Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 180750
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
349 AM EDT SAT APR 18 2015


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID APR 18/1200 UTC THRU APR 21/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE PLAINS FROM OKLAHOMA NORTHWARD AND
INTO THE MO AND UPPER MS VALLEYS...

THE DEEP CLOSED MID/UPPER LEVEL LOW OVER CO THIS EVENING HAS
LIFTED ABOUT AS FAR NORTH AS ITS GOING TO GET..AS NORTHERN STREAM
ENERGY DIVING EAST-SOUTHEASTWARD INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS BY
SUNDAY MORNING FORCES THIS SYSTEM GENERALLY EASTWARD INTO THE
CENTRAL/SOUTHERN PLAINS DURING THE PERIOD WHILE IT ALSO OPENS UP.
SOME INCREASING MOISTURE WILL CONTINUE TO BE PULLED NORTHWARD AND
NORTHWESTWARD ON ITS EAST SIDE UP THRU THE PLAINS..MO AND UPPER MS
VALLEYS AND BACK INTO EASTERN PORTIONS OF WY AND NORTHERN
CO..SUPPORTING AN AXIS OF MODERATE/LOCALLY HEAVY RAINS IN THE WARM
CONVEYOR BELT UP THRU THE EASTERN PLAINS AND MO VALLEY..DECENT
COMMA HEAD/DEFORMATION BAND PRECIPITATION EARLY IN THE PERIOD BACK
INTO WY AND CO AND INCREASING RAINS AHEAD OF THE NORTHERN STREAM
SYSTEM LATER IN THE PERIOD UP THRU THE NORTHERN PLAINS.  GENERALLY
TOOK A BLEND OF MODEL QPF SOLUTIONS THIS ENTIRE REGION..WITH
MOSTLY 0.50-1.00 INCH RAINS AND/OR WATER EQUIVALENTS EXPECTED.


...TN VALLEY INTO THE GULF COAST STATES/LOWER MS VALLEY...

THE SUBTROPICAL STREAM IS EXPECTED TO BE ACTIVE FOR AT LEAST ONE
MORE DAY..LEADING TO ORGANIZED AND LOCALLY HEAVY TO POSSIBLY
EXCESSIVE RAINS FROM PORTIONS OF THE LOWER MS VALLEY INTO THE
CENTRAL GULF COAST REGION.  A COUPLE OF RATHER WELL DEFINED S/WVS
ARE EVIDENT IN THIS STREAM AS PER THE LATEST WATER VAPOR
IMAGERY..WITH ONE SUCH S/WV MOVING THRU NORTHERN MEXICO AT THIS
TIME AND THE UPSTREAM ONE APPROACHING THE SOUTHERN BAJA AREA.
ONGOING CONVECTION FROM SOUTHERN LA BACK INTO THE CENTRAL TX
COAST..WITH AN APPARENT MCV VICINITY OF SOUTHERN LA..HAS WORKED
OVER THE AIR MASS ALONG THE TX COAST AND SOUTHWESTERN LA..LIKELY
LIMITING ANY SIGNIFICANT CONVECTIVE REDEVLOPMENT THIS REGION WITH
THE APPROACH OF THE UPSTREAM S/WVS LATER THIS MORNING.  SUCH WILL
NOT BE THE CASE FROM THE LOWER MS VALLEY THRU THE CENTRAL GULF
COAST REGION..WHERE THE AIR MASS HAS YET TO BE WORKED OVER AND A
SOUTHERLY TO SOUTH-SOUTHWESTERLY LOW LEVEL JET IS FORECAST TO
DEVELOP/PERSIST INTO THE AREA AHEAD OF THESE NEXT S/WVS.
THUS..THIS LOWER MS VALLEY INTO THE CENTRAL GULF COAST/TN VALLEY
REGION IS LIKELY TO EXPERIENCE THE MORE ORGANIZED AND HEAVY
CONVECTION BEGINNING EVEN THIS MORNING AND CONTINUING THRU
SATURDAY NIGHT.  ALTHOUGH THE MODEL MASS FIELD FORECASTS ARE IN
DECENT AGREEMENT HERE..NONE ARE DOING EXCEPTIONALLY WELL WITH WHAT
IS GOING ON CURRENTLY CONVECTION-WISE.  THE GFS..ARW..UKMET HIRES
AND GEM REGIONAL CAME CLOSEST TO WHAT IS NOW GOING ON..BUT HAD
LESS CONFIDENCE GOING FORWARD IN THE GFS AND UKMET HIRES
SOLUTIONS..WITH BOTH SHOWING SOME SIGNS OF FEEDBACK.  AS A
RESULT..ENDED UP STAYING CLOSEST TO THE ARW AND GEM REGIONAL FOR
THIS MANUAL FORECAST.  EXPECT AT LEAST SOME AREAL AVERAGE 1-2+
INCH RAINFALL AMOUNTS IN THE VERY HIGH PW AIRMASS CLOSE TO THE
COAST..WITH MODERATE RAINS BEING PULLED NORTHWARD INTO THE TN
VALLEY SATURDAY NIGHT.


