Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wichita, KS

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000
FXUS63 KICT 181539
AFDICT

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WICHITA KS
1039 AM CDT SAT APR 18 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
ISSUED AT 350 AM CDT SAT APR 18 2015

THE UPPER LOW HAS SHIFTED EASTWARD AND IS SPINNING OVER COLORADO.
SMALL PIECES OF ENERGY WITH IT HAVE HELPED TO SPARK OFF SHOWERS
AND THUNDERSTORMS OVER THE PLAINS STATES DURING THE OVERNIGHT
HOURS. EXPECT CENTRAL AND EASTERN KANSAS TO SEE SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS THROUGH MUCH OF THE MORNING.

BILLINGS WRIGHT

&&

.UPDATE...
ISSUED AT 1037 AM CDT SAT APR 18 2015

MAIN UPPER LEVEL LOW OVER THE CO ROCKIES IS BEGINNING TO MAKE SLOW
PROGRESS INTO THE PLAINS THIS MORNING.  DIFFLUENT SW FLOW AHEAD OF
THIS UPPER LOW HAS LED TO ANOTHER ROUND OF SHOWERS AND EMBEDDED
STORMS OVER THE ERN HALF OF KS.  EXPECT THE SHOWERS IN ERN KS TO
GRADUALLY SHIFT TO THE E-NE OF THE AREA LATE THIS MORNING.  BUT
ATTENTION QUICKLY SHIFTS BACK TO THE WEST...AS THIS UPPER LOW BEGINS
TO PUSH EAST INTO WRN KS.  ALREADY SEEING SOME CLEARING ACROSS THE
WESTERN HALF OF THE FORECAST AREA...WHICH WILL LEAD TO INCREASED
SURFACE HEATING INTO THE AFTERNOON HOURS.  SETUP IS A LITTLE
DIFFERENT THAN YESTERDAY...AS DRYLINE IN SW KS IS ON THE MOVE TO THE
EAST THIS MORNING...CURRENTLY JUST TO THE WEST OF THE KDDC.

LATEST LOOK AT THE HI-RES SHORT TERM MODELS SUGGEST THAT THE
INCREASED HEATING BETWEEN THE DRYLINE AND WRN SECTIONS OF THE
FORECAST AREA WILL HELP DESTABILIZE THE ATMOSPHERE JUST TO THE WEST
OF THE FORECAST AREA THIS AFTERNOON.  THIS AREA IS ALSO WEAKLY
CAPPED. SO BETTER HEATING THIS MORNING...AND NOT ALOT OF RECOVERY
TIME NEEDED...MAY LEAD TO CONVECTION DEVELOPING EARLIER THAN
YESTERDAY. ESPECIALLY JUST AHEAD OF THE DRYLINE AS IT PUSHES EAST OF
KDDC...AND PUSHES TO JUST WEST OF KPPT.  SO MAY SEE CONVECTION
DEVELOP AND MOVE INTO WRN SECTIONS OF THE FORECAST AREA (WEST OF I-
135) BETWEEN 20-22Z. LATEST HRRR AND ARW SUGGEST THIS SCENARIO.

AS FAR AS SEVERE WEATHER CHANCES...BULK SHEAR AROUND 40 KTS AND
SBCAPE VALUES EXPECTED TO BE IN THE 2000-2500 J/KG SUGGEST A STRONG
TO SEVERE CHANCE WITH A MIXED MODE WITH MULTICELL CLUSTERS AND A FEW
LOW TOPPED SUPERCELLS WITH LARGE HAIL (QUARTER TO GOLFBALL) AND
DAMAGING WINDS THE MAIN CONCERN. CANNOT RULE OUT A WEAK/BRIEF
TORNADO OR TWO...GIVEN THE DIRECTIONAL SHEAR AND INCREASED VERTICAL
STRETCHING DUE TO THE STEEP LAPSE RATES.

KETCHAM

&&

.SHORT TERM...(TODAY THROUGH MONDAY)
ISSUED AT 350 AM CDT SAT APR 18 2015

MORNING:
EXPECT THE SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS CURRENTLY ONGOING TO CONTINUE
TO DEVELOP AND SHIFT EAST-NORTHEASTWARD DURING THE MORNING HOURS.
DO NOT EXPECT THESE TO BE STRONG OR SEVERE...JUST A WELCOME DRINK
OF RAIN.

THIS AFTERNOON/EVENING:
THINK THAT THERE MAY BE SOME CLEARING ACROSS WESTERN AREAS THIS
MORNING/EARLY AFTERNOON BEFORE THUNDERSTORMS FIRE AGAIN THIS
AFTERNOON ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE DRYLINE. STILL SLIGHTLY CONCERNED
THAT STORMS COULD FIRE EARLIER IN THE AFTERNOON...CLOSER TO 18Z
WITH THE SUPPORT FROM THE UPPER DYNAMICS OF THE UPPER
LOW...HOWEVER...THE BEST SUPPORT FOR COVERAGE IS CLOSER TO 21Z TO
00Z. EXPECT THESE STORMS TO IMPACT CENTRAL AND SOUTH CENTRAL
KANSAS WHERE INSTABILITY AND SHEAR PARAMETERS ARE PLENTIFUL TO
SUPPORT SUPERCELLS CAPABLE OF LARGE HAIL AND DAMAGING WIND. THERE
IS STILL A SMALL CHANCE FOR A TORNADO...BEST CHANCES RESIDE IN
SOUTH CENTRAL KANSAS AND CLOSER TO THE OKLAHOMA BORDER WITH THE
BETTER HELICITY/EHI FURTHER SOUTH IN OKLAHOMA. EXPECT STORMS TO
MOVE EASTWARD DURING THE EVENING. THE SEVERE CHANCES DECREASE
OVER SOUTHEAST KANSAS THOUGH AS THE PARAMETERS ARE LESS FAVORABLE
THERE TO SUPPORT SEVERE STORMS.

