016
      299014 300009 302006 303997 302992 301987 297981 292975
      287970 284967 283964 284961 287952 292934 296922 296909
      297900 297887 299870 302851 303842 306835 313821 316818
      316823 315832 317836 319840 319844 318847 320854 321858
      326860 335859 343857 350860 351865 351872 352877 353880
      365889 378896 382896 385897 394897 406897 411897 415898
      425898 433900 445900 449904 450911 453918 457923 458928
      458935 457943 457950 456954 454954 454959 456964 459973
      461978 464979 501980 506980 510978 513978 517975 523970
      533966 539961 543952 549935 553928 555924 555918 555910
      556906 556892 558864
 0.01 550039 549033 546028 538021 519009 510006 504005 501005
      498003 494002 491002 487000 479996 477994 474994 469989
      462986 463993 466998 468004 471009 484025 491036 494039
      499042 503044 510045 520046 522044 526045 532045 543048
      548044 550039
 0.01 522267 523258 521250 517244 514242 509242 504245 497252
      489263 486266 483267 479267 474267 467264 460262 458262
      456264 449274 443284 435295 433300 432305 433308 436312
      443314 452311 462306 466303 469299 478291 487285 496281
      505279 510277 515274 522267
 0.01 445096 445093 443091 441090 437090 432089 427086 418081
      415078 415074 416066 415060 415055 413053 408050 400049
      393041 390042 387046 381044 379042 378038 380019 380014
      379011 378005 376000 373995 368985 365979 363971 361966
      357962 353960 348962 345966 344973 344981 341989 338994
      336000 336007 338011 340013 343013 349015 345019 343024
      342032 345035 350038 357038 363039 365042 365047 363050
      361052 356055 361062 357064 358067 362070 365065 370068
      372076 373082 376087 376094 381094 385093 383088 385086
      389087 392085 393087 395090 394091 394094 396094 400090
      402089 403090 406092 405097 405106 407110 413106 419107
      424111 429109 432106 434102 439099 443098 445096
 0.01 445072 445070 443070 443072 445072 445072
 0.01 427101 425098 424097 422096 421098 420100 422102 423103
      425102 427101
 0.01 402233 403231 403230 401228 401227 401228 399229 397228
      396228 395228 395231 397232 399232 400232 402233 402233
 0.01 395200 388196 380190 374184 370182 365180 356181 352183
      349185 350187 355188 365191 371197 374200 378202 382204
      385204 390204 393202 395200
 0.01 388118 387116 385115 383115 381117 379119 377121 375123
      373125 375127 379126 381124 383122 385120 386120 388118
 0.01 357212 357206 354203 351201 350197 349190 345188 344193
      345198 347203 348206 351209 355212 357212
 0.01 354120 354117 353115 349114 347112 344109 342109 342111
      343114 345114 347117 350119 352121 354120
 0.01 345076 344072 340071 338073 334077 332079 334082 337085
      338091 340094 342091 343085 344078 345076
 0.25 553865 553852 552841 547816 545809 543805 539797 531778
      527768 523758 520750 516745 510744 503744 499745 497742
      492741 488737 483731 479723 475712 458674 454668 448665
      441662 435661 408657 401656 394657 386659 378664 369670
      361677 350688 346694 342702 340710 338717 341721 337721
      334720 330722 323725 318730 313736 304750 289759 285766
      281774 276788 269802 265806 264812 265816 266820 265825
      265835 265840 263842 259848 254854 250861 244877 243883
      245889 247899 249907 251918 253925 256931 258933 263934
      267930 270923 271913 272895 274884 276877 283860 284837
      286820 287812 286800 285790 288785 295784 302785 308785
      317783 325779 332776 340770 348764 353759 361756 364755
      367757 372762 374764 375769 377778 379780 378783 374789
      372797 367805 361808 360803 358803 356808 358810 359815
      358819 354827 351831 350834 351838 361838 367841 369850
      374857 380859 387859 394858 397855 399851 405847 409840
      412833 418828 428828 433828 435830 451828 457828 460830
      468835 474839 480843 485848 485856 481873 482883 482889
      485893 490897 492901 491903 492919 494929 498938 502944
      510951 513952 517952 524950 529944 537932 543917 546908
      548898 552879 553865
 0.25 426777 425776 423776 421777 420778 421780 422781 424780
      424779 425778 426777
 0.25 401058 400057 398057 397057 395057 393059 393060 392061
      391064 391066 392067 393066 394065 396064 398062 398061
      399060 400058 401058
 0.25 385198 384197 382196 381197 382198 384199 385198
 0.25 372188 371187 369186 368185 366184 364184 363184 364186
      365187 366187 367187 369188 371188 372188
 0.25 273003 271991 269980 264972 257964 254961 248961 242968
      239973 238977 237989 238993 242997 251001 256003 262004
      273003
 0.50 548876 548868 548859 548851 547844 546839 543833 540829
      538829 534830 530833 528837 525839 513852 506857 504860
      503867 504883 503891 502898 503906 506910 508913 514919
      522923 525924 529923 534915 539908 542898 545893 546888
      548876
 0.50 514780 514774 512770 505766 500767 495768 488773 480775