...NEW ENGLAND...

A VIGOROUS BUT FAIRLY MOISTURE STARVED SHORTWAVE TROUGH WILL PASS
THROUGH NEW ENGLAND TODAY.  ASCENT WILL BE STRONG TO THE
EAST/NORTHEAST OF THE VORTICITY MAXIMUM ASSOCIATED WITH THIS
COMPACT SHORTWAVE..GENERALLY ACROSS
VT/NH AND WESTERN TO SOUTHERN MAINE.  MODEL QPFS REMAIN SIMILAR IN
THEIR PLACEMENT OF 0.25-0.50 INCH AMOUNTS..AND WERE CLOSELY
FOLLOWED.

DAYS 2/3...


...SOUTHEAST/MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR AND INSTABILITY ON A WARM FRONT RAISES
THE POTENTIAL FOR FLASH FLOODING ACROSS THE MID ATLANTIC ON DAY
2...AND A PORTION OF SOUTHEAST NY AND NEW ENGLAND ON DAY 3. FOR
THE MOST PART...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS...THOUGH THE 00Z GFS BECOMES FASTER WITH THE FRONT AND
QPF ACROSS NEW ENGLAND ON DAY 3. BECAUSE OF THIS...THE WPC QPF
LEANS MORE TOWARD THE 00Z ECMWF FOR DAY 3.

A WARM FRONT CROSSING THE SOUTHEAST AND MID ATLANTIC ON DAY 2
BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL. LOW LEVEL
INFLOW AHEAD OF THE WARM FRONT INCREASES TO 35 TO 45 KNOTS AFTER
20/00Z ACROSS NORTH GA/SC/NC INTO SOUTHERN VA. THE LOW LEVEL
INFLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25 TO 1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH
IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL) ACROSS THE FRONT
AND UP AGAINST THE TERRAIN. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL
INSTABILITY NEAR THE WARM FRONT...WHICH IS MOSTLY ELEVATED. THERE
IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 2 TO 3 INCHES OF RAINFALL ACROSS
NORTHERN SC INTO A PORTION OF WESTERN NC (THE 00Z UKMET AND CMC
SHOWED BETWEEN 3 AND 4 INCHES OF QPF HERE)... CENTERED CLOSE TO
THE TERRAIN. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES GENERALLY
RANGE BETWEEN 2 AND 3 INCHES (WITH SOME PORTIONS OF WESTERN VA AS
LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES). THE STRONG INFLOW OF HIGH MOISTURE
CONTENT AIR SHOULD RESULT IN HIGH RAINFALL RATES WITH THE ELEVATED
CONVECTION...SO A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS ASSIGNED TO NORTHERN SC AND
MUCH OF WESTERN NC.

THE BEST INFLOW PEAKS FROM THE NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC IN SOUTHERN
NEW ENGLAND DURING THE 20/06Z TO 20/18Z TIME FRAME. A 35 TO 45
KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHEAST JET PUMPS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR
1.50 INCHES ON THE NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL JET FROM DC UP THROUGH
SOUTHEAST NY AND MUCH OF SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE FOCUS FOR THE
HEAVIEST RAIN SHOULD BE ON THE INTERSTATE 95 CORRIDOR...RESULTING
IN AN AXIS OF 1.00 TO 2.00 INCHES OF QPF FROM NORTHEAST MD ACROSS
MUCH OF NJ INTO SOUTHEAST NY AND MUCH OF SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE
HIGHEST QPF AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED OVER THE NYC METRO AREA...WHERE
LOCAL AMOUNTS OF 1.75 INCHES ARE EXPECTED. GIVEN THAT THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES
ACROSS NORTHEAST NJ...LOCALIZED FLASH FLOODING IS
POSSIBLE...ESPECIALLY IN URBAN SETTINGS. FOR THIS REASON...A SMALL
SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER NORTHEAST NJ...THE NYC METRO
AREA...AS WELL AS PARTS OF LONG ISLAND AND SOUTHERN CT.

AS THE LOW LEVEL JET LIFTS NORTHEAST...THE CORRIDOR OF 1.25 TO
1.50 INCHES OF QPF IS EXPECTED TO EXTEND INTO COASTAL SECTIONS OF
NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS ACROSS COASTAL NH
AND SOUTHWEST ME.


