Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 162216
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
615 PM EDT THU APR 16 2015


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID APR 17/0000 UTC THRU APR 20/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

18Z UPDATE...
MAIN CHANGES FROM PRELIM GUIDANCE WERE ACRS THE GULF COAST STATES
REFLECTING ONGOING CONVECTIVE TRENDS.  MOST 12Z HIGH RES GUIDANCE
MISSING CONVECTIVE DETAILS ACRS THE GULF COAST WITH THE EXCEPTION
OF THE HRRR WHICH WAS SOME VALUE ACRS ERN TX WHERE ACTIVITY HAS
BECOME A BIT MORE ORGANIZED AHEAD OF LEFT EXIT REGION UPR JET AND
MID LEVEL DRY PUNCH.

...ROCKIES AND CENTRAL/SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS...

AN UPPER LOW NEAR THE FOUR CORNERS REGION DRIFTS SLOWLY EASTWARD
THROUGH FRIDAY. A SHORTWAVE ROTATES TO THE EAST SIDE OF THE UPPER
LOW THROUGH FRIDAY MORNING...WHICH WILL STRENGTHEN DEEP LIFT AND
UPPER DIFLUENCE CO/WY/NE. MUCH OF THIS AREA WILL SEE LIFT ENHANCED
BY STRONG LOW LEVEL UPSLOPE...PERSISTENT NEAR-SURFACE WINDS OF
20-30 KNOTS FROM THE EAST TO NORTHEAST. GULF MOISTURE WILL WRAP
INTO THE SYSTEM AS THE WARM CONVEYOR BELT FORMS OVER THE HIGH
PLAINS AND WRAPS WESTWARD ACROSS THE DEEP FRONTAL SURFACE COMING
INTO PLACE OVER WESTERN KS/NE. ALL OF THESE THINGS COMBINE TO
PROVIDE REASONS FOR GENEROUS RAINFALL TOTALS AND LIQUID EQUIVALENT
OF SNOW IN THE HIGHER ELEVATIONS. SOME OF THE HIGHER RESOLUTION
GUIDANCE FEATURES PARTICULARLY INTENSE PRECIPITATION...WITH THE 27
KM GFS OUTPUT AND THE GEM REGIONAL MODEL AND OUR IN-HOUSE PSEUDO
BIAS-CORRECTED ENSEMBLE TRENDING UPWARD. ALL THESE SOURCES
INDICATE LOCAL 3 TO 4 INCH MAXIMA OVER THE COLORADO ROCKIES AND
OUT OVER NEBRASKA NEAR THE SURFACE FRONT IN JUST THE 24 HOUR
PERIOD ENDING 00Z SATURDAY. THESE AMOUNTS APPEAR TOO HEAVY GIVEN
THAT THIS SYSTEM IS STRONG BUT NOT ESPECIALLY ANOMALOUS IN TERMS
OF HEIGHTS/WINDS. AFTER THE ABOVE-MENTIONED SHORTWAVE ROTATES
THROUGH THE EAST SIDE OF THE SYSTEM...PRECIPITATION RATES SHOULD
DECREASE SOMEWHAT DURING THE DAY FRIDAY AS THE SYSTEM BECOMES
STACKED. THAT IS NOT TO SAY THAT THERE WILL NOT STILL BE
IMPRESSIVE AND GENEROUSLY WIDESPREAD PRECIPITATION...BUT THE ECMWF
AND NAM DID NOT SHOW THE SAME TREND TOWARD MUCH HEAVIER VALUES AS
SEEN IN THE GFS. THE PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST WAS ALREADY
APPROPRIATELY HEAVY...SO WE TRENDED ONLY SLIGHTLY IN THE DIRECTION
OF HEAVIER VALUES...WITH SOME 2.0 TO 2.5 INCH AREAL AVERAGE
FORECAST THROUGH 18/00Z IN THE UPSLOPE REGION AND THE MOUNTAIN
PEAKS OF NE CO/SE WY AND OUT OVER NE/KS WITHIN THE WARM CONVEYOR.

