January 2014 Climatic Summary
 
January temperatures across the entire region were around 1 degree above average for the month. The location with the coolest departure from average was Sundance, which was -1.9 degrees below normal, while the location with the warmest departure was Camp Crook, at 3.4 degrees above normal.
 
Precipitation in January averaged around 68 percent of normal across the entire area.  The wettest/snowiest areas were across Northeast Wyoming. The driest areas were east of the Black Hills into south central South Dakota, where precipitation averaged 20 to 50 percent of normal. The locations with the highest departures from normal were Martin with a trace of precipitation/snow for the whole month, and Devil’s Tower with 0.80 inches of precipitation, which was 133% of normal.
 
Snowfall was the heaviest over the northern Black Hills into the Bear Lodge Mountains where around a foot of snow fell. Sundance reported 13.6 inches of snow, and Lead reported 10.7 inches of snow this month.
 
January storm summary...
 
January 2014 was a very windy month with regard to average wind speed (data from 1970 to present) and maximum wind gust frequency records (data from 1987 to present). This month’s average wind speed was 13.6 mph, which just exceeded the 13.5 mph average wind speed recorded in January of 1975. In addition, there were 11 days this past January where the wind gust speed equaled or exceeded 50 mph. This was second only to January of 2009, which had 13 days.
 
Some of the higher wind gusts for January:
 
January 3rd – 69 mph at the Rapid City NWS, 66 mph at Ellsworth AFB.
January 11th – 71 mph 5 miles west of Spearfish.
January 13th – 68 mph at the Rapid City Airport.
January 15th – 69 mph 1 mile ENE Mud Butte, 67 mph 5 miles NE of Porcupine, 66 mph 6 miles W of Parmelee, 66 mph 2 miles SW of Bridger.
January 16th – 76 mph 8 miles S of Wall, 71 mph 1 mile WSW Red Elm.
January 20th – 68 mph 1 mile NE of Midland.
January 26th – 74 mph in Lemmon, 68 mph in Winner and 12 miles NNE of Kirley, 65 mph at Buffalo.
 
Only one significant snow event:
 

January 13th&14th – A strong clipper system produced a long period of upslope snows across western and northern portions of the Black Hills. Several locations in the higher elevations received 12 to 18 inches of snow. The Deerfield area reported 12 inches, the northern Black Hills reported 15 inches, and 17 inches was reported near Buckhorn, Wyoming.

LOCAL EXTREMES
Rapid City
Lead
Gillette
Temperature
Temperature
Date
Temperature
Date
Temperature
Date
Max. Temp.
58
25th
49
19th, 25th
54
25th
Min. Temp.
-15
5th
-15
5th
-13
6th
Precipitation
Rapid City
Lead
Gillette
Monthly Data
Amount
Date
Amount
Date
Amount
Date
Precipitation
0.26
 
1.43
 
0.53
 
Snowfall
4.1
 
10.7
 
4.8
 
Daily Data
Amount
Date
Amount
Date
Amount
Date
Max. Precipitation
0.06
14th
0.38
14th
0.17
1st
Max. Snowfall
1.0
14th
2.0
14th, 26th
2.0
1st

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