Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Sacramento, CA

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CAC003-005-007-009-011-017-021-033-035-057-061-063-067-077-089-091
-095-099-101-103-109-113-115-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO CA
800 PM PDT FRI APRIL 03 2015

...DROUGHT STATE OF EMERGENCY CONTINUES FOR CALIFORNIA...

SYNOPSIS...
GOVERNOR BROWN DECLARED A DROUGHT STATE OF EMERGENCY FOR CALIFORNIA
ON JANUARY 17, 2014. ON APRIL 25, 2014 GOVERNOR BROWN ISSUED A
PROCLAMATION ON THE CONTINUATION OF THE DROUGHT EMERGENCY. THIS
EXECUTIVE ORDER STRENGTHENED THE STATE`S ABILITY TO MANAGE WATER AND
HABITAT EFFECTIVELY IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS AND CALLED FOR ALL
CALIFORNIANS TO REDOUBLE THEIR EFFORTS TO CONSERVE WATER. ACCORDING
TO THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR, MUCH OF INLAND CALIFORNIA IS IN
D4-EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT WITH D3-EXTREME DROUGHT OVER THE NORTHERN
SACRAMENTO VALLEY AND NORTHERN SIERRA. THE DROUGHT CLASSIFICATIONS
ARE DUE IN LARGE PART TO THE PRECIPITATION DEFICIT, LOW RESERVOIR
LEVELS AND LOCAL IMPACTS.

SEVERAL COUNTIES HAVE ISSUED LOCAL DROUGHT EMERGENCY PROCLAMATIONS
IN RESPONSE TO THE DETERIORATING SITUATION INCLUDING GLENN, LAKE,
SAN JOAQUIN, SHASTA, SUTTER, TUOLUMNE AND YUBA. THREE CITIES
CONTINUE IN A DROUGHT EMERGENCY, LIVE OAK IN SUTTER COUNTY AND BOTH
LODI AND RIPON IN SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY. SEVERAL SPECIAL DISTRICTS HAVE
ISSUED LOCAL EMERGENCY DECLARATIONS INCLUDING LAKE DON PEDRO
COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT, NEVADA IRRIGATION DISTRICT, PLACER
COUNTY WATER AGENCY, TWAIN HARTE COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT,
MOUNTAIN HOUSE COMMUNITY SERVICE DISTRICT AND TUOLUMNE UTILITY
DISTRICT. COUNTY DROUGHT TASK FORCES HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED IN BUTTE,
LAKE, NEVADA, PLACER, PLUMAS, SACRAMENTO, SAN JOAQUIN, STANISLAUS,
SUTTER, TEHAMA, TUOLUMNE AND YOLO COUNTIES TO COORDINATE LOCAL
DROUGHT RESPONSE. THE GOVERNORS DROUGHT TASK FORCE MEETS DAILY TO
TAKE ACTIONS THAT CONSERVE WATER AND COORDINATE STATE RESPONSE TO
THE DROUGHT.

LOCAL WATER AGENCIES HAVE ENACTED MANDATORY OR VOLUNTEER WATER
RESTRICTIONS ACROSS THE STATE. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SPECIFIC
LOCAL WATER AGENCIES USAGE RESTRICTIONS PLEASE VISIT
HTTP://WWW.ACWA.COM/CONTENT/LOCAL-DROUGHT-RESPONSE.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

THE COMMUNITY OF LAKE DON PEDRO(STANISLAUS COUNTY) IS EXPECTED TO RUN
OUT OF WATER BY MID-SUMMER.

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS INCLUDE SOME FARMERS REMOVING TREES FROM THEIR
ORCHARDS OR LEAVING THEIR LAND UNPLANTED. SUTTER COUNTY HAS REPORTED
THE LOSS OF 1100 AGRICULTURAL JOBS RELATED TO THE DROUGHT.

MANY COUNTIES ARE UTILIZING CDAA (CA DISASTER ASSISTANCE ACT) MONIES
TO SUPPORT THE DROUGHT SUCH AS SUPPLYING HOMES WHO`S WELLS HAVE
RUN DRY WITH WATER FOR DRINKING AND SANITATION.

GOVERNOR BROWN HAS ORDERED MANDATORY WATER REDUCTIONS OF 25 PERCENT
IN CITIES AND TOWNS ACROSS THE STATE. THIS IS THE FIRST TIME IN
STATE HISTORY THAT A GOVERNOR HAS IMPLEMENTED SUCH REDUCTIONS.

THE STATE WATER BOARD ADOPTED EMERGENCY REGULATIONS TO REDUCE URBAN
OUTDOOR WATER USE ON JULY 15. THIS ESTABLISHES INDIVIDUAL TEMPORARY
PROHIBITIONS LIKE LAWN-WATERING THAT CAUSES RUNOFF...HOSING DOWN
DRIVEWAYS AND USING DECORATIVE FOUNTAINS THAT DON`T RECIRCULATE
WATER. VIOLATIONS MAY BE PUNISHABLE BY FINES UP TO $500.

ALL THE COUNTIES WITHIN NORTHERN INTERIOR CALIFORNIA REMAIN
DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DISASTER AREAS BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT
OF AGRICULTURE DUE TO DAMAGES AND LOSSES CAUSED BY THE DRY
CONDITIONS. GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS INCLUDE ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS AND
EMERGENCY LOANS FOR FARMERS AND RANCHERS.

THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES HAS PROVIDED OVER
192,700 BOXES OF FOOD TO JUST OVER 74,000 HOUSEHOLDS TO DATE FOR
COUNTIES IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT.  THIS FOOD AID, ENABLED BY
EMERGENCY DROUGHT LEGISLATION PASSED IN MARCH, IS TARGETED TOWARD
RESIDENTS ECONOMICALLY IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT. THE DEPARTMENT IS
WORKING WITH LOCAL FOOD BANKS TO ENSURE THAT EACH FOOD BANK HAS A
PLAN TO OUTREACH TO THOSE MOST IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT.

ON JANUARY 23 2015...GOVERNOR BROWN AND THE STATE WATER
RESOURCES BOARD GAVE NOTICE OF SURFACE WATER SHORTAGE AND
POTENTIAL FOR CURTAILMENT OF WATER RIGHTS DIVERSIONS FOR 2015.

THE CALIFORNIA STATE RESOURCES BOARD IS CONSIDERING EXTENDING
CURRENT WATER RESTRICTIONS AND ADOPTING ADDITIONAL LIMITS ON WATER
USE AS THE STATE HEADS INTO ITS FOURTH YEAR OF DROUGHT. AMONG THE
POSSIBLE MEASURES ARE REQUIRING RESTAURANTS CUSTOMERS TO REQUEST
WATER AND HOTELS GUESTS TO ASK FOR NEW TOWELS AND SHEETS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...
2014 WAS THE THIRD DRY WATER YEAR IN A ROW FOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA.
ALTHOUGH...SIGNIFICANT RAIN FELL OVER PORTIONS OF INTERIOR NORTHERN
CALIFORNIA IN DECEMBER...JANUARY WAS A RECORD DRY MONTH FOR MOST OF
THE AREA. FEBRUARY WAS MORE THAN 50% BELOW NORMAL FOR MOST AREAS
WITH THE EXCEPTION BEING NORTHERN SHASTA COUNTY WHICH WAS NEAR
NORMAL. RAINFALL DEFICITS REMAIN LARGE. MARCH HAS BEEN BELOW NORMAL
FOR CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN AREAS OF THE SACRAMENTO VALLEY WITH NEAR
NORMAL PRECIPITATION OVER SHASTA COUNTY. PRECIPITATION HAS BEEN
BELOW NORMAL FOR THE SIERRA DURING MARCH. SMALL IMPROVEMENTS FROM
EARLY SEASON RAINFALL HAVE BEEN MOSTLY ERASED AND THE NORTHERN
SIERRA 8 STATION PRECIPITATION INDEX THROUGH APRIL 3RD IS AT 83% OF
NORMAL. THE 5 STATION SAN JOAQUIN BASIN INDEX LAGS BEHIND AT 40% OF
NORMAL. IN EVEN WORSE SHAPE IS THE SNOW PACK WHICH IS A DISMAL 5% OF
APRIL NORMAL. THIS IS THE LOWEST SNOW PACK FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR IN
THE RECORDED HISTORY OF OBSERVATIONS.

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...
THE RAINY SEASON IS COMING TO A CLOSE FOR NORTHERN CALIFORNIA WHICH
TYPICALLY LASTS THROUGH APRIL BUT SOMETIMES INTO MAY...ESPECIALLY
OVER EXTREME NORTHERN AREAS. AN EL NINO ADVISORY HAS BEEN ISSUED BY
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER FOR THE SPRING FOR A WEAK EL NINO.
THERE IS A 50-60% CHANCE OF THE WEAK EL NINO LASTING THROUGH THE
SUMMER 2015. HISTORICALLY, WEAK EL NINO EVENTS ARE NOT STRONG
SIGNALS OF NORTHERN CALIFORNIA PRECIPITATION. THE LONG TERM CLIMATE
OUTLOOK FORECAST SHOWS NO CLEAR SIGNAL FOR ABOVE...BELOW OR NORMAL
PRECIP THROUGH JUNE. A BRIEF CHANGE IN THE PATTERN TO WETTER
CONDITIONS IS LIKELY THROUGH APRIL 15TH. TEMPERATURES ARE EXPECTED
TO BE ABOVE NORMAL THROUGH AT LEAST JUNE.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...
RESERVOIR STORAGE FOR THE SACRAMENTO RIVER BASIN IS AT 81% OF
CAPACITY.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT SCHEDULED PRODUCT WILL BE ISSUED IN LATE APRIL OR SOONER
IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN CONDITIONS.

&&

RELATED WEBSITES...
CALIFORNIA DATA EXCHANGE CENTER:  HTTP://CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER:  HTTP://WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV/
DROUGHT MONITOR:  HTTP://DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML CALIFORNIA
DROUGHT PAGE:  HTTP://WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/UHJYWATERCONDITIONS/DROUGHT
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER:  HTTP://WWW.CPC.NOAA.GOV/INDEX.PHP
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO:  HTTP://WWW.WRH.NOAA.GOV/STO/
NWS CA DROUGHT INFORMATION RESOURCES:
HTTP://WWW.WRH.NOAA.GOV/WRH/DROUGHTCA.PHP
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES:  HTTP://WWW.ACWA.COM

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER
DROUGHT MONITOR
CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE SACRAMENTO
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES
CALIFORNIA STATE CLIMATOLOGIST
US BUREAU OF RECLAMATION
CAL FIRE
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES
LOCAL COUNTIES AND CITIES

QUESTIONS AND COMMENTS...PLEASE REFER ALL QUESTIONS TO
W-STO.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV.

$$

SHOEMAKER












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