FORECAST CAPE IN THE NAM AND SREF CENTRAL PLAINS OF 500-1000 J/KG
WILL SUPPORT EMBEDDED CONVECTION MARCHING ONLY VERY SLOWLY
EASTWARD AS DEEP FLOW MAINTAINS A STRONG MERIDIONAL COMPONENT.
SOME S-N OR SW-NE CELL TRAINING MAY PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL...BUT WITH DRY AIR AND MODERATE TO STEEP LAPSE RATES IN
THE SOUNDINGS INITIALLY...THERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH COLD POOL
DEVELOPMENT TO PUSH THE AXIS OF HEAVIER CELL DEVELOPMENT ONE
DIRECTION OR ANOTHER...AND IT MAY BE DIFFICULT TO REPLENISH A
SUPPLY OF MODERATE INSTABILITY ONCE IT BECOMES CONSUMED...GIVEN
RATHER CONTINUAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRECIPITATION IN THIS REGION
BENEATH THE STRONGLY DIFLUENT UPPER FLOW. WITH THIS AREA HAVING
BEEN DRY RECENTLY WE REFRAINED FROM INTRODUCING A RISK OF
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...BUT ONE COULD BE CONSIDERED DURING LATER
UPDATES.


...TEXAS AND THE SOUTHEAST STATES...

THIS AFTERNOON/EVENING...MID/UPPER LEVEL DIVERGENCE WILL GENERATE
BROAD AND DEEPER ASCENT WHERE THE SOUTHERN STREAM OF THE POLAR JET
AND SUBTROPICAL JET SPLIT OVER MS/AL AND SE LA. THUNDERSTORM
DEVELOPMENT AT 18Z WAS INCREASING NEAR LOW LEVEL BOUNDARIES...A
LOOSELY DEFINED FRONT AND THE SEA BREEZE. BUT ORGANIZATION ON
LARGER SCALES SHOULD SUFFER AS THE DEVELOPING UPPER FORCING MOVES
OFF THE AXIS OF GREATER INSTABILITY LOCATED BACK ACROSS THE
WESTERN GULF COAST. EMPHASIS SHOULD GRADUALLY SHIFT BACK WEST WITH
TIME AS A LARGE UPPER TROUGH LEANS INTO TEXAS. DIFLUENT MID LEVELS
WILL COMBINE WITH AN INCREASING AXIS OF MOISTURE/INSTABILITY TO
PRODUCE GREATER
COVERAGE AND ORGANIZATION OF THUNDERSTORMS PRODUCING HEAVY RAIN
OVER THE TEXAS HILL COUNTRY TO THE UPPER TX COAST LATER TONIGHT
AND ESPECIALLY ON FRIDAY. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES WILL BE
SOMEWHAT ANOMALOUS...AND HEAVY RAIN RATES ARE EXPECTED...BUT OF
GREATER CONCERN WOULD BE THE POTENTIAL FOR REPEATED ROUNDS OF
CONVECTION SHOULD THE AXIS OF DEEPER MOISTURE...ORIENTED GENERALLY
WEST TO EAST...BECOME REINFORCED BY THUNDERSTORM
OUTFLOWS...PRODUCING A STRONGER LOW LEVEL FOCUS FOR REDEVELOPMENT
AHEAD OF THE SLOW MOVING UPPER TROUGH.

WE DEPICTED A RELATIVE MINIMUM DURING THE DAY 1 PERIOD OVER
NORTHEAST TEXAS. WARM ADVECTION SHOULD CONTRIBUTE TO SCATTERED
SHOWERS/STORMS THERE AND OVER ADJACENT PARTS OF OK/AR/LA. BETTER
DEFINED DEEP ASCENT WILL OCCUR FARTHER WEST...HOWEVER...ALONG THE
PACIFIC FRONT AND WITHIN THE STRONGER LOW LEVEL FLOW AHEAD OF THE
DEVELOPING CLOSED UPPER SYSTEM. THIS MAY ALSO BE A CASE IN WHICH
RICH MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ARE INTERCEPTED OVER CENTRAL AND
SOUTH TEXAS...AS REFLECTED IN MOST OF THE OPERATIONAL MODEL
SOLUTIONS.