...MIDWEST/GREAT LAKES/OH VALLEY...

AN INCREASING LOW LEVEL INFLOW...INFUSING HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT
AIR OVER A WARM FRONT STRETCHING ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES AND OH
VALLEY ON DAY 2...FUELS MAINLY ELEVATED CONVECTION FOR LOCALLY
HEAVY RAINFALL. MOISTURE AND LIFT AHEAD OF A FRONT ACROSS THE
UPPER MIDWEST AND GREAT LAKES ALSO RAISES THE POTENTIAL FOR HEAVY
RAINFALL ON DAY 2. A CLOSED LOW DROPS SOUTHEAST INTO THE GREAT
LAKES DURING DAY 3. FOR THE MOST PART...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS...AS THE 00Z NAM AND UKMET CONTINUE TO
BE TOO SLOW WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...WHICH ALLOWS FOR
HEAVIER RAINFALL AMOUNTS...ESPECIALLY ACROSS THE MIDWEST.

ON DAY 2...SURFACE LOW PRESSURE FORMING OVER THE MIDWEST (IN
RESPONSE TO THE CLOSED LOW OVER THE ROCKIES OPENING UP AND MOVING
EASTWARD) DRAGS A WARM FRONT ACROSS THE MIDWEST AND OH
VALLEY...MAINLY DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. THE BEST
SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE APPROACHING LONG WAVE
TROUGH BECOMES FOCUSED ON THE WARM FRONT. A 30 TO 40 KNOT LOW
LEVEL SOUTHEAST FLOW OVER THE WARM FRONT TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES NEAR 1.25 INCHES (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL) INTO IL/IN/OH. MODEL SOUNDINGS SUGGEST
MARGINAL INSTABILITY THAT IS MOSTLY ELEVATED...AND THE CONVECTION
SHOULD ACCOUNT FOR MUCH OF THE LARGE AREA OF 075.TO 1.25 INCHES OF
QPF PLACED OVER EASTERN IA/EASTERN MO/IL/IN AND WESTERN OH. FOR
THE MOST PART...THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES RANGE
BETWEEN 1.50 AND 2.00 INCHES...SO WHILE LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL IS
EXPECTED...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.

FURTHER NORTH...A 30 TO 40 KNOT SOUTHERLY FLOW AHEAD OF A COLD
FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH A CLOSING MID LEVEL SYSTEM OVER SOUTH
CENTRAL CANADA TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN INCH
THROUGH EASTERN MN AND WESTERN WI DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE
PERIOD. ELEVATED CONVECTION AHEAD OF THE FRONT IS EXPECTED TO
PRODUCE A SWATH OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE
ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS. FOR THE MOST PART...THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES RANGE BETWEEN 1.50 AND 2.00 INCHES. SO...WHILE
LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL IS EXPECTED...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS
NOT EXPECTED.

THE CLOSING MID LEVEL SYSTEM OVER SOUTH CENTRAL CANADA ON DAY 2
CLOSES OFF COMPLETELY AS IT CROSSES MN/WI/MI DURING DAY 3. THE
DEEPER MOISTURE WAS SWEPT EASTWARD BY THE COLD FRONT...BUT
MOISTURE WRAPS AROUND THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM TO AFFECT THE
GREAT LAKES. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR A FAIRLY LARGE AREA
OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE ARROWHEAD OF MN...NORTHERN
WI AND NORTHERN MI. SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS SOME OF THIS AREA
ON DAY 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST WPC SUITE OF WINTER WEATHER
PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...SOUTH TX/FL...

A SLOWING FRONTAL BOUNDARY STRETCHED FROM FL ACROSS THE GULF OF
MEXICO INTO SOUTHERN TX BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR CONVECTION DURING
DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE
POSITIONING OF THE FRONT...BUT THERE WERE WAS SOME MODEL SPREAD
CONCERNING QPF MAXIMA...ESPECIALLY ACROSS SOUTH TX. WITH THIS IN
MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS...WHICH TENDED TO REDUCE THE DIFFERENCES IN QPF ACROSS
SOUTH TX...MAINLY DURING THE DAY 3 TIME PERIOD.