      471776 469773 468768 468761 470758 470752 470746 469739
      470733 470727 468722 465720 461723 453736 449738 447738
      443736 442730 442725 444722 450715 455713 458710 460705
      460699 460692 459685 455678 452675 449675 442674 435673
      427670 411664 397662 392663 387664 381669 368680 362686
      356693 353701 353706 354711 353721 352725 350729 340741
      337745 336749 336752 340756 345756 349754 357750 364747
      369746 374746 380749 383752 385756 389766 389771 391775
      401787 403791 405793 410792 412789 413785 411781 411776
      412772 418763 422761 426760 435761 441763 441771 446776
      449777 451780 457786 455790 455797 452800 448802 444804
      441807 441814 444817 450817 457813 462809 472806 475805
      479806 481812 484814 490810 494802 498796 504791 510785
      514780
 0.50 272871 273863 270857 264857 259860 256864 253869 251875
      250879 251883 254887 260890 263889 265887 268882 270877
      272871
 0.50 266990 265982 261976 257972 252967 248968 246970 242976
      240984 240989 240992 246996 253998 258998 260996 265992
      266990
 1.00 451704 450699 448697 442694 431694 424694 419690 415684
      411680 407677 403672 397670 392670 385673 380678 377683
      373687 368691 365697 364704 366710 367714 365717 362724
      360729 361734 362735 367737 376737 388735 396735 397739
      397744 396747 397751 401754 409753 417750 428745 432740
      432731 434724 438720 442717 446712 451704
 1.00 265872 265870 264869 263870 263871 262872 261873 260874
      260876 261877 262876 263875 264874 264872 265872
 1.00 259986 259983 257980 255979 253977 250976 248978 246981
      245984 246988 246990 249991 253991 257990 258988 259986
 1.50 445707 445705 443705 441706 440707 438707 437708 435709
      434710 433711 433713 434715 436715 437715 439714 440714
      441713 442712 444711 444710 445708 445707
 1.50 421725 421723 417722 414724 412726 411728 408731 407733
      407738 409740 411742 412739 414737 415735 417733 419731
      421728 421725
 1.50 401692 399686 395682 392682 388683 383686 374693 370698
      370702 373704 378707 376710 372722 368727 367730 370731
      374731 378726 383722 385722 386714 388708 397700 400695
      401692
 2.00 389693 388692 387691 386691 384691 383692 383693 381694
      380695 380698 382698 384699 385698 387697 388695 389693

24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 565894 563899 560902 555910 543926 536942 534947 531949
      527956 523960 519961 515962 511962 503957 501957 499955
      495954 488951 481949 474945 471944 467942 463938 460935
      456927 454923 451917 450916 450911 447905 446901 446895
      443886 440878 437873 435869 429862 427861 426863 425868
      423881 420894 419915 419919 417926 416930 414933 410936
      407932 404930 403936 404944 405952 403961 399961 395961
      392959 387955 385956 385959 386965 386974 380981 377978
      376973 373968 373962 372954 371949 369903 370897 373894
      379892 377887 379882 383872 386864 390858 394856 397855
      404850 411849 413845 414839 414835 413829 411823 409819
      406820 400821 397823 394824 391821 390817 391812 391808
      393804 395803 398796 397789 400780 404770 406764 408761
      417749 418747 416741 414737 413732 412725 413719 412712
      409708 403699 402692 400686 399678 403671 406663 410654
      415652 419647 421642 419638
 0.01 525682 521678 518676 514672 511665 508658 505652 501648
      498643 494639 490635 486631 482627 478622 474619
 0.01 525254 521250 520247 521245 526235 532223 535216 538210
      540200 541192 540186 541177 540171 539167 534165 529164
      526165 524163 518156 512154 509154 512161 513164 512168
      509169 504168 501165 498167 497172 499178 499185 502187
      507191 508196 499196 493196 489200 479204 466210 459216
      458218 456216 451215 446213 444209 445205 447205 449205
      450202 454198 456189 457186 460185 463180 463173 459172
      457172 455169 454166 452164 450166 449169 448180 439187
      437189 434196 429196 424192 420187 415188 412190 410194
      408198 403199 398198 394195 388187 384183 378181 370180
      358180 353184 357186 363191 371195 376198 379201 384204
      388206 395208 399211 402216 403221 399225 397226 397230
      404232 409235 418235 422243 428246 430243 436235 452225
      454221 457223 463226 467230 470236 471241 470242 463245
      455247 446248 428255 419261 412269 410273 411277 415280
      420282 430285 438285 457280 462278 468276 476272 491266
      493267 496270 497273 503281 505285 510287 516284
 0.01 515213 514211 513211 512212 511215 511218 512219 513218
      514216 515213
 0.01 492238 493235 492232 492231 491229 490228 489226 487224
      486224 485225 484226 482225 481226 480227 479228 480229
      481231 481233 483234 484234 486235 486236 487237 489238
      490239 492238
 0.01 498028 499025 498022 496018 493013 485000 476987 470982