...OHIO VALLEY/MID-ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

A WEAKENING SOUTHERN STREAM SHORTWAVE WILL BE ABSORBED BY A
STRONGER NORTHERN STREAM WAVE DROPPING THROUGH THE GREAT LAKES AND
INTO NEW ENGLAND BY FRIDAY MORNING. BOTH OF THESE FEATURES WILL
CONTRIBUTE TO WARM ADVECTION...ESPECIALLY ABOVE THE
SURFACE...WHICH WILL TAP INTO A PLUME OF SATURATED MID LEVEL AIR
OVER THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS AND CAROLINAS. THOUGH INSTABILITY
WILL BE LACKING...THE ORGANIZED LIFT AHEAD OF THE NORTHERN STREAM
WAVE SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT TO SQUEEZE OUT WIDESPREAD 0.10 TO 0.25
INCH RAINFALL FROM THE UPPER OHIO VALLEY TO NEW ENGLAND AND PARTS
OF THE MID ATLANTIC. WITH DIURNAL HEATING AT THE TAIL END OF THIS
ACTIVITY ON FRIDAY...SOME LOW-TOPPED CONVECTION MAY DEVELOP OVER
VA/MD...AND WE FOLLOWED THE GFS IN DEPICTING THIS. ELSEWHERE...WE
BLENDED THE PREVIOUS FORECAST TOWARD THE 00Z ECMWF AND OUR
IN-HOUSE ENSEMBLE. THESE MODEL SOURCES CAPTURED THE TREND TOWARD
SOMEWHAT GREATER COVERAGE OF LIGHT...BUT NONETHELESS
SIGNIFICANT...PRECIPITATION...ESPECIALLY IN A SWATH ACROSS NE PA
AND SRN NY.


DAYS 2/3...

CENTRAL ROCKIES/PLAINS/MID MS AND LOWER MO VALLEYS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

THE MAIN FORECAST PROBLEM WILL BE A CLOSED LOW WHICH STARTS OFF
OVER CO WILL FILL AS IT MOVES EAST OVER THE ADJACENT PLAINS...AND
EVENTUALLY REACHES THE MID MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.  DURING LATE DAY
3...A NORTHERN STREAM TROF OVER CANADA WILL AMPLIFY ENOUGH TO THE
POINT WHERE IT CAPTURES THIS LOW.

A PLUME OF LOW-LEVEL MOISTURE IS FORECAST TO EXTEND FROM THE
WESTERN GULF OF MEXICO NORTHWARD ACROSS THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL
PLAINS...AND WRAP WESTWARD INTO THE LOW-PRESSURE SYSTEM. THE BEST
LOW-LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX CONVERGENCE IS FORECAST TO OCCUR NORTH OF
THE SURFACE LOW...ACROSS WESTERN NEBRASKA...NORTHEASTERN COLORADO
AND SOUTHEASTERN WYOMING ON DAY 2. THE COMBINATION OF AN UPSLOPE
FLOW COMPONENT AND THE MOIST AND UNSTABLE AIR MASS FORECAST TO BE
ADVECTED NORTHWARD INTO THE REGION OF STRONGEST MOISTURE FLUX
CONVERGENCE MAY SUPPORT RATHER VIGOROUS VERTICAL MOTION AND
ENHANCED QPF AMOUNTS AT THE START OF THE PERIOD.

MAX QPF VALUES ON DAY 2 IN EXCESS OF AN INCH ARE LOCATED OVER THE
HIGHER TERRAIN OF SOUTHEAST WYOMING AND AROUND THE BLACK HILLS OF
SOUTH DAKOTA.  REFER TO THE WPC WINTER WEATHER SUITE OF PRODUCTS
FOR DETAILS CONCERNING THE POTENTIAL FOR HEAVY SNOW ACROSS
PORTIONS OF THE CENTRAL ROCKIES.

MANUAL QPF PROGS RELIED MOSTLY ON THE 16/00Z ECMWF AND THE MOST
RECENT GFS.  THE UKMET MASS FIELDS WERE NOT TOO BAD BUT THE QPF
LOOKED WAY TOO AGGRESSIVE AND WAS NOT INCORPORATED.  THE IN HOUSE
BIAS CORRECTED ENSEMBLE QPF GUIDANCE ALSO LOOKED TOO AGGRESSIVE.
WE TOOK THAT AS A SIGNAL THAT THE ENSEMBLES WERE WETTER THAN THE
OPERATIOAL GFS/ECMWF RUNS SO WE INCREASED THOSE QPF AMOUNTS...BUT
DID NOT GO NEARLY AS WET AS THE IN HOUSE GUIDANCE.