THE SURFACE COLD FRONT CROSS WESTERN AND NORTHERN FL DURING DAY
2...AND THE WESTERN EDGE OF THE FRONT SLOWS CONSIDERABLY ACROSS
THE WESTERN GULF OF MEXICO IN SOUTHERNMOST TX. THE COMBINATION OF
STRONG INSTABILITY AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.75 INCHES
COULD RESULT IN AN AREA OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OVER THE WESTERN FL
PANHANDLE. IF THE CONVECTION THAT DEVELOPS IN THE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE FRONT SLOWS DOWN OVER WESTERN
FL...LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE. THIS SITUATION MAY
BEARING WATCHING FOR HEAVY RAINFALL HERE. FURTHER WEST...THE LOW
LEVEL EASTERLY FLOW THAT DEVELOPS BEHIND THE FRONT BEGINS TO
TRANSPORT HIGHER MOISTURE CONTENT AIR INTO SOUTH TX. INSTABILITY
DURING THE EVENING HOURS MAKES THE MOST OF THE INCREASING MOISTURE
TO PRODUCE AN AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF IN FAR SOUTHERN
TX.

ON DAY 3...THE FOCUS FOR HIGHER QPF VALUES SHIFTS FROM FL TO SOUTH
TX. MARGINAL TO MODERATE INSTABILITY AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
PEAKING NEAR 1.75 INCHES AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT SHOULD RESULT IN
A BAND OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS CENTRAL FL...CONTAINED
IN A LARGE AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS ALL BUT THE
PANHANDLE AND FAR SOUTH FL. FURTHER WEST...THE INSTABILITY AND
DEEPER MOISTURE (AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES JUMP TO NEAR 1.75
INCHES ACROSS SOUTH TX) FEED CONVECTION ACROSS THIS
AREA...RESULTING IN A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF
ACROSS SOUTH TX...WITH LOCAL 1.00 INCH AMOUNTS POSSIBLE ACROSS THE
RIO GRANGE SOUTH OF KLRD.


...SOUTHERN PAINS...

A SHORT WAVE TRACKING FROM THE GREAT BASIN CROSSES THE SOUTHERN
ROCKIES AND SOUTHERN PLAINS DURING DAY 3. LOW LEVEL INFLOW AHEAD
OF THE SHORT WAVE SUPPORTS A BLOSSOMING AREA OF RAINFALL ACROSS
THE REGION...MAINLY LATE IN THE PERIOD. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE
WAS DECENT MODEL AGREEMENT REGARDING THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE
AND STRENGTH OF THE DEVELOPING INFLOW...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

THE SHORT WAVE ENCOUNTERS INCREASING LOW LEVEL MOISTURE AS 25 TO
35 KNOT SOUTH TO SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75 TO 1.00 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES INTO NORTH TX AND THE WESTERN PANHANDLE
OF OK...MAINLY BETWEEN 21/06Z AND 21/12Z. MODEL SOUNDINGS SUGGEST
THAT INSTABILITY SHOULD BE ELEVATED...AND MARGINAL AT BEST. THE
PATTERN IS IN THE PROCESS OF BECOMING ESTABLISHED...SO THROUGH DAY
3 QPF AMOUNTS SHOULD TOP OUT BETWEEN 0.25 AND 0.50 INCHES ACROSS
NORTHERNMOST TX AND A PORTION OF THE OK PANHANDLE.


...ROCKIES...

SHORT WAVES IN A MID LEVEL NORTHWEST FLOW CROSS THE ROCKIES DURING
DAYS 2 AND 3. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS DECENT MODEL AGREEMENT
WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MAINLY
ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS. SOME 00Z NAM WAS USED TO BETTER
DELINEATE HIGHER TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

SHORT WAVES TRACKING THROUGH THE MID LEVEL NORTHWEST FLOW OVER THE
ROCKIES ON DAY 2 ENCOUNTER A FAIRLY DRY AIRMASS IN PLACE (WITH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES AT OR BELOW 0.25 INCHES). HOWEVER...THE
COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT AND UPSLOPE FLOW MAKE THE
MOST OF THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN TO PRODUCE AXES OF 0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES OF QPF OVER THE GRAND TETONS OF WY...THE ROCKIES OF NORTH
CENTRAL CO AND THE SAN DE CRISTO RANGE IN NORTHEAST NM.

A SHORT WAVE MOVING FROM THE GREAT BASIN ACROSS THE SOUTHERN
ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS HAS ACCESS TO A BIT MORE IN THE
WAY OF MOISTURE AS A LOW LEVEL FLOW TAPS THE WESTERN GULF OF
MEXICO DURING THE SECOND HALF OF DAY 3. LOCAL UPSLOPE FLOW OVER CO
AIDS IN THE PRODUCTION OF A SWATH OF AN AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE CENTRAL PART OF THE STATE.