      465979 458975 454971 450971 450976 453981 458989 463994
      469998 472000 473004 478010 481015 491025 496031 498028
 0.01 451097 448092 440091 437093 433090 426089 427094 430095
      431098 429101 425105 428108 430108 437110 440110 440105
      442099 446099 450100 451097
 0.01 448073 446071 446070 445070 443070 442069 443072 445072
      446072 448073 448073
 0.01 430226 430225 428225 427225 426226 425227 425229 424232
      425234 426232 427230 428228 430227 430226
 0.01 409157 411152 410148 407144 397138 387143 384140 384138
      381137 379139 381143 385147 384152 382155 384154 389152
      391158 390162 388165 384170 384172 386174 391177 394177
      395174 399171 401162 405159 409157
 0.01 412110 409101 408096 407096 406100 403104 400102 397101
      395103 393105 389109 385111 378116 375121 378126 378128
      382129 386127 389125 393121 392117 396115 399113 403114
      406114 412110
 0.01 412061 413056 410054 402053 396047 394043 392043 388043
      386046 383048 379048 376045 372044 365046 362048 359051
      356055 360069 367066 370068 372071 373080 377085 380084
      382080 388078 390075 395073 399071 404064 408063 411061
      412061
 0.01 371001 371991 370985 366976 362963 359957 357951 353943
      347938 341939 341944 340952 340956 337958 335956 331955
      329950 327945 323947 320946 319941 317940 314940 311946
      309951 306954 299960 294960 288962 283955 279951 274948
      275941 276936 280905 282883 282871 285860 286853 286846
      286839 287834 288818 293809 293803 290800 291797 293793
      296789 298784 301774 302767 301760 298756 295753 289752
      287750 286745 282733 279729 276726 272725 268725 264728
      261731 255740 245756 242762 238767 235771 234777 234783
      234788 234800 233822 234838 235851 237858 238867 236880
      234892 234902 234928 238953 239962 239971 238975 236977
      232980 232999 234003 237007 247012 256016 266019 276027
      282029 289030 301030 308034 311037 317038 321036 321029
      321021 318016 325018 330019 336022 341024 345020 347016
      348010 347004 345000 346998 349998 355000 362005 369005
      371001
 0.01 348196 349194 349192 349190 349189 348187 347187 345188
      345189 345191 346194 346196 348197 348196
 0.01 345182 345178 344173 343168 341166 336167 330166 328166
      332169 336169 338168 340170 341175 341181 342184 345182
 0.01 311998 310994 309992 307990 304988 301988 297988 294989
      292990 291993 293993 297996 299998 300998 302000 306002
      308000 311998
 0.25 550862 548842 547829 546819 542803 536789 535775 533767
      531752 528743 523727 518713 512695 507672 504665 501659
      493651 472633 466631 461630 451629 440633 439639 436642
      431648 428653 425659 422673 421691 424703 428708 436718
      438720 441720 448718 451720 452723 453731 454738 456742
      461747 466749 470750 480758 485763 487767 491775 493785
      495823 499831 500835 500841 502852 503866 503887 505896
      507903 512911 515915 519917 523916 530914 535910 538906
      542901 545894 547886 549877 550862
 0.25 531197 531193 530190 527188 525187 524187 520187 518188
      516190 518193 519195 522197 524199 527200 529199 531197
 0.25 511254 511248 510244 508238 505234 503234 500231 497229
      497231 498237 500243 501247 503252 505255 507257 509257
      511254
 0.25 478238 478236 477235 476234 474234 475237 475238 477238
      478238
 0.25 481216 481214 481211 479212 478213 477214 475214 477216
      478216 480216 481216
 0.25 326988 326986 325984 324982 323980 321982 321983 321984
      321986 322987 323988 324989 326989 326988
 0.25 283779 282773 281768 278765 274766 268771 264776 256793
      254797 254802 256809 258816 259821 254830 251836 248845
      247853 247860 246865 244873 243881 242893 243907 242915
      244923 245928 248931 252933 255937 256940 259942 261941
      263935 264913 267904 269897 273889 274878 278861 281820
      283811 284805 282801 275790 281786 283779
 0.25 257002 256998 254994 253990 250987 246988 242990 240995
      240998 244000 247003 251005 255004 257002
 0.50 506706 506696 504684 501669 497663 493658 486651 476644
      472642 467641 464643 457644 446644 442648 439655 434667
      432672 432681 433690 433696 432704 436709 441711 447709
      458701 460701 462704 463710 463718 464724 466726 472724
      476722 480720 483719 489719 495718 499719 504718 506714
      506706
 0.50 274803 274801 272800 272799 270798 268798 268797 266796
      264796 262796 261798 260799 260801 261803 263804 265804
      266804 267804 269804 270804 272804 274804 274803
 0.50 274853 274847 274842 271837 268834 265832 260836 257843
      255850 254859 252867 250874 249883 248892 249901 249906
      250911 255913 259907 260899 262891 267886 269879 271872
      273863 274855 274853
 1.00 491680 489674 487668 484664 482661 478659 476660 474662
      474666 477671 479673 482677 485680 488682 491680

$$




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