PARTS OF THE SOUTHERN PLAINS/TX EASTWARD ALONG THE GULF COAST
REGION
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

A LINGERING STATIONARY FRONT WILL BE IN PLACE AT THE START OF DAY
2 /00Z SATURDAY/...ALONG THE GULF COAST. THIS BOUNDARY WILL SERVE
AS THE PRIMARY SURFACE FOCUS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS. UPPER-LEVEL FLOW ACROSS THIS AREA ON AT THE START
OF DAY 2 IS FORECAST TO BE SOMEWHAT CONVERGENT AND NOT CONDUCIVE
FOR LARGE-SCALE UPWARD VERTICAL MOTIONS ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND
EASTERN GULF COAST. THEREFORE...THE PRIMARY TRIGGERS FOR
CONVECTION EARLY ON DAY 2 SHOULD BE VORTICITY MAXIMA TRAVERSING
THE 500 HPA FLOW.

A MORE VIGOROUS SOUTHERN STREAM 500 HPA SHORTWAVE WILL BE
APPROACHING FROM NORTHERN OLD MEXICO...WITH AN ASSOCIATED WAVE OF
LOW PRESSURE ALONG THE REMAINS OF THE AFOREMENTIONED FRONTAL
BOUNDARY. LOW-LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW WILL STRENGTHEN AHEAD OF THE
FEATURE...WITH 20-30 KT SOUTHERLY FLOW AT 850 HPA CROSSING THE
FRONTAL BOUNDARY THROUGH SATURDAY INTO SUNDAY MORNING  FROM EAST
CENTRAL TEXAS INTO LOUISIANA AND MISSISSIPPI.

DAY DAY 3...THE APPROACH OF THE TROF ALOFT WILL HELP TO USHER THE
FRONT ALONG.  MOST OF THE GUIDANCE HAS SHOWN POOR RUN-TO-RUN
CONTINUITY...FURTHER LIMITING CONFIDENCE. WPC QPF WAS GENERALLY
COMPRISED OF A BLEND OF THE ECMWF...GFS...AND IN-HOUSE
BIAS-CORRECTED ENSEMBLE GUIDANCE.