TERRY/HAYES

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 19/12Z
 0.01 434633 444641 448645 450647 452651 456658 457667 460686
      466699 471716 475724 476732 478744 478754 477762 474768
      468772 464772 463771 459771 457769 452765 444757 438753
      436751 436746 436743 436737 435732 432731 425732 421728
      422720 422711 422701 422694 423688 421684 417681 412676
      410667 409657 412649 414644 418638
 0.01 564994 564985 563979 563971 561965 556954 549949 541949
      538951 534954 529960 526961 525953 523939 521930 513908
      505901 502898 497898 488894 480892 471892 467894 461895
      442901 424906 405907 397903 394890 394882 392876 391862
      389851 387845 383842 378836 370833 367824 364819 360816
      353810 343809 332810 329812 327812 327810 329801 333792
      336789 341788 346787 349783 350777 351770 352757 353744
      353739 352733 346731 336734 329739 324748 320758 316766
      313769 312774 310783 310788 309793 305800 287799 282799
      279795 276793 273792 271793 268796 262798 257801 256804
      255810 256812 259813 264814 268816 276819 286821 291821
      296824 297829 301831 304834 302839 297846 287858 265886
      258905 258910 257914 257919 258925 263932 261942 259954
      259967 261978 265984 267988 270989 275989 278988 282986
      285983 287979 290980 293989 299996 304998 308998 312988
      319984 321979 326978 332980 335982 343987 348989 351988
      357988 360992 365996 373001 377003 376007 377019 374023
      370025 369030 371033 373035 372040 367042 363043 359045
      357050 357059 357066 354071 357074 369076 372079 374083
      377087 381090 385093 391094 402095 405095 406100 404104
      405109 407112 410112 418115 428113 436109 455114 460114
      461117 461120 462124 465127 471137 471145 473149 476151
      480150 488149 494148 499150 507157 514161 517161 519156
      511139 508130 504122 498115 490119 487123 485125 482124
      477116 476109 473105 470102 465102 461098 459093 456081
      454077 454075 457069 458062 460053 461046 463042 476032
      478031 479033 477038 477052 480057 483057 485055 492048
      504037 509031 507039 502049 498059
 0.01 498059 495074 496084 499092 503092 506086 512071 514063
      518056 526045 530041 534035 537028 540019 540001 546004
      553004 560005 562003 562999 564994
 0.01 419100 420097 419096 417097 415099 415101 416103 417102
      418101 419100
 0.25 491975 491970 489967 486960 484953 484945 484937 485931
      485926 484918 480912 474908 467909 457914 452916 445918
      435919 421919 407919 401920 392922 382925 370930 361937
      355941 351945 347949 345951 345956 347964 352967 360974
      368976 376976 384975 391976 397978 403981 412987 417991
      419994 420998 422004 422013 419031 415042 411049 406053
      401054 395057 392063 393066 394069 395072 400074 410083
      416082 421079 424073 429068 436060 440055 445051 453043
      462034 469024 475009 479996 486986 489980 491975
 0.25 468744 466738 463733 456725 454719 455713 457706 457702
      453697 449695 445698 441703 438707 435712 434715 435718
      439721 445729 449731 455732 458735 461741 464744 466746
      468744
 0.25 444671 443667 440662 438658 435654 432652 429654 427659
      429665 431668 433672 437674 441676 444673 444671
 0.25 453103 454100 453098 453097 452095 451095 450095 449095
      448095 448094 447094 445093 443093 443094 443095 444096
      445097 446098 448099 449101 451102 453103 453103
 0.25 383891 384883 383875 381864 379859 376854 369849 360845
      357843 355840 355828 351825 347827 341829 338830 334828
      331826 327824 324826 317833 291859 285866 281873 275882
      271890 267898 266910 270935 271947 272951 275955 281955
      285951 289943 293940 297938 302939 304943 307946 310945
      317938 341910 349910 360908 366909 372907 378901 381896
      383891
 0.25 288810 287808 285806 282805 280804 276804 272804 270806
      270810 271812 274814 277814 281814 284813 287812 288810
 0.50 481977 479945 480936 480930 479927 474923 471924 469927
      467933 466940 470951 470961 467969 465974 463977 460977
      455975 453981 451976 449969 447962 451962 453961 455957
      458952 458947 457943 454937 446930 437925 432923 424922
      399926 389931 379938 369945 366949 365956 364962 365965
      368966 376965 380965 388964 394966 398969 404970 407975
      411978 422984 425990 427997 430010 428018 426026 422039
      418045 418052 421056 426055 446043 454036 457031 459023
      460016 462007 464000 467994 474985 481977
 0.50 413068 412067 410067 410068 410069 412070 413068
 0.50 377871 376866 373862 366859 362858 358855 352849 343847
      338842 322835 318836 314839 309844 297857 286869 278883
      274893 272902 271913 274921 274934 277942 281944 285941
      289935 292931 296929 302926 309919 314915 308931 311933
      315932 321926 326917 330910 333900 339897 344898 349897
      354891 358890 362890 371892 373891 376888 375883 377871
 0.50 323883 324881 323880 321881 320882 318883 317883 316885
      316886 316888 316890 316891 317892 318894 320894 321892
      322890 322889 323887 323885 323883 323883
 0.50 315905 315903 315901 314903 314905 315906 315905
 1.00 436937 434934 431932 426935 422936 417936 409937 406939
      402939 395938 392939 393943 397945 400945 407945 414945
      423946 429942 435938 436937
 1.00 315860 315854 313852 305853 300859 295864 290871 287877
      283884 280892 278901 279910 281919 282925 285927 288926
      291923 296918 302913 303909 302905 303896 304892 306888
      309881 312873 315860
 1.50 308865 308860 304861 297866 292874 288881 284889 283893
      283900 284904 288906 292906 295903 298895 300890 302886
      306878 308867 308865
 2.00 303874 303869 299870 296874 294877 292881 290885 288889
      287893 289896 293894 296891 297887 299882 301879 303874
      303874