DURING THE OVERNIGHT HOURS SATURDAY INTO SUNDAY:
THE UPPER LOW WILL CONTINUE TO PUSH EASTWARD AND LOBES OF
VORTICITY ARE EXPECTED TO CIRCLE AROUND IT WHICH COULD SPARK
MULTIPLE ROUNDS OF SHOWERS/THUNDERSTORMS OVER SOUTHERN KANSAS. THE
UPPER LOW WILL TRAVERSE THE STATE SUNDAY...THUNDERSTORMS WILL
BECOME SHOWERS AND THE FOCUS WILL SHIFT TO EAST AND SOUTHEAST
KANSAS. A COLD FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH THE UPPER LOW WILL MOVE
ACROSS THE STATE AND SHIFT WINDS TO THE NORTHWEST AND GUSTY.

TEMPERATURES WILL BE COOLER ON MONDAY...IN THE 60S BUT THINGS
SHOULD BE DRY AS THE UPPER LOW SLOWLY BEGINS TO SHIFT
NORTHEASTWARD.

BILLINGS WRIGHT

.LONG TERM...(TUESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY)
ISSUED AT 350 AM CDT SAT APR 18 2015

THE MAIN UPPER LOW IS SLOW TO EXIT AND A PIECE OF ENERGY ROTATING
AROUND ITS BACK SIDE IT WILL IMPACT THE AREA WHILE THE CENTRAL
PLAINS SITS UNDER NORTHWESTERLY UPPER LEVEL FLOW. PRECIPITATION
CHANCES WILL BE POSSIBLE EARLY TUESDAY AND THROUGHOUT THE
DAY...BUT THE GUIDANCE HAS DISCREPANCIES AMONGST THE LOCATION OF
THE PRECIPITATION...THINK IT COULD BE SOUTH OF THE STATE
LINE...HOWEVER THE GFS PUSHES IT RIGHT OVER CENTRAL KANSAS.
CONFIDENCE ON THIS PERIOD AND PRECIPITATION CHANCES IS LOW.

BY WEDNESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY THE UPPER LOW MOVES OFF TO THE
NORTHEAST AND ANOTHER SYSTEM MOVES IN FROM THE SOUTHWEST.
PRECIPITATION AND POSSIBLY THUNDERSTORM CHANCES INCREASE BY
WEDNESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY ACROSS THE AREA. THIS PERIOD HAS QUITE A
FEW DISCREPANCIES WITH THE VARIOUS SOLUTIONS...CONFIDENCE ON ANY
SOLUTION IS LOW.

TEMPERATURES WILL STAY IN THE UPPER 60S AND LOW 70S...NEAR
SEASONAL NORMALS.

BILLINGS WRIGHT

&&

.AVIATION...(FOR THE 12Z TAFS THROUGH 12Z SUNDAY MORNING)
ISSUED AT 653 AM CDT SAT APR 18 2015

TOUGH AVIATION FORECAST. CONFIDENCE ONCE AGAIN NOT PARTICULARLY
HIGH GIVEN CHALLENGES OF WEAKLY CAPPED/WEAK SURFACE CONVERGENCE
PATTERN. STORMS WILL PERSIST FOR A FEW HOURS AT KCNU...WHILE
REMAINDER OF THE AREA MORE THAN LIKELY DRY DURING THE MORNING.
UPPER LOW HAS DRIFTED A BIT CLOSER...SO ONSET OF RENEWED
CONVECTION MAY BE A BIT QUICKER THAN YESTERDAY...BUT STILL
THINKING LATER IN THE AFTERNOON IN AT KRSL/KHUT...WITH KICT/KSLN
VERY LATE AFTERNOON/EVENING AND KCNU LATER TONIGHT. -HOWERTON


&&

.FIRE WEATHER...
ISSUED AT 350 AM CDT SAT APR 18 2015

FIRE WEATHER CONCERNS REMAIN LOW WITH THE UPPER LEVEL SYSTEM
IMPACTING THE AREA CAUSING MULTIPLE ROUNDS OF PRECIPITATION.
THE GRASSLAND FIRE DANGER INDEX REMAINS BELOW ELEVATED CONCERN
LEVELS.

BILLINGS WRIGHT

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
WICHITA-KICT    75  54  66  39 /  50  60  70  10
HUTCHINSON      75  52  62  39 /  50  60  70  10
NEWTON          73  52  62  40 /  50  60  80  10
ELDORADO        74  54  69  41 /  40  60  80  10
WINFIELD-KWLD   74  54  70  40 /  40  60  70  10
RUSSELL         75  51  59  36 /  50  60  60  10
GREAT BEND      74  50  59  35 /  50  60  60  10
SALINA          76  52  61  38 /  50  60  70  10
MCPHERSON       74  52  60  38 /  50  60  70  10
COFFEYVILLE     73  56  70  43 /  80  60  80  20
CHANUTE         72  56  70  42 /  80  60  80  20
IOLA            71  56  69  42 /  80  60  80  20
PARSONS-KPPF    73  56  69  42 /  80  60  80  20

&&

.ICT WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NONE.
&&

$$



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