NORTHEAST
~~~~~~~~~

A SHORTWAVE SKIRTING NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND WILL BRING LIGHT
PRECIPITATION TO THE REGION FRIDAY NIGHT WITH QPF AMOUNTS
GENERALLY RANGING FROM A TENTH OF AN INCH TO PERHAPS AS MUCH AS A
QUARTER OF AN INCH ON SATURDAY.

MODEL AGREEMENT WAS PRETTY GOOD AND WE WERE ABLE TO USE A MODEL
COMPROMISE HERE.

BURKE/SULLIVAN/BANN

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 18/00Z
 0.01 537210 540186 537180 532181 531177 530172 527166 521162
      516163 513163 510164 506168 498177 497187 501192 506198
      508204 510214 509224 499232 497236 498239 497243 494242
      491239 489240 488246 490263 493271 495278 498286 501291
      505293 507292 510291 512288 515281 518273 520264 521256
      522251 522248 522242 521240 520230 521224 523219 526222
      528223 532221 537210
 0.01 481690 479673 477663 475659 470651 464644 451636 447635
      442636 438638 435640 429646 422655 417664 413672 407692
      403701 401711 398723 396735 394740 394747 387753 383754
      381759 377766 372772 370781 371788 374792 377794 376798
      374800 372798 370795 368793 364796 361799 355801 350801
      347796 342787 340783 343779 346776 350772 352768 353761
      357757 358752 361743 343721 339720 334720 324721 321723
      318726 315736 313742 309743 303750 296756 290763 283771
      278779 276783 272786 268788 265792 258797 251800 246805
      244809 247811 252805 254806 256810 259814 264816 271820
      278825 284833 287837 288843 290848 289854 284864 280874
      278885 275894 269911 266919 264923 264927 261933 266942
      267946 267953 267960 266964 255967 251968 249972 246975
      244980 241990 240992 240994 244996 249000 252999 260995
      264994 267993 269995 269001 270005 271010 274012 281018
      287021 309027 313026 317027 320030 324032 332028 341026
      351027 359032 363036 363043 361049 357053 355058 355064
      357068 358071 356073 352080 353090 354093 355096 350097
      352102 356104 355112 353117 349112 347108 345103 343095
      339089 336091 336097 341103 345114 345116 348118 352119
      361121 367119 370117 373115 376117 374127 375131 377132
      382126 391124 400121 407126 419118 419115 417114 413110
      416103 419097 420091 424089 427094 431097 434095 430087
      430082 434080 439071 444021 444005 444998 444990 438968
      437964 434962 428956 420951 409951 396951 393951 390949
      386947 377943 373941 370938 360924 352910 346903 342895
      340890 340887 342882 345877 348873 350868 351864 351858
      352850 354846 359839 360834 364832 367833 369831
 0.01 369831 371828 374828 375832 375841 375846 374848 369860
      369864 372865 375864 376862 385856 390852 395849 404843
      409839 412838 414836 424829 432823 442817 452809 455808
      457806 456798 455779 453776 453771 455765 458759 461755
      464749 466743 469736 471731 472722 474715 476702 481690
 0.01 326796 324795 322793 319791 315792 312794 310795 306796
      305797 307799 310799 312800 316800 319799 323799 326796
 0.25 445656 441653 436657 432662 429668 424679 420691 417705
      416712 418712 425701 431690 436680 441669 444662 445656
 0.25 427733 426729 423730 418738 414746 410755 407764 406768
      407775 409778 413776 418769 421760 427753 427750 426743
      426737 427733
 0.25 432056 433045 434034 435014 433000 432992 430986 428980
      424975 419971 416968 389971 383969 376966 366959 362956
      358956 352956 347954 342951 338951 336953 334959 333966
      339977 338982 335988 323993 317995 311994 308991 305986
      305977 308973 314969 319966 323962 325956 325943 329930
      331922 330913 328905 329896 332868 333861 336854 340841
      339835 336829 333824 330820 327818 324818 318821 307827
      305827 304823 301818 295811 287803 286796 286789 282790
      278795 273799 266801 264803 266806 271811 275814 279819
      282822 287824 297826 300828 301831 301838 299844 297851
      296859 294864 288875 284890 281904 281932 276944 275952
      275961 273975 273983 275989 282002 285007 290010 297016
      303017 310017 322014 326011 331010 344008 359007 366006
      371007 373009 375016 375025 379036 377042 373045 369049
      367051 368055 373058 369064 372070 373076 375083 380087
      382089 382093 376096 377101 382104 386101 390100 396102
      399098 402093 402087 404081 408082 414079 418077 427068
      430062 432056
 0.25 408100 408098 408096 407098 407100 408102 408100
 0.25 343746 340740 338736 334732 329735 327740 325747 321750
      318750 311753 308757 306763 305770 308775 313777 319778
      326776 331773 335769 339765 342759 343753 343746
 0.50 429058 429051 429044 429035 431024 432011 430999 428990
      423983 417979 413977 409976 400975 390976 384976 378975
      375972 370967 368965 363964 358965 355966 351968 349971