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 547920 547914 546907 545901 543893 540882 535873 525857
      520852 514845 506829 498814 494807 489800 481786 471771
      459757 448745 442739 440738 438738 432739 424741 419742
      416740 410735 408733 403732 399730 395730 387730 378732
      368734 351741 333749 315755 312757 306758 298763 284774
      282780 283786 282789 280790 275793 271795 272798 276801
      277805 278808 276809 275813 275819 272828 272832 271834
      265834 257831 254830 250831 247833 246839 248847 254853
      249872 250889 250911 251922 250926 248925 243925 239927
      237929 237934 240938 241944 242955 242966 244976 247985
      251993 261003 264011 269016 277020 282016 287010 288006
      288002 289996 290992 290986 294983 299981 301977 304967
      305962 305957 303947 301944 297943 292949 291952 288953
      285952 275950 274945 274939 275929 277925 281923 287919
      299912 309899 314893 321886 327881 334877 338879 337883
      332884 330888 320900 315906 312914 311918 313922 317928
      321928 325927 332924 337924 339926 338929 337934 337941
      335953 336956 340959 355967 362972 367980 371986 375992
      387003 395002 401998 405993 409987 411983 415981 421973
      425966 431958 437952 440949 444950 449950 452953 455956
      456960 458966 458973 460984 460996 462006 464018 468025
      472033 474039 476043 478043 487045 490048 494046 502044
      510040 516034 522028 526022 533005 539987 542974 544963
      546949 546939 546926 547920
 0.01 470108 470104 469101 464099 461099 459096 455093 453091
      449091 444090 441087 441079 444077 447078 452081 453078
      449073 442067 437059 434059 432056 426054 416050 413046
      411042 408037 405035 400032 394032 391034 390041 393046
      390045 385045 380045 373044 369041 362046 358048 356053
      356057 358059 361060 365062 366065 368067 372071 373077
      374082 378082 381077 383077 386079 394085 402081 411079
      421079 421094 417097 410095 408091 406093 403107 401111
      403114 406114 410113 414111 421104 426104 428108 432111
      437111 448110 451120 456119 460116 461111 464109 470108
 0.01 430082 432080 430078 430075 430073 429070 428068 426070
      425072 424073 423074 423077 423079 424079 425080 427081
      428082 430082 430082
 0.01 391202 390199 388196 381192 375186 372184 368183 360183
      357185 358187 363188 368193 373198 379203 383207 389204
      391202
 0.25 531931 531923 529914 524898 519884 515877 511872 507867
      503863 493863 486862 482859 477847 471835 468829 466820
      464812 460805 454793 443768 440764 435762 431766 429771
      426787 423792 421795 417796 418791 419784 417776 414770
      409758 406754 401751 392748 386747 379748 364749 356750
      348752 343755 335758 330761 325765 321769 316772 311774
      306777 301779 296783 293787 295792 297797 299800 296803
      295807 296811 299817 302824 301827 298828 292830 288833
      281842 276846 271848 266851 265857 265864 262869 260874
      258882 261898 263904 264907 266906 269900 273896 282890
      292885 300878 310871 320865 326863 332860 339860 345862
      350865 355870 358873 361879 361885 357888 347894 338900
      337902 337905 338908 341909 354913 357915 357919 355925
      356931 355938 356944 358950 362954 366958 376964 380965
      383964 387961 398956 409950 419945 431939 442935 448933
      454934 464939 469942 472946 476951 478958 480966 481976
      484984 487986 490987 496987 502984 509975 515965 521954
      527944 531937 531931
 0.25 415073 414069 414062 411060 407057 403056 400055 397057
      395064 396071 399073 404073 408075 412075 415073
 0.25 407815 407808 400807 394806 388806 385806 383808 380813
      381818 386822 391822 395818 400814 405815 407815
 0.25 372053 373050 372049 370049 370050 368051 367052 367053
      366054 366055 368055 369055 370054 372053 372053
 0.25 277985 279978 275975 270975 265976 261977 258980 257982
      259986 262989 266992 269995 271994 274991 276987 277985
 0.50 517923 517919 516916 516905 515895 513887 505880 500876
      494876 484875 476875 472875 467877 458884 450891 439896
      436899 433902 430900 427898 427895 429889 432885 434885
      432871 432862 430856 427850 423846 415840 410838 403837
      398836 393837 387836 383832 380829 376827 371824 372818
      378809 385800 392792 403785 406782 407777 404771 402764
      398758 394755 391753 385752 362753 355755 348757 337764
      329770 321780 312786 310788 311790 314794 315801 313807
      312812 314817 318821 322827 322832 319838 314843 310845
      299849 289848 283850 279853 276857 274862 275868 274873
      269883 270887 277885 287880 298875 313861 316857 320854
      324851 329848 334847 340847 347848 352851 357854 362858
      367867 370871 370878 370884 367889 363892 361898 361902
      362905 366909 368914 368922 371927 376932 385940 389943
      395945 401944 406942 415937 419935 425934 437933 441930
      447928 452928 459929 473930 478930 483932 491939 495940
      500939 505928 508923 510922 514926 517923
 0.50 407919 408917 407915 407914 405913 403913 402915 401916
      401917 401918 403919 404919 405920 407920 407919
 0.50 274982 273982 272982 270980 269980 268981 267982 268984
      269984 270984 272984 273983 274982
 1.00 494904 493901 490900 487900 484902 482904 481907 479909
      478912 479914 480918 482919 485919 487918 489917 491914
      493911 493906 494904
 1.00 396869 396865 392862 388863 384866 383870 383877 383884
      385890 386895 390896 392892 393885 394881 395876 396870
      396869
 1.00 389769 389766 387765 382764 372764 363769 359771 355770
      351772 351776 353777 357777 359779 357781 355783 352783
      347782 342783 339786 344796 344807 343814 341819 341825
      343829 344835 348839 353837 356835 365818 370809 374801
      380792 383782 386774 389769
 1.00 302863 302861 302859 300857 298858 297859 295861 293862
      291863 290864 290866 291868 292869 294869 295869 297868
      298868 299867 301865 302863
 1.50 373790 373786 371785 365786 363790 359793 354795 351800
      348811 347817 348824 351833 354831 356827 361818 365814
      367809 367803 366798 366795 369794 373790 373790
 2.00 364811 364807 362805 360805 358806 357808 354810 352813
      351815 352817 354820 356819 359817 361815 363814 364811

24HR QP VT 21/12Z
 0.01 401643 416645 430648 436650 441649 446648 449648 452650
      457654 463660 465663 467669 468676 470679 476687 481694
      486700 491706 496712 503715 510718 515720 520726 531734
      539748 542760 545770 552797 554813 555824 555834 556845
      557861 557869 558873 558878 558884 556896 554917 545930
      538936 535939 533942 527947 519952 514955 510957 508961
      506966 504970 499975 492980 489982 485982 472977 467971
      460967 457962 452957 448953 445949 441942 436935 433933
      431928 428919 427912 426907 424897 420891 401864 396858
      390854 378849 311860 311857 309854 312845 305844 303840
      299841 293853 290862 288869 286881 284891 281911 280920
      280933 281944 283950 287958 289962 292963 298962 306965
      308973 308983 308995 309004 311008 315011 318016 318020
      318024 315027 309027 306028 301029 299032 295032 291030
      285025 277026 272021 265017 261017 259015 253010 240002
      235998 233995 231992 231987 235984 237984 237981 238976
      237955 236932 236912 231896 232888 236882 236873 236867
      239865 248855 257821 262803 264794 268788 274772 281759
      284752 289745 297735 308722 313718 319711 324704 327696
      331689 333686 337683 347676 357668
 0.01 553045 553037 552034 546027 532018 525013 518009 502003
      485997 480003 480009 481014 486020 493026 496031 499032
      507037 515040 523042 528042 531041 535040 541042 543044
      547045 553045
 0.01 435105 435098 433092 425084 422085 418083 415080 414076
      415071 415066 417064 416061 413057 409054 403044 397041
      392043 388045 385046 383044 380039 379033 378026 378017
      378008 376001 371992 366983 361971 357958 354945 348945
      345949 340978 338984 338992 340998 340006 338012 339018
      335034 335040 335043 338044 344044 349042 353040 356039
      360040 359045 356049 354055 355061 358065 362067 367071
      370075 373085 380086 386086 392085 398086 401087 401092
      401099 395103 408119 414122 419123 424122 428118 432110
      435105
 0.01 425101 427098 426096 424096 422098 420098 418100 417102
      417104 418106 418107 418109 419111 421109 420107 421105
      422102 423102 425101 425101
 0.01 393200 392197 387195 379190 374184 365179 361179 357180
      350184 344189 343194 345198 349205 355211 358212 357209
      359207 362210 367211 368207 365204 360202 355200 352196
      350192 352188 356188 365192 371198 378204 383206 387206
      390204 393200
 0.25 549838 549824 548811 544792 541785 537778 527775 520772
      515772 513777 512784 511795 509802 504807 499803 496801
      494797 494784 493777 489772 485764 477752 470743 469736
      472729 473723 472717 472712 469707 454681 450674 445670
      440668 434666 420665 415663 410659 404654 400654 396655
      389658 382661 374664 367669 360674 356678 348690 344704
      341710 340713 340720 344724 349727 357730 362735 362740
      360742 356746 343757 332763 325767 318770 317768 316763
      318754 317746 315740 313738 310739 306744 297754 292760
      287767 285773 287781 283787 282792 331785 342776 345774
      350772 354778 357783 359780 361776 364769 367767 371766
      378768 382772 386778 389779 388784 384791 381796 376808