      350975 350980 347988 347994 348998 351000 356001 363999
      372997 377998 379001 382010 383019 389038 386043 383045
      378049 377054 379058 380064 378067 377074 377080 380081
      382079 386078 390080 392080 395076 396071 399068 406072
      409074 413073 419067 425064 429058
 0.50 337758 337751 334749 332752 329756 326758 323759 321759
      317762 316765 318768 322768 327767 330764 334761 337758
      337758
 0.50 327850 328843 326838 323834 320834 312837 305844 303848
      302853 299862 292879 288889 286898 286910 287920 288934
      287940 285943 281944 279949 279962 277976 277981 278987
      282996 288001 294009 301013 306013 310011 312007 307005
      302998 300994 299989 299984 299978 304971 317960 319955
      319951 317947 314943 312940 314935 317928 322907 325885
      325880 323876 323872 324866 327850
 0.50 294818 292814 289810 286808 283806 280803 276802 273805
      275809 278813 281817 283819 287820 292820 294818
 1.00 425058 426053 426049 424044 422032 421025 422020 424014
      424006 424998 422993 419989 415986 410984 405984 394984
      388985 384987 380990 382995 388002 392012 395024 399026
      405027 406030 405033 403037 399041 395043 391046 388050
      388052 390054 395057 398060 403062 412066 425058
 1.00 368983 368981 368980 366979 364979 362980 361980 360981
      359981 357982 357983 355985 357986 359987 360987 362986
      364986 366986 367985 368984 368983
 1.00 321855 320850 317849 309853 306861 301869 295887 293897
      294904 293908 291912 290918 291931 294939 297941 299940
      302937 307918 310909 311904 314901 319894 321889 321883
      317880 316877 316872 317866 321855
 1.00 301004 300002 298000 297999 295999 294000 295002 296004
      297004 298006 300006 301004
 1.00 294991 294983 295975 295966 295958 292952 287954 284960
      283968 281974 280980 282987 285991 290995 293993 294991
 1.50 424053 422048 419042 415041 412041 406044 401044 395047
      392050 395054 400058 405060 412061 416060 420057 423055
      424053
 1.50 415008 416002 415998 411991 403989 394989 390990 387992
      387995 389997 394003 398009 400013 400018 402019 405017
      408015 411012 415008
 1.50 309877 309875 309873 309871 309869 308868 306869 305871
      304871 303874 303876 303878 303880 303882 305884 306882
      307881 308880 309879 309877
 1.50 301914 302912 301910 299911 298912 297913 296914 295915
      294916 295918 296918 297918 299916 301914 301914
 1.50 292968 294966 294964 293962 293960 292959 290960 290962
      290964 290966 290968 290970 290972 291970 292970 292968
 1.50 290987 291985 291983 290981 290979 290978 290977 288974
      286975 285976 284976 283978 283981 283983 284985 285985
      286987 287987 288988 290988 290987
 2.00 418055 420050 418048 416048 413050 411051 408050 404049
      401049 397050 397053 399054 400056 404058 407057 410056
      413055 416056 418055
 2.00 410005 410003 408998 406997 405995 402993 399992 396992
      394993 391995 393997 395000 397002 399003 401005 404007
      406008 409007 410005

24HR QP VT 19/00Z
 0.01 554974 553970 551966 549964 545964 538965 533967 529971
      524977 518990 515997 511002 501008 497014 493022 489035
      487043 486056 491060 494060 497062 496067 495071 496075
      496084 499092 503092 506085 512071 514063 518055 526045
      530041 535035 538028 540019 540010 541003 543999 549987
      552980 554974
 0.01 532192 529180 529174 529167 527162 525159 522155 521150
      520143 518139 515133 510130 497114 490119 486124 483125
      481123 479119 476114 475107 474103 472100 467092 463082
      460074 459061 458056 459049 461038 462031 464028 470021
      473017 475011 477002 478994 478976 478969 475965 472957
      467947 464943 461940 454935 447932 432928 417919 410916
      403911 388896 376882 370874 364867 356864 348860 346856
      345849 345844 343842 337836 330837 329834 330831 332828
      337821 337817 336811 338803 336799 336797 333797 329798
      327800 326806 325810 321814 316817 313817 310816 306815
      302812 296803 292802 290799 286796 283794 275792 266793
      261794 258795 253800 252802 255803 254805 259809 274815
      280824 289829 292832 294837 292843 293845 294854 291861
      285868 279875 271890 265905 262914 262926 262937 259945
      252955 245961 239967 238973 237978 237984 237987 238988
      244995 242000 249004 282006 284009 283012 286015 289018
      292021 294023 300023 304024 307022 311010 314004 317001
      322999 324997 333991 340986 347985 353987 361990 368994
      374999 379006 383011 382014 379013 371015 368017 366021
      361027 357036 352047 350051 350055 352056 355062 353066
      351066 347073 347078 346082 345089 347094 352103 357111
      362117 365117 369115 369111 368106 366099 365094 366088
      368086 371087 375088 392090 405096 403101 403107 404109
      406111 409110 413106 415097 417091 421089 426088 428082
      431078 435076 444075 446078 447083 446090 443094 443097
      445109 447112 450116 456121 460124 461129 465138 470140
      471148 474151 480150 488149 493149 498150 505155 511162
      514168 511171 507174 507178 510188 523195 526197 529197
      532192
 0.01 523799 522792 521789 521784 516769 507745 503733 500726
      498721 492711 486703 480693 472685 463683 458674 453663
      449657 445653 441651 436653 424657 418664 414670 414673
      414678 417683 419685 423689 426694 427707 430723 431737
      434740 439741 449743 451744 453747 456752 460766 462780
      466792 470799 473803 481807 483808 483812 483819 483836
      485847 487852 492863 495866 501866 520855 519839 521824
      523799
 0.01 411235 412233 412231 413228 413226 412225 412226 410227
      409228 408229 407232 406232 404232 402232 401232 402234
      404234 405235 407235 409236 411235 411235
 0.01 388760 388755 388751 385751 384754 383756 381759 379761
      377764 377767 379769 382769 384768 386765 387763 388760
 0.25 503813 501804 497796 494791 494782 491775 490769 489762
      487754 486742 485737 484733 480726 469719 461708 456702
      452698 450688 447678 445675 441675 439677 439682 446699
      449706 449714 453718 459722 463726 466735 469743 474750
      478756 479764 482773 486783 488790 492795 494798 493801
      493808 493815 495826 498832 501831 503824 503813
 0.25 456025 457010 458003 457996 457987 456980 455973 454968
      450960 445954 431945 417936 407932 398927 393921 389915
      383907 378900 366890 361888 356886 347891 340888 334884
      329876 325870 321868 315867 308867 304871 301875 299880
      296883 291889 287895 281914 278923 277932 274943 269953
      266961 264970 264975 266980 273984 281988 286988 291987
      298989 302989 304988 310981 315975 320969 330969 334969
      336973 339976 345976 354978 373986 390990 399995 404000
      407003 407010 406023 405026 403027 397029 394031 394034
      396036 405040 408042 411045 411051 409056 403061 390070
      388071 384071 380067 375065 373065 372068 374076 375080
      378083 382083 386081 391081 397082 407082 415081 424077
      432071 438065 442059 451041 454033 456025
 0.50 448039 450032 450025 448015 448997 447985 444975 441966
      438960 433954 427949 420945 412940 403937 389930 386927
      384922 381916 377908 371902 363898 358896 356897 347899
      342900 337900 332896 327889 322884 314883 306886 299893
      291907 288914 285923 282930 280939 276948 273958 273965
      274968 281972 286976 288980 292981 297983 302981 307977
      310972 312966 314956 317949 323943 329939 336936 339934
      344934 348940 356947 363951 366955 366959 368964 354969
      357972 362974 370976 380979 389981 397985 405988 410991
      415998 418999 422997 424999 424006 423015 420017 417013
      414013 413024 415034 415046 414059 413064 410066 405072
      401074 403077 408078 412077 425072 431068 437060 444048
      448039
 1.00 440040 440038 441036 441033 440031 439031 438031 437031
      435032 435033 434035 434037 434040 434042 434044 435045
      436045 437045 438044 439043 440041 440040
 1.00 429058 428056 427056 425056 424058 424060 425061 426062
      428061 429058
 1.00 427966 426961 423956 421954 416952 412951 407951 405953
      407959 409963 411966 416968 419969 424968 427966
 1.00 327924 328918 326912 324904 322900 319897 311896 308897
      304899 300905 296914 292920 288927 286935 285945 285954
      287957 292959 294962 295966 295972 297976 301975 303973
      305969 307964 307956 307952 308947 311939 313936 317933
      322928 327924
 1.50 315911 314908 311906 308907 306909 301916 297921 293927
      290935 291940 293943 297945 301943 305939 309933 312926
      315918 315911
 1.50 301968 301967 300966 299966 299968 299970 301969 301968
 1.50 302964 301962 300964 301966 302964
 2.00 307926 307922 306919 304920 301922 299924 297926 296929
      295931 295935 297937 301936 303934 305931 306928 307926


24HR QP VT 20/00Z
 0.01 441630 452636 459647 465662 465672 464680 459692 451694
      445693 440692 434689 428688 423685 413678 410659 411652
      415646 419640 424636
 0.01 560002 560995 560986 557969 553957 549949 538947 540935
      537920 536915 534911 531900 527892 522883 520881 515881
      497882 481874 474869 469858 464847 461834 453828 448821
      435811 429804 425798 415788 400781 392778 382776 362771
      357770 351771 344776 336782 331789 329792 327793 326790
      321784 310772 295782 291784 285785 279785 276784 270785
      268787 265788 262791 260796 263800 267802 274803 279804
      283806 289810 293815 294822 296824 295827 296834 295838
      293842 291846 288848 280852 275859 270875 268882 263890
      258909 250931 246939 243943 242948 239958 235967 235972