      375813 372816 363817 352827 347831 352839 361830 367826
      370823 374822 380825 387826 394823 401821 406817 411812
      418809 427807 439806 446804 450804 453806 457812 460817
      458825 454832 447845 444851 441858 441868 442878 444889
      446899 446905 448914 450920 455927 461932 467935 474937
      482938 488937 494933 501931 508929 518923 524918 529912
      534907 538902 540895 543887 546876 547865 548851 549838
 0.25 395071 396069 394068 392068 391067 389067 387067 386068
      385068 384070 383070 383072 385073 387073 388073 390073
      392073 394072 395071
 0.25 368021 368014 367007 364001 360997 357996 353998 350002
      349011 350020 354024 360025 365025 368021
 0.25 301006 301004 300003 300002 298000 297000 295001 294002
      293004 294006 295006 296007 298007 300007 301006
 0.25 291012 289009 285007 279999 277993 280991 283993 286996
      289998 290993 289988 287983 284974 282962 279959 275960
      272964 269968 267972 263972 258971 252970 247972 244975
      242979 242986 243996 250002 255003 257000 260998 266001
      271006 274010 278012 285016 291012
 0.25 286806 285804 281803 278802 276803 272808 270811 272816
      272822 270828 266842 265849 261853 256857 251862 245872
      242878 241885 241894 242902 245917 247924 250930 253936
      257937 263934 267930 269923 269913 268904 268895 272880
      273873 275866 280853 281847 282838 280829 278821 286806
 0.50 528852 527847 526841 522833 519834 516838 516843 514845
      511845 504847 498843 492840 487839 483840 481850 482862
      484873 488884 493902 501903 505905 510904 517901 521894
      524883 524870 523860 526857 528853 528852
 0.50 468774 468764 465759 457753 448747 438738 434737 431735
      431731 432728 435725 439722 443718 450714 454710 455707
      455703 451696 448692 441683 433677 428674 422671 413668
      404663 401662 397663 390666 377671 368678 360686 357692
      356697 356706 357714 362724 366727 370732 373736 371742
      368747 362751 360756 363758 375755 380751 385749 388749
      390750 395754 400757 402757 402760 397763 395769 399774
      403776 415776 415772 413769 410766 406761 405759 408758
      415756 420754 423756 426760 431763 440767 449773 453777
      456781 460786 465787 467784 468781 468774
 0.50 414793 414788 413785 411783 408783 406786 405790 405792
      405797 406799 409801 410800 413799 414795 414793
 0.50 395812 394811 393812 395813 395812
 0.50 272995 270988 266984 262981 258978 253976 248976 246978
      246981 248986 251992 256992 262992 268994 272995
 0.50 269876 268871 266868 262865 257866 254868 252873 250881
      249886 246889 245895 247901 248905 250909 252913 253916
      255916 256905 259897 262888 267881 269876
 1.00 442694 438690 435691 421695 414698 409695 407690 409683
      406677 402674 397674 389676 383678 378681 369689 366694
      367700 377707 383707 389706 395706 401707 406708 408711
      408715 404720 402727 400732 400737 401741 405745 411746
      415745 418743 420738 421732 421727 424725 440708 441700
      442694
 1.50 414736 415734 414732 413730 412730 411730 409730 408731
      406733 407736 408737 409738 410738 412738 414737 414736

$$




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