      233977 233988 231989 234993 239999 243000 248998 253991
      258975 264970 273974 277976 280980 285991 288996 291998
      302000 304000 307998 313991 319986 323983 325981 325977
      327973 327967 319964 314962 311958 307951 299950 289951
      283951 281945 287939 293932 302924 305922 311921 316922
      316928 317935 319938 322939 327939 334933 338930 341932
      341939 343943 348948 352950 358951 362952 364954 363956
      361960 361965 364972 367976 369980 371983 369987 367992
      370996 374000 374008 378020 380029 383039 382042 378041
      375039 371037 366036 358042 356045 355051 358054 361057
      369060 379063 383070 386079 393082 400081 403080 405083
      406088 408091 407096 406098 405102 405109 409112 411110
      413106 415101 417100 426103 440110 449112 452112 456111
      458106 458101 458089 459084 458079 454078 450075 448072
      447065 449058 451054 458046 464046 468046 470048 473046
      477042 482035 490029 497024 503021 510015 521007 525006
      530005 533003 537005 541007 545010 548018 552026 557024
      559024 559021 560008 560002
 0.01 485012 483005 479004 477005 470007 463011 458013 453018
      453027 455032 459032 463032 466031 472026 476021 481017
      485012
 0.25 519936 518928 517918 514911 511906 507901 504897 500896
      494894 483894 479892 473892 468898 460903 453906 447907
      437903 432901 429897 427890 428880 438877 448876 449874
      450870 449860 448853 446848 442843 438837 430830 412819
      404812 398804 391797 385793 373788 368787 361788 342800
      332805 328808 326813 322821 320826 317830 310840 305850
      299858 292866 285875 280884 273890 269896 267902 266910
      261922 260928 261934 264937 269941 273941 276938 281932
      284927 288924 293922 297919 303916 307912 316905 326902
      335897 340899 342904 346910 349912 354914 359915 364915
      368917 371920 376927 379931 381937 380945 382951 384955
      388958 389963 388969 387984 387991 388995 392998 394995
      399981 405970 409958 418954 426952 432954 441958 447963
      454970 457976 462981 470987 476988 480987 489980 496974
      505967 511959 515951 518942 519936
 0.25 451097 450096 448096 447095 446094 445094 443094 444096
      445097 446098 448098 450099 451097
 0.25 441038 441033 438032 436033 434035 433037 431040 429044
      428046 427051 430054 433052 434049 436046 438043 440040
      441038
 0.25 433097 433095 433094 432092 431090 430088 428087 428086
      426086 425086 425087 424089 424091 424093 426096 427098
      429099 431099 432098 433097
 0.25 398060 400058 398057 397056 395057 393057 392059 393061
      393062 395062 396062 396061 398060 398060
 0.25 308979 305975 301973 299970 300966 299961 296959 292960
      289964 289970 290974 294978 297981 301983 306981 308979
 0.50 509931 510926 509920 505913 501909 496906 483908 473905
      465911 456914 444918 431917 425915 423914 421915 422920
      418918 413915 410910 406906 404898 406896 411898 415898
      416888 416882 417874 418869 419863 423861 425862 429863
      434863 437862 439859 436853 428843 420838 411833 402826
      396820 388813 384809 380802 376797 372794 368793 364794
      359797 350804 340809 335813 333818 329826 323836 314845
      308855 301863 295874 287883 284893 276912 272927 269933
      270937 271938 276933 278929 284920 289917 292918 300914
      304909 307905 315898 327891 337886 347881 352877 356873
      359860 362855 366851 371849 374844 377841 381841 386844
      384851 382858 382862 380864 376868 374874 364880 356888
      353891 349897 349902 351905 358906 362905 368907 373912
      380920 384924 386930 388936 390938 394939 399941 403943
      409946 416945 419942 424943 428942 431944 443950 448954
      451958 467974 474975 479974 488968 492965 494960 501953
      504947 506942 509931
 1.00 498929 498926 497925 496926 495927 494928 494929 494930
      494932 496932 497930 498929
 1.00 493939 493937 493934 492932 491933 489934 488934 487935
      486937 485939 484941 484942 484944 484946 486946 487947
      489945 490944 491943 492942 492940 493939
 1.00 398913 392910 387905 381902 376896 371892 366893 363895
      369898 374902 380907 384911 391914 394915 396915 398913
 1.00 370815 371810 369807 366805 363806 353812 344820 338830
      333840 329844 325846 320851 317856 311865 303873 297882
      296890 299894 304895 307892 318886 323883 327883 333881
      339878 347873 346854 347851 349849 352845 356839 358834
      365825 370815
 1.50 355828 354824 351825 347826 345827 344829 342832 341836
      342840 345841 347840 350838 351835 353833 354830 355828
 1.50 326866 326864 324864 322865 322866 321867 319868 319869
      318870 317871 316873 316875 318876 319876 321876 323875
      324874 325874 326872 326870 326868 326867 326866

$$





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